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Revista do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo

On-line version ISSN 1678-9946

Rev. Inst. Med. trop. S. Paulo vol.33 no.3 São Paulo May/June 1991

http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0036-46651991000300001 

ORIGINAL ARTICLES

 

Otomycosis in São Paulo(1)

 

Otomicose em São Paulo (Brasil)

 

 

Luis ZarorI; O. FischmanII; F. A. SuzukiIII; R.G. FelipeIV

IInstituto de Microbiología Clínica, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Austral de Chile. Casilla 567. Valdivia, Chile
IIPesquisador do CNPq. Disc. Biologia Celular, Departamento de Microbiologia, Imunologia e Parasitologia, Escola Paulista de Medicina (EPM). São Paulo, Brasil
IIIDisciplina de Otorrinolaringologia, EPM. São Paulo, Brasil

 

 


SUMMARY

In view of the lack of researches on otomycoses in Brazil, we have tried to study their incidence, their clinical characteristics and the predisponent factors
During one year, 22 suspected cases were seen, 20 of them corresponded to otomycosis infections.
The most frequent species were Aspergillus niger (35%) and Candida albicans (20%). The genus Aspergillus represented 75% of the isolates.
Itching and hyperaemia (70%), otalgia (65%), hipoacusia (50%) were the commonest signs. Lack of cerumen (70%) chronic otitis (30%) previous antibiotic therapy and eczema (25%) were the most outstanding predisponent factors.

Key words: Otomycosis: Aspergillus spp.; Candida albicans


RESUMO

Em vista da escassez de publicações sobre otomicoses no Brasil, foi projetada uma pesquisa para conhecer a incidência, características clínicas, fatores predisponentes e agentes etiológicos da micose.
Durante um ano, 22 casos suspeitos foram estudados, 20 dos quais corresponderam à otomicoses.
As espécies mais freqüentemente isoladas foram Aspergillus niger (35%) e Candida albicans (20%). O gênero Aspergillus representou 75% dos isolamentos.
Os sinais clínicos mais comuns foram prurido e hiperemia (70%), otalgia (65%), hipoacusia (50%). Falta de cerumen (70%), otite crônica (30%), antibioticoterapia prévia e eczema (25%) foram os fatores predisponentes mais relevantes.


 

 

Full text available only in PDF format.

Texto completo disponível apenas em PDF.

 

 

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Recebido para publicação em 22/3/1988
Aceito para publicação em 1/4/1991
Auxílios: Project DID S-86-8 Universidad Austral de Chile, CNPq, CAPES, Finep.

 

 

(1) Parte da tese de L. Zaror para obter o grau de Doutor em Ciências, Escola Paulista de Medicina. São Paulo, SP, Brasil.

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