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Papéis Avulsos de Zoologia

Print version ISSN 0031-1049

Pap. Avulsos Zool. (São Paulo) vol.53 no.20 São Paulo  2013

https://doi.org/10.1590/S0031-10492013002000001 

A catalogue of Cephalotini ant types (Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Myrmicinae) deposited in the Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de São Paulo, Brazil

 

 

Lívia P. PradoI,II; Carlos Roberto F. BrandãoI,III

IMuseu de Zoologia, Universidade de São Paulo. Caixa Postal 42.494, 04218-970, São Paulo, SP, Brasil
IIEmail: livia.pires7@gmail.com
IIIEmail: crfbrand@usp.br

 

 


ABSTRACT

The Hymenoptera laboratory of the Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de São Paulo (MZSP) houses one of the most representative collections of Neotropical ants worldwide. This is due to the wide geographical distribution of its specimens, and also because of the comparatively large number of types and taxa represented. The catalogue, following the general recommendations of the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature, lists types of the tribe Cephalotini deposited in the collection of MZSP; also providing information regarding labels, original publications, state of conservation of specimens, taxonomic status of listed species, and their current classification when different from the original. An index for the listed taxa is also provided. In total, the catalogue lists types of 43 nominal species, of which 23 are still valid, from the two recognized genera Cephalotes and Procryptocerus (four represented by holotypes, 17 by holotypes and paratypes, 15 by paratypes, five by syntypes, one by a lectotype and one by a neotype).

Key-Words: Catalogue; Hymenoptera; Ant Types; Cephalotini; MZSP.


RESUMO

O acervo de Formicidae do Laboratório de Hymenoptera do Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de São Paulo (MZSP) abriga uma das coleções mais representativas de formigas Neotropicais, devido à ampla distribuição geográfica dos espécimes nela depositados e também pela grande quantidade de tipos e táxons que abriga. No presente catálogo, seguindo as recomendações gerais do Código Internacional de Nomenclatura Zoológica, apresentamos uma lista dos tipos da tribo Cephalotini depositados na coleção do MZSP, reproduzindo também informações contidas nos rótulos e nas publicações originais, o estado de conservação dos espécimes, o status taxonômico bem como sua atual classificação, quando diferente da original, além de um índice para os táxons catalogados. No total o catálogo lista 43 espécies nominais, das quais 23 são ainda válidas dos dois gêneros reconhecidos, Cephalotes e Procryptocerus (representadas por quatro holótipos, 17 holótipos com parátipos, 15 parátipos, cinco síntipos, um lectótipo e um neótipo).

Palavras-Chave: Catálogo; Hymenoptera; Tipos de formigas; Cephalotini; MZSP.


 

 

INTRODUCTION

Zoological collections are considered important tools for the identification of ants by comparison and serve as depositories for type specimens, typically representing local and/or regional faunas (Lauk et al., 2003). The Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de São Paulo (MZSP) holds one of the most important collections of ants worldwide (Brandão, 2000), with emphasis on the Neotropical region.

Our aim is to encourage further studies and also to avoid unnecessary movement of valuable, sometimes unique, specimens, and at the same time follow recommendation 72F of the ICZN (1999) about institutional responsibility: "every institution in which name-bearing types are deposited should make them accessible for studies, publish lists of name-bearing types in its possession or custody, and so far as possible, communicate information concerning name-bearing types". The present catalogue is the sixth of a series aiming to list all ant types hereby deposited. We have published thus far catalogues of the types of Attini (Klingenberg & Brandão, 2005), "Poneromorph" ants (Scott-Santos et al., 2008), Pseudomyrmecinae (Brandão et al., 2010), "Dorylomorph" ants (Esteves et al., 2011), and Dacetini and Solenopsidini (Ulysséa & Brandão, in press).

The tribe Cephalotini is endemic to the Neotropical region and includes two genera, Cephalotes Latreille (1802) with 131 valid species (De Andrade & Baroni Urbani, 1999; Bolton, 2007) (the second largest endemic ant genus in the Neotropics) and Procryptocerus Emery (1887) with 45 valid species (Bolton, 2007). The taxonomy of Cephalotini is comparatively well studied, in particular because of the recent revisions of Cephalotes made by De Andrade & Baroni Urbani (1999) and of Central American Procyptocerus by Longino & Snelling (2002).

The ant tribe Cephalotini is a group of Neotropical stem-nesting species (Longino & Snelling, 2002), sometimes referred to as turtle ants. In general, cephalotines are arboreal, slow, with body shape slightly flattened ventrally with dorsal spines or angles on the mesosoma, petiole and postpetiole (Fernandéz, 2003). Cephalotes has as its main features a diet based largely on pollen (a very abundant resource that is dispersed by wind over leafs), nests enlarged from pre-existing plant cavities, flat and bizarre appearance, and behave like a caste of soldiers devoted essentially to nest defense. In Procryptocerus the workers are strictly monomorphic (Wheeler, 1984) and can be separated from Cephalotes by a combination of characters: antennal scrobes extending back almost to vertexal margin, eyes situated below the scrobe, frontal carinae not covering the genae from above, pronotum without spines or teeth, metatarsus not compressed, and petiole and postpetiole without projecting spines, teeth, or tubercles (De Andrade & Baroni Urbani, 1999; Longino & Snelling, 2002).

The purpose of the present catalogue is to list the Cephalotini type specimens deposited in the MZSP, and also to provide label information, conservation status of the specimens, and the current taxonomic situation of the correspondent nominal species, according to the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature (1999).

 

MATERIAL AND METHODS

For the building of this catalogue, information from labels associated to Cephalotini ant types in MZSP was compared with the original descriptions listed in Antweb.org (Fisher, 2012). The nomenclature of Cephalotini type specimens was updated following the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature (1999).

The combination of type names within genera and species is quoted in alphabetical order. The following abbreviations are used: col. = collector, coll. = collection, leg. = legitimate, g. = gyne, m. = male, s. = soldier, w. = worker; to indicate conservation status of the specimens, the following abbreviations are used: A = antenna, A1 representing the left antenna; A2 representing the right antenna; L = leg, L1, L2 and L3 representing the left legs and L4, L5 and L6 the right legs and W = wing, W1 and W2 representing the anterior and posterior left wings respectively, and W3 and W4 representing the right wings.

To record information related to the MZSP Cephalotini types, the following order is hereby adopted: species name, author, publication year, page numbers, type category, number of type specimens of each sex or caste, country, state/province, city, locality, collecting date, collector, original collection name, collection number or collection code (in the original language). When necessary, we comment on the conservation conditions of the types, indicating broken or missing body parts. We also present the taxonomic status for each entry. Additional information (corrections or clarifications) and data present in publications, but not recorded in labels, are presented in brackets. Also, we provide an index of all valid names listed in the current catalogue and, when necessary, their respective synonyms. Taxonomic information about the species listed here can be found in Bolton (2007, version: July 1, 2011).

 

RESULTS

The present catalogue includes types of 43 nominal species (23 valid), including 544 individuals (463 workers, 42 soldiers, 33 gynes and six males) of the two recognized Cephalotini genera (Cephalotes and Procryptocerus). Four Cephalotini species are represented in the MZSP by holotypes only, 17 by holotypes and paratypes, 15 by paratypes, five by syntypes, one by a lectotype and one by a neotype.

Subfamily Myrmicinae
Tribe Cephalotini
Genus Cephalotes Latreille

Hypocryptocerus haemorroidalis susbp. auricomus Wheeler, W.M. 1936: 202. Syntype: 1 w. R[EPUBLIC] DOM[INICAN], Sanchéz, 1116.v.[19]15, Gift of M.W. Wheeler, 22624. Syntype: 1 w. R[EPUBLIC] DOM[INICAN], San Lorenzo, 2729.vi.[19]15, Gift of W.M. Wheeler, 22624. Combination in Zacryptocerus: Brandão, 1991: 384; in Cephalotes: Baroni Urbani, 1998: 328. Raised to species: De Andrade & Baroni Urbani, 1999: 89.

Cephalotes betoi De Andrade & Baroni Urbani, 1999: 347. Holotype: 1 w. Paratypes: 12 s., 183 w. BRASIL, Distrito Federal, Reserva Biológica de Águas Emendadas, 2730.vi.1991, C.R.F. Brandão, M.L. Françoso & A.A. Reis cols, Isca [de] sardinha (dia-solo), berlese, isca [de] mel (dia-vegetação), tronco 03 cm. Paratypes: One worker missing L1 (femur); other missing L1 (femur); other missing L1 (tarsus); other missing L1 (tibia); other missing L3 (tarsus).

Cryptocerus bivestitus Santschi, 1922: 254. Paratype: 1 w. ARGENTINA, Catamarca, Hualfin, Weiser leg. Missing part of gaster. Combination in Paracryptocerus (Harnedia): Kempf, 1958: 38; in Zacryptocerus: Brandão, 1991: 384; in Cephalotes: De Andrade & Baroni Urbani, 1999: 677. Comment: With additional label "Co-(topo)type".

Paracryptocerus (Paracryptocerus) borgmeieri Kempf, 1951: 211. Paratype: 1 w. ARGENTINA, Misiones [Province], Iguazu, [no date], N. Kusnezov [col.], [Coll. T. Borgmeier] 5330. Combination in Zacryptocerus: Brandão, 1991: 385; in Cephalotes: Baroni Urbani, 1998: 323.

Paracryptocerus (Harnedia) coffeae Kempf, 1953: 81. Holotype: 1 w. Paratypes: 3 g., 2 m., 2 s., 11 w. COLOMBIA, Cundinamarca, Tibacuy, 1500 m, [Granja Cafetera "Alberto J. Williamson"], [Ninho em ramo verde de cafeeiro], Coffea arabica L., 13.iii.1952, Bernel [and] Mendoza [cols], n. 335, 337. Holotype: Missing L5 (tarsus). Paratypes: One gyne, disarticulated head, missing A1, A2 (funiculus), L1 (tarsus), L4, L5 (tarsus), part of gaster; one disarticulated male genitalia; other has only head; one worker missing A2, L1, L5 (femur), L6 (tarsus). Combination in Zacryptocerus: Brandão, 1991: 385; in Cephalotes: De Andrade & Baroni Urbani, 1999: 560.

Cephalotes decemspinosus Santschi, 1920: 148. Lectotype: 1 w. GUYANE FRANÇ[AI]SE, S[ain]t-Jean-du-Maroni, [no date, no col.], Collection Le Moult, 3805. Junior synonym of Cephalotes marginatus: De Andrade & Baroni Urbani, 1999: 124.

Cephalotes decolor De Andrade, in De Andrade & Baroni Urbani, 1999: 512. Holotype: 1 w. Paratypes: 3 s., 16 w. VENEZUELA, Sucre, Parque Nacional Mochima, 50 m, 02.x.1986, E. Cancello & [C.R.F.] Brandão [cols]. Paratype: One worker missing head.

Cephalotes dentidorsum De Andrade, in De Andrade & Baroni Urbani, 1999: 734. Holotype: 1 w. PERU, Valle Chanchamayo, 800 m, 01.viii.1939, Weyrauch leg., 193.

Paracryptocerus (Harnedia) fleddermanni Kempf, 1958: 87. Holotype: 1 s. Paratype: 1 w. [BRAZIL], S[ão] P[aulo], S[ão] Sebastião, 30.i.1955, B. Fledderman, #3. Holotype: missing A1, L1 and L2 (tarsus), L3 (tibia), L4 (tarsus). Paratype: missing L3 (tarsus). Paratype: 1 w. [BRAZIL], S[ão] P[aulo], S[ão] Sebastião, 05.ii.1953, W. Kempf leg., 751. Missing L2 (tarsus). Junior synonym of Cephalotes notatus: Kempf, 1967: 367. Comment: We also found in the collection five workers and one soldier labeled as metatypes ([BRAZIL], S[ão] P[aulo], S[ão] Sebastião, 06.iii.1958, W. Kempf, 2376, nº 392, Kempf det.).

Cryptocerus fossithorax Santschi, 1921: 125. Cotype [syntype]: 1 w. [ARGENTINA, Río Negro], Viedna, [no date, Dr. Hildemann col.]. Combination in Paracryptocerus (Harnedia): Kempf, 1958: 58; in Zacryptocerus: Brandão, 1991: 386; in Cephalotes: De Andrade & Baroni Urbani, 1999: 635.

Cryptocerus peltatus st. ellenriederi var. gaudens Santschi, 1922: 255. Paratype: 1 s. ARGENTINA, Alta Gracia, La Granja, Sierra de Córdoba, February [ii].1921, C. Bruchi leg. Unavailable name; material referred to Cephalotes jheringi by Kempf, 1958: 50.

Cephalotes liepini De Andrade & Baroni Urbani, 1999: 398. Holotype: 1 w. Paratypes: 1 g., 7 w. BRASIL, Go[iás], Alvorada do Norte, Faz[enda] Mattos, 0812.vii.1991, S.T.P. Amarante & C.F. Martins cols (3 w – bandeja d'água), C.R.F. Brandão col. (poço, isca – mel, dia – vegetação).

Cryptocerus liogaster Santschi, 1916: 381. Paratype: 1 w. ARGENTINA, Five[s] Lille, Bruch leg., C.B. 3877. Missing L2 and L3. Combination in Paracryptocerus (Harnedia): Kempf, 1958: 25; in Zacryptocerus: Brandão, 1991: 386; in Cephalotes: De Andrade & Baroni Urbani, 1999: 658.

Paracryptocerus (Paracryptocerus) manni Kempf, 1951: 228. Holotype: 1 w. Paratype: 1 w. [BRAZIL], Est[ado do] Pará, Cach[oeira] Breu, x.[19]28, Sampaio [col., Coll. T. Borgmeier]. Holotype: Missing L3 and L5 (tarsus). Paratype: Missing A2 (funiculus). Combination in Zacryptocerus: Brandão, 1991: 387; in Cephalotes: De Andrade & Baroni Urbani, 1999: 237.

Cryptocerus varians subsp. marginata Wheeler, W.M. & Mann, 1914: 39. Lectotypes [syntypes]: 2 s., 1 w. Paratypes [syntypes]: 3 w. HAITI, Diquini, [no date], W.M. Mann. Lectotypes: Two soldiers missing L3 (tarsus); one worker missing L1 and L2 (tarsus). Paratypes: One worker missing L3 (tarsus); other missing head. Junior synonym of Cephalotes pallens: Kempf, 1958: 151. Replacement name: Cephalotes decoloratus De Andrade, in De Andrade & Baroni Urbani, 1999: 508. Comment: The specimens were labeled incorrectly and, following the recommendations of the ICZN, we consider these specimens as syntypes.

Cephalotes nilpiei De Andrade, in De Andrade & Baroni Urbani, 1999: 381. Holotype: 1 w. Paratypes: 2 s., 9 w. [BRASIL, Rio de Janeiro], P[ar]q[ue], Nac[ional de] Itatiaia, 9501000 m, 15.xii.1966, H. Reichardt col. Paratypes: One worker missing L1 (tarsus); one soldier missing L1 (tibia), L3 (tarsus).

Cephalotes pallidoides De Andrade, in De Andrade & Baroni Urbani, 1999: 480. Holotype: 1 s. Paratypes: 1 m., 8 w. BRASIL, M[ato] G[rosso], Rio Papagaio, Utiariti (325 m), vii.[1]961, K. Lenko col., 1691. Paratype: One male missing A1.

Cephalotes pallidus De Andrade, in De Andrade & Baroni Urbani, 1999: 473. Paratypes: 2 s., 7 w. B[RITISH] G[UIANA], Kartabo, Jul.[vii], Aug.[viii].1920, W.M. Wheeler [col.]. Paratypes: One worker missing L3 tarsus; other missing A1 (part of funiculus); other missing L1 (tibia).

Cephalotes palustris De Andrade, in De Andrade & Baroni Urbani, 1999: 322. Paratype: 1 w. B[RITISH] G[UIANA], Kartabo, jul.aug.[vii.viii]1920, W.M. Wheeler [col.]. Comment: There is a label with misidentification determined by W. Kempf as Cryptocerus pavonni.

Paracryptocerus (Harnedia) patei Kempf, 1951: 235. Paratypes: 2 s., 3 w. COLOMBIA, S[outh] A[merica], [locality unknown; taken from imported orchids of the genus Cattleya, in Hoboken, New Jersey, USA], in Cattleya 10.iv.[19]46, Hoboken-5773, 468631, [Coll. T. Borgmeier]. One soldier missing L6 (tibia). Combination in Zacryptocerus: Brandão, 1991: 387; in Cephalotes: De Andrade & Baroni Urbani, 1999: 517.

Cephalotes pavonii Latreille, 1809: 132. Neholotype [Neotype]: 1 w. PERU, Victoria, Junín, 01.vii.1938, W.F. Walker [leg.]. Combination in Paracryptocerus: Kempf, 1951: 222; in Zacryptocerus: Brandão, 1991: 387; in Cephalotes: Baroni Urbani, 1998: 326; De Andrade & Baroni Urbani, 1999: 325. Comment: bears a label saying "Paracryptocerus pavonii Latreille", W.W. Kempf det.

Cephalotes persimilis De Andrade, in De Andrade & Baroni Urbani, 1999: 441. Holotype: 1 s. Paratypes: 1 s., 1 w. [BRAZIL], Ba[h]ia, Feira de Santana, Tanquinho, 08.xii.1953, C.R. Gonçalves [col.]. Paratype: One worker missing L2 and L3, disarticulated postpetiole and gaster.

Cephalotes persimplex De Andrade, in De Andrade & Baroni Urbani, 1999: 449. Paratypes: 1 g., 1 s., 1 w. BOLIV[IA], Reyes, Mulford Biol[ogical] Exp[edition], [x.]19211922, W.M. Mann col. One gyne missing L3 (tibia); one soldier missing L3 (tarsus); one worker missing L3 (tibia).

Cephalotes pileini De Andrade, in De Andrade & Baroni Urbani, 1999: 385. Paratypes: 1 s., 1 w. [ARGENTINA], Córdoba, La Carlota, Silvestri [col.], 4359.

Cryptocerus (Cyathocephalus) rohweri Wheeler, W.M. 1916: 32. Paratypes: 1 s., 1 w. [UNITED STATES OF AMERICA], Ariz[ona], [Santa Catalina Montains], Buchman Can[yon], Cercidium torreyanum, M[r.] Chrisman col., Hopk U.S. 10193. Combination in Cryptocerus (Cryptocerus): Smith, M.R. 1947: 34; in Paracryptocerus (Harnedia): Smith, M.R. 1951: 825; in Zacryptocerus: Smith, D.R. 1979: 1403; in Cephalotes: De Andrade & Baroni Urbani, 1999: 568.

Paracryptocerus (Paracryptocerus) simillimus Kempf, 1951: 184. Paratypes: 3 s., 5 w. B[RITISH] G[UIANA], Kartabo, Jul.Aug.[vii.viii].1920. W.M. Wheeler Collection. One soldier missing L2 (tarsus); other missing L1 (tarsal claw); one worker missing L3 (tibia); other missing L2 and L3 (tibia), postpetiole and gaster; other disarticulated head, mesosoma and gaster, missing L3, L4, L5 and L6; other missing L2 and L5 (tibia). Combination in Zacryptocerus: Brandão, 1991: 388; in Cephalotes: De Andrade & Baroni Urbani, 1999: 208.

Paracryptocerus (Harnedia) sobrius Kempf, 1958: 119. Holotype: 1 s. Paratypes: 5 g. GUATEMALA, [intercepted by U.S. Plant Quarantine Inspectors at Hoboken New Jersey on imported Epidendron aromaticum], Epidendrum aromaticum pseudobulbs. 14.v.[19]46, Hoboken-6238, 468236. Holotype: missing L1 (tibia) and L2 (tarsus). Paratypes: One gyne missing wings, part of gaster and L2 (tarsus); other missing wings, L2 (tarsus), L3 (tibia); other missing part of the head; other missing part of W1, W2, W3. Combination in Zacryptocerus: Hespenheide, 1986: 395; in Cephalotes: De Andrade & Baroni Urbani, 1999: 602.

Zacryptocerus solidus Kempf, 1974: 73. Holotype: 1 w. [BRASIL], Am[azonas], Manaus, Col[ônia] S[an]to Antônio, 11.vi.1971, [Coll.] INPA #16, [WWK nº] 6666. Combination in Cephalotes: De Andrade & Baroni Urbani, 1999: 183.

Cephalotes toltecus De Andrade, in De Andrade & Baroni Urbani, 1999: 579. Holotype: 1 s. Paratypes: 3 s., 6 w. MEX[ICO], Jalisco, 19 mi NW Magdalena, 3000' nesting in vine, 01.viii.1971, R.J. Hamton col.

Zacryptocerus ustus Kempf, 1973: 450. Holotype: 1 w. Paratype: 1 w. [BRAZIL], M[inas] G[erais], Pedra Azul, 800 m, xi.1972, [C.A.C.] Seabra [and] M. Alvarenga [leg.], [Coll. W.W. Kempf], [nº] 8816. Combination in Cephalotes: De Andrade & Baroni Urbani, 1999: 283.

Hypocryptocerus haemorrhoidalis subsp. vinosus Wheeler, W.M. 1936: 202. Syntypes: 3 w. HAITI, M[oun]t Rochelois, [nesting in a beech, very pugnacious], W.J. Eyerdam, Gift of W.M. Wheeler, 21088. One worker missing L4 and L6 (tarsus). Combination in Zacryptocerus: Brandão, 1991: 384; in Cephalotes: De Andrade & Baroni Urbani, 1999: 98. Raised to species: De Andrade & Baroni Urbani, 1999: 98.

Cryptocerus wheeleri Forel, 1901: 126. Lectotype [syntype]: 1 s. Paratype [syntype]: 1 w. MEX[ICO], Mor[elos], Cuernavaca, in Tillandsia sp., xii.1900, W.M. Wheeler. Paratype: one worker disarticulated head, missing L5 (tarsus) and L6. Combination in Paracryptocerus (Harnedia): Kempf, 1958: 132; in Zacryptocerus: Hespenheide, 1986: 395; in Cephalotes: De Andrade & Baroni Urbani, 1999: 574. Comment: In the original publication Forel (1906) failed to designate a type among the described specimens, but they were mistakenly labeled as Lectotype (1 s.) and paratypes (1 w.); De Andrade & Baroni Urbani (1999) considered these specimens as lectotype and paralectotype, but did not comment on the decision. Following Article 74 and the recommendations, 74.7.2, 74.7.3 and 74C of the ICNZ, we do not consider these specimens as lectotype and paralectotype, but as syntypes. Comment: Cryptocerus pilosus r. fiebrigi Forel, 1906: 235 labeled as cotypes (2 g., 2 m., 2 w. ARGENTINA, Alta Garcia, La Granja, Sierras de Cordoba, 03.ii.1925, C. Bruch leg.). Comment: This locality is not listed in the original publication; we do not consider these specimens as types.

Genus Procryptocerus Emery

Procryptocerus sulcatus subsp. curvistriatus Kempf, 1949: 425. Holotype: 1 w. BRASIL, Espírito Santo, Santa Teresa, [1928], O. Conde leg., [Coll. Borgmeier]. Raised to species: Kempf, 1964: 243. Name valid: Procryptocerus curvistriatus.

Procryptocerus gibbosus Kempf, 1949: 423. Holotype: 1 w. Paratype: 1 w. BRASIL, Espírito Santo, Santa Teresa, [08.xii.1928], O. Conde leg., Coll. Borgmeier, nr. 4293.

Procryptocerus kempfi Longino & Snelling, 2002: 18. Paratype: 1 w. PANAMÁ: Panamá Pr[ovince], Cerro Campana, 850 m, 08º40'N, 79º56'W, 26.vi.1977, H.A. Hespenheide [col.], [barcode] LACM ENT 141597. Missing L2 (tibia).

Procryptocerus lenkoi Kempf, 1969: 283. Holotype: 1 w. Paratypes: 8 g., 3 w. BRAZIL, S[ão] P[aulo], Barueri, 17.ii.1962, K. Lenko col., [DZSP] 4439 [WWK]. Paratype: 1 g. BRASÍLIEN [BRAZIL, Santa Catarina], Nova Teutônia, 27º11'B, 52º23'L, [no date], Fritz Plaumann [col.], 193. Missing L2 and wings.

Procryptocerus marginatus Borgmeier, 1948: 201. Paratypes: 11 g., 2 m., 9 w. [BRAZIL], Bahia, Uruçuca, 1947, P. Silva [col.], #566. One gyne missing wings and L3; other missing W1. Comment: one worker bears a label saying lectotype, but according the original publication, all these specimens are paratypes.

Procryptocerus montanus Kempf, 1957: 400. Holotype: 1 w. Paratypes: 3 g., 1 m., 132 w. [BRAZIL], S[ão] P[aulo], Campos do Jordão, [bairro Jardim Britânia, Abernéssia, Parque do Convento Franciscano], x.1949, 12.x.1956, 16.x.1956, 14.xi.1956, Kempf n. 1610, 1614, 1645. Paratypes: One gyne missing wings; one worker disarticulated gaster, missing L6; other missing L3; other missing L2 (femur), other missing L6 (tibia); other missing L1 (tarsus); other missing L6 (tarsus). Paratype: 1 w. [Brazil], S[ão] Paulo, [x].1950 [in original publication says 1949], I. Krebsbach [leg.].

Procryptocerus nalini Longino & Snelling, 2002: 22. Paratype: 1 w. COSTA RICA, [Province] Heredia, Est[ación] Biol[ógica] La Selva, 50150 m, 10º26'N, 84º01'W [in original publication says 84º00'W], apr[il] [iv].1993, INBioOET, J. Longino #34755, [barcode] INBIO CRI001238545.

Procryptocerus seabrai Kempf, 1964: 248. Holotype: 1 w. [BRAZIL], S[ão] P[aulo], Boracéia, [Biological Station near Salesópolis], 05.ii.1960, F. Lane [col.], 3477. Paratype: 3 w. [Brazil, Rio de Janeiro], G[uana]b[ara], Floresta Tijuca, 29.xi.1959, C.A.C. Seabra [leg.].

Procryptocerus tortuguero Longino & Snelling, 2002: 28. Paratype: 2 w. C[OSTA] R[ICA], Province Limon, Tortuguero, <5m, 10º32'N, 83º31'W, wet forest, in dead branch, 0105.jul[y].1985, J. Longino, #382, [barcode] LACM ENT 141744.

Procryptocerus victoris Kempf, 1960: 437. Holotype: 1 w. Paratypes: 13 w. [BRAZIL], S[ão] P[aulo, Santos highway], Alto da Serra, 15.viii.1958, Kempf & Santos [cols], 2599. Paratype: One worker missing head and L4; other missing L3.

Procryptocerus virgatus Kempf, 1964: 250. Holotype: 1 w. REPUBLIC OF ECUADOR, R. Pastozo, 1700 m, 08.iv.1958, Dr. W. Weyrauch col. Comments: We found three pins labeled as paratypes, cotypes and lectotypes (Procryptocerus subpilosus st. lepidus Forel, 1908: 355. Paratypes: 3 w. [BRAZIL, Santa Catarina], Nr. 2096. Cotype: 1 w. [BRAZIL, Santa Catarina], 2096, det. Kempf. Lectotypes: 2 w. [BRAZIL, Santa Catarina], 2690, Forel det. Raised to species (Procryptocerus lepidus) Kempf, 1964). But the locality recorded on the labels is different from that of the original publication. We do not consider these specimens as types.

 

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

We thank Rodrigo M. Feitosa (UFPR) and Ubirajara Martins (MZSP) for helping us to clear up the terminology applied to some type specimens. We thank Francisco Serna for confirming information on Procryptocerus.

 

REFERENCES

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Aceito em: 01/03/2013
Impresso em: 30/06/2013

 

 

APPENDIX

Index I: Currently valid names of the listed taxa, followed by their original names (if applicable)

Cephalotes auricomusHypocryptocerus haemorroidalis susbp. auricomus

Cephalotes betoi

Cephalotes bivestitus – Cryptocerus bivestitus

Cephalotes coffeaeParacryptocerus (Harnedia) coffeae

Cephalotes decolor

Cephalotes decoloratusCryptocerus varians subsp. marginata

Cephalotes dentidorsum

Cephalotes fossithorax – Cryptocerus fossithorax

Cephalotes jheringiCryptocerus peltatus st. ellenriederi var. gaudens

Cephalotes liepini

Cephalotes liogaster – Cryptocerus liogaster

Cephalotes manniParacryptocerus (Paracryptocerus) manni

Cephalotes marginatus – Cephalotes decemspinosus

Cephalotes nilpiei

Cephalotes notatusParacryptocerus (Harnedia) fleddermanni

Cephalotes pallidoides

Cephalotes pallidus

Cephalotes palustris

Cephalotes pateiParacryptocerus (Harnedia) patei

Cephalotes pavonii

Cephalotes persimilis

Cephalotes persimplex

Cephalotes pileini

Cephalotes rohweriCryptocerus (Cyathocephalus) rohweri

Cephalotes simillimusParacryptocerus (Paracryptocerus) simillimus

Cephalotes sobriusParacryptocerus (Harnedia) sobrius

Cephalotes solidus – Zacryptocerus solidus

Cephalotes toltecus

Cephalotes ustus – Zacryptocerus ustus

Cephalotes vinosusHypocryptocerus haemorrhoidalis subsp. vinosus

Cephalotes wheeleri – Cryptocerus wheeleri

Procryptocerus sulcatus subsp. curvistriatusProcryptocerus sulcatus subsp. curvistriatus

Procryptocerus gibbosus

Procryptocerus kempfi

Procryptocerus lenkoi

Procryptocerus marginatus

Procryptocerus montanus

Procryptocerus nalini

Procryptocerus seabrai

Procryptocerus tortuguero

Procryptocerus victoris

Procryptocerus virgatus

 

Index II: List of cited synonyms or new combinations, followed by the respective valid names

Hypocryptocerus haemorroidalis susbp. auricomusCephalotes auricomus

Cryptocerus bivestitus – Cephalotes bivestitus

Paracryptocerus (Paracryptocerus) borgmeieriCephalotes borgmeieri

Paracryptocerus (Harnedia) coffeaeCephalotes coffeae

Cephalotes decemspinosusCephalotes marginatus

Paracryptocerus (Harnedia) fleddermanniCephalotes notatus

Cryptocerus peltatus st. ellenriederi var. gaudensCephalotes jheringi

Cryptocerus liogasterCephalotes liogaster

Paracryptocerus (Paracryptocerus) manniCephalotes manni

Cryptocerus varians subsp. marginataCephalotes decoloratus

Paracryptocerus (Harnedia) pateiCephalotes patei

Cryptocerus (Cyathocephalus) rohweriCephalotes rohweri

Paracryptocerus (Paracryptocerus) simillimusCephalotes simillimus

Paracryptocerus(Harnedia) sobriusCephalotes sobrius

Zacryptocerus solidusCephalotes solidus

Zacryptocerus ustusCephalotes ustus

Hypocryptocerus haemorrhoidalis subsp. vinosusCephalotes vinosus

Cryptocerus wheeleriCephalotes wheeleri

Procryptocerus sulcatus subsp. curvistriatusProcryptocerus sulcatus subsp. curvistriatus

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