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Revista do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo

Print version ISSN 0036-4665

Rev. Inst. Med. trop. S. Paulo vol.35 no.5 São Paulo Sept./Oct. 1993

http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0036-46651993000500003 

ORIGINAL ARTICLES

 

Acute schistosomiasis: clinical, diagnostic and therapeutic features

 

Esquistossomose aguda: aspectos clínicos, diagnósticos e terapêuticos

 

 

J. R. Lambertucci

Address for correspondence

 

 


SUMMARY

Three distinct syndromes caused by schistosomiasis have been described: cercarial dermatitis or swimmer's itch, acute schistosomiasis or Katayama fever, and chronic schistosomiasis. Complications of acute schistosomiasis have also been reported. The absence of a serological marker for the acute stage has hindered early diagnosis and treatment. Recently, an ELISA test using KLH (keyhole limpet haemocyanin) as antigen, has proved useful in differentiating acute from chronic schistosomiasis mansoni. Clinical and experimental evidence indicate that steroids act synergistically with schistosomicides in the treatment of Katayama syndrome. In this paper, clinical, diagnostic and therapeutic features of acute schistosomiasis are updated.

Key words: Acute schistosomiasis; Oxamniquine; Praziquantel; Corticosteroids.


RESUMO

A esquistossomose apresenta-se clinicamente em três formas distintas: dermatite cercariana, esquistossomose aguda ou febre de Katayama e esquistossomose crônica. Há na literatura relatos de complicações da fase aguda. A ausencia de um marcador sorológico simples e confiável tem dificultado o diagnóstico precoce e, como consequência, o tratamento adequado de pacientes na fase aguda da doença. Recentemente, o teste de ELISA, realizado com o antígeno KLM (hemocianina do caramujo Megathura crenulata), tem se mostrado util na identificação dos pacientes com febre de Katayama. Evidências clínicas e experimentais apontam no sentido de uma ação sinérgica entre os corticosteróides e os esquistossomicidas no tratamento da esquistossomose toxêmica. Neste artigo, alguns aspectos clínicos, diagnósticos e terapêuticos da esquistossomose aguda são atualizados.


 

 

Full text available only in PDF format.

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ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

This article was adapted from a background paper, "Hospital-based treatment of acute schistosomiasis", prepared by request for the WHO Expert Committee on the Control of Schistosomiasis (Geneva, November, 1991), and was made possible by a grant from CNPq-Brasil.

 

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Address for correspondence:
Prof. J. R. Lambertucci
Department of Internal Medicine, Federal University of Minas Gerais
30.130-100 Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil

Recebido para publicação em 2/10/1992.
Aceito para publicação em 5/03/1993.