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Brazilian Journal of Geology

versão impressa ISSN 2317-4889versão On-line ISSN 2317-4692

Resumo

FEIO, Gilmara Regina Lima et al. Mineralogy of the greisens of the Grota Rica area, Água Boa Pluton, Pitinga, Amazonas state. Braz. J. Geol. [online]. 2011, vol.41, n.3, pp.436-446. ISSN 2317-4889.  http://dx.doi.org/10.25249/0375-7536.2011413436446.

The topaz-alkali-feldspar-granite, the most evolved facies of the Água Boa pluton, was affected by hydrothermal alteration, represented by greisens and quartz veins, the main host for Sn- and subordinated Zn mineralization. The greisens are classified as quartz-topaz-siderophyllite-greisen, topaz-siderophyllite-greisen and quartztopaz-quartz-greisen. They are composed essentially of quartz, topaz and siderophyllite, accompanied by variable amounts of fluorite, zinnwaldite, sphalerite, cassiterite, zircon and anatase and locally Ce-monazite, galena, pyrite, chalcopyrite and native bismuth. EMPA studies allowed identifying three types of micas: (1) brown siderophyllite from topaz-granite; (2) the green siderophyllite of greisens and (3) zinnwaldite, weakly colored, found as thin and discontinuous rims around green siderophyllite, and quartz vein. The siderophyllite composition of the granite towards greisens shows an evolution of siderophyllite to Li-siderophyllite with increase of VIAl, Li and Si contents. On the other hand, the siderophyllite of the greisen was partially replaced by zinnwaldite, with increase of VIAl, Li and Si contents. The cassiterite in the greisens forms euhedral to subeuhedral, twin and zoned crystals, with strong pleochroism. It occurs as aggregates together with topaz, quart and fluorite. The pure composition and the low content of the Nb and Ta of cassiterite indicate hydrothermal conditions

Palavras-chave : topaz-alkali-feldspar-granite; greisen; mineral chemistry; Pitinga Tin Province.

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