SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

vol.46 issue3Características biológicas de Nipteria panacea Thierry-Mieg (Lepidoptera, Geometridae), desfolhadora do abacateiro, na região serrana do Espírito Santo, Brasil author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Pagealphabetic serial listing  

Services on Demand




Related links


Revista Brasileira de Entomologia

Print version ISSN 0085-5626On-line version ISSN 1806-9665

Rev. Bras. entomol. vol.46 no.3 São Paulo  2002 



Odontopus brevirostris (Hustache, 1936) (Coleoptera, Curculionidae) associated with new host plants belonging to Annona (Annonaceae)1


Germano H. Rosado-NetoI; Iracilda M. de Moura LimaII

IUniversidade Federal do Paraná, Departamento de Zoologia. Caixa Postal 19020, 81531-990 Curitiba-PR, Brazil.
IIUniversidade Federal de Alagoas, Centro de Ciências Biológicas, Departamento de Zoologia. Praça Afrânio Jorge s/nº, 57011-020 Maceió-AL, Brazil.




Odontopus brevirostris (Hustache, 1936) feeding on Annona squamosa L., A. cherimola Mill., A. glabra L., and A. muricata L. was observed. The last three host plants are recorded for the first time. The endophitic oviposition occurs in the veins of the ventral surface of the young leaves. The larvae, leaf miners, eat the parenchyma and the adults make small holes in the leaves. The pupation occurs in spherical cocoons protected by a sort of nest (pupation chamber) between the two epidermal layers.

Keywords: Annonaceae; Coleoptera; Curculionidae; new hosts; Odontopus.



The importance of fruit production of Annona species, such as A. muricata L. (soursop) and A. squamosa L. (sugar apple) in humid and in drought areas of the Northeast Region of Brazil has increased along the last two decades; the exotic smell, flavor, and consistence, give them an important role as source for industries of juice, ice-cream, and consumption of fruits in natura. Both species can also be used for medical purposes (BRAGA 1976).

WIBMER & O'BRIEN (1986) listed 32 species of Odontopus to Brazil. Only few informations are available on the biology of some species which adults and larvae are associated with Lauraceae, Meliaceae, Annonaceae, Polygonaceae and others (VOSS 1934; BONDAR 1937 a, b, 1938, 1939, 1947).

HUSTACHE (1936) described Prionomerus brevirostris based on specimens collected in Corumbá (Mato Grosso, Brazil). Shortly afterward, BONDAR (1939) described Meroprion anonicola from Bahia (Brazil) which was considered as a synonym of P. brevirostris Hustache, 1936 (KUSCHEL 1955). As Prionomerus Schoenherr, 1836 is an invalid name, all the species described in this genus and in others considered synonyms (Meroprion, Plectrodontus, Prionopus and Scymnoplastophilus) were transferred to Odontopus Say, 1831, presently the valid name (KISSINGER 1964; WIBMER & O'BRIEN 1986).

The adults and leaves with larvae and pupae were collected and taken to the laboratory where the observations were carried out. Dead adults were mounted and identified by the first author. The specimens are deposited in the Departamento de Zoologia-UFPR, ''Coleção de Entomologia Pe. J. S. Moure'', Curitiba, Paraná (DZUP), and also in the collection of Prof. José Cordeiro da Silva, and in the ''Coleção do Museu de História Natural'', the last two at Departamento de Zoologia, Universidade Federal de Alagoas, Maceió.

Prior records of Odontopus brevirostris on Annona spp. and on A. squamosa were made in the States of Bahia (BONDAR 1939;COSTA-LIMA 1956; SILVA et al. 1968) and Santa Catarina (BONDAR 1947; SILVA et al. 1968). It was also recorded in the state of Mato Grosso (HUSTACHE 1936) but without reference to associated plant.

PEÑA & BENNET (1995) recorded Prionomerus brevirostris as associated to Annona coriacea Mart., A. palustris L., and A. squamosa.

This paper confirms the occurence of Odontopus brevirostris on Annona squamosa, and for the first time includes Annona cherimola Mill., A. glabra L. and A. muricata L. as new host plants to this weevil.

Odontopus brevirostris were collected feeding on Annona cherimola in the State of Paraná (Curitiba), on A. glabra, A. squamosa, and A. muricata in Alagoas (Maceió, Ipioca, Ponta Verde), and on A. muricata in the State of Pernambuco (Palanqueta farm in Caruaru, and in Frei Miguelinho).

The females make endophitic oviposition, generally in the veins of the ventral surface of the young leaves. After eclosion, the larvae migrate towards the inside of the leaf and start to eat only the parenchyma (the leaf veins are not eaten). The last instar larvae migrate to the same site (generally to the apex of the leaf) and start to construct, between the two epidermal layers, a sort of nest with rejected veins (pupation chamber) in order to protect the spherical cocoons (2-3 mm in diameter) constructed by each larva. Generally the attack by the larvae causes destruction of more than half of the leaf. In moderate attacks, on which only one side of the leaf is consumed, the leaf turns deformed in the direction of the damaged side.

The adults emerge from the cocoons through a circular hole. The cover of the cocoon remains attached to the substrate by a small area of the leaf that was not chewed. As soon as they emerge, the adults (length: 3.00 mm; width: 2.5 mm) are pale and after some hours they turn yellowish, with the head, legs and sternum darker. The middle of the elytra are transversaly marked with a reddish spot. The old specimens are nearly black. The damage caused by the adults is represented by a series of small ovate holes, usually made at the dorsal surface of the leaves. The adults feed on either perfect leaves or those previously damaged by the larvae. The general aspect of the plants infested by this insect is the terminal stems with perforated and deformed leaves. Deformed leaves show necrotic black areas and sometimes the damage is caused by adults.

The feeding strategy of O. brevirostris demonstrates that it could be considered as a potential pest in a secondary level, less important than other which attack flowers and fruits of Annona spp., reducing the productivity and marketability.

The synchronized life cycle in the leaf is an important biological feature of the species. The establishment of the life cycle and other biological parameters related to fecundity, should be studied in order to evaluate the economic role of this insect.

Acknowledgements. Our thanks to Dr. L. A. Foerster for his critical examination of the text.



BONDAR, G. 1937a. Notas biologicas sobre o genero Prionomerus (Col. Curcul.). Revista de Entomologia 7(1):89-92.         [ Links ]

BONDAR, G. 1937b. Notas entomologicas da Bahia (I). Revista de Entomologia 7(4):475-483.         [ Links ]

BONDAR, G. 1938. Notas entomologicas da Bahia. II. Revista de Entomologia 8(1-2):1-24.         [ Links ]

BONDAR, G. 1939. Notas entomologicas da Bahia. IV. Revista de Entomologia 10(1):1-14.         [ Links ]

BONDAR, G. 1947. Notas entomológicas da Baía. XIX. Revista de Entomologia 18(3):273-295.         [ Links ]

BRAGA, R. 1976. Plantas do Nordeste, especialmente do Ceará. 3a. ed. Fortaleza, Escola Superior de Agricultura de Mossoró, 540 p. (Coleção Mossoroense, vol. 42).         [ Links ]

COSTA-LIMA, A. M. DA, 1956. Insetos do Brasil. Coleópteros. Rio de Janeiro, Escola Nacional de Agronomia, 10(4), Série Didática 12, 373 p.         [ Links ]

HUSTACHE, A. 1936. Sur le genre Prionomerus Schoenh. et ses synonymes (Plectrodontus Voss., Prionopus Voss., Scymnoplastophilus Voss.). Miscellanea Entomologica 37:46-50.         [ Links ]

KISSINGER, D. G. 1964. Curculionidae of America north of Mexico. A key to the genera. Taxonomic Publications, South Lancaster, MA, v + 143 p.         [ Links ]

KUSCHEL, G. 1955. Nuevas sinonimias y anotaciones sobre Curculionoidea (Coleoptera). Revista Chilena de Entomologia 4:261-312.         [ Links ]

PEÑA, J. E. & F. D. BENNET, 1995. Arthropods associated with Annona spp. in the neotropics. The Florida Entomologist, 78(2):329-349.         [ Links ]

SILVA, A. G. D'A.; C. R. GONÇALVES; D. M. GALVÃO; A. J. L. GONÇALVES; GOMES; M. DO N. SILVA & L. DE SIMONI. 1968. Quarto catálogo dos insetos que vivem nas plantas do Brasil. Seus parasitos e predadores. Insetos hospedeiros e inimigos naturais. Rio de Janeiro, Ministério da Agricultura, 1(2), 622 p.         [ Links ]

VOSS, E. 1934. Über einen blattminierenden tropischen Rüssler (Col.:Curculionidae). Arbeiten über physiologische und angewandte Entomologie aus Berlin-Dahlem 1(4):267-271.         [ Links ]

WIBMER, G. J. & C. W. O'BRIEN. 1986. Annotated checklist of the weevils (Curculionidae sensu lato) of South America (Coleoptera:Curculionoidea). Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute (39):i–xvi + 563 p.         [ Links ]



Received in 22.X.2001; accepted in 30.V.2002



1. Contribution nº 1327 of the Departamento de Zoologia, Universidade Federal do Paraná.

Creative Commons License All the contents of this journal, except where otherwise noted, is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License