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Audiology - Communication Research

versão On-line ISSN 2317-6431

Resumo

GANTHOUS, Giulia; ROSSI, Natalia Freitas  e  GIACHETI, Célia Maria. Fluency aspects in the oral narrative of individuals with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder. Audiol., Commun. Res. [online]. 2013, vol.18, n.1, pp.37-42. ISSN 2317-6431.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S2317-64312013000100008.

PURPOSE: To investigate fluency aspects in the oral narrative of individuals with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD), and to compare them with individuals with typical language development regarding frequency of disfluencies and speech rate. METHODS: Participants were nine individuals with FASD (two with Fetal Alcohol Syndrome and seven with Alcohol-Related Neurodevelopmental Disorder) and chronological ages between 4 and 12 years. This group was matched to nine individuals with typical language development by gender and chronological age. Oral narratives were produced using the book "Frog, where are you?", and analyzed according to the speech fluency parameters of the Teste de Linguagem Infantil - ABFW (type of disfluency, frequency of ruptures, and speech rate). RESULTS: The FASD and typical language development groups differed on overall frequency of disfluencies, typical disfluencies and stuttering disfluencies. For both groups, the most frequent types of disfluencies were hesitation and pause. CONCLUSION: The results suggest that the increased frequency of pauses and hesitations in individuals with FASD might be due to difficulties in the linguistic elaboration of oral narratives, justifying the lower speech rate showed by these individuals.

Palavras-chave : Fetal Alcohol Syndrome; Language; Speech; Narration; Speech production measurement.

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