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Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical

Print version ISSN 0037-8682

Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop. vol.27 no.3 Uberaba July/Sept. 1994

http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0037-86821994000300005 

ARTIGOS

 

Estudo prospectivo dos efeitos da amiodarona na função tiroidiana de pacientes chagásicos em área de deficiência de iodo

 

Prospective study of amiodarone effects on thyroid function of chagasic patients in an iodine deficient area

 

 

 

Maria Aparecida Enes de Barros; Rui Monteiro de Barros Maciel

Endereço para correspondência

 

 


RESUMO

Com o objetivo de avaliar a junção tiroidiana após uso crônico da amiodarona, em área de deficiência de iodo e endemia chagásica, 24 pacientes foram analisados antes e após três e nove meses de uso da droga. A avaliação constou de exame clínico, dosagem sérica de T4, T3, rT3, TSH, anticorpo antitiroglobulina e TSH 30 minutos após infusão venosa de uma ampola de 200µg de TRH. A captação do iodo radioativo 131 e a cintilografia datiróide foram realizadas antes e aos 9 meses após tratamento. Disfunção tiroidiana ocorreu em 20,8% dos pacientes sendo 12,5% de hipertiroidismo e 8,3% de hipotiroidismo, com anticorpos antitiroglobulina negativos. Captação do iodo radioativo 131 foi positiva em um paciente hipertiroideo com bócio. O diagnóstico de hipertiroidismo foi melhor evidenciado pela resposta reduzida ou bloqueada do TSH ao TRH e não pela concentração do T3 no soro e o de hipotiroidismo pela concentração elevada do TSH. O TSH elevado desde o início do tratamento pode predispor ao aparecimento de bócio. Concluímos que o uso da amiodarona em nossa região deve serjudiciosamente analisado, sendo a função tiroidiana cuidadosamente monitorizada antes e durante o tratamento.

Palavras-chave: Amiodarona. Função tiroidiana. Doença de Chagas. Deficiência de iodo.


ABSTRACT

In order to evaluate the development of thyroid dysfunction during chronic amiodarone treatment in an area deficient in iodine and endemic for Chagas 'disease, a group of 24patients wasprospectively studied. Clinical examination and measurement of serum T4, T3, rT3, TSH and antithyroglobulin antibodies were performed before and at 3 and 9 months of use of amiodarone. A TSH response 30 minutes after IV injection of 200µg of TRH was also compared to TSH basal levels before and during amiodarone treatment. Thyroid radioative uptake and scan were obtained before and nine months after amiodarone was started. Elevated rT3 concentrations were unexpectedly found in two thirds of the patients before treatment. Thyroid dysfunction developed during amiodarone administration in 20,8% of the patients; 12,5% became hyperthyroid and 8,3%, hypothyroid (with negative antithyroglobulin antibodies). Positive RA1 uptake was seen in one patient with hyperthyroidism and diffuse goiter. Since T3 levels were not found to increase, the diagnosis of amiodarone-related hyperthyroidism was better evidenced by the reduced or blocked TSH response to TRH. Elevated TSH concentration was the best evidence of amiodarone- inducedhypothyroidism. Increase in TSH levels since the beginning of amiodarone therapy may predispose to the growth of a goiter. In conclusion, amiodarone treatment in an iodine deficient area as above should be judiciously decided and thyroidfunction carefully monitored before and during the use of the drug.

Keywords: Amiodarone. Thyroidfunction. Chagas ' disease. Iodine deficiency.


 

 

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Endereço para correspondência:
Profa. Maria Aparecida Enes Barros.
Depto. de Medicina, Endocrinologia/FMTM.
Av. Getúlio Guarita s/n
38025-050
Uberaba, MG.

 

 

Recebido para publicação em 28/02/94.

 

 

Curso de Pós-Graduação em Endocrinologia da Faculdade de Medicina da Escola Paulista de Medicina, São Paulo, SF e Faculdade de Medicina do Triângulo Mineiro, Uberaba, MG.

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