SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

 
vol.60 issue6Diode laser versus cryotherapy for the treatment of the retinopathy of prematurity: a comparative studySystemic B-cell lymphoma with ocular manifestation and extraocular extension author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Pagealphabetic serial listing  

Services on Demand

Journal

Article

Indicators

Related links

Share


Arquivos Brasileiros de Oftalmologia

Print version ISSN 0004-2749On-line version ISSN 1678-2925

Arq. Bras. Oftalmol. vol.60 no.6 São Paulo Dec. 1997

https://doi.org/10.5935/0004-2749.19970014 

Atualização continuada

Fluxo sangüíneo ocular em glaucoma: métodos de avaliação e importância

Ocular blood flow in glaucoma. Evaluation methods and clinical importance

Marcelo Teixeira Nicolela* 

1Médico pós-graduando da faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de São Paulo. Médico Coordenador do Serviço de Glaucoma do Hospital do Servidor Público Estadual.


Texto completo disponível apenas em PDF.

REFERÊNCIAS BIBLIOGRÁFICAS

1 QUIGLEY; H. A.; ADDICKS, E. M. - Chronic experimental glaucoma in primates. II. Effect of extended intraocular pressure elevation on optic nerve head and axonal transport. Invest Ophthalmolm Vis Sci, 19: 137-152, 1980. [ Links ]

2 HOLLOWS, F. C.; GRAHAM, P. A. - Intra-ocular pressure, glaucoma, and glaucoma suspects in a defined population. Br J Ophthalmol, 50: 570-86, 1966. [ Links ]

3 SOMMER, A.; TIELSCH, J. M.; KATZ, J.; et al. - Relationship between intraocular pressure and primary open angle glaucoma among white and black Americans. The Baltimore Eye Survey. Arch Ophthalmol, 109: 1090-5, 1991. [ Links ]

4 WERNER, E. B.; DRANCE, S. M.; SCHULZER, M. - Trabeculectomy and the progression of glaucomatous visual field loss. Arch Ophthalmol, 95: 1374-1377, 1977. [ Links ]

5 BECKER, B. - Diabetes mellitus and primary open-angle glaucoma. The XXVII Edward Jackson Memorial Lecture. Am J Ophthalmol, 71: 1-16, 1971. [ Links ]

6 TIELSCH, J. M.; KATZ, J.; SOMMER, A.; et al. - Hypertension, perfusion pressure, and primary open-angle glaucoma. A population-based assessment. Arch Ophthalmol, 113: 216-21, 1995. [ Links ]

7 PHELPS, C. D.; CORBETT, J. J. - Migraine and low-tension glaucoma. A case-control study. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci, 26: 1105-8, 1985. [ Links ]

8 DRANCE, S. M.; SWEENEY, V. P.; MORGAN, R. W.; FELDMAN, F. - Studies of factors involved in the production of low tension glaucoma. Arch Ophthalmol, 89: 457-65, 1973. [ Links ]

9 HAYREH, S. S.; ZIMMERMAN, M. B.; PODHAJSKY, P.; ALWARD, W. L. - Noctumal arterial hypotension and its role in optic nerve head and ocular ischemic disorders. Am J Ophthalmol, 117: 603-24, 1994. [ Links ]

10 GRAHAM, S. L.; DRANCE, S. M.; WIJSMAN, K.; et al. - Ambulatory blood pressure monitoring in glaucoma. The nocturnal dip. Ophthalmology, 102: 61-9, 1995. [ Links ]

11 DRANCE, S. M.; DOUGLAS, G. D.; WIJSMAN, K.; et al. - Response of blood flow to warm and cold in normal and low-tension glaucoma patients. Am J Ophthalmol, 105: 35-9, 1988. [ Links ]

12 GASSER, P.; FLAMMER, J. - Blood-cell velocity in the nailfold capillaries of patients with normal-tension and high-tension glaucoma. Am J Ophthalmol, 111: 585-8, 1991. [ Links ]

13 ANDERSON, D. R. - Glaucoma: the damage caused by pressure. XLVI Edward Jackson memorial lecture. [Review]. Am J Ophthalmol, 108: 485-95, 1989. [ Links ]

14 DRANCE, S. M. - Bowman Lecture. Glaucoma-changing concepts. Eye, 6: 337-45, 1992. [ Links ]

15 VAN BUSKIRK, M.; CIOFFI, G. A. - Glaucomatous optic neuropathy. Am J Ophthalmol, 113: 447-452, 1992. [ Links ]

16 HAYREH, S. S. - Blood supply of the optic nerve head and its role in optic atrophy, glaucoma, and oedema of the optic disc. Br J Ophthalmol, 53: 721-48, 1969. [ Links ]

17 SOSSI, N.; ANDERSON, D. R. - Effect of elevated intraocular pressure on blood flow. Occurrence in cat optic nerve head studied with iodoantipyrine I 125. Arch Ophthalmol, 101: 98-101, 1983. [ Links ]

18 RIVA, C. E.; GRUNWALD, J. E.; PETRIG, B. L. - Autoregulation of human retinal blood flow. An investigation with laser Doppler velocimetry. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci, 27: 1706-12, 1986. [ Links ]

19 ERICKSON, S. J.; HENDRIX, L. E.; MASSARO, B. M.; et al. - Color Doppler flow imaging of the normal and abnormal orbit. Radiology, 173: 511-6, 1989. [ Links ]

20 LIEB, W. E.; COHEN, S. M.; MERTON, D. A., et al. - Color Doppler imaging of the eye and orbit. Technique and normal vascular anatomy. Arch Ophthalmol, 109: 527-31, 1991. [ Links ]

21 HAYREH, S. S.; BEACH, K. W. - Discussion of "Optic nerve shealth decompression may improve blood flow in anterior ischemic optic neuropathy". Ophthalmology, 100: 303-5, 1993. [ Links ]

22 GALASSI, F.; NUZZACI, G.; SODI, A.; et al. Color Doppler imaging in evaluation of optic nerve blood supply in normal and glaucomatous subjects. Int Ophthalmol, 16: 273-6, 1992. [ Links ]

23 RANKIN, S. J.; WALMAN, B. E.; BUCKLEY, A. R.; DRANCE, S. M. - Color Doppler imaging and spectral analysis of the optic nerve vasculature in glaucoma. Am J Ophthalmol, 119: 685-93, 1995. [ Links ]

24 NICOLELA, M. T.; WALMAN, B. E.; BUCKLEY, A. R.; DRANCE, S. M. - Ocular hypertension and primary open-angle glaucoma: A comparative study of their retrobulbar blood flow velocity. J Glaucoma, 5: 308-310, 1996. [ Links ]

25 NICOLELA, M. T.; WALMAN, B. E.; BUCKLEY, A. R.; DRANCE, S. M. - Various glaucomatous optic disc appearances. A color Doppler imaging study of retrobulbar circulation. Ophthalmology, 103: 1670-1679, 1996. [ Links ]

26 HARRIS, A.; SERGOTT, R. C.; SPAETH, G. L.; et al. - Color Doppler analysis of ocular vessel blood velocity in normal-tension glaucoma. Am J Ophthalmol, 118: 642-9, 1994. [ Links ]

27 NICOLELA, M. T.; DRANCE, S. M.; RANKIN, S. J. A.; et al. - Color Doppler imaging in patients with asymmetric glaucoma and unilateral visual field loss. Am J Ophthalmol, 121: 502-510, 1996. [ Links ]

28 BAXTER, G. M.; WILLIAMSON, T. H.; MCKILLOP, G.; DUTTON, G. N. - Color Doppler ultrasound of orbital and optic nerve blood flow: effects of posture and timolol 0.5%. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci, 33: 604-10, 1992. [ Links ]

29 HARRIS, A.; SPAETH, G. L.; SERGOTT, R. C., et al. - Retrobulbar arterial hemodynamic effects of betaxolol and timolol in normal tension glaucoma. Am J Ophthalmol, 120: 168-75, 1995. [ Links ]

30 NICOLELA, M. T.; BUCKLEY, A. R.; WALMAN, B. E.; DRANCE, S. M. - A comparative study of the effects of timolol and latanoprost on blood flow velocity of the retrobulbar vessels. Am J Ophthalmol, 122: 784-789, 1996. [ Links ]

31 SPAETH, G. L. - The pathogenesis of nerve damage in glaucoma: Contributions of fluorescein angiography. New York: Grune & Stratton Inc, 1977. [ Links ]

32 SCHWARTZ, B.; RIESER, J. C.; FISHBEIN, S. L. - Fluorescein angiographic defects of the optic disc in glaucoma. Arch Ophthalmol, 95: 1961-74, 1977. [ Links ]

33 GREVE, E. L.; GEIJSSEN, H. G. C.; DUIJM, H. F. A. - Aspects of normal tension glaucoma, in Glaucoma: Decision making in therapy, M.G. Bucci, Editor. 1996, Springer-Verlag Italia: Milano. p. 209-212. [ Links ]

34 WOLF, S.; AREND, 0.; TOONEN, H.; et al. Retinal capillary blood flow measurements with a scanning laser ophthalmoscope. Preliminary results. Ophthalmology, 98: 996-1000, 1991. [ Links ]

35 WOLF, S.; AREND, 0.; SPONSEL, W. E.; et al. - Retinal hemodynamics using scanning laser ophthalmoscopy and hemorheology in chronic open-angle glaucoma. Ophthalmology, 97: 1561-1566, 1993. [ Links ]

36 RIVA, C. E.; GRUNWALD, J. E.; SINCLAIR, S. H.; PETRIG, B. L. - Blood velocity and volumetric flow rate in human retinal vessels. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci, 26: 1124-32, 1985. [ Links ]

37 GRUNWALD, J. E. - Effect of timolol maleate on the retinal circulation of human eyes with ocular hypertension. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci, 31: 521-6, 1990. [ Links ]

38 GRUNWALD, J. E. - Effect of two weeks of timolol maleate treatment on the normal retinal circulation. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci, 32: 39-45, 1991. [ Links ]

39 RIVA, C. E.; HARINO, S.; PETRIG, B. L.; SHONAT, R. D. - Laser Doppler flowmetry in the optic nerve. Experimemal Eye Research, 55: 499-506, 1992. [ Links ]

40 BONNER, R.; NOSSAL, R. - Model for laser Doppler measurements of blood flow in tissue. Appl Opt, 20: 2097-107, 1981. [ Links ]

41 MICHELSON, G.; SCHMAUSS, B. - Two dimensional mapping of the perfusion of the retina and optic nerve head. Br J Ophthalmol, 19: 1126-32, 1995. [ Links ]

42 NICOLELA, M. T.; HNIK, P.; DRANCE, S. M. - Scanning laser Doppler tlowmeter study of retinal and optic disc blood tlow in glaucomatous patients. Am J Ophthalmol, 122: 775-783, 1996. [ Links ]

43 RIVA, C. E.; PETRIG, B. - Blue field entoptic phenomenon and blood tlow velocity in the retinal capillaries. J Opt Soc Am, 70: 1234-1238, 1980. [ Links ]

44 GRUNWALD, J. E.; RIVA, C. E.; STONE, R. A.; et al. - Retinal autoregulation in open-angle glaucoma. Ophthalmology, 91: 1690-4, 1984. [ Links ]

45 LANGHAM, M. E.; FARREL, R.: KRAKAU, T.; SILVER, D. - Ocular pulsitile ocular blood flow, hypotensive drugs, and differential light sensitivity in glaucoma., in Glaucoma uptade IV, G.K. Krieglstein, Editor. 1991, Springer-Verlag: Berlin. p. 162-172. [ Links ]

Creative Commons License Este é um artigo publicado em acesso aberto (Open Access) sob a licença Creative Commons Attribution, que permite uso, distribuição e reprodução em qualquer meio, sem restrições desde que o trabalho original seja corretamente citado.