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Cadernos Brasileiros de Terapia Ocupacional

On-line version ISSN 2526-8910

Abstract

BITTAR, Carime  and  SOARES, Amanda. Media and eating behavior in adolescence. Cad. Bras. Ter. Ocup. [online]. 2020, vol.28, n.1, pp.291-308.  Epub Feb 14, 2020. ISSN 2526-8910.  https://doi.org/10.4322/2526-8910.ctoar1920.

Introduction

Adolescence is a period marked by physical, behavioral, and psychosocial changes and by transformations related to the formation of the self-image.

Objective

To verify the relation between media and eating choices in body image and the possible development of eating disorders in adolescents. Specifically the aim was to identify how patterns exposed by the media influence the construction of adolescent’s body image and how this relation can modify the eating choices and make them more vulnerable to eating disorders.

Method

literature review of original scientific articles and review using the databases Medline, PubMed and SciELO in English and Portuguese, from 1992 to 2016. We included the publications that contained at least one of the descriptors used and that associated eating behavior with adolescents.

Results

The media, in the present days, exert great power in the construction of the corporal image and in the formation of esthetical standards, which affect the adolescents in their phase of vulnerability. To these characteristics and others related to age, young people end up changing their eating patterns, becoming potential risks for the development of eating disorders.

Conclusion

Adolescents are a risk group for the development of eating disorders and media is a contributing factor in dysfunctional eating behavior.

Keywords : Adolescent; Feeding Behavior; Body Image; Video-audio Media.

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