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CoDAS

On-line version ISSN 2317-1782

Abstract

CRESTANI, Anelise Henrich; MORAES, Anaelena Bragança de  and  SOUZA, Ana Paula Ramos de. Content validation: clarity/relevance, reliability and internal consistency of enunciative signs of language acquisition. CoDAS [online]. 2017, vol.29, n.4, e20160180.  Epub Aug 10, 2017. ISSN 2317-1782.  https://doi.org/10.1590/2317-1782/201720160180.

Purpose

To analyze the results of the validation of building enunciative signs of language acquisition for children aged 3 to 12 months.

Methods

The signs were built based on mechanisms of language acquisition in an enunciative perspective and on clinical experience with language disorders. The signs were submitted to judgment of clarity and relevance by a sample of six experts, doctors in linguistic in with knowledge of psycholinguistics and language clinic. In the validation of reliability, two judges/evaluators helped to implement the instruments in videos of 20% of the total sample of mother-infant dyads using the inter-evaluator method. The method known as internal consistency was applied to the total sample, which consisted of 94 mother-infant dyads to the contents of the Phase 1 (3-6 months) and 61 mother-infant dyads to the contents of Phase 2 (7 to 12 months). The data were collected through the analysis of mother-infant interaction based on filming of dyads and application of the parameters to be validated according to the child's age. Data were organized in a spreadsheet and then converted to computer applications for statistical analysis.

Results

The judgments of clarity/relevance indicated no modifications to be made in the instruments. The reliability test showed an almost perfect agreement between judges (0.8 ≤ Kappa ≥ 1.0); only the item 2 of Phase 1 showed substantial agreement (0.6 ≤ Kappa ≥ 0.79). The internal consistency for Phase 1 had alpha = 0.84, and Phase 2, alpha = 0.74. This demonstrates the reliability of the instruments.

Conclusion

The results suggest adequacy as to content validity of the instruments created for both age groups, demonstrating the relevance of the content of enunciative signs of language acquisition.

Keywords : Risk Factors; Language; Child Development; Validity of Tests.

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