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Journal of Seed Science

Print version ISSN 2317-1537On-line version ISSN 2317-1545

Abstract

JESUS, Valquíria Aparecida Mendes de et al. Ratio of seeds and sodium hypochlorite solution on the germination process of papaya seeds. J. Seed Sci. [online]. 2016, vol.38, n.1, pp.57-61.  Epub Mar 08, 2016. ISSN 2317-1537.  https://doi.org/10.1590/2317-1545v38n1151150.

Sarcotesta, a mucilaginous layer found in papaya seeds, negatively affects the germination of papaya seeds and its removal has been manually performed. The use of sodium hypochlorite can be an alternative to manual removal of sarcotesta in papaya seeds. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of different active chlorine concentrations (0, 2, 4, 6 and 8%) during 24 hours of immersion, in different proportions (10:200, 50:200, 100:200, 200:200, 300:200, 400:200, 500:200 and 600:200) of seeds number and solution volume (mL) to identify the best combination for an effective remotion of sarcotesta to improve the germination process. Germination test and first count were performed. A completely randomized design with four replications was used. Regression analysis was performed for quantitative variables with significant effect by F-test at 5% probability. Papaya seeds immersion in the ratio of 10 seeds per 200 mL of NaOCl solution (10:200, i.e. 20 mL of solution per seed), at a 2% sodium hypochlorite concentration during 24 hours of imbibition, can be used as an alternative for sarcotesta remotion for freshly harvested papaya seeds, because besides the effective remotion of sarcotesta, this technique improves the germination process.

Keywords : Carica papaya; seed technology; NaOCl.

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