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Revista de Administração de Empresas

versão impressa ISSN 0034-7590

Rev. adm. empres. vol.36 no.3 São Paulo jul./set. 1996

https://doi.org/10.1590/S0034-75901996000300006 

ADMINISTRAÇÃO PÚBLICA

 

Contemporary issues in the government and administration of Latin American megacities

 

 

Peter M. Ward

Department of Sociology Professor at the Lyndon B. Johnson School of Public Affairs, University of Texas, Austin and Director of the Mexican Center

 

 


RESUMO

Este artigo é o primeiro a analisar e comparar, de modo sistemático, as estruturas dos governos e administrações municipais das sete maiores cidades da América Latina: quatro megalópolis (população superior a 10 milhões de habitantes) e três capitais nacionais. A análise da estrutura dessas administrações tem como contraponto as encontradas nos Estados Unidos e Reino Unido. As estruturas governamentais na América Latina apresentam características e tendências importantes: 1. carência de autoridade regional (cruzamento de jurisdições); 2. existência de prefeitos fortes e vereadores fracos; 3. partidarismo; 4. sobreposição de burocracia ao invés da interligação delas; 5. pressões a favor da privatização dos serviços municipais, além da contínua tensão entre a iniciativa privada e o poder público; 6. maior autonomia fiscal; 7. contínua marginalização da participação pública no governo das megalópolis. Apesar dessas características, muitas cidades (a despeito de seu tamanho e localização) estão se esforçando para desenvolver estruturas de governo mais eficazes, responsáveis e democráticas.

Palavras-chave:estruturas de governo, administração municipal, megalópolis, América Latina.


ABSTRACT

This paper is the first to systematically analyze and compare the structures of city governance and administration for seven major cities in Latin America, four of which are megacities (population of over 10 million), and three others are large national capitals. U.S. and U. K. models of city administration are reviewed as baseline models against which differences in Latin American may be explored. Structures of Government in Latin America show several important features and trends: 1) the lack of metropolitan (cross jurisdictional) authority; 2) the existence of strong mayors and weak councils"; 3) high levels of partisanship; 4) overlapping rather than interlocking bureaucracies; 5) pressures towards the privatization of city services, but continuing tension over the desirability of public versus private control; 6) greater fiscal responsibility and autonomy; and 7), a continuing marginalization of public participation in megacity governance.In spite of these features, many cities throughout the region (regardless of whether they are megacity size or national capitals), are actively intensifying their efforts to develop more effective, accountable and democratic governance structures.

Key words:structures of government, city governance, megacities, Latin America.


 

 

Texto completo disponível apenas em PDF.

Full text available only in PDF format.

 

 

A preliminary version of this paper was first presented at a meeting on "Latin American Megacities" organized by United Nations University in Mexico City in November 1993.
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