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REM - International Engineering Journal

versão On-line ISSN 2448-167X

Resumo

MOURA, Rafael Simões Vieira de; RESENDE, Maysa Teixeira; SILVA, José Antônio da  e  CAMPOS, Julio Cesar Costa. Analysis of combustion efficiency in a pelletizing furnace. REM, Int. Eng. J. [online]. 2016, vol.69, n.3, pp.317-324. ISSN 2448-167X.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/0370-44672015690191.

The objective of this research is to assess how much the improvement in the combustion reaction efficiency can reduce fuel consumption, maintaining the same thermal energy rate provided by the reaction in a pelletizing furnace.

The furnace for pelletizing iron ore is a complex thermal machine, in terms of energy balance. It contains recirculation fan gases and constant variations in the process, and the variation of a single process variable can influence numerous changes in operating conditions.

This study demonstrated how the main variables related to combustion in the burning zone influence fuel consumption (natural gas) from the furnace of the Usina de Pelotização de Fábrica (owned by VALE S/A), without changing process conditions that affect production quality.

Variables were analyzed regarding the velocity and pressure of the fuel in the burners, the temperature of the combustion air and reactant gases, the conversion rate and the stoichiometric air/fuel ratio of the reaction. For the analysis, actual data of the furnace in operation was used, and for the simulation of chemical reactions, the software Gaseq® was used.

The study showed that the adjustment of combustion reaction stoichiometry provides a reduction of 9.25% in fuel consumption, representing a savings of US$ 2.6 million per year for the company.

Palavras-chave : natural gas; cost reduction; flame; stoichiometry; iron ore; Gaseq®.

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