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Audiology - Communication Research

versão On-line ISSN 2317-6431

Resumo

LOPES, Aline Lamas et al. Scientific evidence of vestibular rehabilitation in primary health care: a systematic review. Audiol., Commun. Res. [online]. 2018, vol.23, e2032.  Epub 03-Dez-2018. ISSN 2317-6431.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/2317-6431-2018-2032.

Purpose

Investigate in the literature the effectiveness of treatments used for vestibular rehabilitation (VR) in PHC.

Research strategy

The search of publications on VR in PHC was carried out in electronic databases MEDLINE (access by PubMed), PEDro and Web of Science.

Selection criteria

Controlled clinical trials were selected in English, Spanish and Portuguese. The methodological quality of the studies was evaluated using the PEDro scale. The analysis of the results was examined through a critical review of the contents.

Results

Five studies were reviewed in their entirety, with the participants' age group being equal to or older than 18 years (n = 5). The Vertigo Symptom Scale and (60%) and Visual Analog Scale (40%) were the instruments used to evaluate the subjective perception of the symptomatology of vestibular dysfunction. The PEDro Scale revealed that two articles presented a good quality design for conducting the experimental study. The most used intervention proposal was the Yardley Exercises (60%).

Conclusion

Controlled studies provide evidence of positive effects of VR on PHC, with improvements in postural control, functional capacity and quality of life of participants.

Palavras-chave : Dizziness; Vertigo; Vestibular rehabilitation; Primary health care; Review.

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