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Audiology - Communication Research

versão On-line ISSN 2317-6431

Resumo

MEDEIROS, Andréa Monteiro Correia; SA, Thalyta Prata Leite de; ALVELOS, Conceição Lima  e  NOVAIS, Deborah Sabina Farias. Speech therapy in food transition from probe to breast in newborn in kangaroo method. Audiol., Commun. Res. [online]. 2014, vol.19, n.1, pp.95-103. ISSN 2317-6431.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S2317-64312014000100016.

Purpose

: Verify the relationship between gestational age and duration of speech therapy to start oral feeding, when used the technique of feeding transition of the probe directly to the chest.

Methods

: This is a study of newborn medical/speech records of 38 risk in Kangaroo unit.

Were collected

: gestational age at birth and corrected days of life, birth weight and current, type and duration of speech therapy, enteral feeding volume. We used time use of antibiotics and ventilatory support as criteria for division of newborns into two groups (G1 and G2). At the statistical analysis was applied the nonparametric test of Mann-Whitney and the Pearson’s correlation coefficient.

Results

: Intervention time for newborns were discharged speech showed no significant results between groups (G1 = 9.35 days and G2 = 10.12 days), although the initial hypothesis of this study was that the newborn G1 would require fewer days of speech therapy than the G2. There was statistically significant difference in birth weight between G1 (1563.53 g) and G2 (1409.62 g).

Conclusion

: It was observed that both groups started speech therapy and oral feeding practically medium of similar gestational ages and both speech intervention, demonstrating ability to coordinate sucking movements/breathing/swallowing, and consequently the effective and exclusive breastfeeding.

Palavras-chave : Speech; Neonatology; Newborn; Premature; Feeding methods.

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