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Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria

Print version ISSN 0004-282X

Arq. Neuro-Psiquiatr. vol.52 no.3 São Paulo Sept. 1994

https://doi.org/10.1590/S0004-282X1994000300005 

EEG and dementia indicators in AIDS patients' Rorschach test

 

EEG e indicadores de demência no teste de Rorschach em pacientes com AIDS

 

 

G. Fernandes do PradoI; L.B.C. CarvalhoII; A. Baptista da SilvaIII; J.G.C. LimaIV

IDiscipline of Neurology, Escola Paulista de Medicina (EPM) and Institute of Psychology, Universidade de São Paulo (USP): Pós-graduando da Disciplina de Neurologia, EPM
IIDiscipline of Neurology, Escola Paulista de Medicina (EPM) and Institute of Psychology, Universidade de São Paulo (USP): Pós-graduanda do Instituto de Psicologia, USP
IIIDiscipline of Neurology, Escola Paulista de Medicina (EPM) and Institute of Psychology, Universidade de São Paulo (USP): Professor Adjunto da Disciplina de Neurologia, EPM
IVDiscipline of Neurology, Escola Paulista de Medicina (EPM) and Institute of Psychology, Universidade de São Paulo (USP): Professor Titular e Chefe da Disciplina de Neurologia, EPM

 

 


SUMMARY

We studied the EEG and Rorschach test (RT) of nineteen AIDS patients and eight normal people in the same age group. Eight patients presented slow alpha rhythms (8 to 9 Hz); three, not-slow alpha rhythms (>9 to 13Hz); and eight, beta rhythms in background activity. Paroxystic activity, characterized by diffuse theta or delta waves, was present in eleven patients. We observed Oberholzer syndrome (organic dementia diagnosed by RT) in ten patients and Piotrowski syndrome (organic dementia diagnosed by RT) in eleven patients; six presented both. When considering only the group of AIDS patients, we did not observe a significant relation among slow alpha rhythm, not-slow alpha rhythm and the presence of paroxystic activity with the above-mentioned syndromes. AIDS patients with slow alpha rhythms showed a significantly greater number of Piotrowski syndrome dementia indicators when compared to normal individuals or those with slow alpha rhythms. We did not observe the same with Oberholzer syndrome.

Key words: dementia, AIDS, HIV infection, EEG, Rorschach test.


RESUMO

Realizou-se EEG e teste psicodiagnóstico de Rorschach (TR) em dezenove pacientes aidéticos e em oito pessoas normais na mesma faixa etária. Oito pacientes apresentaram alfa lento, três alfa não lento e oito ritmo beta na atividade de base. A atividade paroxística esteve presente em onze pacientes, tendo sido caracterizada por ondas teta ou delta difusas. A síndrome de Oberholzer (demência orgânica observada através do RT) foi observada em dez pacientes e a síndrome de Piotrowski (demência orgânica observada através do RT) em onze pacientes; seis pacientes apresentaram as duas síndromes. Não se observou relação entre ritmo alfa lento, alfa não lento e presença de atividade paroxística com as referidas síndromes, quando se considerou apenas o grupo de pacientes aidéticos. Os pacientes aidéticos com ritmo alfa lento apresentaram número significantemente maior de indicadores da síndrome de Piotrowski quando comparados às pessoas normais e com alfa lento, não se demonstrando o mesmo em relação à síndrome de Oberholzer.

Palavras-chave: demência, AIDS (SIDA), infecção por HIV, EEG, teste de Rorschach.


 

 

Texto completo disponível apenas em PDF.

Full text available only in PDF format.

 

 

Acknowledgement - We gratefully acknowledge William Shelton for his help in revising this text.

 

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Aceite: 23-janeiro-1994.

 

 

Dr. Gilmar Fernandes do Prado - Rua Santa Flora 244 - 01549-040 São Paulo SP - Brasil.

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