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Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria

Print version ISSN 0004-282X

Arq. Neuro-Psiquiatr. vol.51 no.3 São Paulo Sept. 1993 

Epilepsy and anxiety


Epilepsia e ansiedade



Marly de AlbuquerqueI; Carlos José Reis de CamposII

IM.D., M.Sc, Epilepsy Section BPM. Escola Paulista de Medicina (EPM), Epilepsy Section
IIM.D., M.Sc, Ph.D., Associated Professor of Clinical Neurology EPM, Chief of Epilepsy Section EPM. Master Thesis




We have analyzed 155 subjects with STAI (State-Trait Anxiety Inventory): 75 epileptic patients and 80 normal subjects used as a control group. A higher trait-anxiety score (chronic anxiety) than that of controls was found for the epileptic group. For the epileptic group higher levels of the A-trait occurred in patients with EEG abnormalities with left temporal localization. We have also observed that the shorter the epilepsy lasts (less than two years), the higher the trait-anxiety levels. Convulsions and awareness loss during epileptic seizures do not modify state and trait-anxiety scores.

Key words: (anxiety, epilepsy, anxiety-inventory, state-anxiety, trait-anxiety.


Foram avaliados os níveis de ansiedade em 155 indivíduos pelo IDATE (Inventário de Ansiedade Traço-Estado). O grupo de estudo constou de 75 pacientes epilépticos matriculados no Setor de Investigação e Tratamento das Epilepsias da Disciplina de Neurologia da Escola Paulista de Medicina. O grupo controle foi constituído de 80 indivíduos normais. Foram observados maiores níveis de ansiedade crônica (Ansiedade-Traço) em epilépticos que em controles não epilépticos. Esses níveis foram tanto maiores quanto menor a duração das epilepsias. Em toda a população epiléptica estudada, os níveis mais altos de ansiedade crônica ocorreram em pacientes com anormalidade do EEG de localização temporal esquerda. A perda ou não da consciência não interferiu nos níveis de ansiedade aguda (Ansiedade-Estado) ou crônica.

Palavras-chave: epilepsia, ansiedade, inventário de ansiedade tnaço-estado.



Full text available only in PDF format.

Texto completo disponível apenas em PDF.




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Aceite: 20-janeiro-1993.



Dr. Carlos José Reis de Campos — Setor de Investigação e Tratamento das Epilepsias, Disciplina de Neurologia, Escola Paulista de Medicina - Rua Botucatu 740 - 04023-900 São Paulo SP - Briasil.

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