versión impresa ISSN 0074-0276
Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz v.85 n.3 Rio de Janeiro jul./sept. 1990
Comparative studies on the growth and reproductive performances of Rhodnius prolixus reared on different blood sources
Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Departamento de Bioquímica e Biologia Molecular, Brasil
Universidade Federal Fluminense, Departamento de Biologia Geral, Brasil
Host blood source was found to affect both the development and the reproductive performance of Rhodnius prolixus. The insects were reared on citrated human, rabbit, chicken, sheep and horse blood sources, through a membrane feeder, during an entire life cycle, from eggs to adults. Development and reproduction in terms of the number of unfed insects, number of moulting, mortality intermoulting period, number of egg/female, conversion of blood into egg (mg meal/egg) and percentage of hatch as effective physiological parameters were investigated. Our results showed that human or rabbit blood meals were more nutritionally efficient than the other blood samples used because (i) the insects developed faster, presented low mortality and about 80% of them reached the adult stage; and (ii) females oviposited an average of at least 100% more eggs. The inefficiency of chicken and horse blood sources as diets for R. prolixus was manifested in (i) a decrease of the amount of ingested blood and (ii) only a reasonable nutritional quality. The inadequacy of sheep blood was observed by a mortality extremely high, poor moulting response and drastic reduction in egg production.