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Audiology - Communication Research

versão On-line ISSN 2317-6431

Resumo

LUZ, Vivian Baptista da; GHIRINGHELLI, Rosângela  e  IORIO, Maria Cecília Martinelli. Restrictions in participation and mental state in new hearing aids users. Audiol., Commun. Res. [online]. 2018, vol.23, e1884.  Epub 05-Abr-2018. ISSN 2317-6431.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/2317-6431-2017-1884.

Introduction:

Hearing impairment may accentuate cognitive decline caused by ageing.

Purpose:

To study restriction of participation in daily activities and cognitive processes in new elderly hearing aids users.

Methods:

Fifty elderly individuals, all new users of amplification, with mild to moderately severe post-lingual symmetrical sensorineural hearing loss were evaluated. They were then divided into three groups according to the degree of hearing loss. The Hearing Handicap Inventory for the Elderly questionnaire and the Mini Mental State Examination were applied pre and post-fitting of the hearing aids (after 12 to 16 weeks). The analysis of variance and Bonferroni multiple comparisons with significance level of 0.05 were used as statistical analyses.

Results:

After acoustical stimulation through the use of hearing aids for 12 to 16 weeks, there was a reduction in the restriction of participation in daily activities both in the emotional and social/situational scales of the Hearing Handicap Inventory for the Elderly. Elderly individuals with moderately severe loss reported higher hearing handicap at the social subscale and the global score. The Mini Mental State Examination analysis revealed higher scores for the Orientation to Time and Place, Repetition/Registration, Attention and Calculation, Recall, and Language domains at the post-fitting evaluation. Regarding gender, females presented lower mean scores in Attention and Calculation.

Conclusion:

Elderly individuals were benefited by the use of hearing aids, which reduced self-perception of hearing handicap and improved cognition aspects of Orientation to Time and Place, Repetition/Registration, Attention and Calculation, Recall, and Language.

Palavras-chave : Hearing aids; Hearing loss; Cognition; Aged; Surveys and questionnaires.

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