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Bragantia

On-line version ISSN 1678-4499

Bragantia vol.29 no.unico Campinas Jan. 1970

http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0006-87051970000100023 

Caracteres morfológicos e número de cromossomos em Pelargonium

 

Morphological characters and chromosome numbers in Pelargonium

 

 

Cândida H. T. M. ConaginI; Alcides J. D'Andréa PintoII

IEngenheira-agrônoma, Seção de Citologia
IIEngenheiro-agrônomo, Seção de Fumo, Plantas Medicinais e Inseticidas, Instituto Agronômico

 

 


SINOPSE

O presente trabalho reune observações morfológicas e citológicas em dez cultivares e cinco espécies de Pelargonium aromático e em onze cultivares ornamentais.
Os cultivares aromáticos são, morfològicamente, muito semelhantes ao P. x asperum, do qual possivelmente devem ter-se originado; apresentam meiose irregular, com alta freqüência de monovalentes. Os cultivares ornamentais pertencem todos à espécie P. zonale, e dentre êles uns são diplóides e outros tetraplóides. Das espécies em coleção algumas se identificam com as descrições anteriores, mas outras devem ter sido introduzidas erroneamente classificadas.
Considerando o material estudado, foram encontrados, para Pelargonium, três números básicos de cromossomos: x = 8, x = 9 e x = 11.


SUMMARY

Morphological characters and chromosome number of ten cultivars and five species of aromatic Pelargonium, as well as ornamental cultivars, were compared.
The oil cultivars are very alike morphologically and they are supposed to be clones of P x asperum. They have irregular meiosis with high frequency of univalents and are male sterile; their chromosome number is 2n=77.
Some of the species (P. graveolens from Italy, P. odoratissimum, P. tomentosuni and P. grossularioides) agree with previous descriptions, but others, as P. graveolens from Argentina and P. radula from Italy, were probably introduced with a wrong classification. Their chromosome number were counted and compared to previous determinations with excelent agreement. No data was found concerning P. grossularioides; the present chromosome counting seems to be the first.
The ornamental cultivars studied here belong to the species P. zonale; some are diploid, others tetraploid; in the diploid cultivars mixoploidy is frequent.
As chromosome number is concerned, three basic numbers were established; x=8 for P. odoratissimum, x = 9 for P. grossularioides cv. cocoanut, P. graveolens from Italy and P. zonale (ornamental cultivars), and x=11 for P. graveolens from Argentina, P. tomentosuni, P. radens and P. x asperum (aromatic cultivars).


 

 

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LITERATURA CITADA

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Recebido para publicação em 10 de março de 1970.