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Papéis Avulsos de Zoologia

Print version ISSN 0031-1049On-line version ISSN 1807-0205

Pap. Avulsos Zool. (São Paulo) vol.55 no.25 São Paulo  2015

http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/0031-1049.2015.55.25 

Articles

Cerambycidae (Coleoptera) from Lagoa do Tamburí farm, Aracatu – Bahia, with new records

ANDRÉ DA SILVA FERREIRA ¹  

AGDA ALVES DA ROCHA ²  

1 Universidade Estadual de Feira de Santana, Departamento de Ciências Biológicas, Programa de Pós-Graduação em Zoologia. Avenida Transnordestina, s/n, Novo Horizonte, CEP 44036-900, Feira de Santana, BA, Brasil. E-mail: sferreira.and@gmail.com

2 Universidade Federal da Bahia, Campus Anísio Teixeira, Instituto Multidisciplinar em Saúde (UFBA/CAT/IMS), Laboratório de Zoologia. Rua Rio de Contas, 58, Quadra 17, Lote 58, Candeias, CEP 45029-094, Vitória da Conquista, BA, Brasil. E-mail: rocha.agda@gmail.com

ABSTRACT

Species of Cerambycidae were inventoried in an area of Caatinga (dryland) vegetation in the municipality of Aracatu, Bahia State, Brazil, between August/2012 and July/2013. The insects were collected using light traps, active searches, and white cloth trapping. A total of 716 specimens of Cerambycidae were collected; 665 of them were identified as belonging to 107 species, 84 genera, 30 tribes, and 3 subfamilies. The speciesPhaedinus carbonelli Monné, 1999,Lepturges (Lepturges) fasciculatoides Gilmour, 1962,Hoplistonychus bondari Melzer, 1930,Ataxia arenaria Martins & Galileo, 2013 were new records for Bahia;Nesozineus obscurus Hoffmann, 1984 is new record for Brazil. The subfamily Cerambycinae demonstrated the greatest richness, with 56 species. These results contribute to our knowledge of the Cerambycidae fauna of Brazil.

KEY-WORDS: Neotropical Region; Inventory; Semiarid

RESUMO

Inventário das espécies de Cerambycidae, numa área de Caatinga, no município de Aracatu - Bahia, entre os meses de agosto de 2012 a julho de 2013. Os insetos foram coletados utilizando armadilha luminosa, busca ativa e armadilha de pano branco. Foram coletados 716 indivíduos de Cerambycidae; destes, 665 foram identificados em 107 espécies, 84 gêneros, 30 tribos e 3 subfamílias. As espéciesPhaedinus carbonelli Monné, 1999,Lepturges (Lepturges) fasciculatoides Gilmour, 1962,Hoplistonychus bondari Melzer, 1930,Ataxia arenaria Martins & Galileo, 2013 são novos registros para a Bahia;Nesozineus obscurus Hoffmann, 1984 é um novo registro para o Brasil. Cerambycinae apresentou a maior riqueza, representando 56% das espécies. Esses resultados contribuem para o conhecimento da fauna dos cerambicídeos no Brasil.

PALAVRAS-CHAVE: Região Neotropical; Inventário; Semiárido

INTRODUCTION

The Cerambycidae represent one of the largest and most diverse families of Coleoptera ( Martins, 1997), comprising in the world approximately 4,000 genera ( Costa, 2000) and 35,000 species ( Monné, M.L. et al.,2009a). Approximately 1,000 genera ( Costa, 2000) and 5,000 species ( Casari & Ide, 2012) have been recorded for Brazil, with additional new species being described every year ( Nascimento & Bravo, 2014).

There is currently no consensus concerning the classification of the Cerambycidae into subfamilies. Nine subfamilies were recognized by Napp (1994), although there are still discussions concerning some of them. Five subfamilies have been recorded in Brazil: Prioninae, Parandrinae, Lepturinae, Lamiinae, and Cerambycinae ( Martins, 1999), without serious disagreements concerning those classifications.

The Neotropical region contains many species of Cerambycidae, although little is known about their diversity in the Caatinga and Pantanal biomes in Brazil ( Martins, 1997; Casari & Ide, 2012), despite a number of workers have recently published their discoveries on this group, including Martinas et al.(2015), Nascimento & Bravo (2014), Galileo et al.(2013), Menezes et al.(2012), ( Monné, M.L. et al.2009a, b), Martins et al.(2009), Galileo & Martins (2006), and Maia et al.(2003).

Caatinga dryland biome has experienced intense anthropogenic impacts since the first European/African colonists, but less than 2% of its area has effective protection status. Growing anthropogenic pressure and the lack of research on the fauna in the biome make inventories and studies of the Coleoptera important tools for characterizing and managing these arid land resources ( Leal et al.,2003; Albuquerque et al.,2012).

The present study provides a list of Cerambycidae species for an area of Caatinga vegetation at the Lagoa do Tamburí farm in the municipality of Aracatu, state of Bahia, Brazil.

MATERIALS AND METHODS

The present study was undertaken at the Lagoa do Tamburí farm, which occupies an area of 180 hectares and is located 12 km to the south of the municipal center of Aracatu, and 518 km from Salvador, in southwestern Bahia State (14°25'39"S, 41°27'43"W) ( Bahia, 2012a). The study site is located in the semiarid region of Brazil, where the climate varies between sub-humid and dry, with rainfall being limited to the (Austral) spring and summer seasons, with a dry winter with lower temperatures. The rainy season normally occurs between November and March, with a mean annual rainfall total of 573.3 mm. The mean annual temperature is 21°C. The vegetation is typical of the phytoecological region of the Caatinga, with a deciduous, open, spiny vegetation of shrubs and small trees, with or without palm trees ( Bahia, 2012a, b).

Collections were undertaken (license number 35426-1, from the Ministry of the Environment/SISBIO/IBAMA) within the "Projeto de Pesquisa Entomofauna em áreas de Caatinga na Região Sudoeste da Bahia" program between August/2012 and July/2013, in three different areas: shrub vegetation near the farm headquarters (14°30.961'S, 41°27.512'W); open pasture, 2 km from the farm headquarters (14°30.959'S, 41°27.508'W); and an area of closed arboreal Caatinga, 3 km from the farm headquarters (14°30.295'S, 41°27.982'W). A number of different collection methods were employed to harvest the largest possible number of Cerambycidae.

Collections were made using three light traps (one in each collection area), adapted from the "Luiz de Queiroz" model using tubular fluorescent lamps (FL T8 15 Watts D/L 6400K), spaced at least 2 km one from the other. The light traps were activated during three consecutive nights each month from 17:30 to 06:30 during the new moon to avoid moonlight interference on the efficiency of the traps ( Barghini, 2008). Active searches were also undertaken for three consecutive hours in the morning for two days every month; these searches involved two people in each of the three survey areas, totaling 144 hours of collection effort. Cerambycids encountered on bushes were collected using entomological forceps. The specimens were sorted, prepared, and subsequently sent to Dr. Ubirajara Ribeiro Martins at Museum of Zoology of University of São Paulo (MZSP) for identification. The specimens sent for identification are deposited in MZSP; the other specimens were deposited at Professor Johann Becker Collection, belonging to Museum of Zoology of Bahia State University in Feira de Santana (MZFS), Brazil. The taxa are listed here alphabetically, together with data concerning their geographic distributions. The classifications by tribe, and the distribution data, follow Fonseca-Gessner (1990), Monné, M.A. & Bezark (2013), ( Monné, M.A. 2015a, b) and Martins et al.(2015). New records are presented as follows: the species name followed by (*) indicates a new record for Brazil, and by (**) indicates a new record for Bahia State and the Semiarid region.

RESULTS AND DISCUSSION

Seven hundred, sixteen Cerambycidae specimens were collected, belonging to three subfamilies, 30 tribes, and 84 genera ( Table 1). Of the total collection, 655 specimens were identified: 107 to the species level and 65 to the generic level. The subfamily Cerambycinae demonstrated the greatest richness, with 58 species, representing 56% of the total number of species collected ( Fig. 1A).

TABLE 1: List of species of Cerambycidae collected at the Fazenda Lagoa do Tamburí farm, in Aracatu, Bahia, Brazil between August/2012 and July/2013. (*) new record for Brazil, (**) new record for Bahia State. 

SPECIES DISTRIBUTION
Cerambycinae Latreille, 1802
Achrysonini Lacordaire, 1869
Achryson maculatumBurmeister, 1865 Brazil (Bahia, Alagoas, Sergipe, Goiás, Mato Grosso do Sul, Espírito Santo to Rio Grande do Sul), Bolivia (Santa Cruz, Tarija), Paraguay, Argentina (Jujuy, Salta, Catamarca, Tucumán, Santiago do Estero, Córdoba, Santa Fe, Corrientes, Entre Rios, Buenos Aires), Uruguay
Achryson surinamum(Linnaeus, 1767) Brazil (Goiás, Mato Grosso, Mato Grosso do Sul, Espírito Santo, Bahia, Sergipe, São Paulo, Santa Catarina, Rio Grande do Sul, Alagoas), Bolivia, Paraguay, Uruguay, Argentina (Tucumán, Neuquén)
Achryson unicolorBruch, 1908 Brazil (Bahia), Bolivia (Santa Cruz), Paraguay, Argentina (Salta, Catamarca, Tucumán, Misiones, Santiago do Estero, La Rioja, Chaco, Córdoba, Santa Fe, Corrientes, Entre Rios, Buenos Aires), Uruguay
Bothriospilini Lane, 1950
Chlorida festiva(Linnaeus, 1758) America, United States (Florida) to Argentina and West Indies (Antigua, Barbados, Dominica, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Hispaniola, Marie Galante, Martinique, Montserrat, St. Croix, St. Lucia, St. Vincent)
Cerambycini Latreille, 1804
Jupoata rufipennis(Gory in Guérin-Méneville, 1831) Brazil (Roraima, Amazonas, Pará, Mato Grosso, Goiás, Bahia to Rio Grande do Sul), Mexico - Panama, Trinidad and Tobago, Venezuela, Equador, Surinam, Guyana, French Guiana, Peru, Bolivia (Cochabamba, La Paz, Santa Cruz), Paraguay, Argentina, Uruguay
Plocaederus confususMartins & Monné, 2002 Brazil (Ceará, Alagoas, Sergipe, Mato Grosso, Goiás, Maranhão, Mato Grosso do Sul, Bahia to Paraná), Bolivia (Santa Cruz)
Compsocerini Thomson, 1864
Aglaoschema mourei(Napp, 1993) Brazil (Bahia, Minas Gerais)
Eburiini Blanchard, 1845
Cupanoscelis heteroclitaGounelle, 1909 Brazil (Mato Grosso, Goiás, Mato Grosso do Sul, Maranhão, Piauí, Paraíba, Pernambuco, Bahia, Minas Gerais, São Paulo), Bolivia (Santa Cruz, Tarija), Paraguay, Argentina (Santiago do Estero, Córdoba).
Erosida deliaThomson, 1861 Brazil (Bahia), Colombia, Venezuela, Bolivia (Santa Cruz)
Pantomallus pallidusAurivillius, 1923 Brazil (Bahia to Santa Catarina), Paraguay
Uncieburia nigricans(Gounelle, 1909) Brazil (Bahia, Piauí, Ceará, Mato Grosso, Goiás, Maranhão, Mato Grosso do Sul, Minas Gerais, São Paulo), Bolivia (Santa Cruz, Tarija)
Ectenessini Martins & Galileo, 1998
Acanthonessa quadrispinosaMelzer, 1931 Brazil (Paraíba a São Paulo, Bahia), Paraguay
Ectenessidia varians(Gounelle, 1909) Brazil (Maranhão, Piauí, Bahia, Goiás, Mato Grosso do Sul, Minas Gerais to São Paulo), Bolivia (Santa Cruz), Paraguay
Elaphidiini Thomson, 1864
Ambonus distinctus(Newman, 1840) Brazil (Amazonas, Maranhão, Goiás, Mato Grosso, Mato Grosso do Sul, Ceará to Rio Grande do Sul), French Guiana, Bolivia (Beni, La Paz, Santa Cruz, Tarija), Paraguay, Argentina (Misiones, Jujuy, Salta, Tucumán, San Luís), Uruguay
Ambonus electus(Gahan, 1903) Brazil (Rondônia, Mato Grosso, Goiás, Mato Grosso do Sul, Paraíba to Santa Catarina), Colombia, Surinam, Bolivia (Santa Cruz, Tarija), Paraguay, Argentina (Salta, Jujuy, Santiago do Estero, Córdoba), Honduras
Ambonus interrogationis(Blanchard in Orbigny, 1846) Brazil (Amazonas, Maranhão, Ceará to Rio Grande do Sul, Goiás, Mato Grosso, Mato Grosso do Sul), Bolivia (Beni, Santa Cruz, Tarija), Paraguay, Argentina (Catamarca, Salta, Santiago do Estero, Tucumán, Mendoza, Corrientes, Entre Rios, Buenos Aires)
Amorupi fulvoterminata(Berg, 1889) Brazil (Mato Grosso, Goiás, Paraíba to Rio de Janeiro), Bolivia (Santa Cruz), Argentina (Entre Rios, Buenos Aires), Uruguay
Aposphaerion unicolor(White, 1855) Brazil (Amazônia, Goiás, Mato Grosso, Maranhão, Paraíba to Santa Catarina), Costa Rica, Colombia, Venezuela, Bolivia (Santa Cruz), Paraguay, Argentina (Jujuy, Salta, Tucumán, Chaco, Corrientes, Buenos Aires)
Mallocera simplexWhite, 1853 Brazil (Paraíba to Rio de Janeiro), Bolivia (Santa Cruz)
Sphaerion cyanipenneAudinet-Serville, 1834 Brazil (Goiás, Distrito Federal, Paraíba to Rio Grande do Sul), Bolivia (Santa Cruz), Paraguay
Stizocera armataAudinet-Serville, 1834 Brazil (Piauí, Ceará, Goiás, Mato Grosso do Sul, Bahia to Rio Grande do Sul), Bolivia (Santa Cruz), Argentina (Misiones)
Stizocera armigera(White, 1853) Brazil (Espírito Santo to Santa Catarina, Bahia)
Stizocera tristis(Guérin-Méneville, 1844) Brazil (Rondônia, Mato Grosso, Goiás, Distrito Federal, Piauí, Bahia, Mato Grosso do Sul, Minas Gerais, São Paulo), Bolivia (Santa Cruz, Tarija), Paraguay, Argentina (Jujuy)
Heteropsini Lacordaire, 1869
Allodemus tricolor(Perty, 1832) Brazil (Paraíba to São Paulo, Mato Grosso do Sul), Bolivia (Santa Cruz), Paraguay, Argentina, Uruguay
Chrysoprasis airiNapp & Martins, 1997 Brazil (Bahia), Bolivia (Chuquisaca, Santa Cruz), Argentina (Salta, Tucumán)
Chrysoprasis aurigena(Germar, 1824) Brazil (Mato Grosso, Goiás, Maranhão to Rio Grande do Sul), Paraguay, Bolivia (Santa Cruz, Tarija), Argentina (Corrientes, Misiones, Jujuy, Salta, Santiago do Estero, Tucumán), Uruguay
Chrysoprasis basalisChevrolat, 1859 Brazil (Ceará to Rio Grande do Sul, Goiás, Mato Grosso), Bolivia (Santa Cruz), Paraguay, Argentina (Formosa, Santiago do Estero, Catamarca, Córdoba)
Chrysoprasis globulicollisZajciw, 1958 Brazil (Paraíba, Bahia), Bolivia
Chrysoprasis linearisBates, 1870 Brazil (Goiás, Bahia to Rio Grande do Sul), Paraguay, Argentina (Misiones, Chaco)
Chrysoprasis ritcheriGounelle, 1913 Brazil (Ceará, Paraíba, Bahia, Goiás, Minas Gerais), Bolivia (Santa Cruz, Tarija), Paraguay, Argentina (Salta, Tucumán, Santiago do Estero)
Chrysoprasis validaBates, 1870 Brazil (Mato Grosso do Sul, Minas Gerais to Santa Catarina, Bahia), Bolivia (Chuquisaca)
Chrysoprasis variabilisZajciw, 1958 Brazil (Rio Grande do Norte, Ceará, Paraíba, Pernambuco, Bahia)
Mallosoma zonatum(Sahlberg, 1823) Brazil (Mato Grosso, Goiás, Pernambuco to Rio Grande do Sul), Bolivia (Santa Cruz, Tarija), Paraguay, Argentina (Córdoba, Misiones), Uruguay
Hexoplonini Martins, 2006
Calycibidion rubricolleGalileo & Martins, 2010 Brazil (Piauí, Bahia)
Gnomidolon tomentosumMartins, 1971 Brazil (Espírito Santo, Bahia)
Ophtalmoplon nigricorneNapp & Martins, 1985 Brazil (Bahia)
Neoibidionini Monné, 2012
Compsa montanaMartins, 1971 Brazil (Paraíba, Bahia)
Compsibidion circunflexumMartins, 1971 Brazil (Bahia), Argentina (Salta, Catamarca, Tucumán, Santiago do Estero, La Rioja, Córdoba, San Juan, Chaco, Entre Rios, Buenos Aires), Paraguay, Bolivia (Santa Cruz)
Psiloibidion leucogramma(Perty, 1832) Brazil (Pará, Goiás, Mato Grosso, Mato Grosso do Sul, Maranhão, Piauí, Bahia, Minas Gerais, Espírito Santo, São Paulo), Bolivia (Beni, Santa Cruz), Paraguay, Argentina (Salta, Formosa), Venezuela
Thoracibidion flavopictum(Perty, 1832) Brazil (Goiás, Maranhão, Piauí, Bahia, Mato Grosso, Mato Grosso do Sul, Rio Grande do Norte to Santa Catarina), Bolivia (Santa Cruz, Tarija), Paraguay, Argentina (Salta)
Tropidion castaneumMartins, 1968 Brazil (Bahia, Minas Gerais, Mato Grosso do Sul), Bolivia (Santa Cruz), Paraguay
Neocorini Martins, 2005
Aleiphaquilon castaneum(Gounelle, 1911) Brazil (Maranhão, Piauí, Goiás, Bahia, Minas Gerais, São Paulo), Bolivia (Tarija), Paraguay, Argentina (Formosa)
Oemini Lacordaire, 1869
Martinsia scabrosaChemsak & Linsley, 1967 Brazil (Maranhão, Bahia, Minas Gerais), Bolivia (Santa Cruz), Paraguay, Argentina (Salta, Santiago do Estero, Chaco)
Ocroeme recki(Melzer, 1931) Brazil (Mato Grosso, Goiás, Maranhão, Piauí, Paraíba to Rio Grande do Sul), Bolivia (Santa Cruz), Argentina (Salta, Entre Rios), Uruguay
Rhinotragini Thomson, 1860
Epimelitta debilis(Gounelle, 1911) Brazil (Goiás, Bahia, Minas Gerais), Bolivia
Rhopalessa hirticollis(Zajciw, 1958) Brazil (Paraíba, Bahia)
Rhopalophorini Blanchard, 1845
Brachylophora auricollis(Bruch, 1918) Brazil (Bahia, Paraíba, Ceará), Bolivia (Santa Cruz, Tarija), Paraguay, Argentina (Salta)
Cosmisoma brullei(Mulsant, 1863) Brazil (Bahia, Rondônia, Mato Grosso, Goiás, Paraíba to Rio Grande do Sul), Bolivia (Santa Cruz, Tarija), Paraguay, Argentina (Catamarca, Tucumán, Córdoba, Misiones, Corrientes, Entre Rios, Buenos Aires), Uruguay
Cycnoderus (Cycnoderus) chlorizansChevrolat, 1859 Brazil (Goiás, Espírito Santo to Rio Grande do Sul, Bahia)
Dihammaphora brasileiraNapp & Mermudes, 2010 Brazil (Espírito Santo, Bahia, Minas Gerais)
Dirocoremia simplicipes(Gounelle, 1911) Brazil (Paraíba, Bahia, Minas Gerais, Mato Grosso do Sul, Espírito Santo, São Paulo), Bolivia (Santa Cruz, Tarija), Paraguay, Argentina (Salta, Tucumán)
Lathusia ferruginea(Bruch, 1908) Brazil (Bahia, Ceará, São Paulo, Rio Grande do Sul, Bahia), Bolivia (Santa Cruz, Tarija), Paraguay, Argentina (Salta, Misiones)
Torneutini Thomson, 1861
Psygmatocerus wagleriPerty, 1828 Brazil (Maranhão, Ceará to Rio Grande do Sul), Bolivia (Santa Cruz), Paraguay, Argentina (Misiones, Tucumán, Chaco, Corrientes)
Trachyderini Dupont, 1836
Andraegoidus rufipes(Fabricius, 1787) Brazil (Goiás, Mato Grosso do Sul, Paraíba to Rio Grande do Sul), Bolivia (La Paz, Santa Cruz), Paraguay, Argentina
Dorcacerus barbatus(Oliver, 1790) Mexico, Peru, Brazil (Amazonas, Pará, Mato Grosso, Goiás, Maranhão to Rio Grande do Sul), Bolivia (Beni, Santa Cruz), Paraguay, Argentina (Salta, Catamarca, Tucumán, Santiago do Estero, Córdoba, Mendoza, Chaco, Misiones, Corrientes)
Oxymerus aculeatus aculeatusDupont, 1838 Brazil (Goiás, Mato Grosso, Mato Grosso do Sul, Piauí, Alagoas, Sergipe, Bahia to São Paulo, Paraná)
Phaedinus carbonelliMonné, 1999 (**) Brazil (Pernambuco, Bahia)
Retrachydes thoracicus thoracicus(Olivier, 1790) Brazil (Mato Grosso, Mato Grosso do Sul, Goiás, Maranhão to Rio Grande do Sul), Bolivia, Paraguay, Argentina (Córdoba, Mendoza, Santa Fe, Misiones, Corrientes, Entre Rios, Buenos Aires), Uruguay
Lamiinae Latreille, 1825
Acanthocinini Blanchard, 1845
Leptostylus perniciosusMonné & Hoffmann, 1981 Brazil (Roraima, Amazonas, Pará, Maranhão, Paraíba to Rio Grande do Sul), Bolivia (Santa Cruz), French Guiana, Paraguay, Argentina
Lepturges (Lepturges) fasciculatoidesGilmour, 1962 (**) Brazil (Mato Grosso, Goiás, Bahia), Bolivia (La Paz, Santa Cruz), Argentina (Formosa, Chaco)
Nealcidion silvaiMonné & Delfino, 1986 Brazil (Paraíba, Alagoas, Bahia), French Guiana
Acanthoderini Thomson, 1861
Nesozineus alphoides (Lane, 1977) Brazil (Pernambuco to Espírito Santo, São Paulo)
Nesozineus obscurusHoffmann, 1984 (*) Brazil (Bahia), Argentina (Formosa, Chaco, Santiago do Estero, San Luís)
Nesozineus trivialeGalileo & Martins, 1996 Costa Rica, Brazil (Goiás, Mato Grosso do Sul, Maranhão, Piauí, Bahia to Santa Catarina), Bolivia (Santa Cruz, Tarija)
Oreodera glauca glauca(Linnaeus, 1758) Brazil, Mexico (Jalisco, Oaxaca) to Uruguay, West India
Oreodera quinquetuberculata(Drapiez, 1820) Brazil (Ceará, Bahia to Rio Grande do Sul), Bolivia (Santa Cruz), Paraguay, Argentina
Psapharochrus jaspideus(Germar, 1824) Brazil (Ceará to Rio Grande do Sul), Bolivia (Santa Cruz, Tarija), Paraguay, Argentina (Tucumán, Santiago do Estero, Córdoba, Mendoza, Misiones, Chaco, Corrientes, Entre Rios, Buenos Aires, La Pampa), Uruguay
Aerenicini Thomson, 1860
Aereniphaula machadorum Galileo & Martins, 1990 Brazil (Bahia, Piauí, Minas Gerais)
Aerenomera boliviensisGilmour, 1962 Brazil (Pernambuco, Paraíba, Bahia, Mato Grosso do Sul, Minas Gerais, São Paulo), Bolivia (Santa Cruz), Paraguay, Argentina (Formosa, Misiones)
Apophaula ocellataLane, 1973 Brazil (Mato Grosso, Bahia, Minas Gerais to Paraná), Paraguay
Holoaerenica multipunctata(Lepeletier & Audinet-Serville, 1825) Brazil (Bahia, Goiás, Pernambuco to Rio Grande do Sul), Paraguay, Argentina (Chaco)
Hoplistonychus bondariMelzer, 1930 (**) Brazil (Pará, Mato Grosso, Mato Grosso do Sul, Minas Gerais, São Paulo, Bahia), Bolivia (Santa Cruz), Argentina (Misiones), French Guiana, Peru
Pseudomecas femoralisAurivillius, 1920 Brazil (Mato Grosso, Mato Grosso do Sul, Bahia, Minas Gerais, Espírito Santo), Bolivia (Santa Cruz), Paraguay, Argentina (Santiago do Estero, Córdoba)
Pseudophaula porosa(Bates, 1881) Colombia, Venezuela, Brazil (Pernambuco to Espírito Santo), Bolivia
Recchia abaunaMartins & Galileo, 1998 Brazil (Goiás, Ceará, Rio Grande do Norte, Pernambuco, Alagoas, Sergipe, Bahia, Minas Gerais)
Agapanthiini Mulsant, 1839
Hippopsis truncatellaBates, 1866 Brazil (Amazonas, Pará, Rondônia, Mato Grosso, Maranhão, Goiás, Bahia, Minas Gerais to São Paulo), Bolivia (Santa Cruz)
Trichohippopsis suturalisMartins & Carvalho, 1983 Brazil (Maranhão, Goiás, Minas Gerais, São Paulo, Bahia), Bolivia (Santa Cruz), French Guiana
Anisocerini Thomson, 1861
Onychocerus aculeicornis(Kirby, 1818) Brazil (Rondônia, Goiás, Maranhão, Bahia to Rio Grande do Sul), Bolivia, Paraguay, Argentina (Misiones), French Guiana
Apomecynini Thomson, 1861
Bisaltes (Bisaltes) roseiceps Breuning, 1939 Brazil (Pernambuco to Rio de Janeiro), Paraguay, Bolivia (Santa Cruz)
Dorcasta implicataMelzer, 1934 Brazil (Alagoas, Sergipe, Ceará, Pernambuco, Maranhão, Minas Gerais, Bahia), Bolivia (Santa Cruz, Tarija), Paraguay, Argentina (Tucumán, Santa Fe, Buenos Aires)
Euteleuta fimbriataBates, 1885 Brazil (Pernambuco, Rio de Janeiro, São Paulo, Bahia), Bolivia
Ptericoptus avanyaeMartins & Galileo, 2010 Brazil (Paraíba, Bahia)
Compsosomatini Thomson, 1857
Aerenea flavolineataMelzer, 1923 Brazil (Mato Grosso, Goiás, Ceará to Paraná), Bolivia (Cochabamba, Santa Cruz), Paraguay, Argentina (Jujuy, Salta, Catamarca, Tucumán, Cordoba
Aerenea sulcicollis sulcicollisMelzer, 1932 Brazil (Bahia to Rio Grande do Sul), Paraguay, Argentina (Misiones)
Compsosoma nubilumGounelle, 1908 Brazil (Goiás, Mato Grosso, Pernambuco, Bahia), Bolivia (Santa Cruz), Paraguay
Desmiphorini Thomson, 1861
Cicuiara striata(Bates, 1866) Brazil (Pará, Mato Grosso do Sul, Goiás, Piauí, Minas Gerais, Bahia), Bolivia (Santa Cruz), Venezuela
Coeloprocta humeralis(Breuning, 1940) Brazil (Pernambuco, Bahia)
Desmiphora (Desmiphora) cucullataThomson, 1868 Brazil (Ceará to Rio Grande do Sul), Bolivia (Santa Cruz), Paraguay, Argentina (Tucumán, Formosa, Misiones), Uruguay
Desmiphora (Desmiphora) hirticollis(Olivier, 1795) United States (Southeast Texas) to Argentina, Cuba, Jamaica, St. Vincent, Grenada, Martinique, Guadeloupe, Grenadines, Curaçao, Porto Rico, Galapagos Islands, Brazil
Desmiphora (Desmiphora) lineatipennisBreuning, 1943 Argentina, Brazil (Bahia)
Desmiphora (Desmiphora) pallidaBates, 1874 Jamaica, Brazil (Goiás, Maranhão, Piauí, Bahia, Minas Gerais), Peru, Bolivia (Santa Cruz), Argentina (Tucumán)
Estola albocinctaMelzer, 1932 Brazil (Goiás, Minas Gerais, Espírito Santo to Rio Grande do Sul, Bahia), Paraguay
Estola obscuroidesBreuning, 1942 Brazil (Maranhão, Bahia), Bolivia (Santa Cruz), Paraguay
Ischnolea bimaculataChevrolat, 1861 Brazil (Maranhão, Goiás, Minas Gerais to Santa Catarina, Bahia), Bolivia (Santa Cruz), Paraguay, Argentina (Misiones)
Panegyrtes scutellatusGalileo & Martins, 1995 Brazil (Bahia, Minas Gerais)
Forsteriini Tippman, 1960
Gisostola bahiensisMartins & Galileo, 1988 Brazil (Bahia)
Hemilophini Thomson, 1868
Adesmus borgmeieri(Lane, 1976) Brazil (Mato Grosso, Bahia)
Onciderini Thomson, 1860
Cacostola volvula(Fabricius, 1781) Brazil (Maranhão, Bahia), Bolivia (Beni, Cochabamba, Pando, Santa Cruz), French Guiana
Oncideres dejeaniiThomson, 1868 Brazil (Maranhão, Ceará ao Rio Grande do Sul), Paraguay, Argentina, Uruguay
Oncideres limpidaBates, 1865 Brazil (Maranhão to Bahia)
Oncideres modestaDillon & Dillon, 1946 Brazil (Pará, Bahia)
Pogonocherini Mulsant, 1839
Cosmotomidius setosus(Audinet-Serville, 1834) Brazil (Mato Grosso, Goiás, Bahia to Santa Catarina), Bolivia, Paraguay, Argentina (Tucumán, Chaco, Santa Fe)
Lypsimena fuscataHaldeman, 1847 Eastern North America Southern California, Mexico, Central America, Cuba, Jamaica, Porto Rico, Bahamas, Hispaniola, Colombia, Venezuela, French Guiana, Brazil (Paraíba to Rio Grande do Sul) Argentina (Salta, Tucumán, Chaco, Corrientes), Bolivia (Santa Cruz), Paraguay, Uruguay
Pteropliini Thomson, 1861
Ataxia albisetosaBreuning, 1940 Brazil (Bahia, Ceará, Pernambuco, Alagoas, Sergipe)
Ataxia arenariaMartins & Galileo, 2013 (**) Brazil (Paraíba, Bahia)
Prioninae Latreille, 1804
Macrotomini Thomson, 1860
Mallodon spinibarbis(Linnaeus, 1758) Mexico to Bolivia (PN, Santa Cruz), Argentina, French Guiana, Brazil (Maranhão, Bahia)
Metopocoilus maculicollisAudinet-Serville, 1832 Brazil (Rio Grande do Sul, São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro, Bahia)

FIGURE 1: Species richness of Cerambycidade collected at the Fazenda Lagoa do Tamburí farm in Aracatu, Bahia State, Brazil, August/2012 to July/2013. (A) subfamilies of Cerambycidae; (B) tribes of Cerambycinae; (C) tribes of Lamiinae. 

The tribes Elaphidiini and Heteropsini demonstrated the greatest species richness, both comprising 10 species ( Fig. 1B). Seven tribes comprised only one species each, Chlorida festiva(Linnaeus, 1758) in Bothriospilini, Aglaoschema mourei(Napp, 1993) in Compsocerini Thomson, 1864), Aleiphaquilon castaneum(Gounelle, 1911) in Neocorini, Psygmatocerus wagleriPerty, 1828 in Torneutini, Onychocerus aculeicornis(Kirby, 1818) in Anisocerini, Gisostola bahiensisMartins & Galileo, 1988 in Forsteriini and Adesmus borgmeieri(Lane, 1976) in Hemilophini ( Table 1).

The tribes of Lamiinae demonstrating the greatest species richness were: Desmiphorini, with 10 species; Aerenicini, with 8 species; and Acanthoderini, with 6 species ( Fig. 1C). Three tribes comprised only a single species each: Onychocerus aculeicornis(Kirby, 1818), in Anisocerini; Gisostola bahiensisMartins & Galileo, 1988, in Forsteriini; and Adesmus borgmeieri(Lane, 1976), in Hemilophini.

The 65 specimens identified to the generic level belonged to 25 genera: 14 of Cerambycinae and 11 of Lamiinae. Some of these probable new species, however, were represented by only a single specimen - indicating the necessity for more collections and more specimens to aid in the confirmation and descriptions. Of the 107 species identified, four represent new records for the semiarid region and Bahia State, while one was new record for Brazil.

The predominant richnesses of the tribes and morphospecies of the subfamilies Cerambycinae and Lamiinae observed in the present study probably reflect their high representation in the Neotropical region ( Galileo & Martins, 2006). The subfamilies Prioninae and Parandrinae comprise relatively fewer of the species recorded for Brazil, and have correspondingly low levels of occurrence in the northeastern region of that country ( Monné, M.L. & Hovore, 2002).

The results reported here are not readily comparable with other published surveys ( Maia et al.,2003; Nascimento & Bravo, 2014) undertaken in semiarid Caatinga environments, as none of the earlier studies adopted the same methodologies used here.

A survey of the Cerambycidae specimens deposited in the Professor Johann Becker Entomological Collection at the MZFS, undertaken by Menezes et al.(2012), identified 1,064 specimens of Cerambycidae belonging to 154 species of 109 genera, 45 tribes, and three families. Of the total number of species identified, 136 were recorded in Bahia State, with 126 of those being encountered in semiarid regions. The results of the present study indicate that Bahia State (and the northeastern region of Brazil in general) contains a significant portion of the Cerambycidae diversity, although it has only been superficially studied so far ( Zaher & Young, 2003). The present survey represents a pioneer study for the region, contributing relevant information to our knowledge of the Cerambycidae fauna of Brazil.

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

The authors would like to thank CNPq for the Scientific Initiation grant awarded to the first author (Process number: 123443/2012-1); the valuable contributions of Prof. Ubirajara Martins of the MZSP in identifying the material; our colleagues Luísa Sodré and Adriele França for their help with the data collection; and Francisco Eriberto Nascimento, of the Laboratório de Sistemática de Insetos at UEFS, for providing the bibliographic material.

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Accepted: July 10, 2015

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