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Audiology - Communication Research

versão On-line ISSN 2317-6431

Resumo

FERREIRA, Sandra Cristina Araújo  e  CRUZ-SANTOS, Anabela. Designation processes and semantic substitutions used by European Portuguese children in a vocabulary test. Audiol., Commun. Res. [online]. 2018, vol.23, e2006.  Epub 03-Dez-2018. ISSN 2317-6431.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/2317-6431-2018-2006.

Purpose

This research study focus on the designation processes and semantic substitutions of each word on the vocabulary sub-task from the language test for children – ABFW, standardized in Brazil and adapted to European Portuguese, as well as the comparison of the results obtained in the two countries, to analyze the relevance of their extensibility to the Portuguese population.

Methods

The test was applied to 150 children from 5 to 6 years old, of typical development. The test consists of 9 conceptual categories. Each category consists of different words, which were always assessed in the same sequential order.

Results

The sample of this study showed a lower performance only in clothes, places and food semantic categories. All the other categories have outperformed the standard. The categories of vocabulary with higher percentage in the right designation of the words were colors and shapes, animals and toys and music instruments. The categories with a higher percentage of substitution processes, from the reference results, were: food and locations. The most recurrent substitution processes were the co-hyponym, words that designate semantic attributes, valorization of the visual stimulus, hypernym and parasynonyms

Conclusion

Given the homogeneity of the results of this study with the results obtained with other studies in Brazil, this test reveal potentiality as an instrument for vocabulary assessment in Portugal.

Palavras-chave : Vocabulary; Language; Designation; Substitution; Assessment.

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