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Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria

Print version ISSN 0004-282X

Arq. Neuro-Psiquiatr. vol.54 no.3 São Paulo Sept. 1996

http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0004-282X1996000300002 

Evolutional neurologic evaluation of seven year-old children born prematurely

 

Avaliação neurológica evolutiva aos sete anos de idade de crianças nascidas prematuras

 

 

Lygia OhiweilerI; Ligia AlfanoII; Newra T. RottaIII

IDepartment of Pediatrics, Hospital de Clinicas de Porto Alegre (HPCA), Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, School of Medicine, Brazil. M.D., Assistant
IIDepartment of Pediatrics, Hospital de Clinicas de Porto Alegre (HPCA), Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, School of Medicine, Brazil. M.D., Pediatric Neurologist
IIIDepartment of Pediatrics, Hospital de Clinicas de Porto Alegre (HPCA), Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, School of Medicine, Brazil. M.D., Professor

 

 


ABSTRACT

A sample of 51 children aged 7 with a history of prematurity was compared to 44 age-matched children who were born at term at the HCPA. The premature children had had gestational ages up to 37 weeks and 6 days and were born weighing less than 2500g. The control group consisted of children born with gestational age between 38 and 42 weeks and weights above 2S00g. The evaluation criteria were clinical examination, neurological examination and the evolutional neurological evaluation (ENE). The results pointed out that impulsiveness, aggressiveness, disorganization and enuresis were prevalent symptoms of developmental disturbances in the sample of prematures. Alterations at neurological examination did not discriminate between the two groups, although cerebral palsy occurred only in the proup of prematures. The ENE functions which differentiated the two groups studied were dynamic balance, appendicular and trunk-limb coordination and motor persistence.

Key words: prematurely born children, development, evolutional neurologic evaluation.


RESUMO

Para estudar o desenvolvimento neuropsicomotor em amostra de prematuros aos 7 anos de idade, foram avaliadas 51 crianças prematuras e comparadas com 44 a termo. O grupo de prematuros tinha idade gestacional de até 37 semanas e 6 dias e peso de nascimento até 2500g. O grupo controle foi constituído de crianças com idade gestacional entre 38 e 42 semanas e acima de 2500g. Os instrumentos de avaliação utilizados foram os exames clinico, neurológico e neurológico evolutivo (ENE). Os resultados mostraram que impulsividade, agressividade, desorganização e enurese foram sintomas prevalentes nos prematuros. As alterações no exame neurológico não discriminaram os grupos, embora paralisia cerebral só tenha ocorrido nos prematuros. As funções do ENE que distinguiram os grupos foram equilíbrio dinâmico, coordenação tronco-membros e persistência motora, constituindo-se esta no comprometimento dominante nos prematuros e as alterações na coordenação tronco-membros em achado peculiar neste grupo.

Palavras-chave: prematuridade, desenvolvimento neuropsicomotor, exame neurológico evolutivo.


 

 

Texto completo disponível apenas em PDF.

Full text available only in PDF format.

 

 

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Aceite: 15-março-1996.

 

 

Dra. Lygia Ohlweiler - Serviço de Neurologia, Hospital de Clinicas de Porto Alegre - Av. Ramiro Barcelos 2350 - 90035-007 Porto Alegre RS-Brasil.

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