SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

 
vol.44 issue2Effect of calcium on dry matter production and mineral composition of millets plant (Pennisetum americanum (L.) K. Schum.)Mineral nutrition of ornamental XIV: Growth rate of the chrysantemum plant cv. Golden Polaris author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Pagealphabetic serial listing  

Services on Demand

Journal

Article

Indicators

Related links

Share


Anais da Escola Superior de Agricultura Luiz de Queiroz

Print version ISSN 0071-1276

An. Esc. Super. Agric. Luiz de Queiroz vol.44 no.2 Piracicaba  1987

http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0071-12761987000200019 

Nutrição mineral de plantas ornamentais XIII. Absorção de macronutrientes pelo crisântemo, cultivar Golden Polaris*

 

Mineral nutrition of ornamental plants XIII. Absorption of the macronutrients by chrysanthemum cultivar Golden Polaris

 

 

A.M.L.P. LimaI; H.P. HaagII

IDepartamento de Agricultura e Horticultura, E.S.A. "Luiz de Queiroz", USP, Piracicaba, SP
IIDepartamento de Química, E.S.A. "Luiz de Queiroz", Piracicaba, SP

 

 


RESUMO

Com o objetivo de determinar: As concentrações dos macronutrientes, nos órgãos da planta, em função de idade;
A acumulação de nutrientes pela planta.
Foi instalada um ensaio, no município de Campinas, SP, em solo tradicionalmente adubado. O delineamento estatístico foi inteiramente casualizado com quatro repetições e amostragens das plantas realizada aos 6, 27, 55, 69, 83, 97, 111 e 125 dias após o plantão, divididos em hastes e folhas que foram secas em estufa a 85°C e analisadas para N, P, K, Ca, Mg e S.
Os autores concluiram que:
Nas hastes e folhas, as concentrações de nutrientes são instáveis e variam em função da idade da planta.
As concentrações de N, K, Mg, S diminuem nas hastes e nas folhas com a idade da planta, enquanto o teor de P apresenta pouca variação nas folhas, aumenta nas hastes. O Ca diminue nas hastes aumentando nas folhas.
Decorridos 125 dias do plantio, o acúmulo de nutrientes pelas hastes de uma planta é: K - 689 mg; N - 458 mg; Ca -130 mg; Mg - 52 mg; P - 46 mg e S - 35 mg.


SUMMARY

In order to obtain:
The concentration of the macronutrients in the organs of the plant in accordance with its development;
The accumulation of the nutrients by the plant.
A field trial was carried out at Campina, State of São Paulo, Brazil. Plants well fertilized (four replication in a randomized test) with 6, 27, 55, 69, 83, 97, 111 and 125 days after planting were collected and divided into stems and leaves for macronutrient analysis.
The author concluded that:
In the stems and leaves the nutrient concentrations are instable and vary in accordance with the growth of the plant;
The concentrations of N, P, K, Mg and S diminished in the stems and leaves while the contents of P increased in the stems and Ca in the leaves;
After 125 days of planting the accumulation of nutrients by the stems and leaves of a plant is: K -689 mg; N - 458 mg; Ca - 130 mg; Mg - 52 mg; P - 46 mg; S - 35 mg.


 

 

Texto completo disponível apenas em PDF.

Full text available only in PDF format.

 

 

LITERATURA CITADA

ASEN, S. & C.E. WILDON, 1953. Nutritional requirements of green house chrysanthemus growing in peat and sand. Quartely Bulletin. Michigan State University Agricultural Experiment Station. East Lansing, 36: 24-29.         [ Links ]

BOODLEY, J.W. & M.J. MEYER, 1965. The nutrient content of 'Bonnafon Deluxe' Chrysanthemums from Juvenile to mature growth. Proceedings American Society for Horticultural Science. Geneva, 87:472-478.         [ Links ]

CEAGESP, 1986. Boletim informativo Anual: dados estatísticos relativos aos produtos hortigrangeiros, pescados' e flores afluídos ao entreposto terminal de São Paulo. São Paulo, 254 p.         [ Links ]

FERNANDES, P.O.; G.D.OLIVERIA &H.P.HAAG, 1975. Nutrição mineral de plantas ornamentais VIII - Absorção e deficiências de nutrientes pelo Chrysanthemum morifolium L. cv. Suzuki. Anais da ESALQ. São Paulo, 32: 471-492.         [ Links ]

GILLY, G., 1977. Désordres morphologiques, histologiques et chimiques provoques par des carences minerales chez Chrysanthemum morifolium. Annates Agronomiques. Antibes, 28:637-650.         [ Links ]

GLOECKNER, F.C., 1985. Chrysanthemum Manual. New York, 189 p.         [ Links ]

HOAGLANDS, D.R. & R.I. ARNON, 1950. The water-culture method for growing plant without soil. California. California Agricultural Station. 30 p. (Circular 347).         [ Links ]

HOFFMAN, M. & A. KOMOSA, 1972. Changes in the uptake of N, P, K, Ca and Mg by Chrysanthemum indicum grown in high peat with different pH levels PTPN 33:123-135. Apud: Horticultural Abstracts. East Mailing, 43(9):594, 1973. (Resumo).         [ Links ]

JOINER, J.N. & R.T. POOLE, 1967. Relationship of fertilization frequency to Chrysanthemum yield and nutrient levels in soil and foliage. Proceedings American Society for Horticultural Science. Geneva, 90:397-402.         [ Links ]

LUNT, O.R. & A.N. KOFRANEK, 1958. Nitrogen and potassium nutrition of chrysanthemum. Proceedings American Society for Horticultural Science. Geneva, 72:487-497.         [ Links ]

LUNT, O.R.; A.M. KOFRANEK & J.J.OERTLI, 1963. Deficiency symptoms and mineral nutrient levels in Good News chrysanthemum. Exchange. New York, 140(15):39-66.         [ Links ]

MENGEL, K. & E.A. KIRKBY, 1982. Principles of plant nutrition. Berne, International Potash Institute. 655 p.         [ Links ]

RAIJ, B.V. & M.A.T. ZULLU, 1977. Métodos de análise do solo. Circular IAC. Campinas, (63), Jan. 16 p.         [ Links ]

ROORDA VAN EYSINGA, J.P.N.L. & K.W. SMILDE, 1980. Nutritional disordes in chrysanthemums. Wageningen, Centre for Agricultural Publishing and Documentation. 41 p.         [ Links ]

SARRUGE, J.R., 1975. Soluções nutritivas. Summa Phytopathologica. Piracicaba, 1:231-233.         [ Links ]

WOLTZ, S.S., 1956. Studies on the nutritional requerimen requirements of chrysanthemums. Proceedings of the Florida State Horticultural Society. Deland, 69:352-        [ Links ]

WOODSON, W.R. & J.W.BOODLEY, 1983. Accumulation and partitioning of nitrogen and dry matter during the growth of chrysanthemum. HortScience. St. Joseph, 18(2):196-197.         [ Links ]

 

 

Entregue para publicação em 27/10/87.

 

 

* Extraído da dissertação apresentada à E.S.A. "Luiz de Queiroz", USP, Piracicaba, apresentada pela primeira autora.

Creative Commons License All the contents of this journal, except where otherwise noted, is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License