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Brazilian Journal of Geology

Print version ISSN 2317-4889On-line version ISSN 2317-4692

Abstract

RUPPEL, Kelvyn Mikael Vaccari et al. Temperature and pressure in the environment of epithermal alteration: a case study at Ibaré Lineament, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Braz. J. Geol. [online]. 2018, vol.48, n.4, pp.685-702. ISSN 2317-4889.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/2317-4889201820180009.

The Ibaré Lineament is a shear zone that sections the Western portion of Sul-riograndense Shield, affecting the orthogneissic rocks of Santa Maria Chico Granulitic Complex, acting as a conduct for hydrothermal fluids. The studied hydrothermal mineralogy reflects a propylitic alteration paragenesis that is composed of Fe-clinochlore, epidote, albite, calcite and quartz, typical low-pressure paragenesis (< 2,000 bar). This mineral association reflects an equilibrium in a neutral to slightly alkaline pH. Using the new approach for chlorite geothermometry, an average formation temperature of 274°C was obtained, compatible with the stability of polytype IIb chlorite and with the irregular textures of twinning in calcites. The fluid inclusions in quartz establish a low-salinity system (2.45 wt.% NaCl eq.) and an average temperature of 175°C. The obtained temperatures are interpreted as a continuum cooling model with meteoric fluids entrance. The system pressure is evaluated from isochores, reaching an average value of 1,560 bar. This is the first temperature and pressure estimate to the Ibaré Shear Zone, which enabled the establishment of a shallow hydrothermal system (epithermal) with fluid interaction from magmatic and meteoric sources, confirmed by the behavior of carbon and oxygen stable isotopes, which indicated an the origin from mixed sources.

Keywords : Ibaré Lineament; Chloritization; Epithermal; Propylitic alteration; Geothermobarometry.

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