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Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria

Print version ISSN 0004-282X

Arq. Neuro-Psiquiatr. vol.52 no.3 São Paulo Sept. 1994

https://doi.org/10.1590/S0004-282X1994000300001 

Congruence of the topography of intracranial calcifications and epileptic foci

 

Congruência da topografía de calcificações intracranianas e focos epilépticos

 

 

A. Cukiert; P. Puglia; H.B. Scapolan; M.M. Vilela; R. Marino Jr.

Departament of Neurology and Neurosurgery University of São Paulo School of Medicine

 

 


SUMMARY

Nodular intracranial calcifications (NIC) are frequent findings in CT scans of epileptic patients in countries where granulomatous central nervous disease such as neurocysticercosis is endemic. In 34 consecutive epileptic patients with NIC submitted teo EEG, CT and CSF analysis, the correlation between the electroclinical localization of the focus and the topography of the NIC was studied. Twenty-nine patients had partial (Group I) and 5 had primarily generalized seizures (Group II). Twenty group I and 1 group II patients showed abnormal EEGs. CSF abnormalities consisted of increased protein content (n=3) and positive Weinberg's reaction (n=2). In 2 cases, viable neurocysticercotic vesicles were seen. Twenty-one patients had single NICs. No correlation could be stablished in group II patients. Within group 1,15 patients had a positive and 14 a negative correlation. Sixty-six percent of the patients with single NICs had negative correlations. These findings strongly suggest that the calcifications themselves are not the epileptogenic lesions in at least 50% of the studied cases.

Key words: epilepsy, calcifications, CT, EEG.


RESUMO

Calcificações nodulares intracranianas (CIN) representam achado frequente em pacientes epilépticos de países onde doenças granulomatosas do SNC (p.e.: neurocisticercose) são endêmicas. Trinta e quatro pacientes epilépticos consecutivos com CINs foram submetidos a exame de EEG, TC e LCR. A correlação entre a topografia do foco e das calcificações foi estudada em cada caso. Vinte e nove pacientes tinham crises parciais (Grupo I) e 5 crises primariamente generalizadas (Grupo II). Vinte pacientes do Grupo I e 1 do grupo II tinham EEGs anormais. Hiperproteinorraquia (n=3) e reação de Weinberg positiva foram as alterações encontradas no LCR. Em 2 casos, vesículas neurocisticercóticas íntegras foram vistas na tomografia. Vinte e um pacientes possuíam CIN única. Não foi possível realizar a correlação clínica nos pacientes do Grupo II. No grupo I, 15 pacientes apresentaram correlação positiva e 14 negativa. Sessenta e quatro por cento dos pacientes com calcificação única apresentaram correlação negativa. Estes achados sugerem fortemente que as calcificações não são epileptogênicas em ao menos 50% dos casos estudados.

Palavras-chave: epilepsia, calcificações, TC, EEG.


 

 

Texto completo disponível apenas em PDF.

Full text available only in PDF format.

 

 

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Aceite: 3-março-1994.

 

 

Dr. Arthur Cukiert - Rua Baltazar Veiga, 367/151 - 04510-001 São Paulo SP - Brasil.

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