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Papéis Avulsos de Zoologia

Print version ISSN 0031-1049On-line version ISSN 1807-0205

Pap. Avulsos Zool. (São Paulo) vol.49 no.17 São Paulo  2009

http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0031-10492009001700001 

Type specimens of lice (Insecta: Phthiraptera) held in the Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de São Paulo, Brazil

 

 

Michel P. Valim

Laboratório de Ixodides, Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz, Avenida Brasil, 4.365, CEP 21045-900, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil. E-mail: mpvalim@hotmail.com

 

 


ABSTRACT

The type specimens of 142 nominal species of chewing and sucking lice (Insecta: Phthiraptera: Amblycera, Ischnocera and Anoplura) held in the Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de São Paulo, Brazil (MZUSP) are listed. The list includes species in the families: Menoponidae and Gyropidae (Suborder Amblycera); Philopteridae (including species initially described in Heptapsogastridae) and Trichodectidae (Suborder Ischnocera); and Hoplopleuridae (Suborder Anoplura). The following type categories are represented in the collection: holotype, allotype, paratype, syntype, neotype, neoallotype, neoparatype and paralectotype. Information is taken from card data, and includes changes in nomenclatural status for each species since their original description. Two additional lists, one with updated scientific names for the lice (Appendix 1) and another with those for the host taxa (Appendix 2), are included.

Keywords: Phthiraptera; Lice; Types; List; MZUSP; Menoponidae; Gyropidae; Philopteridae; Trichodectidae; Hoplopleuridae.


RESUMO

Os espécimes tipo de 142 espécies de malófagos e anopluros (Insecta: Phthiraptera: Amblycera, Ischnocera e Anoplura) mantidos no Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de São Paulo, Brazil (MZUSP) são listados. Essa lista inclui espécies das famílias: Menoponidae e Gyropidae (subordem Amblycera); Philopteridae (incluindo as espécies incialmente descritas em Heptapsogastridae) e Trichodectidae (subordem Ischnocera); e Hoplopleuridae (subordem Anoplura). As seguintes categorias de tipos estão representadas na coleção: holótipo, alótipo, parátipo, sintipo, neótipo, neoalótipo, neoparátipo e paralectótipo. As informações foram extraídas das fichas de depósito e incluem mudanças na nomenclatura para cada espécie desde sua descrição original. Duas listas adicionais, uma com os nomes científicos atualizados para os parasitos (Apêndice 1) e outra com os nomes dos hospedeiros (Apêndice 2), são incluídas.

Palavras-chave: Phthiraptera, Piolhos, Tipos, Lista, MZUSP, Menoponidae, Gyropidae, Philopteridae, Trichodectidae, Hoplopleuridae


 

 

INTRODUCTION

Insect of the order Phthiraptera, commonly known as chewing and sucking lice, are permanent and obligatory ectoparasites of birds and mammals (Johnson & Clayton, 2003). This order currently includes four suborders: Amblycera, Ischnocera, Rhynchophthirina, and Anoplura. The suborder Anoplura (sucking lice) includes those species that are ectoparasites of eutherian mammals exclusively (Durden & Musser, 1994).

The card index of the Phthiraptera collection held in the Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de São Paulo, Brazil (MZUSP) comprises about 1,719 entries relating to specimens from many hosts around the world (e.g. Africa, Europe, Asia, Oceania and the Americas), which are either slide-mounted (72% of them) or preserved in alcohol (28%). This collection originated in the mid-1940's through the efforts of Lindolpho Rocha Guimarães (1908-1998), a prominent Brazilian ectoparasitologist. His publications on chewing lice (Amblycera and Ischnocera) include the description of 84 new species, with 73 of them still recognized as valid (Price et al., 2003), and on sucking lice (Anoplura) the only species described by him is valid (Durden & Musser, 1994).

In accordance with Recommendation 72F.4 of the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature (ICZN, 1999: 79), a list of the types of Phthiraptera held in the Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de São Paulo, Brazil (MZUSP) is presented hereby. During the last 15 years, similar lists of Phthiraptera type specimens have been published for specimens housed: in the Centro de Zoologia do Instituto de Investigação Científica Tropical, Portugal (Mendes, 1993); in the Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Brazil (Cardozo-de-Almeida et al., 1999, 2003); in the United States National Museum of Natural History, U.S.A. (Durden & Adams, 2005); and in the Museo de La Plata, Argentina (Abrahamovich et al., 2006).

The most recently published list of type specimens held in the MZUSP for an insect group was prepared by Scott-Santos et al. (2008) for the "poneromorph" ants (Hymenoptera, Formicidae); the format of which is largely followed in this publication.

 

MATERIAL AND METHODS

All type categories of Phthiraptera held in MZUSP are listed following the proposal made by Lavett Smith & Buerkli (1969). The information given for each species and specimen was taken from cards and confirmed and/or corrected with the original, published, descriptions.

The following data, when available, are provided for each type specimen: original species name, author, year of publication, page number in which the species name first appeared; and the category of the type specimen. In addition, the number of specimens in the type series, their respective sexes, the MZUSP (#) numbers, box ('b'), number of the box, and place inside the box (for slide-mounted specimens); or alcohol vial ('a'), large vial number, small vial number inside the large one (for specimens preserved in alcohol), a note (which includes information from register books), the host's scientific name, the number of bird skins in the MZUSP Ornithological Collection, from which the material was taken off (when applicable), the systematic order and family of the host, its locality, collection date, and collector, are also given. In cases where it was not possible to count the number of specimens in alcohol, they are cited as "few specimens", according to the cards. Where necessary, changes to the taxonomic status of the species listed were indicated.

The nomenclature and classification used in this paper follow those presented in the world checklists by Price et al. (2003) for chewing lice (suborders Amblycera and Ischnocera), and by Durden & Musser (1994) for sucking lice (suborder Anoplura). Host names and their classification were updated following Dickinson (2003) for birds (Aves) and Wilson & Reeder (2005) for mammals (Mammalia). Host names are given throughout the text as in the original publications, with current names following within parentheses.

 

RESULTS

The present list includes types of 142 nominal species, of which 126 (89%) are still valid, while 16 (11%) are considered junior synonyms by previous authors and accepted by Price et al. (2003) or for Anoplura by Durden & Mussser (1994). Those 142 nominal species are represented: nine by holotype only; 30 by holotype, allotype and paratypes; seven by holotype and paratypes; two by holotype and allotype; one by allotype and paratype; 77 by paratypes only; five by syntypes; one by paralectotype; one by neotype, neoallotype and neoparatypes; and three by neoparatypes only. Five nominal species represented in MZUSP collection, four only by allotypes and one by paratype, should not be considered as types. One specimen regarded as type, designed as 'autohyle' (for Allobrueelia amsel), also was not considered as having type value.

Phthiraptera

Suborder Amblycera

Family Menoponidae Mjöberg, 1910

Genus Bucerocolpocephalum Elbel, 1967: 36

Bucerocolpocephalum deigmani Elbel, 1967: 38. Paratypes: 1 male and 1 female; #47,230; b.13.95; Note 17,703. Ex Carinatus galeritus carinatus (= Anorrhinus galeritus (Temminck, 1831)) (Coraciiformes: Bucerotidae). Thailand, Trang, Muang, Lamo; 08.iii.1963; Elbel, R.E. col.

Bucerocolpocephalum emersoni Elbel, 1967: 37. Paratypes: 1 male and 1 female; #47,231; b.13.96; Note 17,703. Ex Ptilolaemus tickelli austeni (= Anorrhinus austeni Jerdon, 1872). Thailand, Loei, Dan Sai, Kok Sathon, Phu Lom Lo Mt.; .iii.1954; Elbel, R.E. col.

Genus Ciconiphilus Bedford, 1939: 141

Ciconiphilus melanolophi Price & Beer, 1965: 662. Paratypes: 1 male and 1 female; #47,235; b.13.100; Note 17,703. Ex Gorsachius m. melanolophus (= Gorsachius melanolophus (Raffles, 1822)) (Ciconiiformes: Ardeidae). Thailand, Khorat Sikiu, Musi Pu Khanun; 26.iv.1953; Elbel, R.E. col.

Remarks: Junior synonym of Ciconiphilus butoridiphagus (Price & Emerson, 1966: 432).

Genus Clayia Hopkins, 1941: 46

Clayia theresae Hopkins, 1941: 46. Paratypes: 1 male and 1 female; #45,399; b.3.42; Note 725. Ex Numida meleagris major (= Numida meleagris meleagris (Linnaeus, 1758)) (Galliformes: Numidae). Uganda, Teso, Soroti; no other data. Paratypes: 1 male and 1 female; #45,400; b.3.43; Note 725. Same data, except: Uganda, Buruli; no other data.

Genus Colpocephalum Nitzsch, 1818: 298

Colpocephalum occidentalis Price, 1967: 276. Paratype: male; #47,232; b.13.97; Note 17,703. Ex Pelecanus occidentalis Linnaeus, 1766 (Pelecaniformes: Pelecanidae). USA, Texas, Galveston Island; 19.vi.1946; Emerson, K.C. col.

Genus Heterokodeia Carriker, 1954: 161

Heterokodeia aratingae Price, 1968: 520. Holotype: male. #47,022; b.11.87; Paratype: female; #47,023; b.11.88; Note 17,685. Ex Aratinga aurea (Gmelin, 1788) (Psittaciformes: Psittacidae). No other data. Paratype: male; #46,804; b.9.69; Note 404. Same data, except: Brazil, São Paulo, Sant'ana do Parnaíba (previously in Mato Grosso); No other data.

Remarks: The reference to the original description was incorrectly cited by Price et al. (2003: 110) as "Price, 1969a: 520". The correct date for the revision of Heterokodeia by Price is "1968".

Heterokodeia auricapilli Price, 1968: 522. Holotype: male; #46,906; b.11.71; Paratype: male; #46,907; b.11.72; Paratype: female; #46,908; b.11.73; Paratype: female; #46,909; b.11.74; Note 1,391. Ex Aratinga auricapilla (Kuhl, 1820). Brazil, Espírito Santo, Rio Itaúnas, Conceição da Barra; .ix.1950, Dente, E. col.

Heterokodeia guimaraesi Price, 1968: 524. Holotype: female; #46,888; b.10.53; Note 892. Ex Brotogeris tirica (Gmelin, 1788) (Psittaciformes: Psittacidae). Brazil, Bahia, Itabaunas; .vii.1919; Garbe, E. col.

Heterokodeia maracanae Price, 1968: 526. Holotype: female; #46,970; b.11.35; Note 17,676. Ex Ara maracana (= Primolius maracana (Vieillot, 1816)) (Psittaciformes: Psittacidae). Brazil, Goiás, Rio Palmas, afl. Rio Paranã; no other data.

Heterokodeia severae Price, 1968: 526. Holotype: male; #47,011; b.11.76; Note 17,683. Ex Ara severus (Linnaeus, 1758) (Psittaciformes: Psittacidae). Brazil, Amazonas, Lago do Ayapuá, Rio Purus; .x.1932; no collector.

Genus Heteromenopon Carriker, 1954: 170

Heteromenopon (Heteromenopon) anodorhynchi Price, 1969b: 564. Holotype: male #46,919; b.10.84; Note 17,664. Ex Anodorhynchus hyacinthinus (Latham, 1790) (Psittaciformes: Psittacidae). No other data. Paratype: female; #46,920; b.10.85; Note 17,665. Same data, except: Brazil, Goiás, Arraias; No other data. Paratype: male; #46,921; b.10.86; Note 17,666. Same data, except: Brazil, Goiás, Rio Palmas, afl. Rio Paranã. No other data. Paratype: female; #46,922; b.10.87; Note 17,667. Same data, except: Brazil, Goiás, Córrego da Onça, afl. Rio Paranã. No other data. Paratype: female; #46,923; b.10.88; Note 17,668. Same data.

Heteromenopon (Heteromenopon) passerini Price, 1969b: 563. Holotype: male; #46,904; b.10.69; Paratype: female; #46,905; b.10.70; Note 896; Paratype: female; #46,854; b.10.19; Note 874; Paratypes: both sexes; #46,836; b.10.1; #46,837; b.10.2; #46,838; b.10.3; #46,839; b.10.4; #46,840; b.10.5; #46,841; b.10.6; #46,842; b.10.7; #46,843; b.10.8; #46,844; b.10.9; #46,837; b.10.2; Note 873. Ex Forpus passerinus vividus (= Forpus passerinus deliciosus (Ridgway, 1888)) (Psittaciformes: Psittacidae). Brazil, São Paulo, Monte Alegre do Sul; 28.vii.1946; Lima, J.L. col.

Genus Holomenopon Eichler, 1941: 125

Holomenopon clauseni Price, 1971: 637. Paratype: male; #47,234; b.13.99; Note 17,703. Ex Aix sponsa (Linnaeus, 1758) (Anseriformes: Anatidae). USA, New York, Rensselaerville, Albany Co.; 17.viii.1964; Dalgleish, R.C. col.

Genus Menacanthus Neumann, 1912: 353

Menacanthus campephili Price & Emerson, 1975: 782. Paratype: male; #47,229; b.13.94; Note 17,703. Ex Campephilus magellanicus (King, 1828) (Piciformes: Picidae). Argentina, Ba. Buen Suceso, Staten Island; 23.iv.1971; no collector.

Genus Microctenia Kéler, 1939a: 251

Microctenia soaresi Guimarães, 1944c: 111. Holotype: female; #45,460; a.3.5; Note 608. Ex Crypturellus noctivagus noctivagus (Wied-Neuwied, 1820) (Tinamiformes: Tinamidae). Brazil, Espírito Santo, Rio São José, 24.ix.1942; Soares, B.M. col. Allotype: male; #45,461; a.3.6; Note 665. Same data, except: 13.ix.1942.

Microctenia tibialis heterocephala Guimarães, 1947b: 200. Holotype and allotype: female and male, respectively; #45,726; a.6.1; Paratype: female; #45,727; a.6.2; Note 735. Ex Tinamus guttatus Pelzeln, 1863 (Tinamiformes: Tinamidae); on skin #21,929. Brazil, Amazonas, Igarapé Grande, Alto Jurua; 23.i.1937; Olalla, A.M. col.

Remarks: Elevated to species by Price et al. (2003: 127).

Genus Myrsidea Waterston, 1915: 12

Myrsidea hopkinsi Bedford, 1939: 132. Paratypes: 1 male and 1 female; #45,406; b.3.49; Note 725. Ex Corvultur albicollis (= Corvus albicollis Latham, 1790) (Passeriformes: Corvidae). Uganda, Ubala; no other data.

Genus Pseudomenopon Mjöberg, 1910: 50

Pseudomenopon phoenicuri Price, 1974: 79. Paratype: female; #47,233; b.13.98; Note 17,703. Ex Amauronis phoenicurus Pennant, 1769 (Gruiformes: Rallidae). Malaysia, Subang; 18.xii.1962; no collector.

Genus Psittacobrosus Carriker, 1954: 150

Psittacobrosus dalgleishi Price, 1969a: 394. Holotype: male; #46,801; b.9.66; Paratype: female; #46,802; b.9.67; Paratype: female; #46,803; b.9.69; Note 402. Ex Tirica tirica (= Brotogeris tirica). Brazil, São Paulo, Juquiá; .ix.1940; Lane, F. & Travassos Filho, L. cols.

Psittacobrosus molinae Price & Beer, 1968: 273. Paratype: male; #46,956; b.11.21; Note 17,669. Ex Pyrrhura frontalis (Vieillot, 1817) (Psittaciformes: Psittacidae). Brazil, Rio Grande do Sul; 22.v.1882; no collector.

Remarks: Price & Beer (1968) regarded the above specimen as a female, and they did not mention any further locality data other than "Brazil". Moreover, the specimen listed above was not regarded as Paratype in original description of the species, and then it has no type value.

Psittacrobrosus nandayi Price, 1969a: 393. Holotype: male; #47,015; b.11.80; Paratype: male; #47,016; b.11.81; Paratype: male; #47,017; b.11.82; Note 17,684. Ex Nandayus nenday (Vieillot, 1823) (Psittaciformes: Psittacidae). No other data. Paratype: male; #47,018; b.11.83. Same data, except: Brazil, Mato Grosso do Sul, Corumbá, Vila Mercedes; no other data.

Psittacobrosus versicoluri Price, 1969a: 394. Holotype: male; #46,879; b.10.44; Note 888. Ex Tirica chiriri (= Brotogeris chiriri). Brazil, São Paulo, Batatais; 11.xii.1943; Lima, J.L. col. Paratype: male; #46,878; b.10.43; Note 887. Same data, except: Brazil, Goiás, Cana Brava; 09.xii.1932; Blase col.

Family Gyropidae Kellogg, 1896

Genus Abrocomophaga Emerson & Price, 1976: 426

Abrocomophaga chilensis Emerson & Price, 1976: 426. Paratypes: 1 male and 1 female; #47,236; b.14.1; Paratypes: 1 male and 1 female; b.14.2; Note 17,703. Ex Abrocoma bennettii Waterhouse, 1837 (Rodentia: Abrocomidae). Chile, Santiago, Til Til; 02.xi.1974; no collector.

Genus Gliricola Mjöberg, 1910: 292

Gliricola handleyi Emerson & Price, 1975: 24. Paratypes: 1 male and 1 female; #47,223; b.13.88; Note 17,702. Ex Proechimys hoplomyoides (Tate, 1939) (Rodentia: Echimyidae). Venezuela, Bolívar, El Dorado, 9.vi.1966; no collector.

Gliricola mendezi Emerson & Price, 1975: 28. Paratypes: 1 male and 1 female; #47,217; b.13.82; Note 17,702. Ex Proechimys semispinosus (Tomes, 1860). Venezuela, Amazonas TF, Capibaras; 20.iii.1975; no collector.

Remarks: Probably the correct name for this host species is Proechimys guairae Thomas, 1901 (see further discussion in Valim & Linardi, 2008).

Gliricola tiptoni Emerson & Price, 1975: 24. Paratype: 1 male. #47,218; b.13.83; Paratypes: 1 male and 1 female. #47,219; b.13.84; Note 17,702. Ex Proechimys semispinosus. Venezuela, Barinas, Altamira; 28.xii.1967 to 03.i.1968; no collector. Paratypes: 1 male and 1 female; #47,220; b.13.85; Note 17,702. Ex Proechimys semispinosus. Venezuela, Trujillo, Valera (Agua Santa); 23.viii.1965; no collector.

Remarks: Probably the correct name for this host species is Proechimys guairae Thomas, 1901 (see further discussion in Valim & Linardi, 2008).

Gliricola venezuelanus Emerson & Price, 1975: 18. Paratype: 1 female; #47,222; b.13.87; #17,702. Ex Proechimys cayennensis (Desmarest, 1817). Venezuela, Amazonas TF, Boca Mavaca; 13.iii.1967; no collector.

Genus Gyropus Nitzsch, 1818: 302

Gyropus wernecki Emerson & Price, 1975: 31. Paratypes: 2 females; #47,221; b.13.86; Note 17,702. Ex Proechimys semispinosus. Venezuela, Iaracuy, Urama; 12.xi.1965; no collector.

Remarks: The correct name for this host species is Proechimys guairae (see further discussion in Valim & Linardi, 2008).

Suborder Ischnocera

Family Heptapsogastridae Carriker, 1936 (= Philopteridae)

Genus Discocorpus Carriker, 1936: 147

Discocorpus cephalosus furculus Carriker, 1944: 191. Paratypes: 1 male and 1 female; #45,856; b.5.17; Note 1,222. Ex Crypturellus boucardi boucardi (Sclater, P. L., 1860). Mexico, Veracruz, Cerro Tuxtla; 28.iii.1940; Carriker, M.A. leg.

Remarks: Elevated to species by Price et al. (2003: 175).

Genus Heptagoniodes Carriker, 1936: 166 (= Kelloggia)

Heptagoniodes clayae Guimarães & Lane, 1937: 7. Allotype: female; #45,043; a.1.20; Note 77. Ex Tinamus solitarius solitarius (Vieillot, 1819). Brazil, São Paulo, Rio Paraná; no data; Lima, J.L. col. 'Allotype': female; #45,223; b.2.32; Note 164. Ex T. solitarius. Brazil, São Paulo; Lima, J.L. col.: Guimarães, L.R. det.

Remarks: Placed in Kelloggia by Hopkins & Clay (1952: 166). There are two specimens (one slide mounted and other in alcohol) regarded as 'allotype', Guimarães & Lane (1937: 9) only mentioned the holotype male and other males they studied. The specimen listed above was labeled as the 'allotype' after the original description of the species; it has no type value.

Heptagoniodes dimorphus Carriker, 1944: 210. Paratype: female; #45,851; b.5.34; Note 1,222. Ex Tinamos tao kleei (Tschudi, 1843). Bolivia, Palmar; 12.vii.1937; Carriker, M.A. leg.

Remarks: Placed in Kelloggia by Hopkins & Clay (1952: 166).

Genus Heptarthrogaster Carriker, 1936: 134 (= Heptapsogaster)

Heptarthrogaster keleri Guimarães, 1942a: 25. Holotype: male; #45,209; b.2.28; Note 188. Allotype: female; #45,210; b.2.29; Note 169. Paratype: female; #45,211; a.1.50; Note 169. Ex Tinamus major major (Gmelin, 1789). Brazil, Amazonas, Igarapé Anibá, Guimarães, L.R. col. Paratype: female; #45,212; b.2.30; Note 179. Paratype: female; #45,213; a.1.51; Note 179. Ex Tinamus major serratus (Spix, 1825). Brazil, Amazonas, Manacapurá; no data; Worostzow col.

Remarks: Placed in Heptapsogaster by Hopkins & Clay (1952: 171).

Genus Hypocryptus Carriker, 1936: 178 (= Kelloggia)

Hypocryptus coniceps heterurus Carriker, 1936: 179. Allotype: male; #45,818; b.5.59; Note 1,218. Ex Crypturellus cinereus cinerascens (= Crypturellus cinereus (Gmelin, 1789)); skin #22,267. Brazil, Amazonas, Rio Jurua, Santa Cruz; 23.x.1936; Guimarães, L.R. col.

Remarks: This taxon was placed in various genera, as follows: with Hypocrypturellus by Carriker (1940: 298), in Austrokelloggia Carriker, 1936 by Hopkins & Clay (1952: 46), who also elevated it to full species, and in Kelloggia by Ward (1957: 338). The specimen listed above was labeled as the 'allotype' after the original description of the species; it has no type value.

Hypocryptus coniceps undulatus Carriker, 1936: 180. Allotype: female; #45,646; b.4.1; Note 461. Ex Crypturellus undulatus undulatus Temminck, 1815. Brazil, Mato Grosso do Sul, Salobra; no other data.

Remarks: This taxon was included in various genera, as follows: in Hypocrypturellus by Carriker (1940: 298), in Austrokelloggia Carriker, 1936 by Hopkins & Clay (1952: 46), who also elevated it to full species, and in Kelloggia by Ward (1957: 338). The specimen listed above was labeled as the 'allotype' after the original description of the species; it has no type value.

Genus Hypocrypturellus Carriker, 1940: 298 (= Kelloggia)

Hypocrypturellus ribeiroi Guimarães, 1953: 239. Holotype: male; Allotype: female; #45,809; b.5.55; Paratypes: 1 male and 1 female; #45,810; a.5.62; Paratypes: 1 male and 1 female; #45,930; b.5.56; Paratypes: 1 male and 1 female; #45,931; b.5.57; Note 1,163. Ex Crypturellus obsoletus obsoletus Temminck, 1815. Brazil, São Paulo, Boracéia; 13.x.1947; Travassos Filho, L. col. Paratype: female; #45,932; a.5.63; Note 451. Same host species. Brazil, São Paulo, Cantareira; 1955; Fonseca, F. col.

Remarks: Included in Kelloggia by Ward (1957: 338).

Hypocryturellus coniceps latifrons Guimarães, 1953: 236. Holotype: male; Allotype: female; #45,801; b.5.50; Paratypes: 1 male and 1 female; #45,921; b.5.51; Paratypes: 1 male and 1 female; #45,807; a.5.54; Note 759. Paratypes: 1 male and 1 female; #45,808; a.5.55; Note 760. Paratype: female; #45,804; a.5.51; Note 733. Ex Crypturellus noctivagus noctivagus; from a skin s/n. Brazil, Minas Gerais, Rio Doce; no data; Olalla, M.A. col. Paratypes: 1 male and 1 female; #45,806; a.5.53; Note 741. Paratype: male; #45,806; a.5.50; Note 665. Same host species. Brazil, Minas Gerais, Barra do Sussui, Rio Doce; 1940; Olalla, M.A. col. Paratype: male; #45,802; a.5.49; Note 608. Paratype: male; #45,803; a.5.50; Note 665. Same host species. Brazil, Espírito Santo, Rio São José; 1942; Soares, B.M. col.

Remarks: Included in Kelloggia by Ward (1957: 338) and elevated to species by Price et al. (2003: 193).

Hypocryturellus caniceps strigulosus Guimarães, 1953: 236. Holotype: male; Allotype: female; #45,799; b.5.48; Note 1,214. Paratype: 1 male; #45,780; b.5.49; Note 1,214. Ex Crypturellus strigulosus Temminck, 1815. Brazil, Pará, Caxiricutuba; no data; Guimarães, L.R. col. Paratypes: 1 male and 1 female; #45,919; a.5.47; Note 1,213. Same host species; skin #22,214. Brazil, Amazonas, Lago do Batista; no data; Guimarães, L.R. col.

Remarks: Included in Kelloggia by Ward (1957: 338) and elevated to species by Price et al. (2003: 193).

Hypocryturellus genitalis mendax Guimarães & Hopkins, 1949: 76. Holotype: male; Allotype: female; #45,745; b.4.73; Note 1,202. Paratypes: 1 male and 1 female; #45,812; b.4.74; Paratypes: 1 male and 1 female; #45,813; b.4.75; Paratypes: 1 male and 1 female; #45,814; b.4.76; Note 1,154. Paratypes: 1 male and 1 female; #45,815; b.4.77; Note 1,155. Paratypes: 1 male and 1 female; #45,816; b.4.78; Note 1,156. Paratypes: 1 male and 1 female; #45,893; a.5.19; Note 1,157. Paratypes: 1 male and 1 female; #45,817; b.4.79; Paratypes: 1 male and 1 female; #45,818; b.4.80; Note 865. Paratypes: 1 male and 1 female; #45,895; a.5.21; Note 1,153. Paratypes: 1 male and 1 female; #45,889; a.5.15; Note 1,154. Paratypes: few specimens; #45,885; a.5.11; Note 1,155. Ex Crypturellus parvirostris (Wagler, 1827). Brazil, São Paulo, Fazenda Santa Lima, Presidente Wenceslau; 20-28.xi.1947; Lima, J.L. col. Paratypes: 1 male and 1 female; #45,890; a.5.16; Note 458. Same host species. Brazil, Mato Grosso do Sul, Salobra; no other data. Paratypes: 1 male and 1 female; #45,890; a.5.16; Note 458. Same host species. Brazil, Mato Grosso do Sul, Fazenda Recreio, Coxim; 1937; Lima, J.L. col. Paratypes: 1 male and 1 female; #45,819; b.4.81; Note 204. Same host species; skin #26,072. Brazil, São Paulo, Ilha Seca; .ii.1940; Lima, J.L. col. Paratype: male; #45,891; a.5.17; Note 203. Same host species. Brazil, Pará, Santarém; 1935; Ollala, M.A. col. Paratypes: 1 male and 1 female; #45,898; a.5.24; Note 508. Same host species. Brazil, Goiás, Fazenda M. Peixoto; no data; Lima, J.L. col.

Remarks: Included in Kelloggia by Ward (1957: 338) and elevated to species by Price et al. (2003: 193). The paratypes (1 male and 1 female) #45,812 and b.4.74 were not found in MZUSP. This note had been written on the card by the hand of L.R. Guimarães.

Genus Kelloggia Carriker, 1903: 153

Kellogia brevipes serrati Guimarães, 1942a: 22. Holotype: male; Allotype: female; #45,205; b.2.21; Paratype: male genitalia; #45,221; b.2.23; Paratypes: 1 male and 1 female; #45,220; b.2.22; Note 182. Ex Tinamus major olivascens Conover, 1937. Brazil, Pará, Caxiricatuba; 27.xii.1936; no collector. Paratypes: few specimens; #45,288; a.1.64; Note 179. Ex Tinamus serratus serratus (= Tinamus major serratus). Brazil, Amazonas, Manacapurú; no data; Worostzow col.

Remarks: Junior synonym of Kelloggia brevipes (Carriker, 1903) (Ward, 1957: 342).

Kellogia brevipes ruficeps Carriker, 1944: 223. Paratype: male; #45,852; b.5.13; Note 1,222. Ex Tinamus serratus ruficeps (= Tinamus major serratus). Colombia, Sierra Perijá, El bosque; 14.vi.1941; Carriker, M.A. leg.

Remarks: Junior synonym of Kelloggia brevipes (Carriker, 1903) (Ward, 1957: 342).

Genus Ornicholax Carriker, 1903: 151

Ornicholax alienus Carrikeri Guimarães, 1948: 169. Holotype: male; Allotype female; #45,234; b.2.43; Note 191. Ex Tinamus tao tao Temminck, 1815, skin #22,400. Brazil, Pará, Caxiricatuba; 15.xii.1936; Guimarães, L.R. col. Paratype: male genitalia; #45,233; b.2.42; Paratype: female; #45,232; b.2.41; Note 190. Same host species, skin #16,075. Brazil, Pará, Rio Tapajós; 07.ix.1935; Guimarães, L.R. col.

Remarks: Junior synonym of Ornicholax alienus (Giebel, 1874) (Ward, 1957: 342).

Ornicholax olfersi Guimarães, 1942b: 159. Holotype: male; Allotype: female; #45,206; b.2.25; Note Ex Tinamus major major; skin #22,166. Brazil, Amazonas, Santa Cruz Eirú; no other data. Paratype: male; #45,207; b.2.26; Note Paratype: male genitalia; #45,208; b.2.27; Note 175. Same host species. Brazil, Amazonas, Rio Atabary; no other data.

Remarks: Specimen #45,208 is regarded as a paratype in the card. However, as it was not cited in the original description, it is not a paratype.

Ornicholax solitarius Guimarães & Lane, 1937: 3. Allotype: female; #45,208; b.2.24; Note 164. Ex Tinamus solitarius solitarius. Brazil, São Paulo; no data; Lima J. col. Paratype: male; #45,033; b.1.26; Paratype: female; #45,034; b.1.27; Paratype: female; #45,035; a.1.12; Note 76. Same host species. Brazil, São Paulo, Alto da Serra; .xi.1906; Luederwaldt, H. col. Paratype: male; #45,042; a.1.19; Note 77. Same host species. Brazil, São Paulo, Rio Paraná.

Remarks: Junior synonym of Ornicholax alienus (Guimarães, 1942b: 155-156).

Genus Pectenosoma Ewing, 1929: 191

Pectenosoma parva noctivagi Guimarães, 1950b: 255. Holotype: male; Allotype: female; #46,031; a.6.66; Paratypes: 1 male and 1 female; #46,032; b.5.88; Paratypes: 1 male and 1 female; #46,033; a.6.67; Note 662. Ex Crypturellus noctivagus noctivagus. Brazil, Espírito Santo, Rio São José; 15.ix.1942; Soares, B.M. col. Paratype: male; #46,036; b.5.90; Paratypes: 1 male and 1 female; #46,038; b.5.91; Paratypes: 1 male and 1 female; #46,037; a.6.69; Note 609. Paratypes: few specimens; #46,039; a.6.70; Note 608. Same data for holotype, except: 22.ix.1942. Paratype: male; #46,035; b.5.89; Paratype: male; #46,034; a.6.68; Note 759. Paratypes: few specimens; #46,041; a.7.12; Note 760. Same host species; from a skin s/n. Brazil, Minas Gerais, Rio Doce; no other data. Paratype: few specimens; #46,040; a.7.1; Note 740. Same host species; skin #14,469. Brazil, Minas Gerais, Barra de Piracicaba (Rio Doce); 31.viii.1940; Olalla, M.A. col.

Remarks: Elevated to species by Price et al. (2003: 207).

Pectenosoma verrucosa salvini Guimarães, 1950b: 252. Paratype: male; #46,042; b.5.92; Note 17,261. Ex Crypturellus variegatus salvini (= Crypturellus variegatus (Gmelin, 1789)). Ecuador; no other data.

Remarks: Elevated to species by Price et al. (2003: 207).

Pectenosoma verrucosa subparva Guimarães & Hopkins, 1949: 72. Holotype: male; Allotype: female; #45,744; b.4.82; Paratypes: 1 male and 1 female; #45,820; b.4.83; Paratypes: 1 male and 1 female; #45,821; b.4.84; Paratypes: 1 male and 1 female; #45,822; b.4.85; Note 1,153. Paratypes: few specimens; #45,893; a.5.19; Note 1,157. Paratypes: few specimens; #45,894; a.5.20; Paratypes: few specimens; #45,895; a.5.21; Note 1,154. Ex Crypturellus parvirostris. Brazil, São Paulo, Presidente Wenceslau (Fazenda Santa Lima); 20-28. xi.1947; Lima, J.L. col. Paratypes: 1 male and 1 female; #45,823; b.4.86; Paratypes: 1 male and 1 female; #45,896; a.5.22; Note 865. Same host species. Brazil, São Paulo, Assis (Fazenda Palmira); 31.ix.1943; Lima, J.L. col. Paratypes: 1 male and 1 female; #45,825; b.4.87; Paratypes: 1 male and 1 female; #45,826; b.4.88; Paratypes: 1 male and 1 female; #45,827; b.4.89; Paratypes: 1 male and 1 female; #45,828; b.4.90; Paratypes: 1 male and 1 female; #45,829; b.4.91; Paratypes: 1 male and 1 female; #45,830; b.4.92; Paratypes: 1 male and 1 female; #45,900; a.5.26; Note 165. Same host species. Brazil, Mato Grosso, Coxim (Fazenda Recreio); 14.viii.1937; Lima, J.L. col. Paratypes: few specimens; #45,897; a.5.23; Note 508. Same host species. Brazil, Goiás, Fazenda M. Peixoto; no data; Lima, J.L. col.

Remarks: Elevated to species by Price et al. (2003: 207).

Genus Rhopaloceras Taschenberg, 1882: 46

Rhopalocerus almeidai Guimarães, 1946: 211. Holotype: male genitalia; #45,483; b.3.64; Holotype: male; Allotype: female; #45,481; a.5.7; Paratype: female; #45,482; a.3.26; Note 459. Ex Crypturellus noctivagus noctivagus. Brasil, Minas Gerais, Rio Doce; no data; Olalla, A.M. col.

Rhopaloceras heterogenitalis Carriker, 1944: 136. Paratypes: 1 male and 1 female; #45,857; b.5.18; Note 1,222. Ex Crypturellus boucardi boucardi. Mexico, Cerro Tuxtla, 28.iii.1940; Carriker, M.A. leg.

Genus Rhynchothura Carriker, 1936: 127 (= Heptapsogaster)

Rhynchothura andinae Carriker, 1944: 173. Paratypes: 1 male and 1 female; #45,867; b.5.28; Note 1,222. Ex Tinamotis pentlandii Vigors, 1837 (Tinamiformes: Tinamidae). Bolivia, Potosi; 23.i.1938; Carriker, M.A. leg.

Remarks: Included in Heptapsogaster by Hopkins & Clay (1952: 323).

Rhynchothura chacoensis Carriker, 1944: 171. Paratypes: 1 male and 1 female; #45,870; b.5.31; Note 1,222. Ex Nothoprocta cinerascens (Burmeister, 1860) (Tinamiformes: Tinamidae). Bolivia, Villa Montes, no data; Carriker, M.A. leg.

Remarks: Included in Heptapsogaster by Hopkins & Clay (1952: 323).

Genus Strongylocotes Taschenberg, 1882: 54

Strongylocotes angulocapitis Carrikeri Guimarães, 1948: 166. Holotype: male; Allotype: female; #45,736; b.3.82; Paratypes: 1 male and 1 female; #45,735; b.3.72; Paratypes: 1 male, 1 female and 1 immature; #45,746; a.5.31; Note 187. Paratypes: 1 male and 1 female; #45,747; a.5.32; Note 186. Ex Tinamus tao tao. Brazil, Pará, Caxiricatuba; no data; Ollala, M.A. col.

Remarks: Junior synonym of Strongylocotes taoi Carriker, 1944 (Ward, 1957: 342)

Strongylocotes (Lepidophorus) coniceps Taschenberg, 1882: 63. Allotype: female; #45,798; b.5.47; Note 211. Ex Crypturellus variegatus variegatus; skin #22,039. Brazil, Pará, Caxiricutuba; 01.vii.1935; Guimarães, L.R. col.

Remarks: Included in Hypocryptus by Carriker (1936: 178), in Hypocrypturellus by Carriker (1940: 298), in Austrokelloggia by Hopkins & Clay (1952: 175), and finally transferred to Kelloggia by Ward (1957: 338). The specimen listed above was regarded as the 'allotype' after the original description of the species; it has no type value.

Strongylocotes wernecki Guimarães & Lane, 1937: 17. Paratype: female; #45,036; a.1.14; Note 76. Ex Tinamus solitarius. Brasil, São Paulo, Alto da Serra; 1906; Luederwaldt, H. col.

Genus Tinamicola Carriker, 1936: 158 (= Heptapsogaster)

Tinamicola latithorax Carriker, 1936: 159. Paratype: male; #45,866; b.5.27; Note 1,222. Ex Rhynchotus rufescens rufescens (Temminck, 1815) (Tinamiformes: Tinamidae). Bolivia, Charatona; 28.ix.1934; Carriker, M.A. leg.

Remarks: Included in Heptapsogaster by Hopkins & Clay (1952: 348).

Family Philopteridae Burmeister, 1838

Genus Acidoproctus Piaget, 1878: 178

Acidoproctus taschenbergi Hopkins, 1938: 196. Paratype: female; #45,402; b.3.45; Paratype: male; #45,403; b.3.46; Note 125. Ex Alopochen aegyptiacus Linnaeus, 1766 (Anseriformes: Anatidae). Uganda, Lake Victoria; no other data. Paratypes: 1 male and 1 female; #45,404; b.3.47; Note 125. Same host species. Uganda, Toro, Native; no other data.

Genus Acutifrons Guimarães, 1942c: 235

Acutifrons vieirai Guimarães, 1942c: 236. Holotype: male; Allotype: female; #45,365; a.2.36; Note 433. Ex Hypomorphus urubitinga urubitinga (= Buteogallus urubitinga (Gmelin, 1788)) (Falconiformes: Accipitridae). Brazil, São Paulo, Ilha do Cardoso; no data; Vieira, C.O.C. col. Paratype: male; #46,366; a.2.37; Note 432. Ex Milvago chimachima (Vieillot, 1816) (Falconiformes: Falconidae). Brazil, Mato Grosso, Aquidauana; no other data. Paratypes: 1 male and 1 female; #47,367; a.2.38; Note 511. Ex Rupornis magnirostris magniplumis (= Buteo magnirostris magniplumis (Bertoni, 1901)) (Falconiformes: Accipitridae). Brazil, São Paulo, Ubatuba; no other data.

Genus Alcedoffula Clay & Meinertzhagen, 1939: 161

Alcedoffula ceycis Tendeiro, 1967: 246. Paratype: male; #47,248; b.14.13; Note 17,703. Ex Ceyx erithaca (Linnaeus, 1758) (Coraciiformes: Alcedinidae). Malaysia, Meru; 4.ii.1963; no collector.

Genus Allobrueelia Eichler, 1951: 36

Allobrueelia amsel Eichler, 1951: 37. "Autohyle": female; #47,289; b.14.54; No note. Ex Turdus merula Linnaeus, 1758 (Passeriformes: Turdidae). No other data.

Remarks: Included in Brueelia by Hopkins & Clay (1952: 434). The term "Autohyle" is not approved by the ICZN, the slide at MZUSP has a white label written in green, as all slides donated by W. Eichler. It is prudent to not consider this specimen as type at all.

Genus Brueelia Kéler, 1936: 257

Brueelia jacobi Eichler, 1951: 38. Paratypoid (= allotype): female; #47,288; b.14.53; Note 17,704. Ex Turdus merula. No other data.

Genus Buceroemersonia Elbel, 1977b: 798

Buceroemersonia brelihi Elbel, 1977b: 802. Paratypes: 1 male and 1 female; #47,247; b.14.12; Note 17,703. Ex Tockus deckeni (Cabanis, 1869) (Coraciiformes: Bucerotidae). Kenya, Childs Friek, Tana River, 16.viii.1912; no collector.

Genus Buceronirmus Hopkins, 1941: 43

Buceronirmus deignani Elbel, 1977a: 413. Paratype: male; #47,246; b.14.11; Note 17,703. Ex Aceros undulatus (Shaw, 1811) (Coraciiformes: Bucerotidae). Myanmar (former Burma), Tenasserim, Talek Krang; 14.ii.1904; Abbott, W.L. col.

Buceronirmus longicuneatus Hopkins, 1941: 44. Paratypes: 1 male and 1 female; #45,390; b.3.33; Note 725. Ex Bycanistes subcylindricus subquadratus (= Bycanistes subcylindricus (P.L. Sclater, 1871)) (Coraciiformes: Bucerotidae). Uganda, Kampala; no other data.

Genus Degeeriella Neumann, 1906: 60

Degeeriella guimaraesi Clay, 1958: 2. Paratypes: 1 male and 1 female; #46,317; b.8.1; Paratype: female; #46,318; b.8.2; Paratype: female; #46,319; b.8.3; Paratype: female; #46,320; b.8.4; Note 513. Ex Elanoides forficatus yetapa (Vieillot, 1818) (Falconiformes: Accipitridae). Brazil, São Paulo, Ubatuba; no data; Pessôa, S.B. & Correia, C. cols.

Degeeriella meinertzhageni Clay, 1958: 4. Paratype: male; #46,316; b.7.100; Note 17,372. Ex Chelictinia riocourii (Vieillot, 1822) (Falconiformes: Accipitridae). Ethiopia, Shoa; no data; Clay, T. leg.

Degeeriella odontopleuron Guimarães, 1944a: 73. Holotype: male; Allotype: female; #45,462; a.11.7; Paratypes: 1 male and 1 female; #45,463; a.11.8; Paratypes: 1 male and 1 female; #45,464; a.11.9; Paratypes: 1 male and 1 female; #45,465; a.11.10; Note 656. Ex Trogonurus aurantius (= Trogon surrucura aurantius Spix, 1824) (Trogoniformes: Trogonidae). Brazil, Espírito Santo, Rio São José; 21.ix.1942; Soares B.M. col.

Remarks: Included in Trogoninirmus by Price et al. (2003: 245).

Degeeriella storeri Elbel & Price, 1973: 97. Paratype: female; #47,239; b.14.4; Note 17,703. Ex Accipiter trivirgatus indicus (Hodgson, 1836) (Falconiformes: Accipitridae). Thailand, Trang; 1896-1899; Abbott, W.L. col.

Degeeriella traylori Elbel & Price, 1973: 99. Paratype: male; #47,240; b.14.5; Note 17,703. Ex Spizaetus cirrhatus limnaeetus (Horsfield, 1821) (Falconiformes: Accipitridae). Thailand, Trang, Ley Song Long; 7.ix.1896; Abbott, W.L. col.

Genus Echinophilopterus Ewing, 1927: 92

Echinophilopterus brygooi Guimarães, 1980: 146. Paratypes: 1 male and 1 female; #47,721; b.17.26; Paratypes: 1 male and 1 female; #47,722; b.17.27; Note 17,920. Ex Coracopsis vasa (Shaw, 1812) (Psittaciformes: Psittacidae). Madagascar, Andrambovato; 10.i.1952; Rakota & Tipton, V.E. cols.

Echinophilopterus inko Uchida, 1948: 314. Paralectotypes: 1 male and 1 female; #47,712; b.17.17; Paralectotype: male; #47,713; b.17.18; Note 17,921. Ex "Captive parrot". Japan, Tokyo; no data; Hirashima, Y. leg.

Remarks: Junior synonym of Echinophilopterus chapini Ewing, 1927 (Guimarães, 1980: 129).

Echinophilopterus clayae Guimarães, 1980: 140. Paratypes: 1 male and 1 female; #47,716; b.17.21; Note 17,924. Paratypes: 1 male and 1 female; #47,717; b.17.22; Note 17,925. Ex Prioniturus montanus waterstradti Rothschild, 1904 (Psittaciformes: Psittacidae). Philippines, McKinley Wt E Slope, Mindanao; 9.viii.1946; Hoogstraal, H.G. col. Paratypes: 1 male and 1 female; #47,718; b.17.23; Note 17,926. Ex Prioniturus montanus malindangensis Mearns, 1909 (Psittaciformes: Psittacidae). Philippines, Mutya, Masawan; 20.xii.1961; Rabor, D.S. & Gonzales, R.B. cols.

Genus Esthiopterum Harrison, 1916: 26

Esthiopterum constrictiventris Pessôa & Guimarães, 1935a: 313. Holotype: male; #47,404; b.14.83; Note 17,724. No host species. Brazil, São Paulo, Guarujá; no data; Pessôa, S.B. col.

Remarks: Junior synonym of Halipeurus diversus (Kellogg, 1896) (Hopkins & Clay, 1952: 163)

Esthiopterum macrogenitalis Monteiro de Barros, 1933: 43. Holotype: male; #47,403; b.14.82; Note 17,723. Ex Crypturellus adspersus vermiculatus (= Crypturellus undulatus adspersus Temminck, 1815). Brazil; no data; Camargo, C. col.

Remarks: Included in Pseudolipeurus by Clay (1937: 133).

Esthiopterum plumbeus Pessôa & Guimarães, 1935b: 105. Holotype: female; #47,402; b.14.81; Note17,722.Ex Columba plumblea, error(= Crypturellus tataupa tataupa (Temminck, 1815). Brazil, São Paulo; São Paulo; 1928; Pessôa, S.B. col.

Remarks: Included in Pseudolipeurus by Hopkins & Clay (1952: 301).

Esthiopterum theristicus Pessôa & Guimarães, 1935a: 311. Paratype: male; #45,064; b.1.37; Paratype: female; #45,065; b.1.38; Note 94. Ex Theristicus caudatus (Boddaert, 1783) (Ciconiiformes: Threskiornithidae). Brazil, Mato Grosso do Sul, Aquidauana; no data; Camargo, C. col.

Remarks: Included in Ardeicola by Hopkins & Clay (1952: 41).

Genus Falcolipeurus Bedford, 1931: 290

Falcolipeurus josephi Tandan & Dhanda, 1963: 634. Paratype: male; #45,289; b.7.73; No note. Ex Polyborus plancus brasiliensis (= Caracara plancus (Miller, J. F., 1777)) (Falconiformes: Falconidae). Brazil, São Paulo, Ibirapuera, São Paulo; 17.xi.1947; Barroso Filho, J. col.

Genus Forficuloecus Conci, 1941: 126

Forficuloecus greeni Guimarães, 1985b: 44. Paratypes: 1 male and 1 female; #47,723; b.17.28; Note 17,930. Ex Neophema chrysostoma (Kuhl, 1820) (Psittaciformes: Psittacidae). Tasmania, Exter; 11.viii.1967; Green, R.H. col.

Forficuloecus palmai Guimarães, 1985b: 46. Paratypes: 1 male and 1 female; #47,724; b.17.29; Note 17,931. Ex Barnardius zonarius (Shaw, 1805) (Psittaciformes: Psittacidae). Australia; no data; Mus, J.R.J.C. col.

Forficuloecus pilgrimi Guimarães, 1985b: 43. Paratypes: 1 male and 1 female; #47,725; b.17.30; Note 17,932. Ex Cyanoramphus novaezelandiae hochstetteri (Reischek, 1889) (Psittaciformes: Psittacidae). New Zealand, Antipodes Is., Hut Cove; 4.xii.1978; Horning, D.S. col. Paratype: male; #47,726; b.17.31; Note 17,933. Same host species. New Zealand, Antipodes Is.; 03.ii.1969; Johns, P. col. Paratypes: 1 male and 1 female; #47,727; b.17.32; Note 17,934. Ex Cyanoramphus novaezelandiae novaezelandiae (Sparrman, 1787). New Zealand, Great Is., 3 Kings Is.; 01.xi.1970; N.Z. Ent. Exp. & D.S.I.R.NZ col. Paratypes: 1 male and 1 female; #47,728; b.17.33; Note 17,935. Ex Cyanoramphus novaezelandiae chathamensis Oliver, 1930. New Zealand, Chatam Is., Little Mangere Is., Wildlife Dpt.; no other data. Paratypes: 1 male and 1 female; #47,729; b.17.34; Note 17,936. Ex Cyanoramphus unicolor (Lear, 1831). New Zealand, Chatam Is., Little Mangere Is., Wildlife Dpt.; no other data.

Genus Fulicoffula Clay & Meinertzhagen, 1938b: 279

Fulicoffula personata Emerson & Price, 1967: 163. Paratypes: 1 male and 1 female; #47,250; b.14.15; Note 17,703. Ex Heliopais personatus Gray, G. R., 1849 (Gruiformes: Heliornithidae). Thailand, Ban Saen Tung, Chanthaburi; 23.iv.1966; no collector.

Genus Goniocotes Burmeister, 1838: 431

Goniocotes verrucosus Taschenberg, 1882: 94. Neotype: male; Neoallotype: female; #45,611; b.3.91; Note 212. Neoparatype: male; #45,619; a.4.19; Note 213. Neoparatype: female; #45,621; a.4.20; Note 214. Ex Crypturellus variegatus variegatus. Brazil, Pará, Caxiracatuba; no other data. Neoparatype: 1 male and 1 female; #45,612; a.4.14; Note 1,220. Same host species. Brazil, Bahia, Ilhéus; no other data.

Remarks: Included in Pectenosoma by Ewing (1929: 191).

Genus Goniocotacanthus Guimarães, 1936: 225 (= Physconelloides)

Goniocotacanthus mattogrossensis Guimarães, 1936: 226. Cotype (= syntype): male; #45,069; b.1.42; Cotype (= syntype): female; #45,070; b.1.43; Note 97. Ex Columbigallina minuta minuta (= Columbina minuta (Linnaeus, 1766)) (Columbiformes: Columbidae). Brazil, Mato Grosso, Foz do Taquary; 1931; Camargo, C. col.

Remarks: Junior synonym of Physconelloides eurysema (Carriker, 1903) (Price et al. 1999: 202).

Genus Goniodes Nitzsch, 1818: 293

Goniodes bonasus Emerson, 1948: 92. Paratype: female; #45,880; b.5.42; Note 1,223. Ex Bonasa umbellus umbelloides (Douglas, 1829) (Galliformes: Phasianidae). USA, Montana, Ravali Co.; no data; Emerson, K.C. col.

Goniodes merriamanus Packard, 1873: 731. Neoparatype: female; #45,881; b.5.43; Note 1,223. Ex Dendragapus obscurus richardsonii (Douglas, 1829) (Galliformes: Phasianidae). USA, Montana, Missoula Co.; Emerson, K.C. col.

Goniodes sinensis Emerson & Stojanovich, 1964: 256. Paratypes: 1 male and 1 female; #47,245; b.14.10; Note 17,703; Ex Syrmaticus mikado (Ogilvie-Grant, 1906) (Galliformes: Phasianidae). Taiwan, Wu sheh; 3.x.1961; no collector.

Goniodes spinicornis blythii Eichler, 1950b: 4. Paratypoid (= syntype): female; #47,279; b.14.44; Note 17,704. Ex Tragopan blythii (Jerdon, 1870). No other data.

Remarks: Junior synonym of Goniodes spinicornis (Nitzsch [in Giebel], 1866) (Hopkins & Clay, 1952: 151).

Genus Lipeurus Nitzsch, 1818: 292

Lipeurus deignani Emerson & Elbel, 1957a: 237. Paratype: female; #47,243; b.14.8; Note 17, 703. Ex Lophura diardi (Bonaparte, 1856) (Galliformes: Phasianidae). Thailand, Loei Sawan mt.; 23.xi.1953; Elbel, R.E. col.

Genus Naubates Bedford, 1930: 167

Naubates (Micronaubates) garbei Pessôa & Guimarães, 1935b: 109. Paratype: male; #45,030; b.1.23; Paratype: female; #45,031; b.1.24; Paratypes: few specimens; #45,102; a.1.35; Note 75. Ex Sula leucogaster (Boddaert, 1783) (Pelecaniformes: Sulidae). Brazil, São Paulo, Ilha de São Sebastião; 1915; Garbe, E. col. Paratypes: imatures; #45,032; b.1.25; Note 76. No other data. Paratypes: few specimens; #45,102; a.1.35.

Remarks: Included in Pectinopygus by Clay (1940: 310).

Genus Neodocophorus Kéler, 1939b: 53 (= Strigiphilus)

Neodocophorus hopkinsi Eichler, 1949: 14. Paratypoid (= syntype): male; #47,285; b.14.50; Note 17,704. Ex Bubo bubo Linnaeus, 1758 (Strigiformes: Strigidae). No other data.

Remarks: Junior synonym of Strigiphilus strigis (Pontoppidan, 1763) (Hopkins & Clay, 1952: 339).

Genus Neophilopterus Cummings, 1916a: 660

Neophilopterus travassosi Pessôa & Guimarães, 1938: 385. Paratype: male; #45,062; a.1.32; Note 91. Ex Tantalus americanus (= Mycteria americana Linnaeus, 1758) (Ciconiiformes: Ciconiidae). Brazil, São Paulo, Ipiranga; no data; Guimarães, L.R. col. This male genitalia is in b.1.36.

Remarks: Junior synonym and designed neoparatype of Neophilopterus heteropygus (Nitzsch [in Giebel], 1874) (Guimarães, 1950c: 340).

Neophilopterus orfilai Guimarães, 1943: 433. Holotype: female; #45,318; a.2.17; Allotype: male; #45,319; a.2.18; Paratype: male genitalia; #45,380; b.3.23; Note 233. Ex Ajaia ajaja Linnaeus, 1758 (Ciconiiformes: Threskiornithidae). Brazil, Rio Grande do Sul, Itaguay; no data; Guimarães, L.R. col. Paratype: male genitalia; #45,379; b.3.22; Paratype: male genitalia; #45,381; b.3.24; Paratypes: few specimens; #45,320; a.2.19; Note 232. Same host species. Argentina; no data; Orfila, R.N. col.

Remarks: Junior synonym of Neophilopterus subincompletus (Nitzsch [in Giebel], 1866) (Hopkins & Clay, 1952: 236).

Genus Neopsittaconirmus Conci, 1942: 37

Neopsittaconirmus lybartola difficilis Guimarães, 1974b: 141. Paratypes: 1 male and 1 female; #47,737; b.17.42; Paratypes: 1 male and 1 female; #47,738; b.17.43; Note 17,944. Ex Psittacula alexandri fasciata (Statius Muller, 1776) (Psittaciformes: Psittacidae). Thailand, Pang Nan Un, Wan yuan, Nam; 19.i.1953; Elbel, R.E. & Deigman, H.G. cols. Paratypes: 1 male and 1 female; #47,739; b.17.44; Note 17,945. Same host species. Thailand, Khlong Khlung, Kamphaeng Phet; 22.iv.1953; Elbel, R.E. & Deigman, H.G. cols. Paratypes: 1 male and 1 female; #47,740; b.17.45; Paratypes: 1 male and 1 female; #47,741; b.17.46; Paratypes: 1 male and 1 female; #47,742; b.17.47; Note 17,946. Same host species. Thailand, Phu Lambo Wt., Kok Sathan, Dan Sai, Loei; 16.ii.1955; Elbel, R.E. & Deigman, H.G. cols.

Remarks: Elevated to species by Price et al. (2003: 200).

Neopsittaconirmus emersoni Guimarães, 1974b: 161. Paratype: male; #47,749; b.17.54; Paratypes: 1 male and 1 female; #47,750; b.17.55; Note 17,952. Paratypes: 1 male and 1 female; #47,751; b.17.56; Note 17,953. Ex Kakatoe haematuropygia (= Cacatua haematuropygia (Statius Muller, 1776)) (Psittaciformes: Psittacidae). Philippines, Calamianes, Culion, San Pedro; 27.iii.1947; Hoogstraal, H.G. col.

Neopsittaconirmus hoogstraali Guimarães, 1974b: 148. Paratype: male; #47,744; b.17.49; Paratypes: 1 male and 1 female; #47,745; b.17.50; Note 17,948. Ex Tanygnathus lucionensis paraguenus (= Tanygnathus lucionensis salvadorii Ogilvie-Grant, 1896) (Psittaciformes: Psittacidae). Philippines, Palawan Is., Puerto Princesa; 09.iii.1947; Hoogastraal, H. & Werner, F.G. cols. Paratypes: 1 male and 1 female; #47,746; b.17.51; Note 17,979. Same host species. Philippines, Calamianes, Culion, San Pedro; 27.iii.1947; Hoogastraal, H. col. Paratypes: 1 male and 1 female; #47,747; b.17.52; Note 17,950. Same host species. Philippines, Palawan Is.; .ix.1947; no collector. Paratypes: 1 male and 1 female; #47,748; b.17.53; Note 17,951. Ex Tanygnathus lucionensis spp. Philippines, Balabac Is.; 03.iv.1962; Thompson, M. col.

Neopsittaconirmus shanahani Price & Emerson, 1978: 35. Paratype: female; #47,760; b.17.65; Note 17,959. Ex Cacatua ducorpsii Pucheran, 1853. Solomon Islands; 18.viii.1964; Shanahan, P. col.

Neopsittaconirmus wardi Guimarães, 1974b: 151. Paratypes: 1 male and 1 female; #47,758; b.17.63; Note 17,957. Ex Prioniturus discurus platenae (= Prioniturus platenae W. Blasius, 1888). Thailand, Calamianes, Culion, San Pedro; 27.iii.1947; Hoogastraal, H. col.

Genus Opisthocomiella Guimarães, 1940b: 286 (= Osculotes Kéler, 1939: 175)

Opisthocomiella macropoda Guimarães, 1940b: 287. Holotype: female; #45,001; a.1.1; Note 60; Allotype: male; #45,002; a.1.2; Note 61. Ex Opisthocomus hoazin (Statius Muller, 1776) (Opisthocomiformes: Opisthocomidae). Brazil, Amazonas, Foz do Rio Juruá; no data; Guimarães, L.R. col. Paratype: male; #45,003; a.1.3; Note 59 (its genitalia in b.1.1). Same host species. Brazil, Amazonas, Lago do Serpa; no data; Guimarães, L.R. col.

Remarks: Included in Osculotes by Hopkins & Clay (1952: 251).

Genus Otidoecus Bedford, 1931: 285

Otidoecus neotidis Hopkins, 1940: 427. Paratype: female; #45,391; b.3.34; Note 725. Ex Neotis caffra jacksoni (= Neotis denhami jacksoni Bannerman, 1930) (Gruiformes: Otididae). Uganda, Gulu; no other data.

Genus Oxylipeurus Mjöberg, 1910: 91

Oxylipeurus annamensis Emerson & Elbel, 1957a: 238. Paratype: female; #47,244; b.14.9; Note 17,703. Ex Lophura diardi. Thailand, Ban Sang Khoz, Khokphu, Sakon Nakkhen; 07.ii.1954; Elbel, R.E. col.

Genus Paragoniocotes Cummings, 1916b: 101

Paragoniocotes anomalus Guimarães, 1947a: 298. Holotype: female; #45,718; b.4.40; Paratype: female; #45,756; b.4.41; Note 1,021. Paratype: female; #46,989; b.11.53; Note 17,678. Ex Psittacara acuticaudata hemorrhous Spix, 1824 (Psittaciformes: Psittacidae). Brazil, Goiás; no data; Costa-Lima, A.M. col.

Paragoniocotes aratingae Guimarães, 1947a: 289. Holotype: male; #45,714; b.4.29; Note 404. Allotype: female; #45,715; b.4.31; Paratype: male; #45,716; b.4.32; Note 1,201. Ex Aratinga aurea. Brazil, São Paulo, Sant'ana do Parnaíba (previously in Mato Grosso); no other data. Paratype: male; #47,027; b.11.92; Note 92. Same host species. Brazil, Minas Gerais, Brejo Januária (Rio São Francisco); 12.vii.1926; no collector. Paratype: female; #47,031; b.11.96; Note 17,685. Same host species. Brazil, Goiás; no other data. Paratype: male; #47,032; b.11.97; Note 17,685. Same host species. Brazil, Goiás; no other data. Paratype: male; #47,041; b.12.6; Note 17,687. Ex Aratinga cactorum (Kuhl, 1820). Brazil, Minas Gerais, Rio São Francisco; no other data.

Paragoniocotes costalimai Guimarães, 1947a: 257. Holotype: male; Allotype: female; Paratype: female; #45,695; b.4.13; Paratype: male; #45,696; b.4.14; Paratype: female; #45,738; b.4.19; Note 872. Ex Pionus maximiliani siy Souancé, 1856 (Psittaciformes: Psittacidae). Brazil, Mato Grosso do Sul (previously part of Mato Grosso State), Salobra; no data; Carvalho, J.C. col.

Paragoniocotes grandis Guimarães, 1947a: 272. Holotype: male; #45,705; b.4.23; Allotype: female; #45,706; b.4.23; Paratypes: 1 male and 1 female; #45,749; b.4.24; Paratypes: few specimens; #45,707; a.5.12; Note 268. Ex Amazona rhodocorytha (Salvadori, 1890); no other data; Meira, S. leg. Paratype: female; #45,073; b.12.38; Paratype: female; #45,074; b.12.39; Paratype: male; #45,072; b.12.37; Note 17,691. Ex Amazona farinosa. No other data. Paratype: male; #47,064; b.12.29; Paratype: male; #47,065; b.12.30; Paratype: male; #47,066; b.12.31; Note 17,691. Ex Amazona amazonica (Linnaeus, 1766). No other data. Paratype: female; #45,708; a.5.16; Note 268. Ex Amazona farinosa. Brazil, Espírito Santo, Rio São José; 1942; Soares, B.M. col.

Paragoniocotes intermedius Guimarães, 1947a: 265. Holotype: male; Allotype: female; #45,699; b.4.18; Paratypes: few specimens; #45,700; a.5.11; Note 265. Ex Amazona xanthops (Spix, 1824). Brazil, Mato Grosso, Coxim (Fazenda Recreio); no data; Lima, J.L. col.

Paragoniocotes limai Guimarães, 1947a: 261. Holotype: male; Allotype: female; #45,697; b.4.15; Paratype: male; #45,746; b.5.16; Paratype: male genitalia; #45,747; b.5.17; Paratype: male; #45,698; a.5.14; Note 559. Ex Pionopsitta pileata (Scopoli, 1769) (Psittaciformes: Psittacidae). Brazil, São Paulo, Ipiranga; .viii.1942; Lima, J.L. col.

Paragoniocotes nanus Guimarães, 1947a: 255. Holotype: male; #47,081; b.12.46; Note 17,693. Ex Ara macao (Linnaeus, 1758). Brazil, Amazonas, Jamary; no other data.

Paragoniocotes neivai Guimarães, 1940a: 370. Holotype: female; #45,116; b.1.63; Paratype female; #45,117; a.1.49; Note 120. Ex Forpus passerinus vividus (= F. p. deliciosus). Brazil, São Paulo, Itatiba; .vii.1946; Lima, J.L. col. Allotype: male; Paratype female; #45,717; b.4.38; Note 873. Same host species. Brazil, São Paulo, Monte Alegre; .no data; Lima, J.L. col.

Paragoniocotes nirmoides Guimarães, 1947a: 300. Holotype: male; #45,419; b.4.42; Allotype: female; #45,420; b.4.42; No note. Ex Tirica chiriri (= Brotogeris chiriri); on skin #12,299. Brazil, São Paulo, Silvania; .xii.1930; Pinto, O. col. Paratype: female; #45,723; a.5.21; Note 676. Same host species. Brazil, São Paulo, Ilha do Cardoso; 17.iv.1940; Camargo C. col. Paratypes: 1 male and 1 female; #45,721; a.5.18; Note 871. Same host species. Brazil, São Paulo, Batatais; 11.xii.1943; Lima, J.L. col.

Paragoniocotes pyrrhurae Guimarães, 1947a: 284. Holotype: male; #45,709; b.4.33; Allotype: female; #45,710; b.4.34; Paratype: female; #45,712; b.4.36; Note 1,201. Ex Pyrrhura frontalis chiripepe (Vieillot, 1817). Brazil, Rio Grande do Sul, Dois Irmãos (Hamburgo Velho); no data; Costa-Lima, A.M. leg. Paratype: male; #45,713; b.4.37; Note 881. Ex Pyrrhura frontalis. Brazil, São Paulo, Icatú; 07.vii.1928; Lima, J.L. col. Paratype: female; #46,945; b.11.10; Note 17,669. Ex Pyrrhura vittata (= Pyrrhura frontalis). No other data; except for Holt, E.G. col. Paratype: male; #46,946; b.11.11; Note 17,669. Ex Pyrrhura vittata (= Pyrrhura frontalis). Brazil, Minas Gerais, Mariana, Fazenda Taveira; no other data. Paratype: male; #46,948; b.11.13; Note 17,669. Ex Pyrrhura vittata (= Pyrrhura frontalis). Brazil, Minas Gerais, Rio Novo; .vi.1928; no collector. Paratype: male; #46,952; b.11.17; Note 17,669. Ex Pyrrhura vittata (= Pyrrhura frontalis). Brazil, Santa Catarina, São Bento; 05.vii.1928; no collector. Paratype: male; #46,957; b.11.22; Note 17,669. Ex Pyrrhura vittata (= Pyrrhura frontalis). Brazil, Rio Grande do Sul; 22.v.1882; no collector. Paratype: male; #46,966; b.11.31; Paratype: male; #46,967; b.11.32; Note 17,673. Ex Pyrrhura molinae (Massena & Souancé, 1854). Brazil, Mato Grosso do Sul, Corumbá (previously in Mato Grosso); 17.xi.1926; no collector. Paratypes: 1 male and 1 female; #45,711; b.4.35; Note 1,201. Same host species. Same other data, except; 21.xi.1936; Costa-Lima, A.M. col. Paratype: male; #46,968; b.11.33. No other data. Paratype: male; #46,969; b.11.34; Note 17,675. Ex Pyrrhura cruentata (Wied, 1820). Brazil, Espírito Santo, Sant'Ana (Lagoa Japuraná); 16.x.1925; no collector.

Paragoniocotes rotundus Guimarães, 1947a: 250. Holotype: male; Allotype: female; #45,693; b.4.12; Paratypes: 1 male and 1 female; #45,694, a.5.15; Note 692. Ex Amazona farinosa farinosa. Brazil, Espírito Santo, Rio São José; 22.ix.1942; Soares, B.M. col.

Paragoniocotes cummingsi Guimarães, 1947a: 268. Holotype: male; #45,701; b.4.19; Allotype: female; #45,702; b.4.20; Paratypes: 1 male and 1 female; #45,703; b.4.21; Paratype: female; #45,704; b.4.43; Note 1,201. Ex Amazona aestiva aestiva (Linnaeus, 1758). Brazil, São Paulo; no data; Costa-Lima, A.M. col. Paratypes: 1 male and 1 female; #47,047; b.12.12; Paratypes: 1 male and 1 female; #47,048; b.12.13; Paratypes: 1 male and 1 female; #47,049; b.12.14; Paratypes: 1 male and 1 female; #47,050; b.12.15; Paratypes: 1 male and 1 female; #47,051; b.12.16; Paratypes: 1 male and 1 female; #47,052; b.12.17; Paratypes: 1 male and 1 female; #47,053; b.12.18; Paratypes: 1 male and 1 female; #47,054; b.12.19; Paratypes: 1 male and 1 female; #47,055; b.12.20; Note 17,689. Same host species. No other data.

Remarks: Junior synonym of Paragoniocotes semicingulatus (Piaget, 1890) (Guimarães, 1975: 258).

Genus Pectinopygus Mjöberg, 1910: 95

Pectinopygus tordoffi Elbel & Emerson, 1956: 173. Paratype: male; #47,242; b.14.7; Note 17,703. Ex Pelecanus erythrorhynchos Gmelin, 1789. USA, Kansas, Lawrence; .xii.1954; Tardoff, M.B. col.

Genus Penenirmus Clay & Meinertzhagen, 1938a: 73

Penenirmus fiebrigi Eichler, 1953: 240. Paratypoid (= holotype): male; #47,268; b.14.33; Paratypoid (= allotype): female; #47,267; b.14.32; Note 17,704. Ex Colaptes campestris (Vieillot, 1818) (Piciformes: Picidae). Paraguay, San Bernardino; no data; Fiebrig, C.

Remarks: Junior synonym of Penenirmus auritus (Scopoli, 1763) (Dalgleish, 1972: 90).

Penenirmus campephili Eichler, 1953: 239. Paratypoid (= syntype): male; #47,269; b.14.34; Paratypoid (= syntype): female; #47,270; b.14.35; Note 17,704. Ex Campephilus magellanicus. Chile, Loncoche; no other data.

Genus Physconelloides Ewing, 1927: 94

Physconelloides passerinae Emerson, 1957: 37. Paratypes: 1 male and 1 female; #47,241; b.14.6; Note 1,703. Ex Columbina passerina passerina (Linnaeus, 1758). Jamaica, Cayman Is., Cayman Brac. BWI; 09.ii.1930; Peters, H.S. col.

Remarks: Junior synonym of Physconelloides eurysema (Price et al. 1999: 202).

Genus Pseudolipeurus Carriker, 1936: 68

Pseudolipeurus conspicuus Guimarães, 1942d: 282. Holotype: male; Allotype: female; #45,217; b.2.87; Paratype: female; #45,218; a.1.69; Note 205. Ex Crypturellus obsoletus griseiventris (Salvadori, 1895); on skin #22,504. Brazil, Pará, Caxiricatuba; no data; Guimarães, L.R. col.

Pseudolipeurus subsimilis dubius Guimarães, 1942d: 280. Holotype: male; Allotype: female; #45,214; a.1.67; Holotype: male genitalia; #45,215; c.2.86; Paratype: female; #45,216; a.1.68; Note 206. Ex Crypturellus soui soui (Hermann, 1783); on skin #22,550. Brazil, Pará, Piquiatuba; no data; Guimarães, L.R. col.

Pseudolipeurus megaceros Guimarães, 1944b: 209. Holotype: male; #45,469; a.3.14; Note 665. Paratype: female; #45,473; a.3.18; Note 608. Ex Crypturellus noctivagus noctivagus. Brazil, Espírito Santo, Rio Doce; 15.ix.1942; Soares, B.M. col. Allotype: female; #45,470; a.3.17; Note 608; Paratype: male; #45,471; a.3.15; Note 665. Same host species. Brazil, Espírito Santo, Rio São José; 24.ix.1942; Soares, B.M. col. Paratype: female; #45, 472; a.3.16; Note 733. Brazil, Espírito Santo, Rio Doce; no data; Olalla, M.A. col.

Pseudolipeurus sanctaemartae Carriker, 1944: 98. Paratypes: 1 male and 1 female; #45,858; b.5.19; Note 1,222. Ex Crypturellus idoneus (= Crypturellus erythropus idoneus (Todd, 1919)). Colombia, Sierra Perijá, El Bosque; 14.vi.1941; Carriker, M.A. col.

Pseudolipeurus theresae Guimarães, 1950c: 335. Paratype: female; #46,045; b.5.93; Note 213. Ex Crypturellus variegatus variegatus; on skin #22,447. Brazil, Pará, Caxiracatuba; no other data. Paratypes: few specimens; #46,044; a.7.4; Note 1,343. Same host species; on skin #22,509. Brazil, Pará, Caxiracatuba; 04.i.1936; no collector. Paratypes: few specimens; #46,043; a.7.3; Note 1,220. Same host species; on skin #32,324. Brazil, Bahia, Ilhéus; no other data.

Genus Pseudophilopterus Carriker, 1936: 73

Pseudophilopterus noctivagus Guimarães, 1944b: 214. Holotype: male; Allotype: female; #45,474; a.3.19; Paratypes: 1 male and 1 female; #45,475; a.3.20; Note 608. Paratypes: 1 male and 1 female; #45,476; a.3.22; Note 609. Paratype: female; #45,477; a.3.23; Note 665. Ex Crypturellus noctivagus noctivagus. Brazil, Espírito Santo, Rio São José; no data; Soares, B.M. col.

Genus Psittoecus Conci, 1942: 40

Psittoecus hoogstraali Guimarães, 1974a: 171. Paratypes: 1 male and 1 female; #47,761; b.17.66; Note 17,960. Ex Kakatoe haematuropygia (= Cacatua haematuropygia). Philippines, Calamianes, Culion, San Pedro; 27.iii.1947; Hoogstraal, H.G. col.

Genus Rallicola Johnston & Harrison, 1911: 324

Rallicola indicus Emerson & Elbel, 1961: 130. Paratypes: 1 male and 1 female; #47,238; b.14.3; Note 17,703. Ex Metopidius indicus (Latham, 1790) (Charadriiformes: Jacanidae). Thailand, Chaiyaphum, Phukhice Bam Lat; 15.xii.1964; Elbel, R.E. col.

Rallicola parani Eichler, 1954: 45. Paratypoid (= Paratype): male; #47,271; b.14.36; Note 17, 704. No other data.

Genus Rhynonirmus Thompson, 1935: 281

Rhynonirmus kingi Emerson & Price, 1968: 184. Paratypes: 1 male and 1 female; #47,249; b.14.14; Note 17,703. Ex Carpococcyx renauldi Oustalet, 1896 (Cuculiformes: Cuculidae). Thailand, Chanthaburi, Khao Sei Dao-Tai; 24.iii.1966; no collector.

Genus Strigiphilus Mjöberg, 1910: 132

Strigiphilus acadicus Emerson & Price, 1973: 45. Paratypes: 1 male and 1 female; #47,252; b.14.17; Note 17,703. Ex Aegolius acadicus (Gmelin, 1788) (Strigiformes: Strigidae). Canada, Ontario, Toronto Is., York co.; 18.vii.1971; Woods, J.G. col.

Strigiphilus ketupaei Emerson & Elbel, 1957b: 196. Paratypes: 1 male and 1 female; #47,253; b.14.18; Note 17, 703. Ex Ketupa zeylonensis leschenaultii (Temminck, 1820) (Strigiformes: Strigidae). Thailand, Huai Yang, Prachuap Khiri Khan; 26.xii.1952; Elbel, R.E. & Deignan, H.G. cols.

Strigiphilus macrogenitalis Emerson & Elbel, 1957b: 197. Paratypes: 1 male and 1 female; #47,251; b.14.16; Note 17,703. Ex Glaucidium cuculoides bruegeli (Parrot, 1908) (Strigiformes: Strigidae). Thailand, Huaigang, Prachuap KhiriKhan; 26.xii.1952; Elbel, R.E. & Deignan, H.G. cols.

Genus Struthiolipeurus Cummings, 1916a: 679

Struthiolipeurus nandu Eichler, 1950a: 259. Paratypoid (= syntype): male; #47,255; b. 14.20; Paratypoid (= syntype): female; #47,256; b. 14.21; Note 17,704. Ex Rhea americana (Linnaeus, 1758) (Struthioniformes: Rheidae). No other data.

Genus Theresiella Guimarães, 1971: 213

Theresiella clayae Guimarães, 1985a: 37. Paratypes: 1 male and 1 female; #47,734; b.17.39; Note 17,941. Ex Psittacella madaraszi Meyer, 1886 (Psittaciformes: Psittacidae). New Guinea, Knarotali; no data; Wilson, N. col.

Theresiella hitchcocki Guimarães, 1971: 214. Paratypes: 1 male and 1 female; #47,733, b.17.38; Note 17,940. Ex Psittacella brehmii Schlegel, 1871. New Guinea, Kubos Range; 23.vii.1963; Hitchcock, W.B. col.

Family Trichodectidae Kellogg, 1896

Genus Felicola Ewing, 1929: 122

Parafelicola africanus Emerson & Price, 1966: 233. Paratype: 1 female. #47,226; b.13.91; Note 17,702. Ex Genetta genetta senegalensis J. B. Fischer, 1829 (Carnivora: Viverridae). Egypt, Bebel Elba; 11.iii.1954; Hoogstraal, H.G. & Kaiser, M.N. cols.

Remarks: Included in Felicola (Paradoxuroecus) by Lyal (1985: 321).

Felicola rahmi Emerson & Stojanovich, 1966: 313. Paratypes: 1 male and 1 female; #47,227; b.13.92; Note 17,702. Ex Atilax paludinosus (Cuvier, 1829) (Carnivora: Herpestidae). Congo, Tshibati; 13.x.1962; no collector.

Genus Geomydoecus Ewing, 1929: 193

Geomydoecus merriami Price & Emerson, 1971: 255. Paratype: 1 female. #47,213; b.13.79; Note 17,702. Ex Pappogeomys m. merriami (= Cratogeomys m. merriami Thomas, 1894) (Rodentia: Geomyidae). Mexico, Toluca, Nevado de Toluca; 10.iii.1963; no collector.

Geomydoecus mobilensis Price, 1975: 64. Paratype: 1 female. #47,211; b.13.76; Note 17,702. Ex Geomys pinetis mobilensis (= Geomys pinetis floridanus Audubon & Bachman, 1853) (Rodentia: Geomyidae). USA, Alabama, Point Clear; 7.i.1934; Komarek, E.V. col.

Geomydoecus panamensis panamensis Price & Emerson, 1971: 251. Paratypes: 1 male and 1 female. #47,214; b.13.79; Paratype: 1 female. #47,215; b.13.80; Note 17,702. Ex Macrogeomys cavator (= Orthogeomys (Macrogeomys) cavator (Bangs, 1902)) (Rodentia: Geomyidae). Panama, Chiriqué, Boquete Trail, 13.iii.1962; Tipton, V.E. col.

Geomydoecus traubi Price & Emerson, 1971: 257. Paratype: 1 female. #47,212; b.13.77; Note 17,702. Ex Pappogeomys m. merriami (= Cratogeomys m. merriami). Mexico, La Piedra, Lagunas de Zempoala; 26.iii.1963; no collector.

Genus Neotrichodectes Ewing, 1929: 194

Neotrichodectes semistriatus Emerson & Price, 1975: 41. Paratypes: 1 male and 1 female. #47,216; b.13.81; Note 17,702. Ex Conepatus semistriatus (Boddaert, 1785) (Carnivora: Mephitidae). Venezuela, Monagas, Mata de Bejuco, 02.viii.1966; no collector.

Genus Procavicola Bedford, 1932: 711

Procavicola musebecki Emerson & Price, 1969: 336. Paratype: 1 male and 1 female; #47,228; b.13.93; 17,702. Ex Dendrohyrax dorsalis (Fraser, 1854) (Hyracoidea: Procaviidae). Nigeria, Midwest Region, Benin City; 01.i.1966; no collector.

Remarks: Included in Procaviphilus (Meganarionoides) by Lyal (1985: 279).

Genus Trichodectes Nitzsch, 1818: 294

Trichodectes emeryi Emerson & Price, 1974: 77. Paratype: 1 female. #47,224; b.13.89. Note 17,702. Ex Martes flavigula Boddaert, 1785 (Carnivora: Mustelidae). Nepal, Sankhuwa Sabha; 08.ii.1973; no collector.

Remarks: Included in Trichodectes (Stachiella) by Lyal (1985: 301) and in Stachiella by Price et al. (2003: 271).

Trichodectes kuntzi Emerson, 1964: 196. Paratypes: 1 male and 1 female; #47,225; b.13.90; Note 17,702. Ex Melogale moschata Gray, 1831 (Carnivora: Mustelidae). Taiwan, Shih Pa-jen; 18.iii.1962; no collector.

Suborder Anoplura

Family Hoplopleuridae Ewing, 1929

Genus Pterophthirus Ewing, 1923: 147

Pterophthirus wernecki Guimarães, 1950a: 83. Holotype: male; #46,016; b.5.77; Allotype: female; #46,017; b.5.78; Paratypes: 1 male and 1 female; #46,024; b.5.85; Paratypes: 1 male and 1 female; #46,025; b.5.86; Paratypes: 1 male and 1 female; #46,026; b.5.87; Paratypes: 1 male and 1 female; Paratypes: specimens of both sexes; #46,027; a.6.62; #46,028; a.6.63; #46,029; a.6.64; #46,030; a.6.65; Note 1,297. Ex Proechimys i. iheringi (= Trinomys iheringi (Thomas, 1911)) (Rodentia: Echimyidae). Brazil, São Paulo, Boracéia, 16.viii.1948; Travassos Filho, L. & Fonseca, O. cols.

Family Pediculidae Leach, 1817

Genus Pediculus Linnaeus, 1758: 610

Pediculus bassani Fabricius O., 1780: 218. Neoparatypes: 1 male and 1 female; #45,785; b.4.67; Note 1,202. Ex Morus bassanus (Linnaeus, 1758) (Pelecaniformes: Sulidae). Orkrey Is.; Hoy; 05.viii.1938; Hopkins, G.H.E. leg.

Remarks: Included in Pectinopygus by Harrison (1916: 143). This genus is included in suborder Ischnocera, family Philopteridae.

Pediculus diomedeae Fabricius J.C., 1775: 808. Neoparatypes: 1 male and 1 female; #45,786; b.4.68; Note 1,202. Ex Diomedea melanophrys (= Thalassarche melanophris (Temminck, 1828)) (Procellariiformes: Diomedeidae). Brazil, São Paulo, Santos; no other data.

Remarks: Included in Esthiopterum by Harrison (1916: 13), in Perineus Harrison [in Thompson], 1936 by Clay (1940: 299), and finally transferred to Paraclisis Timmermann, 1965 by Timmermann (1965: 100). All these genera are included in suborder Ischnocera, family Philopteridae.

 

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

I thank Carlos José Einicker Lamas (Curator of Invertebrate collections held in the MZUSP) for allowing the compilation of the data and for making available all the information needed for the preparation of this paper. I am indebted to Ana Maria Vasquez and Carlos Campaner (Technicians of the MZUSP), for providing valuable information on the Ectoparasite Collection. I greatly acknowledge Ricardo L. Palma (Curator of Entomology, Museum of New Zealand Te Papa Tongarewa, Wellington, New Zealand) for his review of the first draft and for improving my English grammar. To reviewers of the PAZ for their appreciated suggestions towards the improvement of this paper.

 

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Recebido em: 21.10.2008
Aceito em: 11.03.2009
Impresso em: 30.06.2009

 

 

APPENDIX I

 


Appendix 1 - click to extend

 

APPENDIX II

 


Appendix 2 - click to extend

 

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