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Acta Amazonica

versão impressa ISSN 0044-5967versão On-line ISSN 1809-4392

Acta Amaz. vol.31 no.2 Manaus abr./jun. 2001

http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1809-43922001312337 

Notas e Comunicações

Enchentes e vazantes do Rio Negro Medidas no porto de Manaus, Amazonas, Brasil

Rio Negro water level fluctuations at the Manaus harbor, Amazonas, Brazil

José Alberto NUNES DE MELLO 1  

Wanilze Gonçalves BARROS 2  

1 Pesquisador Titular, Coordenação de Pesquisas em Geociências, Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazônia. Caixa Postal, 478, 69.082-000 Manaus, AM., Brasil - e-mail:_nunes@inpa.gov.br

2Técnica Nível III, Coordenação de Pesquisas em Geociências, Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazônia. Caixa Postal 478, 69.082-000 Manaus, AM, Brasil

RESUMO

As cotas do rio Negro vem sendo medidas, diariamente, desde setembro de 1902. O presente trabalho baseou-se em dados colhidos entre os anos de 1903 a 1999. As cinco maiores enchentes aconteceram em: 1953 (29,69m), 1976 (29,61m), 1989 (29,42m), 1922 (29,35m) e 1909 (29,17m). As cinco maiores vazantes aconteceram em: 1963 (13,65m), 1906 (14,20m), 1997 (14,34m), 1916 (14,42m) e 1926 (14,54m). Os cinco menores valores de cotas máximas foram em: 1926 (21,77m), 1912 (24,84m), 1992 (25,42m), 1964 (25,91m) e 1980 (26,00m) e os cinco de cotas mínimas foram em: 1926 (21,77m), 1912 (24,84m), 1992 (25,42m), 1964 (25,91m) e 1980 (26,00m). As cinco maiores diferenças alcançadas em um mesmo ano entre as cotas máximas e mínimas aconteceram em: 1997 (14,62m), 1909 (14,13m), 1953 (12,62m), 1952 (12,44m) e 1916 (12,21 m) e as menores aconteceram em: 1912 (05,45m), 1968 (06,10m), 1985 (06,53m), 1974, (06,62m) e 1986 (06,74m).

Palavras-Chave: Enchentes; Vazantes; Rio-Negro

ABSTRACT

The quotes of the Negro River are measured every day since September 1902 until today. This work is based on the years 1903 until 1999. The five highest flooding happened in: 1953 (29,69m), 1976 (29,61m), 1989 (29,42m), 1922 (29,35m) and 1909 (29,17m). The five lowest floding happened in: 1963 (13,65m), 1906 (14,20m), 1997 (14,34m), 1916 (14,42m) and 1926 (14,54m). The five smaller values of maximum quotas were em: 1926 (21,77m), 1912 (24,84m), 1992 (25,42m), 1964 (25,91m) and 1980 (26,00m) and the five of minimum quotas were in: 1926 (21,77m), 1912 (24,84m), 1992 (25,42m), 1964 (25,91m) and 1980 (26,00m). The five larger differences reached in a same year among the maximum and minimum quotas happened in: 1997 (14,62m), 1909 (14,13m), 1953 (12,62m), 1952 (12,44m) and 1916 (12,21m). And the smallest ones happened in: 1912 (05,45m), 1968 (06,10m), 1985 (06,53m), 1974, (06,62m) and 1986 (06,74m).

Key words: flooding; flow off; Negro River

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