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International Journal of Cardiovascular Sciences

Print version ISSN 2359-4802On-line version ISSN 2359-5647

Abstract

PEREIRA, Lara Luiza Silvello et al. Relationship between Obesity and Coronary Artery Disease Defined by Coronary Computed Tomography Angiography. Int. J. Cardiovasc. Sci. [online]. In press. , pp.-.  Epub Apr 01, 2019. ISSN 2359-4802.  http://dx.doi.org/10.5935/2359-4802.20190029.

Background:

Although associated with traditional cardiovascular risk factors, it is unclear whether obesity alone is associated with coronary artery disease (CAD).

Objective:

To investigate the role of obesity as a risk factor for CAD, defined by coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA).

Methods:

This study retrospectively included 1,814 patients referred for CCTA in a hospital in São Paulo, from August 2010 to July 2012. CAD was identified by coronary calcium score and presence of coronary stenosis > 50%. Images were analyzed by two specialists, and the coronary findings were compared between obese and non-obese groups. A multivariate analysis model was used to assess obesity as an independent variable for the occurrence of obstructive CAD.

Results:

Among the study population, mean age was 58.5 +/- 11.5 years, 22.8% were obese (BMI = 30 kg/m2) and 66.3% were male. The prevalence of obstructive CAD was 18.4% in both groups. Obese patients had higher median calcium score compared to non-obese subjects (14.7 vs. 1.4, respectively, p = 0.019). In the multivariate analysis, obesity was not an independent factor for obstructive CAD (coefficient = -0.035, p = 0.102).

Conclusion:

Although no differences were observed in the prevalence of obstructive CAD between obese and non-obese individuals, coronary calcium scores were significantly in lower the latter group.

Keywords : Coronary Artery Disease; Obesity; Body Mass Index; Dyslipidemias; Risk Factors; Prevalence; Tomography/métodos; Coronary Angiography/methods.

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