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Papéis Avulsos de Zoologia

versión impresa ISSN 0031-1049versión On-line ISSN 1807-0205

Pap. Avulsos Zool. vol.59  São Paulo  2019  Epub 20-Mayo-2019

http://dx.doi.org/10.11606/1807-0205/2019.59.17 

ARTICLE

Crabronidae and Sphecidae (Hymenoptera: Apoidea) type specimens deposited in the Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de São Paulo, Brazil

Juliana Menezes de Jesus1  3 
http://orcid.org/0000-0003-1312-2018

Helena Carolina Onody2 
http://orcid.org/0000-0003-3570-8183

Kelli dos Santos Ramos1  4 
http://orcid.org/0000-0003-1453-5885

Tamires de Oliveira Andrade1  5 
http://orcid.org/0000-0001-9492-1967

Alvaro Doria dos Santos1  6 
http://orcid.org/0000-0002-7997-4195

Carlos Roberto Ferreira Brandão1  7 
http://orcid.org/0000-0002-4689-5845

1Universidade de São Paulo (USP), Museu de Zoologia (MZUSP). São Paulo, SP, Brasil

2Universidade Estadual do Piauí (UESPI), Laboratório de Zoologia. Corrente, PI, Brasil. E-mail: helenaonody@gmail.com

Abstract

This catalogue lists the type specimens of Crabronidae and Sphecidae (Hymenoptera: Apoidea) deposited in the Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de São Paulo, Brazil (MZUSP). The collection includes a total of 83 type specimens (17 holotypes, 66 paratypes), 82 of which belong to nine genera and 35 species of Crabronidae and only one of Sphecidae. All labels contents and additional information obtained from other available sources are presented. High resolution photographs of the primary types are also provided.

Key-Words. Insecta; MZUSP; Neotropical; Taxonomy; Wasp

INTRODUCTION

The Hymenoptera collection of the Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de São Paulo (MZUSP) is one of the world’s most expressive considering the Neotropical fauna of Hymenoptera, preserved both in dry (pinned) and wet (alcohol) conditions. First specimens’ records date back to early twentieth century, when the museum at the time was still the Department of Zoology of the Museu Paulista (Klingenberg & Brandão, 2005). Since the specimens collected by Hermann von Ihering (1850-1930) and by Hermann von Luderwadt (1865-1934), the collection has grown notably through various collecting projects efforts, acquisition of other collections, exchange with colleagues and institutions, and through donations of specimens from researchers of all over the world.

In the last few years, the Brazilian agencies CNPq (Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico) and FAPESP (Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo) financed the development of several projects regarding the Hymenoptera collection of the MZUSP, to improve its curatorial capacity and to make information available to researchers and other society segments. In this context, and taking into account the recommendation 72F of the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature (ICZN, fourth edition, January 1999) about the role of collections in making the types available to researches, catalogues have been published aiming to list all Hymenoptera types specimens deposited in the MZUSP collection. These catalogues cover, until this moment: ants (Brandão, 1991; Klingenberg & Brandão, 2005; Brandão et al., 2010; Esteves et al., 2011; Prado & Brandão, 2013; Ulysséa & Brandão, 2013; Ulysséa et al., 2015), bees (Ramos et al., 2015), “Symphyta” & “Parasitica” wasps (Onody et al., 2014), Chrysidoidea (Santos et al., 2017) and Pompiloidea, Thynnoidea and Vespoidea wasps (Andrade et al., 2018). The most recent ones include also images of the primary types to avoid long distance loans and unnecessary movement of these specimens.

The aim of this paper is to catalog the type specimens of the Crabronidae and Sphecidae (Hymenoptera: Apoidea) deposited in the MZUSP.

MATERIAL AND METHODS

This catalogue lists all types of Crabronidae and Sphecidae specimens deposited in the Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de São Paulo (MZUSP). There are no type specimens of other Apoidea families in the collection, except bees already cataloged by Ramos et al. (2015). Species data are organized by families, subfamilies, tribes, genera and species in alphabetical order according to the current classification and their original combinations. We adopted the subfamilies classification of Crabronidae as in Amarante (2006). Type specimen’s current status were verified by the following databases: Taxonomic Catalog of the Brazilian Fauna (Oliveira et al., 2018), Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS), Hymenoptera Online (HOL) and Catalog of Sphecidae of the Academy of Sciences of California (Pulawski, 2018). The names of species are followed by author(s), year, and page of publication.

High resolution photographs of the primary types were obtained with a Leica DFC 295 video camera attached to a Leica M205C magnifying stereoscope. Leica LAS (Leica Application Suite V3.6.0) and Helicon Focus (version 6.0.18) software were used to assemble the series of images taken at different focus distances by z-stacking method.

All information given herein was compiled from label data, MZUSP records, published material and other available sources that we were able to recover. Whenever possible, data are presented in the following sequence: type category, number and sex of specimens, current MZUSP registration number, locality (country, state/province, city, and other locality details), date of collecting, trap type or other collecting technique and collector’s name. Labels information were transcribed between apostrophes (‘ ’), sometimes indicating information from different labels attached to the same specimen. Abbreviated and additional information are presented in brackets ([ ]). Original data are provided in the original languages of the labels and additional information in English.

RESULTS

The collection comprises a total of 83 type specimens, 82 of them belong to Crabronidae (17 holotypes and 66 paratypes of nine genera and 35 species) and one holotype is a Sphecidae.

Apoidea Crabronidae Bembicinae Bembicini Liogorytes Bohart

Liogorytes brasilicusBohart, 2000: 207 (Fig. 1A-D)

Figure 1 Holotype female of Liogorytes brasilicusBohart, 2000. (A) labels. (B) head in frontal view. (C) body in lateral view. (D) body in dorsal view. 

Holotype: ♀ (#MZSP 61966) ‘[Brazil], São Paulo, Mus[eu]’ ‘Liogorytes brasilicus, ♀, n. sp., R.M. Bohart det.’ ‘Holotype, ‘Liogorytes brasilicus, ♀, R.M. Bohart’.

Stictia lliger

Stictia maculitarsisSchrottky, 1913: 705 (Figs. 2A-D)

Figure 2 Holotype female of Stictia maculitarsisSchrottky, 1913. (A) labels. (B) head in frontal view. (C) body in lateral view. (D) body in dorsal view. 

Holotype: ♀ (#MZSP 61957) ‘[Brazil], E.[stado] S.[ão] Paulo, Franca, 15389 [Schrottky col., 1903]’ ‘Stictiamaculitarsis, type! n. sp., C. Schrottky det. 1910’ ‘Holotypus’.

Comments: Rasmussen et al. (2009) did not locate the type of Sticta maculitarsis. However, the listed specimen bears labels that agree with the original description made by Schrottky.

Crabroninae Bothynostethini Bohartella Menke

Bohartella hypopsiaMenke & Vardy, 1980: 82

Paratype: 1 ♂ (#MZSP 61958) ‘Brasil, [São Paulo], Campinas, Mar.[ço], 1924’ ‘F.X. Williams collector’ ‘#90 Scapheutes ♂’ ‘Hyposia Menke + Vardy’.

Crabronini Podagritus Spinola

Podagritus jordaonisLeclercq, 2000: 37 (Fig. 3A-D)

Figure 3 Holotype female of Podagritus jordaonisLeclercq, 2000. (A) labels. (B) head in frontal view. (C) body in lateral view. (D) body in dorsal view. 

Holotype: ♀ (#MZSP 61959) ‘[Brazil], São Paulo, Campos do Jordão, 23.XII.1944, F. Lane col.’ ‘J Leclercq dt, Podagritus jordaonis Leclercq n. sp. ♀’ ‘Holotype’.

Podagritus ypirangaeLeclercq, 2000: 50 (Fig. 4A-D)

Figure 4 Holotype female of Podagritus ypirangaeLeclercq, 2000. (A) labels. (B) head in frontal view. (C) body in lateral view. (D) body in dorsal view. 

Holotype: ♀ (#MZSP 61960) ‘[Brazil], Ypiranga [Ipiranga], E.[stado] S.[ão] Paulo, i.[19]96’ ‘J Leclercq dt, Podagritus ypirangae Leclercq ♀’ ‘Holotype’ ‘97839’.

Larrini Tachysphex Kohl

Tachysphex advenusPulawski, 1974: 32 (Fig. 5A-D)

Figure 5 Holotype male of Tachysphex advenusPulawski, 1974. (A) labels. (B) head in frontal view. (C) body in lateral view. (D) body in dorsal view. 

Holotype: ♂ (#MZSP 61961) ‘[Brazil], S.[ão] P.[aulo], Boa Esperança do Sul, Faz.[enda] Itaquerê, 21.VII.1964 K. Lenko col.‘ ‘KL.47’ ‘HOLOTYPUS, Tachysphex advenus, ♂, W.J. Pulawski, 1973’.

Paratypes: 1 ♂ and 1 ♀ (#MZSP 61962, 61963) ‘[Brazil], S.[ão] P.[aulo], Boa Esperança do Sul, Faz.[enda] Itaquerê, 22.vi.1965, K. Lenko col.’ ‘Paratypus, Tachysphex advenus, W.J. Pulawski, 1973’.

Comments: The original publication reports 3 paratypes deposited in the MZUSP, however, one male was not located.

Tachytes Panzer

Tachytes catarinaeBohart, 1978: 452

Paratype: 1 ♂ (#MZSP 61964) ‘[Brazil], São Paulo, Onda Verde, Faz.[enda] São João, Jan.[eiro], 1946, F. Lane col.’ ‘Paratype, Tachytes catarinae, ♂, R.M. Bohart [col.]’.

Tachytes coloratusBohart, 1978: 457

Paratype: 1 ♀ (#MZSP 61965) ‘[Brazil], São Paulo, Nova Europa, Faz.[enda] Itaquerê, 28.xi.1963, K. Lenko col.’ ‘Paratype, Tachytes coloratus, ♀, R.M. Bohart’.

Tachytes fraternoidesBohart, 1978: 462

Paratypes: 1 ♂ (#MZSP 62276) ‘[Brazil], Minas Geraes [Gerais], B.[elo] Horizonte, xii. [19]51’ ‘Paratype, Tachytes fraternoides, ♂, R.M. Bohart [col.]’; 1 ♀ (#MZSP 56814) ‘[Brazil], M.[inas] G.[erais], Passos, 8-14.v.[19]63, Claudinor Elias [col.]’ ‘Paratype, Tachytes fraternoides, ♀, R.M. Bohart’; 1 ♀ (#MZSP 56842) ‘[Brazil], Ypiranga [Ipiranga], E.[stado] S.[ão] Paulo’ ‘Paratype, Tachytes fraternoides, R.M. Bohart [col.]’.

Tachytes menkeiBohart, 1978: 469

Paratypes: 1 ♂ and 1 ♀ (#MZSP 56811, 56812) ‘[Brazil], Amazonas, Vista Alegre, Rio Branco, 6.ix.[19]24’ ‘Paratype, Tachytes menkei, R.M. Bohart [col.]’.

Tachytes pubescensBohart, 1978: 477 (Fig. 6A-D)

Figure 6 Holotype female of Tachytes pubescens Bohart, 1979. (A) labels. (B) head in frontal view. (C) body in lateral view. (D) body in dorsal view. 

Holotype: ♀ (#MZSP 56816) ‘[Brazil, São Paulo], Araçatuba, Rio Jacarecatinga, X-61, Lane & Rabello Col.’ ‘Holotype, Tachytes pubescens, ♀, R.M. Bohart’.

Paratypes: 1 ♀ (#MZSP 56820) ‘[Brazil], Goiás, Spitz col., 1935/[19]36’ ‘Paratype, Tachytes pubencens, ♀, R.M. Bohart’; 1 ♀ (#MZSP 56882) ‘[Brazil, São Paulo], Araçatuba, x.1961, J. Lane & Rabello.’ ‘Paratype, Tachytes pubencens, ♀, R.M. Bohart’.

Tachytes richardsiBohart, 1978: 481

Paratypes: 1 ♀ (#MZSP 56813) ‘Suriname, Zanderijsayanne, 3-6 Aug. 1964, D.C. Geijskes’ ‘Malaise - Trap’ ‘Paratype, Tachytes richardsi, ♀, R.M. Bohart’; 1 ♀ (#MZSP 56868) ‘Suriname, Zanderijsayanne, 27-30 July 1964, D.C. Geijskes’ ‘Malaise - Trap’ ‘Paratype, Tachytes richardsi, Macho, R.M. Bohart’.

Tachytes roraimaeBohart, 1978: 482

Paratype: 1 ♀ (#MZSP 56869) ‘[Brazil], Terr.[as] Roraima, Surumu, ix.1966’ ‘M. Alvarenga col.’ ‘Paratype, Tachytes roraimae, ♀, R.M. Bohart’.

Tachytes rubioiBohart, 1978: 483

Paratype: 1 ♂ (#MZSP 56870) ‘Venezuela, Aragua Ocumare De La Costa, 2 km N, 12 June 1976, A.S. Menke & D. Vincent’ ‘Paratype, Tachytes rubioi, ♂, R.M. Bohart’.

Tachytes sexdensBohart, 1978: 488

Paratype: 1 ♀ (#MZSP 56815) ‘Brazil, Para [Pará], Baker’ ‘Paratype, Tachytes sexdens, ♀, R.M. Bohart’.

Tachytes stangeiBohart, 1978: 490

Paratypes: 1 ♀ (#MZSP 61894) ‘Brasil, Mato Grosso, Barra do Tapirapé, 25-27.i.1964, B. Malkin col.’ ‘Paratype, Tachytes stangei, ♀, R.M. Bohart’; 1 ♂ (#MZSP 61895) ‘[Brazil], Est[ado] Goyaz[Goiás], Campinas[Goiânia], 1935, R. Spitz col.’ ‘Paratype, Tachytes stangei, ♂, R.M. Bohart’.

Oxybelini Oxybelus Latreille

Oxybelus cinemucroBohart, 1993a: 20

Paratype: 1 ♂ (#MZSP 61846) ‘[Argentina], Tucuman, Cafayate, 4 January, 1956’ ‘Paratype, Oxybelus cinemurco, ♂, R.M. Bohart’.

Oxybelus geniseiBohart, 1993a: 21

Paratypes: 1 ♂ (#MZSP 61847) ‘[Brazil], Sta [Santa] Catarina, Nova Teutonia, xii.1967’ ‘F. Plaumann Coll’ ‘Paratype, Oxybelus genisei, ♂, R.M. Bohart’; 1 ♀ (#MZSP 61848) ‘Brazilien [Brazil], Nova Teutonia, 1-26.1964, 27°11’B25°23L, 300 a 500 m, Fritz Plaumann’ ‘Paratype, Oxybelus genisei, ♀, R.M. Bohart’.

Oxybelus irwiniBohart, 1993c: 164

Paratype: 1 ♂ (#MZSP 61849) ‘Queza ltepeque, El Salvador, 23.vi.1963’ ‘D. Cavagnaro, M.E. Irwini, Collectors’ ‘Paratype, Oxybelus irwini, ♂, R.M. Bohart’.

Oxybelus plaumanniBohart, 1993b: 74

Paratypes: 1 ♀ (#MZSP 61843) ‘[Brazil], MT [Mato Grosso], Faz.[enda] Floresta Mun.[icipal] Três Lagoas, 13-20. ix.1964, Exp.[edição] Depto.[Departamento] Zool.[ologia]’ ‘Paratype, Oxybelus plaumanni, ♀, R.M. Bohart [col.]’; 1 ♀ (#MZSP 61844) ‘[Brazil], S[ão] Paulo, Ibitinga, Faz.[enda] Itaquerê, 29.08.1964, K. Lenko col.’ ‘Cerrado’ ‘Paratype, Oxybelus plaumanni, ♀, R.M. Bohart’; 1 ♂ (#MZSP 61845) ‘Argentina, Santiago del Estero, Los Tigres, 11-16.i.1970, P. Gelbach’ ‘Paratype, Oxybelus plaumanni, ♂, R.M. Bohart’.

Oxybelus roraimaeBohart, 1993b: 74

Paratypes: 1 ♂ and 1 ♀ (#MZSP 61839, 61840) ‘[Brazil], Surumu, Terr.[a] Roraima, ix.1966’ ‘M. Alvarenga Col.’ ‘Paratype, Oxybelus roraimae, R.M. Bohart’.

Oxybelus schusteriBohart, 1993a: 22

Paratype: 1 ♀ (#MZSP 61841) ‘[Ecuador], Galápagos, Darwin Res[earch] Sta[tion] Santa Cruz, 20.ii.1964’ ‘R.O. Schuster Collector’ ‘Paratype, Oxybelus schusteri, ♀, R.M. Bohart’.

Oxybelus stangeiBohart, 1993a: 24

Paratype: 1 ♂ (#MZSP 61842) ‘[Brazil], S.[anta] Catharina [Catarina], Nova Teutonia, October, 1974’ ‘F. Plaumann, BM 1975-174 nº1’ ‘Paratype, Oxybelus stangei, ♂, R.M. Bohart’.

Trypoxylini Trypoxylon Latreille

Trypoxylon anapaikeAmarante, 1991: 431 (Fig. 7A-D)

Figure 7 Holotype female of Trypoxylon anapaikeAmarante, 1991. (A) labels. (B) head in frontal view. (C) body in lateral view. (D) body in dorsal view. 

Holotype: ♀ (#MZSP 61893) ‘ Suriname, Anapaike, (Rio Lawa), Marowijne distr., xi.1963, B. Malkin’ ‘Holotipo’ ‘Trypoxylon anapaike, ♀, Amarante, 1991, holótipo, S.T.P. Amarante, det. 1991’.

Trypoxylon latroMenke & Richards, 1983: 152

Paratype: 1 ♀ (#MZSP 61896) ‘Costa Rica, Puntarenas Prov.[incia], Corcovado Nat.[ional] Pk.[Park], Sirena Station, iii.1981, R.W. Matthews’ ‘NEST C’ ‘Trypoxylon latro, Richards, ♀, paratype’ ‘Paratypus’.

Trypoxylon lenkoiAmarante, 1991: 433 (Fig. 8A-D)

Figure 8 Holotype male of Trypoxylon lenkoiAmarante, 1991. (A) labels. (B) head in frontal view. (C) body in lateral view. (D) body in dorsal view. 

Holotype: ♂ (#MZSP 61850) ‘[Brazil], S[ão] P[aulo], Faz.[enda] Itaquerê, Bôa Esperança do Sul, 21.vii.1964, K. Lenko col.’ ‘KL. 72’ ‘Holotipo’, ‘Trypoxylon lenkoi, ♂, Amarante, 1991, holótipo S.T.P. Amarante, det. 1991’.

Paratype: 1 ♂ (#MZSP 61851) ‘[Brazil], S[ão] P[aulo], Faz.[enda] Itaquerê, Bôa Esperança do Sul, 21.vii.1964, K. Lenko col.’ ‘KL. 72’ ‘Paratipo’, ‘Trypoxylon lenkoi, ♂, Amarante, 1991 Parátipo, S.T.P. Amarante, det. 1991’.

Trypoxylon mojubaAmarante, 1995: 157 (Fig. 9A-D)

Figure 9 Holotype female of Trypoxylon mojubaAmarante, 1995. (A) labels. (B) head in frontal view. (C) body in lateral view. (D) body in dorsal view. 

Holotype: ♀ (#MZSP 61852) ‘Brasil, AM[azonas], Manaus, Faz.[enda] Esteio, 59°43’40’’W; 02°24’26’[“]S, 5.iv.1990, E.F. Morato col.’ ‘INPA/WWF PDBFF 1501c/ 1854/3’ ‘HOLÓTIPO’, ‘Trypoxylon mojuba, ♀, Amarante, 1995, Holótipo, S.T.P. Amarante det. 1995’.

Trypoxylon personatumAmarante, 1991: 430 (Fig. 10A-D)

Figure 10 Holotype male of Trypoxylon personatumAmarante, 1991. (A) labels. (B) head in frontal view. (C) body in lateral view. (D) body in dorsal view. 

Holotype: ♂ (#MZSP 61956) ‘Brasil, AM[azonas], Remanso Rio Madeira, 8.xii.1975, Exp.[edição] Perm.[anente da] Am.[azônia]’ ‘HOLOTIPO’, ‘Trypoxylon personatum, ♂, Amarante, 1991 holótipo, S.T.P. Amarante det. 1991’.

Pemphredoninae Pemphredonini Microstigmus Ducke

Microstigmus brasiliensisMelo, 1992: 666 (Fig. 11A-D)

Figure 11 Holotype female of Microstigmus brasiliensisMelo, 1992. (A) labels. (B) head in frontal view. (C) body in lateral view. (D) body in dorsal view. 

Holotype: ♀ (#MZSP 61856) ‘Brasil, M[inas] G[erais], Viçosa, 10.iv.1989, G.A.R. MELO’ ‘HOLOTYPUS, ♀, Microstigmus brasiliensis, G.A.R. MELO 1992’.

Paratypes: 1 ♂ (#MZSP 61857) ‘Brasil, M[inas] G[erais], Viçosa, 06.viii.1989, G.A.R. Melo’ ‘Paratype, Microstigmus brasiliensis, ♂, G.A.R. Melo 1992’; 1 ♂ (#MZSP 61858) ‘Brasil, M[inas] G[erais], Viçosa, 28.i.1990, G.A.R. Melo’ ‘Paratype, Microstigmus brasiliensis, ♂, G.A.R. Melo 1992’; 1 ♀ (#MZSP 61859) ‘Brasil, M[inas] G[erais], Viçosa, 19.viii.1988, G.A.R. Melo’ ‘Paratype, Microstigmus brasiliensis, ♀, G.A.R. Melo 1992’.

Microstigmus cooperiMelo & Matthews, 1997: 422 (Fig. 12A-D)

Figure 12 Holotype female of Microstigmus cooperiMelo & Matthews, 1997. (A) labels. (B) head in frontal view. (C) body in lateral view. (D) body in dorsal view. 

Holotype: ♀ (#MZSP 61853) ‘Brasil, Amazonas, 60 km ao norte de Manaus, 13.IX.1991, G.A.R. Melo’ ‘Faz.[enda] Esteio (02°25’S; 59°50’W), Res. 1501 (PDBFF), Ninho 449’ ‘HOLOTYPE, Microstigmus cooperi, Melo and Matthews’.

Paratypes: 1 ♀ and 1 ♂ (#MZSP 61854, 61855) ‘Brasil, Amazonas, 60 km ao norte de Manaus, 13.ix.1991, G.A.R. Melo’ ‘Faz.[enda] Esteio (02°25’S; 59°50’W), Res. 1501 (PDBFF), Ninho 449’ ‘Paratype, Microstigmus cooperi, Melo and Matthews’.

Microstigmus flavusMelo & Matthews, 1997: 428 (Fig. 13A-D)

Figure 13 Holotype female of Microstigmus flavusMelo & Matthews, 1997. (A) labels. (B) head in frontal view. (C) body in lateral view. (D) body in dorsal view. 

Holotype: ♀ (#MZSP 61860) ‘Brasil, Minas Gerais, Viçosa, 8.XII.1992, G.A.R. Melo (N645)’ ‘HOLOTYPE, Microstigmus flavus, Melo and Matthews’.

Paratypes: 1 ♂ (#MZUSP 61861) ‘Brasil, Minas Gerais, Viçosa, 5.ii.1989, G.A.R. Melo (N188)’ ‘Paratype, Microstigmus flavus, Melo and Matthews’; 1 ♀ (#MZUSP 61862) ‘Brasil, Minas Gerais, Marliéria, 24.ix.1989, G.A.R. Melo (N304)’ ‘Paratype, Microstigmus flavus, Melo and Matthews’; 1 ♀ (#MZSP 61863) ‘Brasil, Minas Gerais, G.[overnador] Valadares, 19.vii.1991, G. Melo (N397)’ ‘Paratype, Microstigmus flavus, Melo and Matthews’.

Microstigmus nigrophthalmusMelo, 1992: 663 (Fig. 14A-D)

Figure 14 Holotype female of Microstigmus nigrophthalmusMelo, 1992. (A) labels. (B) head in frontal view. (C) body in lateral view. (D) body in dorsal view. 

Holotype: ♀ (#MZSP 61864) ‘Brasil, Minas Gerais, Viçosa, 06.viii.1989, G.A.R. MELO’ ‘HOLOTYPUS Microstigmus nigrophthalmus, ♀, G.A.R. MELO, 1992’.

Paratypes: 1 ♀ (#MZSP 61865) ‘Brasil, M[inas] G[erais], Araponga, 13.v.1989, G.A.R. Melo’ ‘Paratype, Microstigmus nigrophthalmus, ♀, G.A.R. Melo, 1992’; 1 ♀ (#MZSP 61866) ‘Brasil, M[inas] G[erais], Viçosa, 21.iv.1988, G.A.R. Melo’ ‘Paratype, Microstigmus nigrophthalmus, ♀, G.A.R. Melo, 1992’; 1 ♀ (#MZUSP 61867) ‘Brasil, M[inas] G[erais], Viçosa, 24.iv.1988, G.A.R. Melo’ ‘Paratype, Microstigmus nigrophthalmus, ♀, G.A.R. Melo, 1992’; 1 ♀ (#MZSP 61868) ‘Brasil, M[inas] G[erais], Viçosa, 09.iv.1988, G.A.R. Melo’ ‘Paratype, Microstigmus nigrophthalmus, ♀, G.A.R. Melo, 1992’; 1 ♂ (#MZSP 61869) ‘Brasil, M[inas] G[erais], Viçosa, 17.iv.1988, G.A.R. Melo’ ‘Paratype, Microstigmus nigrophthalmus, ♂, G.A.R. Melo, 1992’; 1 ♂ (#MZSP 61870) ‘Brasil, M[inas] G[erais], Viçosa, 10.viii.1988, G.A.R. Melo’ ‘Paratype, Microstigmus nigrophthalmus, ♂, G.A.R. Melo, 1992’; 1 ♂ (#MZSP 61871) ‘Brasil, M[inas] G[erais], Viçosa, 13.xi.1988, G.A.R. Melo’ ‘Paratype, Microstigmus nigrophthalmus, ♂, G.A.R. Melo, 1992’; 1 ♂ (#MZSP 61872) ‘Brasil, M[inas] G[erais], Viçosa, 05.ii.1989, G.A.R. Melo’ ‘Paratype, Microstigmus nigrophthalmus, ♂, G.A.R. Melo, 1992’; 1 ♂ (#MZSP 61873) ‘Brasil, M[inas] G[erais], Viçosa, 3.ii.1989, G.A.R. Melo’ ‘Paratype, Microstigmus nigrophthalmus, ♂, G.A.R. Melo, 1992’; 1 ♂ (#MZSP 61874) ‘Brasil, M[inas] G[erais], Viçosa, 18.v.1989, G.A.R. Melo’ ‘Paratype, Microstigmus nigrophthalmus, ♂, G.A.R. Melo, 1992’; 1 ♂ (#MZSP 61875) ‘Brasil, M[inas] G[erais], Viçosa, 1.v.1989, G.A.R. Melo’ ‘Paratype, Microstigmus nigrophthalmus, ♂, G.A.R. Melo, 1992’; 1 ♂ (#MZSP 61876) ‘Brasil, M[inas] G[erais], Viçosa, 15.ix.1888, G.A.R. Melo’ ‘Paratype, Microstigmus nigrophthalmus, ♂, G.A.R. Melo, 1992’; 1 ♂ (#MZSP 61877) ‘Brasil, M[inas] G[erais], Viçosa, 9.vii.1989, G.A.R. Melo’ ‘Paratype, Microstigmus nigrophthalmus, ♂, G.A.R. Melo, 1992’; 1 ♂ (#MZSP 61878) ‘Brasil, M[inas] G[erais], Viçosa, 29.xi.1989, G.A.R. Melo’ ‘Paratype, Microstigmus nigrophthalmus, ♂, G.A.R. Melo, 1992’; 1 ♂ (#MZSP 61879) ‘Brasil, M[inas] G[erais], Viçosa, 1.vi.1989, G.A.R. Melo’ ‘Paratype, Microstigmus nigrophthalmus, ♂, G.A.R. Melo, 1992’; 2 ♂ (#MZSP 61880, 61881) ‘Brasil, M[inas] G[erais], Viçosa, 17.iv.1988, G.A.R. Melo’ ‘Paratype, Microstigmus nigrophthalmus, ♂, G.A.R. Melo, 1992’; 1 ♂ (#MZSP 61882) ‘Brasil, M[inas] G[erais], Viçosa, 9.iv.1989, G.A.R. Melo’ ‘Paratype, Microstigmus nigrophthalmus, ♂, G.A.R. Melo, 1992’.

Microstigmus similisMelo, 1993 (in Melo & Evans, 1993): 261 (Fig. 15A-D)

Figure 15 Holotype female of Microstigmus similisMelo, 1993. (A) labels. (B) head in frontal view. (C) body in lateral view. (D) body in dorsal view. 

Holotype: ♀ (#MZSP 61883) ‘Brasil, M[inas] G[erais], Viçosa, 29.xi.1991, G. MELO & M. COSTA [Ninho em orifício em esteio. Mata do Paraíso (Casa do Sr. R. Stanciola)]’ ‘HOLOTYPUS ♀, Microstigmus similis, G.A.R. MELO 1992’.

Paratype: 1 ♀ (#MZSP 61884) ‘Brasil, M[inas] G[erais], Viçosa, 29.11.1991, G. Melo & M. Costa’ ‘Paratype, Microstigmus similis, ♀, G.A.R. Melo 1992’.

Comments: The original publication reports 2 females paratypes deposited in the MZSP, but only one was located.

Microstigmus xanthoscelesMelo & Matthews, 1997: 434

Paratype: 1 ♀ (#MZSP 61885) ‘Costa Rica, Guanacaste Pv[Province], Sta. [Santa] Rosa NP, Bosq.[e] Hum[edo]-11-O’ ‘Janzen & Gauld, 18.i-8.ii.1986’ ‘Paratype, Microstigmus xanthosceles, Melo and Matthews’.

Microstigmus xylicolaMelo, 1993 (in Melo & Evans, 1993): 258 (Fig. 16A-D)

Figure 16 Holotype female of Microstigmus xylicolaMelo, 1993. (A) labels. (B) head in frontal view. (C) body in lateral view. (D) body in dorsal view. 

Holotype: ♀ (#MZSP 61886) ‘Brasil, M[inas] G[erais], Viçosa, [Ninho 1: 3 ♀ (1 pre-p.; 1 p. de parasita). Telhado de cisterna], 24.xi.1990, G.A.R. MELO’ ‘HOLOTYPUS ♀, Microstigmus xylicola, G.A.R. MELO 1992’.

Paratypes: 4 ♀ and 2 ♂ (#MZSP 61887 - 61892) ‘Brasil, M[inas] G[erais], Viçosa, 24.xi.1990, G.A.R. Melo’ ‘Paratype, Microstigmus xylicola, G.A.R. Melo 1992’.

Sphecidae Sphecinae Sphecini Sphex Linnaeus

Sphex subhyalinusFox, 1899: 199 (Fig. 17A-D)

Figure 17 Holotype female of Sphex subhyalinusFox, 1899. (A) labels. (B) head in frontal view. (C) body in lateral view. (D) body in dorsal view. 

Holotype: ♀ (#MZSP 61647) ‘[Brazil], E[stado] S[ão] P[aulo], Ypiranga [Ipiranga]’ ‘Sphex subhyalinna, Fox det. Type!’ ‘Sphex subhyalinus, Type Fox’.

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

This work was supported by grants from Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico, CNPq (440574/2015-3) and Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo, FAPESP (2016/50378-8 and 17/07366-1) to CRFB. TOA and ADS are grateful to PROTAX/CNPQ for the fellowships (processes 152579/2016-8 and 134124/2016-2, respectively). HCO and KSR thanks Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior - Brasil (CAPES finance codes 88887.136354/2017-00 and 1798335/2018) for the postdoctoral grants. CRFB thanks both agencies for continuous support.

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Published with the financial support of the Committee of "Programa de Apoio às Publicações Científicas Periódicas da USP" (SIBi-USP)

Recibido: 13 de Noviembre de 2018; Aprobado: 18 de Febrero de 2019

3E-mail: julinaaabio60@gmail.com

4E-mail: kellisramos@gmail.com

5E-mail: tamiresandrade@usp.br

6E-mail: alvarods3@gmail.com

7E-mail: crfbrand@usp.br

Authors’ contributions: All authors contributed equally for this work.

Edited by: Eliana Marques Cancello

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