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Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia

Print version ISSN 0066-782X

Arq. Bras. Cardiol. vol.96 no.3 São Paulo Mar. 2011 



Anthropometrics and cardiovascular risk factors



Mariana Lerch Belomé da SilvaI; Karine ZortéaII
IFundação Universitária de Cardiologia, Instituto de Cardiologia
IIDepartamento de Psiquiatria, Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre (HCPA) - Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS), Porto Alegre, RS - Brasil

Mailing address



Keywords: Anthropometry; risk factors; cardiovascular diseases.



Dear Editor,

Oliveira et al1 report that the body mass index (BMI) and the waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) can be considered risk factors for cardiovascular diseases (CVD).

Studies have suggested that increased waist circumference (WC) and BMI are indicators of SAH development and the WC presents better accuracy than the WHR in the detection of hypertriglyceridemia, high cholesterol and body composition, although it is not the best predictor of dyslipidemia2-5.

It is noteworthy to mention that the assessment of the WC is a simple, low-cost procedure and that its incorporation to the routine assessment of patients will bring great benefits to the investigation and nutritional status control.

Oliveira et al1 did not find an association between the percentage of body fat (%BF) and CVD indicators. It is known that there are different methods to evaluate the % BF, such as bioimpedance and skin folds; however, it is yet to be determined which methods will better evaluate the subcutaneous or visceral fat in order to estimate the association between the % BF with the lipid profile.

Therefore, further studies are necessary to fill this lack of information and verify the reliability of the clinical use of anthropometric indicators to accurately estimate the cardiovascular risk.



1. Oliveira MAM, Fagundes RLM, Moreira EAM, Trindade EBSM, Carvalho T. Relação de indicadores antropométricos com fatores de risco para doença cardiovascular. Arq Bras Cardiol. 2010;94(4):478-85.         [ Links ]

2. Picon PX, Leitão CB, Gerchman F, Azevedo MJ de, Silveiro SP, Gross JL, et al. Medida da cintura e razão cintura/quadril e identificação de situações de risco cardiovascular: estudo multicêntrico em pacientes com diabetes melito tipo 2. Arq Bras Endocrinol Metab. 2007;51(3):443-9.         [ Links ]

3. Nascente FMN, Jardim PCBV, Peixoto MRG, Monego ET, Barroso WKS, Moreira HG, et al. Hipertensão arterial e sua associação com índices antropométricos em adultos de uma cidade de pequeno porte do interior do Brasil. Rev Assoc Med Bras. 2009;55(6):716-22.         [ Links ]

4. Bozza R, Neto AS, Ulbrich AZ, Vasconcelos IQA de, Mascarenhas LPG, Brito LMS, et al. Circunferência da cintura, índice de massa corporal e fatores de risco cardiovascular na adolescência. Rev Bras Cineantropom Desempenho Hum. 2009;11(3):286-91.         [ Links ]

5. Faria ER de, Franceschini SCC, Peluzio MCG, Sant'Ana LFR, Priore SE. Correlação entre variáveis de composição corporal e metabólica em adolescentes do sexo feminino. Arq Bras Cardiol. 2009;93(2):119-27.         [ Links ]



Mailing address:
Karine Zortéa
Avenida Protásio Alves, 7157/ 203A - Petrópolis
91310-003 - Porto Alegre, RS - Brazil

Manuscript received June 15, 2010; revised manuscript received July 08, 2010; accepted August 06, 2010.

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