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RBRH

versão On-line ISSN 2318-0331

Resumo

GIRARDI, Rubia et al. Evolution of physicochemical species concentration in streams based on heavy rainfall event data obtained for high-frequency monitoring. RBRH [online]. 2016, vol.21, n.4, pp.653-665.  Epub 09-Set-2016. ISSN 2318-0331.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/2318-0331.011616055.

Studies carried out over short time intervals assist in understanding the biogeochemical processes occurring relatively fast in natural waters. High frequency monitoring shows a greater variability in the water quality during and immediately after heavy rainfall events. This paper presents an assessment of the surface water quality parameters in the Atlantic Forest biome, caused by heavy rainfall events. The work was developed in two fluviometric sections of the Concordia River watershed, located in the state of Santa Catarina, southern Brazil. The spatial distribution of land use shows the predominance of Atlantic Forest in fluviometric section 1 (FS1) and pasture, forestry, agriculture, and Atlantic Forest in fluviometric section 2 (FS2). In each selected heavy rainfall event, the evolution rainfall height, the water level, and physicochemical parameters of water were analyzed. In all events, the water quality changed due to the heavy rainfall. After the events, an increase in water level and turbidity in both fluviometric sections were detected. In addition, the ammonium ion concentration increased in the river, and the pH value and nitrate concentration decreased. The electrical conductivity presented different behavior in each section. The dissolved oxygen concentration increased in 19 of 27 events. The principal component (PC1) correlated with the turbidity in FS1, and it correlated with level, turbidity, and pH in FS2.

Palavras-chave : Atlantic Forest; Ombrophilous Dense Forest; Water quality; In situ monitoring.

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