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Brazilian Journal of Geology

versão impressa ISSN 2317-4889

Resumo

VINAGRE, Rodrigo; TROUW, Rudolph Allard Johannes; MENDES, Julio Cezar  e  LUDKA, Isabel. Mineral chemistry and geothermobarometry of the Serra da Água Limpa Batholith, Socorro-Guaxupé Nappe, Southern Brasília Belt, Southeast Brazil. Braz. J. Geol. [online]. 2014, vol.44, n.3, pp.387-414. ISSN 2317-4889.  http://dx.doi.org/10.5327/Z2317-4889201400030005.

The Serra da Água Limpa Batholith, that crops out along the boundary of Minas Gerais and São Paulo states, in Brazil, has been interpreted as part of a magmatic arc of the Paranapanema paleocontinent active margin, southern Brasília belt. Locally igneous features are preserved, but tectonic foliation is common. Mineral chemistry microprobe data are presented for plagioclase, amphibole, biotite and K-feldspar. Crystallization temperatures were calculated by the whole rock zircon saturation method, yielding values between 863 and 1015ºC. The pressure was calculated resulting in values in the range from 5 to 6 kbar. Thermometric data yielded two distinct temperature intervals: the cores of minerals rendered temperatures between 830 - 860ºC, and the rims from 740 - 770ºC. Three hypotheses may be considered: (A) the higher values obtained in the cores are related to magmatic crystallization, whereas the lower ones obtained in the rims represent metamorphism related to continental collision; (B) both cores and rims are metamorphic revealing a metamorphic peak temperature of 830 - 860ºC with retrometamorphism in the range 740 - 770ºC; (C) cores and rims of amphibole and plagioclase crystals retained their igneous composition and reflect igneous crystallization and subsequent cooling of the magma. The first interpretation seems to be the most likely because it is consistent with other data published for the region.

Palavras-chave : magmatic arc; igneous crystallization; collisional metamorphism.

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