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Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz

Print version ISSN 0074-0276On-line version ISSN 1678-8060

Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz vol.89 no.3 Rio de Janeiro Jul./Sept. 1994 

Sand fly vectorial ecology in the state of São Paulo

Almério de Castro Gomes1 

Universidade de São Paulo, Faculdade de Saúde Pública, Departamento de Epidemiologia, São Paulo, Brasil


Ecological aspect of sand fly distribution in the state of São Paulo, Brazil are described. The main man-biting species are Lutzomyia whitmani, Lu.pessoai, Lu.intermedia, Lu.migonei and Lu.fischeri. Their primary habitat is the forest but latter three of the above species are also encountered in domiciliary environment. Sylvatic species such as Lu.flaviscutellata bite man only rarely and Psychodopygus ayrozai seems to be more anthropophilic. The survival of sand flies in the residual forest and in cultivated areas where man has nearly destroyed the forest almost completely is analyzed. Over the last ten years the incidence of human American cutaneous leishmaniasis (ACL) has been increasing: human cases occurring within several municipalities in which there is overlapping with the distributon of domiciliary Lu.intermedia. New ACL microfoci are appearing in the state of São Paulo and these call for further study.

Key words: American cutaneous leishmaniasis; sand fly; ecology; Lutzomyia


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