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RBRH

On-line version ISSN 2318-0331

Abstract

SILVA, Aichely Rodrigues da; FONSECA, Alessandra Larissa D’ Oliveira; RODRIGUES, Claudinei José  and  BELTRAME, Ângela da Veiga. Application of ecological indicators in coastal watershed under high pressure during summer period. RBRH [online]. 2016, vol.21, n.3, pp.537-548. ISSN 2318-0331.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/2318-0331.011615106.

Water bodies located in coastal areas are subject to human pressures and the loss of environmental quality. The objective of this study was to evaluate the environmental quality of the river Papaquara through water quality and river landscape, using the Trophic Index (TRIX) and Rapid Assessment Protocol (RAP). The study was developed in the watershed located in the north of the island of Santa Catarina, Florianópolis – SC, whose population increase in the summer is around 280%. The Trophic Index and the Rapid Assessment Protocol were evaluated in the pre-summer period, summer and after-summer in seven sample points along the inner areas (higher population density), median and outside the Papaquara river, plus two points in affluent. The river Papaquara showed up in great stress state, is classified as eutrophic, 77% of the samples and changed in 50% of the sampled area, as the TRIX index and RAP, respectively. The internal area registered up eutrophic and impacted in all periods analyzed. The median area and the outer decreased their water quality, due to summer activity, while there was no change in environmental quality by RAP. A significant correlation between the indices used indicated that the RAP should be used with caution to describe the condition of water quality. This analysis has submitted be more appropriate when used in river scale as a whole, but not isolated segments.

Keywords : Eutrophication; TRIX; Rapid Assessment Protocol; Papaquara river.

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