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Audiology - Communication Research

versão On-line ISSN 2317-6431

Resumo

MEDEIROS, Andréa Monteiro Correia; BATISTA, Bruna Gonçalves  e  BARRETO, Ikaro Daniel de Carvalho. Breastfeeding and speech-language pathology: knowledge and acceptance of nursing mothers of a maternity. Audiol., Commun. Res. [online]. 2015, vol.20, n.3, pp.183-190. ISSN 2317-6431.  https://doi.org/10.1590/2317-6431-ACR-2015-1565.

Purpose

To investigate the knowledge of mothers about breastfeeding and aspects of Speech-Language Pathology; to compare mothers from a Kangaroo unit to others in a Rooming-in, considering time of admission; and to verify the acceptance in the intervened group.

Methods

Interventionist and comparative study with 163 mothers from a public maternity. The mothers were divided into two groups (G1 and G2) according to their type of allocation (Kangaroo Unit and Rooming-in). It was done an assertiveness test and guidelines with the mothers, focusing on breastfeeding, language, orofacial motricity/ speech and hearing aspects. Based on such aspects, guidelines were made and the acceptance test applied. In order to characterize the affirmatives and compare the knowledge between the groups, it was applied the Birnbaum's Three-Parameter Unidimensional Model, based on the Item Response Theory, and Mann-Whitney U Test for the estimated knowledge, with p<0.05. Guidelines and Acceptance test have been performed, considering well accepted acceptance >85%.

Results

Concerning the assertiveness test, the highest percentage of correct answers was achieved by language (G1=98%; G2=95%), followed by orofacial motricity/ speech (G1=45%; G2=39%) and audition (G1=36%; G2=30%). There were no statistical significant relationship between hospitalization time and knowledge. 97% accepted the guidelines.

Conclusion

This health guidelines activity provided access to information, independently of time or type of hospitalization of the nursing mothers. The intervention good acceptance allows inferring about the viability of expand such practices in the hospital environment.

Palavras-chave : Rooming-in care; Kangaroo-mother care method; Health promotion; Breast feeding; Humanization of assistance, Speech, language and hearing sciences.

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