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REM - International Engineering Journal

versão On-line ISSN 2448-167X

Resumo

RODRIGUES, Otávia Martins Silva; PERES, Antônio Eduardo Clark; HENRIQUES, Andréia Bicalho  e  AMORIM, Bárbara Gonçalves. Kaolinite removal from bauxite by flotation. REM, Int. Eng. J. [online]. 2016, vol.69, n.3, pp.349-353. ISSN 2448-167X.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/0370-44672014690093.

This paper presents a potential condition to separate kaolinite through flotation when it is present in bauxite ore. This research anticipates a Brazilian industry requirement, considering the tendency towards the need for aluminosilicates removal from bauxite ores, as has already occurred in China. Kaolinite is the most abundant aluminosilicate, and gibbsite is the main aluminum bearing mineral in Brazilian bauxite ores.

The first step was a fundamental study involving microflotation experiments with pure samples of kaolinite and gibbsite. Ammonium quaternary salts and amines were used as the collector and corn starch as the depressant.

In a fundamental study, the best conditions determined in the first step were evaluated for the flotation of kaolinite from bauxite ore using laboratory scale experiments. Tests with AQ142/starch (pH 10) and CTAB (pH 7) led to satisfactory results. In general, the highest values of alumina/silica mass ratio were obtained with AQ142/starch and the highest values of mass recovery and metallurgical recovery were achieved with CTAB.

Palavras-chave : froth flotation; flotation collectors; kaolinite; bauxite.

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