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Acta Amazonica

Print version ISSN 0044-5967On-line version ISSN 1809-4392

Acta Amaz. vol.19  Manaus  1989

https://doi.org/10.1590/1809-43921989191271 

ENTOMOLOGIA

Invasão de fragmentos florestais por espécies oportunistas de Drosophila (Diptera, Drosophilidae)

Marlúcia Bonifácio Martins *  

*Museu Paraense Emílio Goeldi, Depto Entomologia, Caixa Postal 399, 66040-Bellm-PA


RESUMO

Utilizando-se de iscas de banana, foram amostradas quantitativamente nas reservas do projeto "Dinâmica Biológica de Fragmentos Florestais", comunidades de Droshophila, nas áreas de mata conínua das reservas não isoladas, no interior de fragmentos de floresta das reservas isoladas e na área recentemente desmatada, vizinha às reservas isoladas. Os resultados indicam diferenças marcantes entre a composição faunística das áreas de mata contínua e da área aberta. Os locais de mata fragmentada apresentam uma escala de predominância de espécies semelhante a da mata contínua porém, quatro taxas frequentes em área aberta e ausentes na mata contínua são identificadas no interior dos fragmentos.

SUMMARY

Quantitative samples of fruit flies communities (Drosophila spp.) were taken with banana baits in the reserves of the Institute Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazônia - (INPA). World wildlife Fund-US Minimum Critical Size of Ecosystems projetc. Data are presented from samples taken in non-isolated reserves (virgin, continuos forest) and in isolated from samples taken in non-isolated reserver (virgin, continuous forest) and in isolated reserve of approximately 1 and 10 ha, as well as the cleared areas surrounding these reserves. The results demonstrate marked differecens between the faunistic composition of the areas continuous forest, were sibling species in the Willistoni group predominate and the cleared areas, where D. latifasciaeformis and D. nebulosa were the most abundant species. In the interior of isolated reserves, the relatives predominance of species found in continuous forest was similar to that measured in the undisturbed sites, with the addition of four species common in opens areas. Of these D. marekotlianawas the only species that was frequent in the interior of the isolates.

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