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Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical

versão impressa ISSN 0037-8682versão On-line ISSN 1678-9849

Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop. vol.52  Uberaba  2019  Epub 10-Out-2019

http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/0037-8682-0201-2019 

Images in Infectious Diseases

Thoracic Fascioliasis

Recep Tekin1 
http://orcid.org/0000-0002-2629-783X

Serdar Onat2 

Cihan Ozmen3 

1Dicle University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Infectious Diseases and Clinical Microbiology, Diyarbakir, Turkey.

2Dicle University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Thoracic Surgery, Diyarbakir, Turkey.

3Dicle University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Radiology, Diyarbakir, Turkey.


A 32-year-old female patient was admitted with a history of abdominal pain for one year and dyspnea for one month. Abdominal examination revealed markedly distended abdomen. Postero-anterior chest radiograph showed irregular opacities in the right lung field (Figure 1). Thoraco-abdominal computed tomography (CT) showed a 70x37 mm thoracic cystic lesion originating from the liver and extending along the right major fissure with a transdiaphragmatic transition (Figure 2). Cystectomy was performed via right posterolateral thoracotomy. Figure 3 shows the anatomopathological specimen of the cyst. Indirect hemagglutination test was positive for serum IgG against Fasciola hepatica at 1/320 titer and peripheral blood eosinophilia was also detected. Histopathological examination was consistent with F. hepatica infection. Fascioliasis was diagnosed based on clinical, laboratory, radiological, and pathological findings. After one year, the follow-up thoraco-abdominal CT revealed no abnormalities. Fascioliasis is a zoonotic disease that can sometimes affect humans. F. hepatica may affect the biliary tract, but extrahepatic damage is rare1. However, involvement of the thorax is an atypical presentation of fascioliasis and has rarely been reported2,3. Fascioliasis should be considered in the differential diagnosis of patients presenting with thoracic cysts, particularly in those who live in endemic areas.

FIGURE 1: Postero-anterior chest radiograph showing irregular opacities in the right lung field (arrow). 

FIGURE 2: Thoraco-abdominal computed tomography showing a 70x37 mm thoracic cystic lesion (arrows) originating from the liver and extending along the right major fissure with a transdiaphragmatic transition. 

FIGURE 3: Anatomopathological specimen of the cyst. 

REFERENCES

1. Deveci Ö, Aslan E, Tekin A, Toka Özer T, Tekin R, Bozkurt F, et al. Fascioliasis and brucellosis in same patient. Turkiye Parazitol Derg. 2014;38(3):197-200. [ Links ]

2. Bayhan Gİ, Batur A, Taylan-Özkan A, Demirören K, Beyhan YE. A pediatric case of Fascioliasis with eosinophilic pneumonia. Turk J Pediatr. 2016;58(1):109-12. [ Links ]

3. Dal T, Cicek M, Uçmak D, Akkurt M, Tekin A, Dal MS, et al. Seroprevalence of IgG anti-Toxocara canis antibodies and anti-Fasciola sp. antibodies in patients with urticaria. Clin Ter. 2013;164(4):315-7. [ Links ]

Recebido: 25 de Abril de 2019; Aceito: 24 de Julho de 2019

Corresponding Author: Dr. Recep Tekin. e-mail:rectek21@hotmail.com

Conflict of interest: The authors declare that there is no conflict of interest.

Creative Commons License This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License