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CoDAS

versão On-line ISSN 2317-1782

Resumo

ALMEIDA, Anna Alice Figueirêdo de et al. Characteristics of voice and personality of patients with vocal fold immobility. CoDAS [online]. 2015, vol.27, n.2, pp.178-185. ISSN 2317-1782.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/2317-1782/20152014144.

Purpose:

To examine the voice and personality characteristics of patients diagnosed with organic dysphonia secondary to vocal fold immobility.

Methods:

The study comprised patients of both genders, attending the Clinic School of Speech Therapy of the Federal University of Paraíba, with otorhinolaryngological diagnosis of vocal fold immobility and speech therapy diagnosis of dysphonia. The self-assessment of voice was measured through a Vocal Screening Protocol and Voice Symptoms Scale (VoiSS), the voice was collected for auditory-perceptive evaluation, and the Factorial Personality Battery (FPB) was used. Descriptive statistical analysis was performed to determine the frequency, mean, and standard deviation of the studied variables.

Results:

Eight patients participated in the study, of both genders, with average age of 40.4±16.9 years. The more frequent risk factors were the personal ones (4.7±2.1). In the VoiSS, the patients presented a higher average in the limitation score (34.1±15.7). From the auditory-perceptive evaluation, moderate intensity of vocal deviation was obtained, with predominant vocal roughness (57.7±25.2). In the FPB, the patients had an average higher than the cutoff scores in neuroticism (3.8±1.4) and accomplishment (5.2±1.0).

Conclusion:

The predominant vocal parameter was roughness. The patients referred to a few risk factors that compromise the vocal behavior and presented the neuroticism and realization factors as a highlight in their personality. Thus, individuals with vocal fold immobility show personality characteristics that may be a reflection of their voice disorder, not a factor that determines their dysphonia.

Palavras-chave : Behavior; Personality Voice; Dysphonia; Larynx; Vocal cords.

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