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Revista do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo

On-line version ISSN 1678-9946

Rev. Inst. Med. trop. S. Paulo vol.33 no.4 São Paulo July/Aug. 1991 



E.L.I.S.A. en coccidioidomicosis humana


E.L.I.S.A. in human coccidioidomycosis



Iris Nora Tiraboschi; B. Marticorena; R. Negroni

Centro de Micología del Departamento de Microbiología. Facultad de Medicina de Buenos Aires. (U.B.A.). Paraguay 2155. Piso 11. C.P. 1121. Buenos Aires. Argentina




Se realizó E.L.I.S.A. con exoantígeno de Coccidioides immitis para la detectión de anticuerpos, en 67 sueros humanos diluidos 1/1000, 1/2000, 1/4000 y 1/8000. De los 18 sueros de enfermos de coccidioidomicosis comprobada por examen directo, cultivo y/o histología, 5 fueron negativos, en otros 13 fueron positivos en una o varias diluciones. 3/26 sueros de personas sanas, coccidioidino positivas, fueron positivos en títulos de 1/1000 y el resto no tuvo anticuerpos detectables. No presentaron reacciones positivas ninguno de los sueros controles de personas sanas, pero sí lo hicieron 4/8 pacientes con otras micosis.
Se concluye que E.L.I.S.A. es útil para la detección de mínimas cantidades de anticuerpos o en sueros que no pueden ser procesados por fijación de complemento. No es recomendable el uso de la técnica en forma aislada por al presencia de reacciones cruzadas.

Unitermos: Coccidioidomicosis; E.L.I.S.A.; Coccidioides immitis.


An E.L.I.S.A. test for antibody detection, with an exo-antigen of Coccidioides immitis was standardized in 67 humans sera diluited in 1/1000, 1/2000, 1/4000 and 1/8000. Eightheen sera from mycologically proved cases of coccidioidomycosis were studied: 5 were negative and 13 were positive in some dilutions. 3/26 sera of healthy persons who presented positive skin tests with coccidioidin were positive and the other 23 sera did not have positive reactions. None of the 15 sera of healthy human exhibited positive E.L.I.S.A. Serum samples of 8 patients suffering other deep mycosis were studied, 4 of them presented cross-reactions in E.L.I.S.A. tests. E.L.I.S.A. test seems to be a useful Serologic technique for antibody detection in anticomplementary serum samples or when a low concentration of antibodies should be detected. As it is very sensitive, cross-reactions with other mycoses are frequent, thus the use other more specific serologic technique together E.L.I.S.A. is recommended.



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Agradecemos la ayuda brindada por los Dres. Kantor, I., Barrera, V., Ritacco, V. y Torrrea, G., del C.E.P.A.N.Z.O. Dr. Castiglia, V. del Hospital de Clínicas y a nuestros compañeros de trabajo del Departamento de Microbiología de la U.B.A.



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Recebido para publicação em 09/08/1990
Aceito para publicação em 28/05/1990

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