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Revista do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo

On-line version ISSN 1678-9946

Rev. Inst. Med. trop. S. Paulo vol.38 no.5 São Paulo Sept./Oct. 1996

http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0036-46651996000500011 

INVITED REVIEW

 

Basidiomycosis: a review of the literature

 

Basidiomicoses: revisão da literatura

 

 

Carlos da Silva Lacaz; Elisabeth Maria Heins-Vaccari; Natalina Takashi de Melo; Giovanna Letícia Hernandez-Arriagada

Laboratory of Medical Mycology, Institute of Tropical Medicine, São Paulo

Correspondence to

 

 


SUMMARY

The basidiomycosis, fungal infections provoked by basidiomycetes or agaric fungi have been recorded at growing frequencies in the medical literature, especially after the advent of AIDS in 1991. The basidiospores of these fungi, scattered in the atmosphere and transported by winds or air currents, reach the maxillary sinuses through the nasal route, most of the times causing signs and symptoms of chronic sinusitis. Basidiomycetes have also been isolated from sputum, especially Schizophyllum commune. Lesions of the buccal mucosa, brain abscesses, onychomycosis and endocarditis have been described, with a growing interest in this type of deep mycosis on the part of mycologists and infectologists. The present paper reports descriptions of mycetism as well as infectious processes caused by basidiomycetes, such as Schizophyllum commune, Ustilago maydis (= Ustilago zeae) and Coprinus cinereus.

Keywords: Basidiomycosis - Review


RESUMO

As basidiomicoses, infecções fúngicas provocadas por basidiomicetos ou agáricos vêm sendo registradas cada vez com maior frequência na literatura médica, principalmente após o advento da AIDS/SIDA, em 1981. Os basidiosporos desses fungos, espalhados na atmosfera e veiculados através do vento ou de correntes aéreas, atingem por via nasal os seios maxilares, provocando quadros de sinusite crônica, na maioria das vezes. Do escarro também têm sido isolados basidiomicetos, principalmente o Schizophyllum commune. Lesões da mucosa da boca, abscessos cerebrais, onicomicoses e endocardites já foram descritas, aumentando o interesse dos micologistas e infectologistas para este tipo de micose profunda. O presente trabalho assinala, ao lado dos quadros dc micetismo, processos infecciosos provocados por basidiomicetos, a exemplo do Schizophyllum commune, Ustilago maydis (= Ustilago zeae) e Coprinus cinereus.


 

 

Full text available only in PDF format.

Texto completo disponível apenas em PDF.

 

 

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Correspondence to:
Prof. Carlos da Silva Lacaz
Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo
Av. Dr. Eneas de Carvalho Aguiar, 500 - térreo
CEP 05403-000 - São Paulo, Brazil
Fax: 55-11-852-3622
E-mail: vaiacaz@spider.usp.br

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