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Revista Brasileira de Entomologia

Print version ISSN 0085-5626

Rev. Bras. entomol. vol.51 no.2 São Paulo  2007

http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0085-56262007000200004 

SYSTEMATICS, MORPHOLOGY AND BIOGEOGRAPHY

 

Catalogue of American Nycteribiidae (Diptera, Hippoboscoidea)

 

Catálogo dos Nycteribiidae Americanos (Diptera, Hippoboscoidea)

 

 

Gustavo GraciolliI; Analía G. AutinoII, IV; Guillermo L. ClapsIII, IV

IUniversidade Federal de Mato Grosso do Sul, Centro de Ciências Biológicas e da Saúde, Departamento de Biologia. Cidade Universitária s/n, Cidade Universitária 79070-900 Campo Grande-MS, Brasil. Caixa-Postal: 549. ggraciolli@yahoo.com.br
IIPIDBA (Programa de Investigaciones de Biodiversidad Argentina). agautino@yahoo.com.ar
IIIInstituto Superior de Entomología "Dr. Abraham Willink." guillermolclaps@csnat.unt.edu.ar
IVFacultad de Ciencias Naturales e Instituto Miguel Lillo Universidad Nacional de Tucumán. Miguel Lillo 205. San Miguel de Tucumán (4000), Argentina

 

 


ABSTRACT

A catalogue of the family Nycteribiidae (Diptera, Hippoboscoidea) of the New World is presented. Two genera and 52 species are listed in alphabetical order. Each genus account lists synonymies and type species, and each species account lists type locality and host, disposition of type material, geographic and host distribution, and a detailed bibliography.

Keywords: Bat fly; Chiroptera; New World; Taxonomy.


RESUMO

Um catálago da família Nycteribiidae (Diptera, Hippoboscoidea) no Novo Mundo é apresentado. Dois gêneros e 52 espécies são listados em ordem alfabética. São disponibilizados abaixo de cada gênero, sinônimos e espécies-tipo e sob cada espécie, informações sobre localidade-tipo, hospedeiro-tipo, acrônimos da instituição onde o material-tipo está depositado, distribuição geográfica, hospedeiros e detalhada referências bibliográficas.

Palavras-chaves: Chiroptera; mosca ectoparasita de morcego; Novo Mundo; taxonomia.


 

 

Nycteribiidae is a small cosmopolitan family of Diptera with about 286 species divided into three subfamilies: Archinycteribiinae (from Malaysia to the Bismarck Archipelago), Cyclopodiinae (paleotropical areas) and Nycteribiinae (worldwide) (Maa, 1989; Claps & Autino, in press). Only two genera of Nycteribiinae, the endemic Hershkovitzia Guimarães & D´Andretta, 1956 and the cosmopolitan Basilia Miranda-Ribeiro, 1903, are found in the New World. The American Basilia comprise 52 species divided into five morphological groups based on female characters (Table I). Basilia flava and B. rugosa are not so classified because the females are unknown. There are four described species of Hershkovitzia.

 

 

Guimarães & D´Andretta (1956) considered that the American Basilia does not form a monophyletic group. They have hypothesized two dispersal events to North America from Old World. One event originated the species of Forcipata and Ferruginea groups (female tergite 2 with two lobes), having bats of genus Myotis Kaup, 1829 as host, and the another originated Antrozoi, Speiseri and Juquiensis groups (female tergite 2 without lobes) with original host Antrozous Allen, 1862 bats. Theodor (1967) favoured a common origin of American Basilia with center of origin in the Oriental Region, but he did not exclude the possibility that the Antrozoi group belonged to other lineage. Alternatively Dittmar et al. (2006) indicated that Basilia had origin in Oriental Region and dispersal to Neotropical Region. Hershkovitzia is considered the most basal genus of the family not related with Basilia (Guimarães & D´Andretta, 1956).

Most species of Basilia are associated with bats of the family Vespertilionidae, especially of the genus Myotis. Hershkovitzia is found only on species of Thyropteridae.

The principal monograph on American Nycteribiidae was the revision by Guimarães & D´Andretta (1956). The most recent catalogue of American Nycteribiidae was that of Guimarães (1968), and included only Neotropical species. The catalog presented original descriptions, synonymies and type localities. Here we provide extensive information for each of the 52 American species of Nycteribiidae, including the type locality and type host, the institution where the type material is deposited and geographic and host distributions.

 

MATERIAL AND METHODS

This catalogue includes papers published prior to September, 9th 2006. Unfortunately, we were unable to examine all papers listed in this catalogue. For these cases, we cite information from Maa (1971). The papers not examined are indicated by an asterisk in the References. Morphologic nomenclature follows Peterson & Wenzel (1987). Host nomenclature and classification follows Simmons (2005). The great number of papers cited specimens collected without technicals to avoid cross-host contamination of bat flies. Therefore some host records are resulted to contamination or straglings, dubious and erroneous hosts. These hosts are indicated by an "+". Unidentified fly species and those without association to a specific name are not included. Abbreviations for the institutions where types are located generally conform to Samuelson & Evenhuis (2004), and are as follows:

AMNH – USA, New York, American Museum of Natural History.

BMNH – United Kingdom, London, The Natural History Museum [formerly British Museum (Natural History)].

BPBM – USA, Hawaii, Honolulu, Bernice P. Bishop Museum.

CAS – USA, California, San Francisco, California Academy of Sciences.

CISC – USA, California, Berkeley, California Insect Survey see EMEC.

CMNH – USA, Pennsylvania, Pittsburgh, Carnegie Museum of Natural History.

CNC – Canada, Ontario, Ottawa, Canadian National Collection of Insects.

DZUP – Brazil, Paraná, Curitiba, Universidade Federal do Paraná, Coleção de Entomologia Padre Jesus Santiago Moure.

EMEC – USA, California, Berkeley, University of California, Essig Museum of Entomology.

FIOC – Brazil, Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Fundacão Instituto Oswaldo Cruz.

FMNH – USA, Illinois, Chicago, Field Museum of Natural History.

IMR – Argentina, Tucumán, Instituto de Medicina Regional. Universidad Nacional de Tucumán.

IZAC – Cuba, Habana [=Havana], Academia de Ciencias de Cuba, Instituto de Zoologia.

KUPC – Karel Hürka´s personal collection.

LACM – USA, Los Angeles, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County.

MACN – Argentina, Buenos Aires, Museo Argentino de Ciencias Naturales Bernardino Rivadavia.

MCZ – USA, Massachusetts, Cambridge, Harvard University, Museum of Comparative Zoology.

MIZT – Italy, Torino, Istituto e Museo di Zoologia della Universitá de Torino.

MNRJ – Brazil, Rio de Janeiro, São Cristovão, Universidade do Rio Janeiro, Museu Nacional.

MPEG – Brazil, Pará, Belém, Museu Paraense Emilio Goeldi.

MSNG – Italy, Genova, Museo Civico di Storia Naturale "Giacomo Doria"

MUSM – Peru, Lima, Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos, Museo de Historia Natural.

MZSP – Brazil, São Paulo, São Paulo, Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de São Paulo.

NMW – Austria, Wien, Naturhistorisches Museum Wien.

UCV – Venezuela, Caracas, Universidad Central de Venezuela.

UNC – Argentina, Córdoba, Universidad Nacional de Córdoba, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas, Físiscas y Naturales.

USNM – USA, Washington D.C., National Museum of Natural History [formerly United States National Museum]

Basilia Miranda-Ribeiro, 1903

Basilia Miranda-Ribeiro, 1903: 177. Speiser, 1908: 437 (synonymyzation in Cyclopodia). Ferris, 1924: 191 (synopsis of American species). Curran, 1935: 2 (key). Del Ponte, 1944: 123 (key for American species). Guimarães, 1946: 18 (taxonomic revision of South American species). Guimarães & D'Andretta, 1956: 1 (synopsis of American species). Maa, 1965: 379 (checklist). Peterson, 1960: 31 (key for Nearctic species). Guimarães, 1966: 393 (key for Panamanian species). Wenzel & Tipton, 1966: 704 (ecological aspects). Theodor, 1967: 192 (diagnosis of morphological groups), 247 (key for females), 250 (key for males); Machado-Allison, 1967: 370 (citation). Guimarães, 1968: 1 (catalogue). Peterson, 1971: 1 (key for Costa Rican species). Guimarães, 1972: 8 (key for Venezuelan species). Graciolli & Carvalho, 2001: 45 (pictorial key for Paraná species). Graciolli, 2004: 972 (key for South Brazilian species, diagnosis). Type species. Basilia ferruginea Miranda-Ribeiro, 1903 (original designation).

Pseudelytromyia Miranda-Ribeiro, 1907: 233. Type species. Pseudelytromyia speiseri Miranda-Ribeiro, 1907 (monotypy). Maa, 1965: 380 (new status, subgenus).

Cyclopodia Brèthes, 1913: 297.

Guimarãesia [sic] Schuurmans-Stekhoven Jr., 1951a: 109; Guimarães & D'Andretta, 1956: 19 (synonymyzation in Basilia). Type species. Guimarãesia [sic] guimarãesi Schuurmans-Stekhoven, Jr., 1951a (original designation).

Basilia anceps Guimarães & D'Andretta, 1956

Basilia anceps Guimarães & D'Andretta, 1956: 113, figs. 188 (detail of pustulate setae on abdominal connexivum female), 189 (larvae), 190 (female abdomen, dorsal view), 191 (female abdomen, ventral view), 192 (female thoracic sternum). Type locality. Colombia, Caquetá, La Tagua, Tres Troncos, Rio Caquetá. Type host. Myotis nigricans nigricans (Schinz, 1821). Holotype female deposited at FMNH. Paratypes deposited at DZUP, FMNH.

Maa, 1965: 380 (subgenus Pseudelytromyia). Guimarães, 1966: 400 (host and geographic records, male description), figs. 35B (male terminalia, dorsal view), C (male terminalia, ventral view). Machado-Allison, 1967: 370 (citation). Guimarães, 1968: 1 (catalogue). Guerrero, 1996: 670 (redescription), 674 (juquiensis group), figs. 2B (female abdominal connexivum, lateral view), C (female abdominal tergite 2), D (female abdominal sternites 4-5, omitting setae of sternite 5), 3C (male genitalia, lateral view), D (spiniform setae of sternite 5, omitting other setae). Graciolli, 2001: 308 (checklist). Miller & Tschakpa, 2001 (host and geographic records), figs. (female habitus, dorsal view; female abdomen, dorsal view; female habitus, ventral view; male habitus, dorsal view; male habitus, ventral view). Graciolli & Aguiar, 2002: 178 (host and geographic records). Ter Hofstede et al., 2004: 621 (host and geographic records and prevalence). Hernández-Meza et al., 2005: 2 (citation).

Basilia juquiensis anceps, Theodor, 1967: 279 (new status, subspecies).

Distribution. Belize (Orange Walk), Costa Rica (La Selva), Panama (Los Santos, San Blas), Colombia (Caquetá), Venezuela (Amazonas, Bolívar), Peru (Huánuco), Brazil (Distrito Federal).

Hosts. Myotis albescens (E. Geoffroy, 1806), M. elegans Hall, 1962, M. keaysi J. A. Allen, 1914, M. nigricans, M. riparius Handley, 1960, M. simus Thomas, 1901, +Rhogessa io Thomas, 1903 (Vespertilionidae).

Basilia andersoni Peterson & Maa, 1970

Basilia andersoni Peterson & Maa, 1970a: 1481, figs. 1 (female thoracic sternum, omitting discal setae), 2 (right female femur 3, anterior surface), 3 (right female tibia 3, anterior surface), 4 (female abdomen, dorsal view), 5 (female abdominal sternite 2, omitting ctenidium), 6 (female terminalia, ventral view), 7 (hypoproct), 8 (anal sclerite and adanal plates), 9 (male abdomen, dorsal view), 10 (male sternite 2, omitting ctenidium), 11 (male sternite 5), 12 (posterior margin of male sternite 5), 13 (male terminalia, ventral view), 14 (basal arc of genitalia), 15 (deck plate of genitalia), 16 (aedeagus, lateral view), 17 (postgonites, lateral view), 18 (male right femur, anterior view). Type locality. Uruguay, Departamento Tacuarembó, 40 km NW Tacuarembó. Type host. Myotis nigricans, reidentified by Enrique M. González as Myotis riparius (Autino et al., 2004: 82). The Eptesicus brasiliensis (Desmarest) specimens, host of some paratypes, were reidentified as Eptesicus furinalis (d'Orbigny) (Autino et al. 2004: 82). Holotype female deposited at AMNH. Paratypes deposited at AMNH, BPBM, CNC (see commentary in Basilia astochia), FMNH, MZSP, USNM.

Graciolli & Carvalho, 2001: 34 (diagnosis, distribution and host), figs. 1 (female abdomen, dorsal view), 2 (female abdomen, ventral view). Graciolli, 2001: 308 (checklist). Graciolli, 2004: 974 (diagnosis, host and geographic records), figs. 9 (female abdomen, dorsal view, redrawn from Graciolli & Carvalho (2001)), 22 (female abdomen, ventral view, redrawn from Peterson & Maa (1970a)). Graciolli & Carvalho (2001)), 36 (map of distribution). Autino et al., 2004: 82 (host and geographic records). Bertola et al., 2005: 27 (host and geographic records and ecological aspects). Prevedello et al., 2005: 197 (biome distribution in Paraná State).

Distribution. Brazil (Paraná, Rio Grande do Sul, São Paulo) and Uruguay (Artigas, Tacuarembó).

Hosts. +Eptesicus furinalis (d´Orbigny, 1847), +Histiotus velatus (I. Geoffroy, 1824), Myotis albescens, M. levis (I. Geoffroy, 1824), M. nigricans, M. riparius, Myotis sp. (Vespertilionidae).

Basilia anomala Guimarães & D'Andretta, 1956

Basilia anomala Guimarães & D'Andretta, 1956: 67, figs. 83 (female genital sclerite), 95 (apex of female terminal abdominal segment, dorsal view), 96 (apex of female head, dorsal view), 97 (mentum and labelum, ventral view), 98 (pustulate setae of female abdominal connexivum), 99 (female abdomen, dorsal view), 100 (female abdomen, ventral view). Type locality. Mexico, Chiapas, Huehuetan. Type host. Rhogeessa tumida H. Allen, 1866. Holotype female deposited at FMNH. Paratypes deposited at FMNH, MZSP.

Maa, 1965: 380 (subgenus Basilia). Theodor, 1967: 258 (diagnosis, distribution, host). Guimarães, 1968: 1 (catalogue). Guimarães, 1972: 1 (host and geographic records), 8 (key for females). Guimarães, 1977: 221 (host and geographic records), fig. 1 (female abdomen, dorsal view). Vonhof, 2000: 2 (citation). Graciolli, 2001: 308 (checklist).

Distribution. Mexico (Chiapas), Guatemala (Solá), Venezuela (Falcón, Miranda).

Host. Rhogeessa tumida (Vespertilionidae).

Basilia antrozoi (Townsend, 1893)

Nycteribia antrozoi Townsend, 1893: 79. Type locality. USA, New Mexico, Las Cruces. Type host. Antrizous fallidus (sic), (= Antrozous pallidus (Le Conte, 1856)). Holotype male disposition undetermined. Aldrich, 1905: 657 (catalogue). Speiser, 1907: 105 (checklist).

Penicillidia antrozoi, Ferris, 1916: 434 (redescription) plate XII, figs. 1 (male habitus, dorsal and ventral views), 2 (female abdomen, dorsal and ventral views). Cole, 1927: 454 (citation).

Basilia antrozoi, Ferris, 1924: 196 (host and geographic records). Smith, 1934: 62 (host and geographic records). Curran, 1935: 2 (key, citation). Schuurmans-Stekhoven, Jr., 1942: 104 (citation). Del Ponte, 1944: 117 (citation), 124 (key). Eads & Menzies, 1948: 244 (host and geographic records). Augustson & Wood, 1953: 50 (host and geographic records). Orr, 1954: 234, 235 (host and geographic records). Guimarães & D´Andretta, 1956: 117 (host and geographic records), figs. 182 (hypoproct), 195 (female abdomen, dorsal view), 196 (apex of female head, dorsal view), 197 (detail of female abdominal pustulate setae), 200 (female abdomen, ventral view), 201 (female terminal abdominal segment, dorsal view), 204 (male abdomen, dorsal and ventral view), 205 (posterior margin of male sternite 5), 208 (male genitalia, lateral view). Peterson, 1960: 31 (female key), 32 (male key and host and geographic records). Bradshaw & Ross, 1961: 111 (host and geographic records). Stock, 1961: 118 (geographic record). Peterson, 1963: 93 (host and geographic records). Maa, 1965: 380 (subgenus Basilia). Wenzel, 1965: 922 (catalogue). Theodor, 1967: 254 (diagnosis, distribution, host), figs. 411 (aedeagus and postgonite, lateral view), 443 (female abdomen, dorsal view), 444 (female terminalia, ventral view), 445 (female abdominal sternite 2). Guimarães, 1968: 1 (catalogue). Tipton & Saunders, 1971: 11 (citation). Whitaker, Jr. & Easterla, 1975: 222 (citation), 223 (key). Palmer & Gunier, 1975: 531 (host and geographic records). Whitaker, Jr. & Easterla, 1975: 245, 246, 250 (host and geographic records). Webb & Loomis, 1977: 79, 105 (checklist). Elzinga & Brose, 1986: 186 (proboscis description), figs 110 (head, lateral view), 111 (detail of labelum, lateral view). Peterson & Wenzel, 1987: figs. 112.2 (female head, lateral view), 112.3 (female habitus, omitting right legs, dorsal view), 112.4 (female thorax and abdomen, ventral view), 112.5 (female terminalia, posteroventral view). Wilkins, 1989: 5 (citation). Richerson et al., 1992: 12 (host and geographic records). Moreno-Valdez, 1998: 13 (host and geographic records). Chilton et al., 2000: 192 (host and geographic records). Graciolli, 2001: 308 (checklist). Ritzi et al., 2001: 402 (host and geographic records and parasitological indices).

Basilia antrozoii (sic), Hansen, 1964: 79 (host and geographic records).

Basilia antrozoa (sic), Elzinga & Brose, 1986: 154 (proboscis measurement).

Distribution. Canada (British Columbia), USA (Arizona, California, Kansas, Louisiana, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Oregon, Texas, Utah), Mexico (Baja California, Coahuila, Guerrero (dubious record), Nuevo Leon).

Hosts. +Leptonycteris nivalis (Saussure, 1860) (Phyllostomidae), Antrozous pallidus, Antrozous sp., +Corynorhinus rafinesquii (Lesson, 1827), +Lasiurus cinereus (Beauvois, 1796), +Myotis californicus (Audubon & Bachman, 1842) (Vespertilionidae), +Tadarida brasiliensis (I. Geoffroy, 1824) (Molossidae).

Basilia astochia Peterson & Maa, 1970

Basilia astochia Peterson & Maa, 1970b: 1519, figs. 1 (female thoracic sternum, omiting discal setae), 2 (left female femur 3, anterior surface), 3 (left female tibiae 3, anterior surface), 4 (female abdomen, dorsal view), 5 (female abdominal sternite 2, omiting ctenidium), 6 (female terminalia, ventral view), 7 (hypoproct, anal sclerite and adanal plates, ventral view), 8 (hypoproct and anal sclerite, ventral view). Type locality. Colombia, Santander, El Hoyo de Pajaros near San Gil. Type host. Vampyrops helleri Peters, 1866 (= Platyrrhinus helleri). Holotype female disposition undetermined. According to Peterson & Maa (1970b), the holotype was deposited at CNC, but the type cannot be located (James E. O´Hara, Invertebrate Biodiversity Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, personal communication).

Webb & Loomis, 1977: 79, 112 (checklist). Marinkelle & Grose, 1981 (as Basilia sp. n.): 13 (host and geographic records). Ferrel & Wilson, 1991: 3 (citation). Graciolli, 2001: 309 (checklist).

Distribution. Colombia (Santander).

Host. +Platyrrhinus helleri (Phyllostomidae).

Basilia bellardii (Rondani, 1878)

Nycteribia bellardii Rondani, 1878: 152. Type locality. "America meridionalis inventa" (Rondani, 1878), lectotype Mexico, Veracruz, Córdoba. Type host. Unknown. Lectotype female designated by Guimarães & D´Andretta (1956) deposited at MIZT.

Miranda-Ribeiro, 1903: 176 (citation).

Nycteribia mexicana Bigot, 1885: 245, Type locality. Mexico. Type host. Unknown. Holotype female deposited at BMNH.

Speiser, 1902: 172 (redescription). Aldrich, 1905: 658 (catalogue).

Penicillidia mexicana, Speiser, 1902: 172. Aldrich, 1905: 658 (catalogue). Speiser, 1907: 105 (checklist).

Basilia mexicana, Ferris, 1924: 195 (citation). Stiles & Nolan, 1931: 648. Curran, 1935: 4 (cited). Scott, 1936: 504 (designation of lectotype and taxonomic discussion). Schuurmans-Stekhoven, Jr., 1942: 104 (citation). Del Ponte, 1944: 118 (citation). Schuurmans-Stekhoven, Jr, 1951a: 112 (citation).

Basilia mexicana mexicana, Guimarães, 1946: 14, 28 (part, citation).

Basilia bellardii, Scott, 1936: 497. Schuurmans-Stekhoven, Jr., 1942: 104 (citation). Guimarães & D'Andretta, 1956: 56 (redescription, lectotype designation), figs. 60 (female abdomen, dorsal view), 61 (female abdomen, ventral view), 62 (female terminal abdominal segment, dorsal view), 63 (pustulate setae of female sternites 3 and 4), 64 (apex of female head, dorsal view), 65 (posterior margin of female mesonotum), 66 (larva), 67 (female abdomen of type the Basilia mexicana Bigot, dorsal view), 68 (female abdomen of type the Basilia mexicana Bigot, ventral view). Maa, 1965: 380 (subgenus Basilia). Theodor, 1967: 261 (diagnosis, distribution, host), figs. 453 (female abdomen, dorsal view), 454 (female terminalia, ventral view). Guimarães, 1968: 1 (catalogue). Webb & Loomis, 1977: 79, 98, 108 (checklist). Ortega & Castro-Arellano, 2001: 5 (citation). Graciolli, 2001: 309 (checklist).

Distribution. Mexico (Veracruz).

Host. Unknown.

Basilia bequaerti Guimarães & D'Andretta, 1956

Basilia bequaerti Guimarães & D'Andretta, 1956: 37, figs 18 (female abdomen, dorsal view), 19 (female abdomen, ventral view), 20 (male abdomen, dorsal and ventral views), 21 (female terminal abdominal segment, dorsal view), 22 (detail of male abdominal sternite 5); 23 (posterior elevation of female mesonotum), 24 (anterior margin of female head, dorsal view), 24a (posterior margin of female abdominal sternite 7), 56 (male genitalia, lateral view); 77 (anal sclerite and hypoproct). Type locality. Paraguay, Sapucay. Type host. Histiotus dorianus (=Eptesicus brasiliensis (Desmarest, 1819)). Holotype female deposited at BMNH. Paratypes deposited at BMNH, DZUP, FMNH, MCZ.

Bequaert, 1942 (as Basilia sp.): 84 (geographic record). Hürka, 1964: 77 (host and geographic records). Maa, 1965: 381 (subgenus Basilia). Theodor, 1967: 262 (diagnosis, distribution, host), figs. 418 (aedeagus and postgonite, lateral view), 433 (hypoproct, anal sclerite and adanal plates), 455 (female abdomen, dorsal view), 456 (female terminalia, ventral view). Machado-Allison, 1967: 370 (citation). Guimarães, 1968: 2 (catalogue). Guimarães, 1972: 2 (citation), 8 (key for females). Webb & Loomis, 1977: 79, 107 (checklist). Alonso-Mejía & Medellín, 1991: 3 (citation). Graciolli, 2001: 309 (checklist). Graciolli et al., 2006: 39 (host and geographic records, parasitological indices). Graciolli et al., 2006: 4 (host and geographic records).

Distribution. Colombia (Tolima), Venezuela (río Orinoco), Brazil (Mato Grosso do Sul), Paraguay (Concepción, Cordillera, Paraguarí).

Hosts. +Micronycteris megalotis (Gray, 1842) (Phyllostomidae), Eptesicus brasiliensis, E. furinalis (Vespertilionidae), +Molossus molossus (Pallas, 1766) (Molossidae).

Basilia boardmani Rozeboom, 1934

Basilia boardmani Rozeboom, 1934: 315, fig. (female habitus, dorsal view, legs ommitted). Type locality. USA, Florida, Gainesville. Type host. Myotis austroriparius (Rhoads, 1897). Holotype female and paratype deposited at USNM.

Scott, 1936: 497. Schuurmans-Stekhoven, Jr., 1942: 104 (citation). Morlan, 1952: 84 (host frequency and abundance). Parmelee, 1955: 322 (host and geographic records). Guimarães & D´Andretta,1956: 46, figs. 34 (female abdomen, dorsal view), 35 (female abdomen, ventral view), 36 (male abdomen, dorsal and ventral view), 37 (female terminal abdominal segment, dorsal view), 38 (posterior margin of male abdominal sternite 5), 41 (pustulate setae of female sternite 3), 43 (pustulate setae of female abdominal sternite 4), 45 (posterior margin of female head, dorsal view), 46 (posterior margin of female mesonotum), 52 (larva), 59 (male genitalia, lateral view), 78 (hypoproct). Rice, 1957: 31 (host and geographic records). Peterson, 1960: 31 (female key), 32 (male key), 33 (host and geographic records), figs. 1 (female abdomen, dorsal view taken from Guimarães and D´Andretta, 1956), 2 (female abdomen, ventral view taken from Guimarães and D´Andretta, 1956), 15 (posterior margin of female mesonotum taken from Guimarães and D´Andretta, 1956). Peterson, 1963: 94 (citation). Maa, 1965: 381 (subgenus Basilia). Wenzel, 1965: 922 (catalogue). Theodor, 1967: 263 (diagnosis, host and geographic records), figs. 417 (aedeagus and postgonite, lateral view), 457 (female abdomen and posterior process of mesonotum, dorsal view), 458 (female terminalia, ventral view). Whitaker, Jr. & Easterla, 1974: 222 (citation), 223 (key). Foster, 1979: 466 (host and geographic records). Jones & Manning, 1989: 3 (citation). Hobson, 2000: 291 (host and geographic records). Reeves & Reeves, 2000: 508 (puparium description), figs. 1 (puparium, dorsal view), 2 (puparium showing spiracular trunks, dorsal view). Graciolli, 2001: 309 (checklist). Reeves, 2001: 83 (geographic record). Ritzi & Clark, 2001: 136 (host and geographic records).

Basilia boardmanni (sic), Del Ponte, 1944: 118 (citation), 123 (key). Schuurmans-Stekhoven, Jr., 1951a: 112 (citation).

Distribution. USA (Florida, Georgia, Illinois, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia).

Hosts. Myotis austroriparius, M. lucifugus (Le Conte, 1831) (Vespertilionidae).

Basilia carteri Scott, 1936

Basilia carteri Scott, 1936: 498, figs. 9 (female habitus, omitting legs, dorsal and ventral view), 10 (leg 1, anterior view). Type locality. Paraguay, Boquerón, Mathlawaiya (23° 25´S, 58° 19´W). Type host. Molossops temminckii (Burmeister, 1854). Holotype female and paratypes deposited at BMNH.

Scott, 1940: 60 (redescription, host and geographic records), fig. 4 (male abdomen, ventral view). Schuurmans-Stekhoven, Jr., 1942: 104 (citation). Del Ponte, 1944: 118 (citation), 124 (key). Guimarães, 1946: 49 (redescription), figs. 60 (female habitus dorsal and ventral views, omitting legs), 61 (anterior margin of the female head, dorsal view), 62 (female femur, tibia and tarsus 1, anterior view), 63 (female femur, tibia and tarsus 2, anterior view). Schuurmans-Stekhoven, Jr., 1951a: 112 (citation). Guimarães & D'Andretta, 1956: 98, figs. 151 (male genitalia, lateral view), 156 (female abdomen, dorsal view), 157 (female abdominal tergite 1), 158 (female abdomen, ventral view), 159 (female teminal abdominal segment, dorsal view), 161 (female terminalia, ventral view), 162 (larva, dorsal view), 162a (detail of larval cuticule), 162b (anus of larva), 163 (detail of female abdominal connexivum between sternites 3 and 4), 165 (male abdomen, dorsal and ventral views), 166 (posterior margin of male sternite 5). Hürka, 1964: 77 (specimen record). Maa, 1965: 380 (subgenus Pseudelytromya). Theodor, 1967: 271 (diagnosis, host and geographic records), figs. 421 (aedeagus and postgonite, lateral view), 437 (hypoproct, anal sclerite and adanal plates), 469 (female abdomen, dorsal view), 470 (female terminalia, ventral view). Guimarães, 1968: 2 (catalogue). Claps et al., 1992: 88 (host and geographic records). Claps et al., 1998: 113 (host and geographic records). Autino et al., 1999: 141 (records, diagnosis and remarks), figs. 21 (female habitus, dorsal view), 22 (female abdomen, dorsal view), 23 (female abdomen, ventral view). Autino et al., 2000: 110 (host and geographic records). Autino & Claps, 2001: 196 (synonymy, distribution and hosts in Argentina). Graciolli & Carvalho, 2001: 37 (diagnosis, host and geographic records), figs. 3 (female abdomen, dorsal view), 4 (female abdomen, ventral view). Graciolli, 2001: 309 (checklist). Graciolli et al., 2002: 403 (host and geographic records). Claps et al., 2004: 53 (host and geographic records). Graciolli, 2004: 974 (diagnosis, host and geographic records), figs. 10 (female abdomen, dorsal view, redrawn from Graciolli & Carvalho (2001)), 23 (female abdomen, dorsal view, redrawn from Graciolli & Carvalho (2001)), 37 (map of distribution). Hernández-Meza et al., 2005: 2 (citation). Prevedello et al., 2005: 197 (biome distribution in Paraná State). Graciolli et al., 2006: 40 (host and geographic records, parasitological indices).

Basilia romañai [sic] Del Ponte, 1944: 118 (citation), 119, 123 (key), 126 (host and geographic records), figs. not numbered pg. 127 (female abdomen, dorsal view), plate pg. 128 (male and female habitus, dorsal view). Type locality. Argentina, Santiago del Estero, dpto. Pellegrini, La Fragua. Type host. Myotis nigricans nigricans. Holotype female and paratypes deposited at IMR. The types were lost.

Guimarães, 1946: 49 (description by Del Ponte (1944)), fig. 98 (female abdomen, dorsal view, redrawn for Del Ponte (1944)). Schuurmans-Stekhoven, Jr., 1951a: 112. Schuurmans-Stekhoven, Jr., 1951b: 551 (citation). Guimarães & D'Andretta, 1956: 99 (synonymyzation in Basilia carteri). García, 1959: 580 (host and geographic distribution in Argentina). Maa, 1965: 380 (subgenus Pseudelytromya).

Guimarãesia [sic] carteri; Schuurmans Stekhoven, Jr., 1951a: 112.

Guimarãesia [sic] romañai; Schuurmans Stekhoven, Jr., 1951a: 112. Schuurmans Stekhoven, Jr., 1951b: 551 (redescription), figs. 1A (female abdomen, dorsal view), B (female abdomen, dorsal view), C (setae of female abdominal connexivum), D (female head, lateral view), 2A (tibia and basitarsum of leg 2, ventrolateral view), B (theca and labelum, lateral view), C (female abdominal tergite 1, omitting setae), D (aristae, lateral view), 3A (male abdomen, ventral view), B (male abdomen, dorsal view).

Distribution. Brazil (Mato Grosso, Paraná, Santa Catarina, São Paulo), Bolivia (Cochabamba), Paraguay (Alto Paraguay, Amanbay, Boquerón, Concepción, Cordillera, Ñeembucu, Paraguarí, Presidente Hayes), Argentina (Buenos Aires, Jujuy, Salta, Santiago del Estero, Tucumán), Uruguay (Rocha).

Hosts. +Eptesicus brasiliensis, +E. diminutus Osgood, 1915, +E. furinalis, Myotis albescens, M. keaysi, M. levis, M. nigricans, M. riparius, +M. ruber (E. Geoffroy, 1806), Myotis sp., (Vespertilionidae); +Molossops temminckii, +Molossus molossus, +Tadarida brasiliensis (Molossidae).

Basilia constricta Guimarães & D'Andretta, 1956

Basilia constricta Guimarães & D´Andretta, 1956: 80, figs. 86 (hypoproct and adanal plates), 112 (female abdome, dorsal view), 113 (female abdome, ventral view), 114 (male abdome, dorsal and ventral view), 115 (apex of female head, dorsal view), 116 (female abdominal terminal segment, dorsal view), 117 (posterior margin of male sternite 5), 123 (margin posterior of female abdominal tergite 1), 130 (detail of female abdominal connexivum of sternite 3), 131 (detail of female abdominal connexivum of sternite 4), 148 (male genitalia, lateral view), 148a (postgonites, frontal view). Type locality. Ecuador, Gualaquiza. Type host. Myotis nigricans. Holotype female deposited at BMNH. Paratypes deposited at BMNH, FMNH, MZSP.

Maa, 1965: 380 (subgenus Pseudelytromya). Machado-Allison, 1967: 370 (citation). Theodor, 1967: 273 (diagnosis, host and geographic records), figs. 426 (aedeagus and postgonite, lateral view), 438 (hypoproct, anal sclerite and adanal plates), 471 (female abdomen, dorsal view), 472 (female terminalia, ventral view). Guimarães, 1968: 2 (catalogue). Guimarães, 1972: 4 (citation), 8 (key for females). Webb & Loomis, 1977: 79, 106, 111 (checklist). Baker & Clark, 1987: 2 (citation). Medellín & Arita, 1989: 4 (citation). Graciolli, 2001: 310 (checklist).

Distribution. Colombia (Bolívar), Venezuela (Mérida, Zulia), Ecuador (Morona, Oriente, Santiago), Peru (Huánuco, Tingo María).

Hosts. +Lophostoma silvicolum d´Orbigny, 1836, +Macrophyllum macrophyllum (Schinz, 1821), +Uroderma bilobatum Petes, 1866 (Phyllostomidae), +Eptesicus brasiliensis, Myotis albescens, M. nigricans (Vespertilionidae).

Basilia corynorhini (Ferris, 1916)

Penicillidia corynorhini Ferris, 1916: 435, Plate XXIII, fig. 3 (female habitus, ventral and dorsal views). Type locality. USA, California, Tulare Co., White River. Type host. Corynorhinus townsendii (Cooper, 1837). Holotype female deposited at EMEC, on loan of indefinite duration to the CAS.

Basilia corynorhini, Ferris, 1924: 196 (citation). Ferris, 1930: 295 (puparium description), figs. A (puparium, dorsal view), B (spiracular openings and tracheal trunk of right side), C, D and E (details of tracheal trunk). Curran, 1935: 2 (key, citation). Schuurmans-Stekhoven, Jr., 1942: 104 (citation). Del Ponte, 1944: 118 (citation), 124 (key). Eads & Menzies, 1948: 244 (host and geographic records). Guimarães & D´Andretta, 1956: 126 (as Basilia sp. D) (host and geographic records, 61 (host and geographic records), figs. 69 (female abdomen, dorsal view), 70 (female abdomen, ventral view), 71 (apex of female head, dorsal view), 72 (mentum and labelum, ventral view), 73 (female terminal abdominal segment, dorsal view), 81 (female hypoproct and anal sclerite), 212 (as Basilia sp. D) (male genitalia, lateral view). Peterson, 1960: 31 (female key), 32 (male key), 33 (host and geographical records). Bradshaw & Ross, 1961: 111 (host and geographic records). Maa, 1965: 381 (subgenus Basilia). Wenzel, 1965: 922 (catalogue). Theodor, 1967: 265 (diagnosis, host and geographic records), figs. 415 (aedeagus and postgonites, lateral view), 436 (hypoproct, anal sclerite and adanal plates), 459 (female abdomen, dorsal view), 460 (female terminalia, ventral view). Tipton & Saunders, 1971: 11 (citation). Whitaker, Jr. & Easterla, 1975: 244, 245, 247 (host and geographic records). Webb & Loomis, 1977: 80, 105 (checklist). Peterson & Wenzel, 1987: fig. 112.7 (puparium, dorsal view, redrawn from Ferris (1930)). Hensley & Wilkins, 1988: 3 (citation). Graciolli, 2001: 310 (checklist), 319 (as Basilia sp. D) (checklist). Villegas-Guzmán et al., 2005: 126 (host and geographic records and prevalence). Dittmar et al., 2006: 158 (molecular phylogeny).

Distribution. USA (Arizona, California, Idaho, Nevada, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Texas, Utah), Mexico (Durango).

Hosts. +Leptonycteris nivalis (Phyllostomidae), +Antrozous pallidus, Corynorhinus mexicanus G. M. Allen, 1916, C. rafinesquii, C. townsendii, Corynorhinus sp., Pipistrellus hesperus H. Allen, 1864 (Vespertilionidae).

Basilia costaricensis Guimarães & D'Andretta, 1956

Basilia costaricensis Guimarães & D'Andretta, 1956: 106, figs. 146 (male genitalia, lateral view), 164 (detail of female abdominal sternite 4), 169 (female abdomen, dorsal view), 170 (female abdomen, ventral view), 171 (posterior margin of female mesonotum), 172 (male abdomen, dorsal and ventral view), 173 (female terminalia, ventral view), 174 (posterior margin of male sternite 5), 178 (hypoproct). Type locality. Costa Rica, Guanaste, near de Las Cañas, Bebedero. Type host. Unknown. Holotype female deposited at NMW. Paratypes deposited at BMNH, DZUP, NMW.

Maa, 1965: 380 (subgenus Pseudelytromya). Theodor, 1967: 274 (diagnosis, host and geographic records), figs. 425 (aedeagus and postgonite, lateral view), 439 (hypoproct, anal sclerite and adanal plates), 473 (female abdomen, dorsal view), 474 (female terminalia, ventral view). Guimarães, 1968: 2 (catalogue). Peterson, 1971: 2 (female key), 3 (male key, citation). Timm et al., 1989: 90 (host and geographic records). Graciolli, 2001: 311 (checklist).

Distribution. Costa Rica (Guanacaste, La Selva).

Host. Myotis albescens (Vespertilionidae).

Basilia cubana Hurka, 1970

Basilia cubana Hurka, 1970: 335, figs. 1a (male terminalia, ventral view), b (male genitalia, lateral view), c (aedeagus and postgonites, lateral view), d (female abdomen, dorsal view), e (lobes of female abdominal tergite 2), f (female terminalia, ventral view), g (pigmentation of female abdominal sternite 7), h (hypoproct, anal sclerite and adanal plates), i (hypoprocts). Type locality. Cuba, Colombo, Isla de Pinos, Sierra Colombo. Type host. Eptesicus fuscus (Beauvois, 1796). Holotype female deposited at KHPC. Paratypes deposited at IZAC.

García-Avila, 1976: 5, 13 (checklist). Dalmau & Ávila, 1983: 120 (catalogue). Graciolli, 2001: 311 (checklist).

Distribution. Cuba (Las Villas).

Host. Eptesicus fuscus (Vespertilionidae).

Basilia currani Guimarães, 1943

Basilia currani Guimarães, 1943: 257, figs. 1 (female habitus, dorsal and ventral views, omitting legs), 2 (male abdomen, dorsal and ventral views). Type locality. Brazil, São Paulo, São Paulo. Type host. Myotis ruber. Holotype female and paratypes deposited at MZSP.

Scott, 1940 (as B. carteri): 60 (part, discussion). Guimarães, 1946: 14 (redescription), figs. 52 (female habitus, dorsal and ventral view, omitting legs), 53 (margin anterior of female head, dorsal view), 54 (female abdominal terminal segment, dorsal view), 55 (posterior margin of male sternite 5), 56 (male abdomen, dorsal and ventral views), 57 (female tibiae 1, lateral view), 58 (femur, tibiae, tarsum 3, anterior view), 59 (female tibiae 2, anterior view). Guimarães & D'Andretta 1956: figs. 90 (hypoproct), 140 (female abdomen, dorsal view), 141 (female abdomen, ventral view), 142 (male abdomen, dorsal and ventral view), 143 (apex of female abdomen, ventral view). Maa, 1965: 380 (subgenus Pseudelytromya). Theodor 1967: 276 (diagnosis, distribution, host), figs. 428 (aedeagus and postgonites, lateral view), 442 (hypoproct, anal sclerite and adanal plate), 475 (female abdomen, dorsal view), 476 (female terminalia, ventral view). Guimarães, 1968: 2 (catalogue). Autino et al., 2000: 110 (host and geographic records). Autino & Claps, 2001: 196 (synonymy, distribution and hosts in Argentina). Graciolli, 2001: 311 (checklist). Graciolli, 2004: 975 (redescription), figs. 11 (female abdomen, dorsal view), 22 (female abdomen, ventral view), 36 (map of distribution).

Guimarãesia [sic] currani, Schuurmans-Stekhoven, Jr., 1951a: 112. Schuurmans-Stekhoven, Jr., 1951b (as G. romañai [sic]): 551 (citation).

Distribution. Brazil (Santa Catarina, São Paulo), Argentina (Catamarca, La Rioja, Tucumán).

Hosts. +Eptesicus brasiliensis, Myotis albescens, M. chiloensis (Waterhouse, 1840), M. levis, +M. ruber (Vespertilionidae), +Tadarida brasiliensis (Molossidae).

Basilia dubia Guimarães & D'Andretta, 1956

Basilia dubia Guimarães & D'Andretta, 1956: 257, figs. 150 (male genitalia, lateral view), 154 (half female abdomen, dorsal view), 155 (female abdominal tergite 1), 160 (female terminal abdominal segment, dorsal view), 167 (male abdomen, dorsal and ventral view), 168 (posterior margin of male sternite 5), 177 (hypoproct). Type locality. Brazil, Mato Grosso, Xavantina. Type host. Myotis nigricans nigricans. Holotype female deposited at MZSP. Paratypes deposited at MZSP, FMNH, MCZ.

Bequaert, 1926 (as B. speiseri): 243 (host and geographic records): 244 (synonymyzation in B. speiseri not of Miranda-Ribeiro). Maa, 1965: 380 (subgenus Pseudelytromya). Machado-Allison, 1967: 370 (citation). Theodor, 1967: 276 (diagnosis, host and geographic records), fig. 423 (aedeagus and postgonites, lateral view). Guimarães, 1968: 2 (catalogue). Guimarães, 1972: 3 (host and geographic records), 8 (key for females). Guimarães, 1977: 221 (host and geographic records). Graciolli, 2001: 311 (checklist). Graciolli & Bernard, 2002: 83 (host and geographic records).

Distribution. Venezuela (Amazonas, Apure), Brazil (Amazônia, Mato Grosso, Pará), Peru (Cuzco).

Hosts. +Saccopteryx bilineata (Temminck, 1838) (Emballonuridae), Myotis albescens, +M. nigricans, Myotis sp. nov. (see Graciolli & Bernard, 2002) (Vespertilionidae).

Basilia dunni Curran, 1935

Basilia dunni Curran, 1935: 2 (key), 3, figs. 1 (female abdomen, dorsal view), 2 (female abdomen, ventral view). Type locality. Panama, Santa Rosa. Type host. Myotis nigricans. Holotype female deposited at AMNH.

Bequaert, 1940: 417 (citation). Schuurmans-Stekhoven, Jr., 1942: 104 (citation). Del Ponte, 1944: 118 (citation), 124 (key). Guimarães & D´Andretta, 1956: 95 (redescription), figs. 152 (female abdomen, dorsal view), 153 (female abdomen, ventral view). Maa, 1965: 380 (subgenus Pseudelytromya). Guimarães, 1966: 399 (host and geographic records, male description), figs. 37A (male terminalia, dorsal view), B (male terminalia, ventral view). Theodor, 1967: 278 (citation). Guimarães, 1968: 2 (catalogue). Guimarães, 1977: 222 (host and geographic records), fig. 1 (female abdomen, dorsal view). Graciolli, 2001: 311 (checklist). Graciolli & Linardi, 2002: 140 (host and geographic records).

Distribution. Panama (Canal Zone, Colón, Darién), Venezuela (Amazonas), Brazil (Roraima).

Hosts. Myotis albescens, M. nigricans, Myotis sp. (Vespertilionidae).

Basilia ferrisi Schuurmans-Stekhoven, Jr., 1931

Basilia ferrisi Schuurmans-Stekhoven, Jr., 1931: 217 (new name for B. speiseri of Ferris, 1924). Type locality. Costa Rica, Sipurio. Type host. Myotis nigricans. Lectotype female designated by Peterson (1971) deposited at USNM. Paralectotypes deposited at BMNH, CISC, USNM.

Ferris, 1924 (as B. speiseri): 198 (redescription), figs. A (female habitus, dorsal and ventral views), B (male abdomen, ventral and dorsal views), C (leg 1, anterior view), D (apex of female head, dorsal view). Stiles & Nolan, 1931 (as B. speiseri): 648 (part, citation). Schuurmans-Stekhoven, Jr., 1931 (as B. bellardii): 207 (redescription), fig. 1 (male habitus, ventral view), 2 (male head, lateral view), 3 (male terminalia, dorsal view), 4 (male femur and tibia 2, posterior view), 5 (female habitus, dorsal view), 6 (female abdomen, ventral view). Schuurmans-Stekhoven, Jr., 1931 (as B. silvae): 207 (citation). Hase, 1931 (as B. bellardii): 220 (behavior and physiology), figs. 4 (female leg, anterior view), 5 (female tarsomere, anterior view). Curran, 1935 (as B. speiseri): 4 (part, citation). Scott, 1936: 502 (new name for B. speiseri of Ferris, 1924, preoccupied name); Scott, 1939: 168. Scott, 1940: 61 (species author correction). Guimarães, 1940: 5 (identity of the species author). Bequaert, 1942 (as B. bellardii): 83 (geographic record). Schuurmans-Stekhoven, Jr., 1942: 104 (citation). Del Ponte, 1944: 118 (citation), 124 (key). Guimarães, 1946: 16, 19. SchuurmansStekhoven, Jr., 1951a (as Guimarãesia [sic] bellardii): 112, figs. 4A (female abdomen, dorsal view), B (posterior margin of male sternite 5). Guimarães & D´Andretta, 1956: 75 (citation). Maa, 1965: 380 (subgenus Pseudelytromya). Theodor, 1967: 278 (citation). Guimarães, 1968: 2 (catalogue). Peterson, 1971: 2 (female key), 3 (taxonomic discussion, host and geographic records), fig. 2 (male genitalia of paralectotype, lateral view). Guimarães, 1972: 7 (host and geographic records), 8 (key for females). Guimarães, 1977: 222 (host and geographic records). Webb & Loomis, 1977: 80, 102 (checklist). Méndez, 1988: 202 (citation), 203 (checklist). Graciolli, 2001: 312 (checklist). Graciolli & Linardi, 2002: 140 (host and geographic records). Miller & Tschakpa, 2001 (host and geographic records), figs. (female habitus, dorsal and ventral view; female abdomen, dorsal view; male habitus, dorsal and ventral view).

Basilia myotis Curran, 1935: 2 (key), 3, figs. 3 (female abdomen, dorsal view), 4 (male thorax and abdomen, ventral view), 5 (female abdomen, ventral view). Type locality. Panama, Tapiá. Type host. Myotis nigricans. Holotype female and paratypes deposited at AMNH.

Bequaert, 1940: 417 (host and geographic records); Cooper, 1941: 126 (number of chromosomes). Bequaert, 1942: 84 (geographic record). Schuurmans-Stekhoven, Jr., 1942: 104 (citation). Del Ponte, 1944: 118 (citation), 124 (key). Guimarães & D´Andretta, 1956: 76, figs. 106 (female abdomen, dorsal view), 107 (female abdomen, ventral view), 108 (male abdomen, dorsal and ventral view), 109 (margin posterior of female abdominal tergite 1, variation), 110 (margin posterior of female abdominal tergite 1, variation), 111 (posterior margin of male sternite 5), 124 (margin posterior of female abdominal tergite 1), 129 (detail of pustulate setae of female abdominal sternite 3), 145 (male genitalia, lateral view). Peterson, 1960: 31 (female key), 32 (male key), 34 (citation). Maa, 1965: 380 (subgenus Pseudelytromya). Guimarães, 1966: 398 (host and geographic records). Machado-Allison, 1967: 370 (citation). Guimarães, 1968: 3 (catalogue). Peterson, 1971: 4 (synonymyzation in B. ferrisi), fig. 1 (male genitalia of paratype, lateral view). Webb & Loomis, 1977: 80, 111 (checklist). Baker & Clark, 1987: 2 (citation). Burnett et al., 2001: 2 (citation).

Distribution. Guatemala (Escuintla), Costa Rica (Alajuela, La Selva, Sipurio), Panama (Barro Colorado, Canal Zone, Colón, Darién, Tapiá), Colombia (Antioquía, Bolívar, Chocó, Meta, Santader), Venezuela (Amazonas, Anzoategui, Apure, Araguá, Bolívar, Falcón, Miranda, Monagas, Zulia), Brazil (Roraima), Guiana (Demerara), Peru (Loreto).

Hosts. +Desmodus rotundus (E. Geoffroy, 1810), +Uroderma bilobatum (Phyllostomidae), +Lasiurus (Daypterus) sp., Myotis albescens, M. nigricans, Myotis cf. nigricans, M. riparius, M. simus, Myotis sp. (Vespertilionidae), +Molossus molossus, +Mollossus sp. (Molossidae).

Basilia ferruginea Miranda-Ribeiro, 1903

Basilia ferruginea Miranda-Ribeiro, 1903: 179, pl. 1, figs. 1 (male habitus, dorsal view), 2 (left half of male abdomen, ventral view). Type locality. Brazil, Minas Gerais, Santana do Sapé (actual Guidovaldo). Type host. Vespertilio aurantius (=Lasiurus blossevillii (Lesson & Garnot, 1826)). Holotype male deposited at MPEG (see Overal, 1985).

Miranda-Ribeiro, 1907: 229 (female description), 232 (host and geographic records), plate XXIV fig. 1 (female head, lateral view). Ferris, 1924: 195 (citation). Curran, 1935: 2 (citation). Scott, 1936: 503 (diagnosis), fig. 11 (female abdomen, dorsal and ventral views). Schuurmans-Stekhoven, Jr., 1942: 104 (citation). Del Ponte, 1944: 118 (citation), 124 (key). Guimarães, 1946: 20 (redescription), figs. 12 (female habitus, dorsal and ventral views, omitting legs), 13 (male abdomen, dorsal and ventral views), 14 (anterior margin of female head), 15 (femur, tibiae and tarsus 2, lateral view), 16 (femur, tibiae and tarsus 1, lateral view), 17 (female terminal abdominal segment, dorsal view), 18 (posterior margin of male sternite 5), 19 and 20 (lobes of female abdominal tergite 2). Miranda-Ribeiro, 1955: 394 (type series deposited). Guimarães & D´Andretta 1956: 23 (key), 28 (host and geographic records), figs. 5 (tibiae 2, lateral view), 6 (detail of pustulate setae, female abdomen), 74 (hypoproct). Maa, 1965: 381 (subgenus Basilia). Silva-Taboada, 1965: 4, 11, 12 (geographic and host list). Guimarães, 1966: 393 (key), 394 (host and geographic records). Theodor, 1967: 259 (diagnosis, distribution, host), figs. 451 (female abdomen, dorsal view), 452 (female terminalia, ventral view). Guimarães, 1968: 2 (catalogue). García-Ávila, 1976: 5, 13 (checklist). Dalmau & Ávila, 1983: 120 (catalogue). Graciolli, 2001: 312 (checklist). Overal, 1985: 215 (holotype location). Graciolli & Bernard, 2002: 82 (host and geographic records). Graciolli, 2003: 6 (sensory hairs on male and female femur 2). Graciolli, 2004: 980 (diagnosis, host and geographic rescords), figs. 17 (female abdomen, dorsal view), 30 (female abdomen, ventral view), 38 (map of distribution). Graciolli et al., 2006: 41 (citation).

Basilia ferruginia [sic], Whitaker, Jr. & McCraken, 2001: 65 (host and geographic records).

Distribution. Cuba (Habana), Panama (San Blas), Ecuador (Galapagos Is.); Brazil (Minas Gerais, Pará, Rio de Janeiro, Santa Catarina, São Paulo) and Paraguay (Paraguarí).

Hosts. Lasiurus blossevillii, L. cinereus, L. pfeiffei (Gundlach, 1861) (Vepertilionidae).

Basilia flava (Weyenbergh, 1881)

Nycteribia flava Weyenbergh, 1881: 194. Type locality. Argentina, Córdoba. Type host. Plecotus velatus (=Histiotus velatus). Holotype male reported to be deposited at UNC, but the specimens cannot be located (Miguel Angel Delfino, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas, Físicas y Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Córdoba, personal communication).

Miranda-Ribeiro, 1903: 176 (citation). Brèthes, 1908: 302 (catalogue). Ferris, 1924: 193 (citation). Del Ponte, 1944: 119 (citation).

Basilia flava, Guimarães, 1946: 59 (redescription), figs. 71 (male abdomen, dorsal and ventral views), 72 (posterior margin of male sternite 5). Guimarães & D´Andretta, 1956: 123 (host and geographic records). Maa, 1965: 380 (subgenus Pseudelytromya). Theodor, 1967: 284 (citation). Guimarães, 1968: 2 (catalogue). Autino & Claps, 2001: 196 (synonymy, distribution and hosts in Argentina). Graciolli, 2001: 313 (checklist).

Distribution. Argentina (Córdoba).

Host. Histiotus velatus (?) (Vespertilionidae). In Argentina, Histiotus velatus has been reported only from Corrientes, Jujuy, and Misiones (Barquez, 2006). Therefore the host may be either H. montanus or H. macrotus macrotus, as both species occur in the province of Córdoba.

Basilia forcipata Ferris, 1924

Basilia forcipata Ferris, 1924: 196, figs. 1 A (female abdomen, dorsal and ventral view), B (margin posterior of female head, dorsal view), C (male terminalia, ventral view). Type locality. USA, California, Covina. Type host. Myotis californicus quercinus. Holotype female deposited at EMEC, on loan of indefinite duration to the CAS. Paratypes deposited at USNM.

Curran, 1935: 2 (key), 4 (cited). Spencer, 1937: 41 (geographic record). Spencer, 1939: 17 (host and geographic records). Schuurmans-Stekhoven, Jr., 1942: 104 (citation). Del Ponte, 1944: 118 (citation), 124 (key). Roth, 1951: 96 (host and geographic records). Guimarães & D´Andretta, 1956: 63, figs. 58 (male genitalia, lateral view), 58a (postgonites, ventral view), 82 (hypoproct), 91 (female abdomen, dorsal view), 92 (female abdomen, ventral view), 93 (female abdominal terminal segment, dorsal view), 94 (posterior margin of female head, dorsal view); Peterson, 1960: 31 (female key), 32 (male key), 33 (host and geographic records). Bradshaw & Ross, 1961: 111 (host and geographic records). Stock, 1961: 118 (geographic record). Peterson, 1963: 93 (host and geographic records). Hansen, 1964: 79 (host and geographic records). Maa, 1965: 381 (subgenus Basilia). Wenzel, 1965: 922 (catalogue). Theodor, 1967: 257 (diagnosis, distribution, host), figs. 413 (aedeagus and postgonites, lateral view), 432 (hypoproct, anal sclerite and adanal plates), 449 (female abdomen, dorsal view), 450 (female terminalia, ventral view). Guimarães, 1968: 2 (catalogue). Maa, 1971: 73 (wrong label). Tipton & Saunders, 1971: 11 (citation). Whitaker, Jr. & Easterla, 1974: 222 (host and geographic records), 223 (key). Whitaker, Jr. & Easterla, 1975: 245, 250. Watkins, 1977: 3 (citation). O´Farrel & Studier, 1980: 3 (citation). Warner & Czaplewski, 1984: 3 (citation). Peterson & Wenzel, 1987: figs. 112.1 (female habitus, lateral-dorsal view), Chilton et al, 2000: 192 (host and geographic records). Graciolli, 2001: 313 (checklist). Ritzi et al., 2001: 401 (host and geographic records), 402 (parasitological indices). Dittmar et al., 2006: 158 (phylogeny).

Basilia calverti Fox & Stabler, 1953: 22, figs. 1 (female habitus, dorsal and ventral views), 2 (male habitus, ventral view). Type locality. USA, Colorado, eight miles north of Divide, on Manchester Creek at aproximately 8,000 feet altitude. Type host. Myotis volans interior (H. Allen, 1866). Holotype female deposited at CMNH. Paratypes deposited at FMNH, BMNH, MCZ, CMNH.

Maa, 1965: 381 (subgenus Basilia). Warner & Czaplewski, 1984: 3 (citation).

Distribution. Canada (British Columbia, Saskatchewan), USA (Arizona, Colorado, California, Idaho, Louisiana, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Texas, Utah, Washington), Mexico (Coahuila de Zaragoza, San Luis Potosi, Sinaloa).

Hosts. +Eptesicus fuscus, Euderma maculatum (J. A. Allen, 1891), Lasionycteris noctivagans (Le Conte, 1831), Myotis californicus, M. evotis (H. Allen, 1864), M. lucifugus, M. thysanodes Miller, 1897, M. velifer, M. volans (H. Allen, 1866), M. yumanensis (H. Allen, 1864), Myotis sp., Pipistrellus hesperus (Vespertilionidae), +Tadarida brasiliensis (Molossidae).

Basilia guimaraesi (Schuurmans-Stekhoven, Jr., 1951)

Guimarãesia [sic] guimarãesi [sic] Schuurmans-Stekhoven, Jr., 1951a: 114 (new name for Basilia bellardii of Guimarães, 1946). Type locality. Brazil, São Paulo, Cantareira. Type host. Myotis nigricans. Lectotype female and paralectotypes designated by Guimarães & D´Andretta (1956) deposited at MZSP.

Basilia guimarãesi [sic], Guimarães, 1946 (as B. bellardii): 62 (description), figs. 73 (female habitus, dorsal and ventral views, legs omitted), 74 (male abdomen, dorsal and ventral views), 75 (posterior margin of male sternite 5), 76 (anterior margin of female head, dorsal view), 77 (femur and tibia 2, anterior view), 78 (femur, tibia and tarsus 1, anterior view), 79 (tibia 3, anterior view), 80 (female terminal abdominal segment, dorsal view). Guimarães & D´Andretta, 1956: 90 (redescription), figs. 89 (hypoproct), 135 (female abdomen, ventral view), 136 (female abdomen, dorsal view), 137 (female abdominal terminal segment, dorsal view), 138 (apex of female abdomen, ventral view), 139 (female abdominal tergite 1). Maa, 1965: 380 (subgenus Pseudelytromya). Theodor, 1967: 278 (citation). Guimarães, 1968: 2 (catalogue). Graciolli, 2001: 314 (checklist).

Distribution. Brazil (São Paulo).

Host. Myotis nigricans (Vespertilionidae).

Basilia handleyi Guimarães, 1966

Basilia handleyi Guimarães, 1966: 394, fig. 35A (female abdomen, dorsal view). Type locality. Panama, San Blas, Armilla. Type host. Lasiurus castaneus Handley, 1960. Holotype female deposited at FMNH. Paratype deposited at MZSP.

Guimarães, 1968: 2 (catalogue). Graciolli, 2001: 314 (checklist). Graciolli, 2003: 6 (sensory hairs on female femora 2, 3).

Distribution. Panama (San Blas).

Host. Lasiurus castaneus (Vespertilionidae).

Basilia hughscotti Guimarães, 1946

Basilia hughscotti Guimarães, 1946, figs. 94 (female habitus, dorsal and ventral views, legs omitted), 95 (femur and tibia 3, anterior view), 96 (anterior margin of female head, dorsal view), 97 (female abdominal terminal segment, dorsal view). Type locality. Brazil, Rio Grande do Sul, São Lourenço. Type host. Chrotopterus auritus (Peters, 1856). Holotype female deposited at MZSP.

Guimarães & D´Andretta, 1956: 116, figs. 181 (hypoproct), 193 (female sternum thoracic), 194 (detail of thoracic ctenidium). Maa, 1965: 380 (subgenus Pseudelytromya). Theodor, 1967: 278 (diagnosis). Guimarães, 1968: 3 (catalogue). Whitaker, Jr. & Mumford, 1977 (as Basilia sp. nov.): 257 (host and geographic records). Webb & Loomis, 1977: 80, 102 (checklist). Medellín, 1989: 3 (citation). Graciolli, 2001: 314 (checklist). Graciolli & Aguiar, 2002: 178 (host and geographic records). Graciolli, 2004: 976 (redescription, host and geographic records), figs. 7 (female tibia 2, anterior view), 12 (holotype abdomen, dorsal view), 13 (female abdomen, dorsal view), 25 (holotype abdomen, dorsal view), 26 (female abdomen, dorsal view), 36 (map of distribution).

Guimarãesia [sic] hughscotti, Schuurmans-Stekhoven, Jr., 1951a: 112.

Distribution. Brazil (Distrito Federal, Minas Gerais, Rio Grande do Sul).

Hosts. +Chrotopterus auritus (Phyllostomidae), Eptesicus furinalis, Myotis nigricans, M. riparius (Vespertilionidae).

Basilia insularis Graciolli, 2003

Basilia insularis Graciolli, 2003: 2, figs. 1 (paratype female femur and tibiae, anterior view), 3 (detail of sensilla on female femur 2), 4 (female abdomen, dorsal view), 6 (female abdomen, ventral view), 8 (male genitalia, lateral view). Type locality. Brazil, São Paulo, Cardoso Island (25° 05´ S; 47° 59´ W). Type host. Lasiurus ebenus Fazzolari-Corrêa, 1994. Holotype female deposited at MZSP. Paratypes deposited at DZUP, MZSP.

Distribution. Brazil (São Paulo).

Host. Lasiurus ebenus (Vespertilionidae).

Basilia jellisoni Theodor & Peterson, 1964

Basilia jellisoni Theodor & Peterson, 1964: 109, figs. 7 (female tibia 2, anterior view), 8 (female abdomen and anal segment, dorsal view), 9 (female terminalia, ventral view). Type locality. USA, Montana, Missoula Co., Frenchtown. Type host. Myotis yumanensis. Holotype female deposited at FMNH.

Graciolli, 2001: 314 (checklist).

Distribution. USA (Montana).

Host. Myotis yumanensis (Vespertilionidae).

Basilia juquiensis Guimarães, 1946

Basilia juquiensis Guimarães, 1946: 73; figs. 89 (female habitus, dorsal and ventral views), 90 (anterior margin of female head, dorsal view), 91 (female terminal abdominal segment, dorsal view), 92 (tibia 2, anterior view), 93 (femur and tibia 1, anterior view). Type locality. Brazil, São Paulo, Juquiá. Type host. Myotis nigricans nigricans. Holotype female deposited at MZSP.

Guimarães & D'Andretta, 1956: 112 (host and geographic records), figs. 180 (hypoproct), 186 (female abdominal tergite 2), 187 (female abdominal lateral connexivum). Maa, 1965: 380 (subgenus Pseudelytromya). Guimarães, 1968: 3 (catalogue). Guimarães, 1972: 3 (host and geographic records), 8 (key for females). Guerrero, 1996: 674 (juquiensis group). Graciolli & Carvalho, 2001: 39 (diagnosis, male description), figs. 8 (female abdomen, dorsal view), 9 (female abdomen, ventral view), 10 (posterior margin of male sternite 5), 11 (aedeagus and postgonites, lateral view). Graciolli, 2001: 314 (checklist). Graciolli, 2004: 978 (diagnosis, host and geographic records), figs. 6 (female tibia 2, anterior view), 16 (female abdomen, dorsal view, redrawn from Graciolli & Carvalho (2001)), 29 (female abdomen, ventral view, redrawn from Graciolli & Carvalho (2001)), 37 (map of distribution). Prevedello et al., 2005: 197 (biome distribution in Paraná State). Graciolli et al., 2006: 40 (host and geographic records, parasitological indices).

Basilia juquiensis juquiensis Theodor, 1967: 279 (diagnosis), figs. 477 (female abdomen, dorsal view), 478 (female terminalia, ventral view).

Guimarãesia [sic] juquiensis, Schuurmans Stekhoven, Jr., 1951a: 112.

Distribution. Venezuela (Apure), Brazil (Distrito Federal, Paraná, Santa Catarina, São Paulo), Paraguay (Canindeyú).

Hosts. Myotis nigricans, M. riparius, Myotis sp. (Vespertilionidae).

Basilia lindolphoi Graciolli, 2001

Basilia lindolphoi Graciolli, 2001 in Graciolli & Carvalho: 38, figs. 5 (female abdomen, dorsal view, omitting anal segment), 6 (female abdomen, ventral view), 7 (female terminal abdominal segment, dorsal view). Type locality. Brasil, Paraná, Rio Branco do Sul. Type host. Myotis nigricans (Schinz, 1821). Holotype female deposited at DZUP.

Graciolli, 2001: 314 (checklist). Graciolli et al., 2002: 403 (host and geographic records). Graciolli, 2004: 976 (diagnosis, male description, host and geographic records), figs. 14 (female abdomen, dorsal view, omitting terminal segment, redrawn from Graciolli & Carvalho (2001)), 27 (female abdomen, ventral view, redrawn from Graciolli & Carvalho (2001)), 34 (posterior margin of male sternite 5), 35 (male genitalia, lateral view), 36 (map of distribution). Prevedello et al., 2005: 197 (biome distribution in Paraná State).

Distribution. Brazil (Paraná, Santa Catarina, São Paulo).

Hosts. +Mimon bennettii (Gray, 1838) (Phyllostomidae), Myotis nigricans, M. riparius, Myotis sp. (Vespertilionidae).

Basilia manu Guerrero, 1996

Basilia manu Guerrero, 1996: 666, figs. 1 A (eye of female, apical and lateral view); B (female abdomen, dorsal view, omitting setae of tergite 2); C (female abdominal lateral connexivum); D (female abdominal tergite 2); E (female abdominal sternite 4 and 5, left side, omitting setae of sternite 5); 2A (hypoproct and adanal plates); 3A (male genitalia, lateral view); B (spiniform setae of male sternite 5, ommitting other setae). Type locality. Perú, Madre de Dios, Pakitza. Type host. Myotis riparius. Holotype female deposited at MUSM. Paratypes deposited at MUSM, UCV, USNM.

Guimarães & D´Andretta, 1956 (as Basilia sp. B): 125, figs. 210 (male genitalia, lateral view), a (postgonites). Graciolli, 2001: 315 (checklist).

Distribution. Peru (Cuzco).

Hosts. Myotis albescens, M. nigricans, M. riparius, M. simus (Vespertilionidae).

Basilia mimoni Theodor & Peterson, 1964

Basilia mimoni Theodor & Peterson, 1964: 107, figs. 1 (female tibia 1, anterior view), 2 (male terminalia, ventral view), 3 (male genitalia, lateral view), 4 (female abdomen, dorsal view), 5 (female terminalia, ventral view), 6 (hypoproct and genital plates). Type locality. Peru, Loreto, Rio Yavari. Type host. Mimon crenulatum (E. Geoffroy, 1803). Holotype female and paratypes deposited at FMNH. Paratypes to have been deposited at Department of Parasitology, Hebrew University, Jerusalem, but the specimens cannot be located (Yosef Schlein, Department of Parasitology, Hebrew University, personal communication).

Machado-Allison, 1967: 370 (citation). Guimarães, 1968: 3 (catalogue). Guimarães, 1972: 2 (host and geographic records). Graciolli, 2001: 315 (checklist).

Distribution. Brazil (Pará), Peru (Loreto).

Host. Mimon crenulatum (Phyllostomidae).

Basilia mirandaribeiroi Guimarães, 1942

Basilia mirandaribeiroi Guimarães, 1942: 146, fig. 1 (female habitus, dorsal and ventral views, legs omitted). Type locality. Brazil, São Paulo, São Paulo, Ipiranga. Type host. Myotis nigricans nigricans. Holotype female deposited at MZSP.

Del Ponte, 1944: 118 (citation), 124 (key). Guimarães, 1946: 39 (redescription), figs. 46 (female habitus, dorsal and ventral views, legs omitted), 47 (margin anterior of female head), 48 (margin posterior of female abdominal tergite 1), 49 (female abdominal terminal segment, dorsal view), 50 (femur, tibiae, tarsum 2, lateral view), 51 (femur, tibiae, tarsum 1, lateral view). Guimarães & D´Andretta, 1956: 110 (host and geographic records), figs. 179 (hypoproct and anal sclerite), 184 (female abdominal tergite 1), 185 (female terminalia, dorsal view). Maa, 1965: 380 (subgenus Pseudelytromya). Theodor, 1967: 279 (diagnosis, host and geographic records), fig. 479 (female abdomen, dorsal view). Guimarães, 1968: 3 (catalogue). Graciolli, 2001: 315 (checklist).

Guimarãesia [sic] mirandaribeiroi, Schuurmans-Stekhoven, Jr., 1951a: 112.

Distribution. Brazil (São Paulo).

Hosts. Eptesicus brasiliensis, Myotis nigricans (Vespertilionidae).

Basilia neamericana Schuurmans-Stekhoven, Jr., 1951

Basilia neamericana Schuurmans-Stekhoven, Jr., 1951a: 102, 112 (citation), figs. 1A (male habitus, dorsal view), B (male habitus, ventral view), 2A (posterior margin of male sternite 5), B (posterior margin of male sternite 5), C (male head, dorsal view), D (setae in anterior margin and between eye of male head), E (male maxillary palp), 3A (female habitus, dorsal view), B (female habitus, legs omitted, ventral view), C (lobes of female abdominal tergite 2), D (detail of female abdominal connexivum). Type locality. Argentina, La Rioja, El Tucson. Type host. Eptesicus furinalis (d'Orbigny, 1847). Holotype male and paratypes deposited at IMR. The types were lost.

Guimarães & D´Andretta, 1956: 36 (citation). Maa, 1965: 381 (subgenus Basilia). Theodor, 1967: 266 (citation). Guimarães, 1968: 3 (catalogue). Autino et al. 1999: 142 (records, diagnosis and remarks), figs. 24 (female habitus, dorsal view), 25 (female abdomen, ventral view). Autino et al., 2000: 111 (host and geographic records). Autino & Claps, 2001: 196 (synonymy, distribution and hosts in Argentina). Graciolli, 2001: 315 (checklist). Graciolli, 2003: 6 (presence of sensory hairs on femur 1 and 2).

Distribution. Argentina (Formosa, La Rioja, Salta, Santiago del Estero, Tucumán).

Hosts. Eptesicus diminutus, E. furinalis (Vespertilionidae).

Basilia ortizi Machado-Allison, 1963

Basilia ortizi Machado-Allison, 1963: 455, figs. 1 (labium, ventral view), 2 (posterior margin of female mesonotum), 3 (female abdominal tergite 1), 4 (posterior margim of female tergite 2), 5 (female abdominal terminal segment, dorsal view), 6 (posterior margin of male sternite 5). Type locality. Venezuela, Estado de Bolívar, Serranía de Nuria. Type host. Eptesicus melanopterus (= Eptesicus furinalis). Holotype female and paratypes deposited at UCV.

Maa, 1965: 381 (subgenus Basilia). Machado-Allison, 1967: 370 (citation). Guimarães, 1968: 3 (catalogue); Peterson, 1971: 2 (female key), 3 (male key), 5 (host and geographic records). Guimarães, 1972: 2 (host and geographic records), 8 (key for females). Guimarães, 1977: 223 (redescription), figs. 3 (male genitalia, lateral view), 4 (posterior margin of male sternite 5), 5 (female abdomen, dorsal view). Graciolli & Carvalho, 2001: 41 (diagnosis, host and geographic records), figs. 12 (female abdomen, dorsal view), 13 (female abdomen, ventral view). Miller & Tschakpa, 2001 (host and geographic records), figs. (female habitus, dorsal and ventral view; female abdomen, dorsal view). Graciolli, 2001: 315 (checklist). Graciolli, 2004: 980 (diagnosis), figs. 18 (female abdomen, dorsal view, redrawn for Graciolli & Carvalho (2001)), 31 (female abdomen, ventral view, redrawn for Graciolli & Carvalho (2001)), 38 (map of distribution). Ter Hofstede et al., 2004: 620 (host and geographic records), 622 (host-site preference). Graciolli & Moura, 2005: 36 (host and geographic records). Prevedello et al., 2005: 197 (biome distribution in Paraná State).

Distribution. Belize (Orange Walk), Costa Rica (La Selva, Puntarenas), Venezuela (Amazonas, Bolívar, Distrito Federal, Monagas), Brazil (Paraná, São Paulo).

Hosts. +Enchisthenes hartii (Thomas, 1892) (Phyllostomidae), Eptesicus brasiliensis, E. diminutus, E. furinalis, Eptesicus sp., +Myotis riparius (Vespertilionidae).

Basilia peruvia Guimarães & D´Andretta, 1956

Basilia peruvia Guimarães & D´Andretta, 1956: 84, figs. 87 (hypoproct and adanal plates), 118 (female abdomen, dorsal view), 119 (female abdomen, ventral view), 120 (male abdome, dorsal and ventral view), 121 (female abdominal terminal segment, dorsal view), 122 (posterior margin of male sternite 5), 125 (posterior margin of female abdominal tergite 1), 128 (detail of female abdominal connexivum sternite 3), 149 (male genitalia, lateral view). Type locality. Peru, Cuzco, Marcapata, Rio Nusiniscaya, Blaceadero. Type host. Myotis nigricans nigricans. Holotype female deposited at FMNH. Paratypes deposited at FMNH, MZSP.

Maa, 1965: 380 (subgenus Pseudelytromya). Theodor, 1967: 282 (diagnosis, host and geographic records), fig. 424 (postgonites and aedeagus, lateral view). Guimarães, 1968: 3 (catalogue). Graciolli, 2001: 315 (checklist).

Distribution. Peru (Cuzco, Huánuco, Ucayali).

Host. Myotis nigricans (Vespertilionidae), +Tadarida brasiliensis (Molossidae).

Basilia pizonychus Scott, 1939

Basilia pizonychus Scott, 1939: 168, pl. 16 figs. 1 (female habitus, dorsal view), 2 (male thorax and abdomen, ventral view), 3 (female abdomen, ventral view and male abdomen, dorsal view). Type locality. Mexico, Gulf of California, Angel de la Guardia Island. Type host. Pizonix vivesi (Menegaux, 1901) (=Myotis vivesi). Lectotype male designated by Haig (1978: 2) deposited at LACM. Paralectotypes deposited at BMNH, LACM.

Schuurmans-Stekhoven, Jr., 1942: 104 (citation). Del Ponte, 1944: 118 (citation), 124 (key). Reeder & Norris, 1954: 86 (host and geographic records). Guimarães & D'Andretta, 1956: 121 (host and geographic records), figs. 183 (hypoproct), 198 (female abdomen, dorsal view), 199 (anterior part of female head, dorsal view), 202 (female abdomen, ventral view), 203 (female abdominal terminal segment), 206 (male abdomen, dorsal and ventral view), 207 (posterior margin of male sternite 5), 209 (male genitalia, lateral view). Ryckman & Ryckman, 1963: 72 (host and geographic records). Maa, 1965: 381 (subgenus Basilia). Theodor, 1967: 256 (diagnosis, distribution, host), figs. 412 (aedeagus and postgonite, lateral view), 431 (hypoproct, anal sclerite and adanal plates), 446 (female abdomen, dorsal view), 447 (female terminalia, ventral view), 448 (sternite 2). Guimarães, 1968: 3 (catalogue). Blood & Clark, 1998: 4 (citation). Graciolli, 2001: 316 (checklist).

Distribution. Mexico (Baja California).

Host. Myotis vivesi (Vespertilionidae).

Basilia plaumanni Scott, 1940

Basilia plaumanni Scott, 1940: 58, figs. 1 (female habitus, legs omitted, dorsal view), 2 (female thorax and abdomen, ventral view), 3 (male abdomen, ventral view); Type locality. Brazil, Santa Catarina, Seara, Nova Teutônia. Type host. Histiotus sp. (possibly H. velatus). Holotype female and paratypes deposited at BMNH.

Del Ponte, 1944: 118 (citation), 123 (key), 126 (host and geographic records). Guimarães, 1946 (as B. mexicana mexicana): 28 (redescription), figs. 21 (female habitus, dorsal and ventral views, legs omitted), 22 (male abdomen, dorsal and ventral views), 23 (leg 2, omitting trochanter and coxa, anterior view), 24 (leg 1, trochanter and coxa omitted, anterior view), 25 (posterior margin of male sternite 5), 26 (anterior margin of the head, dorsal view), 27 (female tergites 1 and 2), 28 (female tergites 1 and 2), 29 (female tergites 1 and 2), 32 (detail of the lobes of female tergite 2), 33 (posterior margin of female mesonotum), 34 (detail of the lobes of female tergite 2), 35 (posterior margin of female mesonotum), 36 (detail of the lobes of female tergite 2), 37 (posterior margin of female mesonotum), 38 (detail of the lobes of female abdominal tergite 2). Schuurmans-Stekhoven, Jr., 1951a: 112 (citation). Guimarães & D'Andretta, 1956: 83; figs. 1 (male genitalia, frontal view), 2 (male genitalia, lateral view), 14 (female abdomen, dorsal view), 15 (female abdomen, ventral view), 16 (female abdominal terminal segment, dorsal view), 17 (pustulate setae of female abdomen). Maa, 1965: 381 (subgenus Basilia). Theodor, 1967: 266 (diagnosis, host and geographic records), figs. 416 (aedeagus and postgonites), 434 (hypoproct, anal sclerite and adanal plates), 461 (female abdomen, dorsal view), 462 (female terminalia, ventral view). Guimarães, 1968: 3 (catalogue). Peterson & Maa, 1970a: 1487 (host and geographic records). Claps et al., 1992: 88 (host and geographic records). Autino et al. 1999: 145 (records, redescription and remarks), figs. 26 (female habitus, dorsal view), 27 (female abdomen, ventral view). Graciolli & Carvalho, 2001: 43 (diagnosis, host and geographic records), figs. 14 (female abdomen, dorsal view), 15 (female abdomen, ventral view). Graciolli, 2001: 316 (checklist). Autino & Claps, 2001: 196 (synonymy, distribution and hosts in Argentina). Graciolli, 2003: 6 (presence of sensory hairs on femur 1 and 2). Autino et al., 2004: 82 (geographic and host records). Graciolli, 2004: 980 (diagnosis, host and geographic records), figs. 1 (female habitus, dorsal view), 2 (female thorax and abdomen, ventral view), 5 (female femur 3, anterior view), 19 (female abdomen, dorsal view), 32 (female abdomen, ventral view), 39 (map of distribution). Prevedello et al., 2005: 197 (biome distribution in Paraná State). Graciolli et al., 2006: 41 (host and geographic records, parasitological indices).

Basilia mexicana plaumanni, Guimarães, 1946: 38 (host and geographic records), figs. 31 (female abdominal tergite 1 and 2), 39 (detail of the lobes of female abdominal tergite 2), 40 (posterior margin of female mesonotum), 44 (female abdominal terminal segment, dorsal view). García, 1959: 579 (host and geographic distribution in Argentina).

Distribution. Brazil (Minas Gerais, Paraná, Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina, São Paulo), Paraguay (Alto Paraguay, Boquerón, Caaguazú, Canindeyú, Misiones), Argentina (Córdoba, Jujuy, Santiago del Estero), Uruguay (Río Negro, Tacuarembó).

Hosts. Eptesicus brasiliensis, E. diminutus, E. furinalis, E. fuscus, Histiotus laephotis Thomas, 1916, H. macrotus (Poeppig, 1835), H. montanus (Poeppig, 1835), Histiotus sp., Myotis albescens, M. nigricans (Vespertilionidae).

Basilia producta Maa, 1968

Basilia producta Maa, 1968: 30, figs. 15 (female thoracic sternum), 16 (left half of female abdominal sternite 3), 20 (female femur 3, anterior view), 21 (female tibia 1, anterior view), 22 (female tibia 3, anterior view), 23 (female abdomen, dorsal view), 24 (female sternite 2 without ctenidium), 25 (female terminalia, ventral view), 26 (anal esclerite), 27 (hypoproct). Type locality. Brazil, Paraná, Palmeira. Type host. Myotis albescens. Holotype female deposited at MSNG. Paratypes at BPBM.

Guimarães & D´Andretta, 1956: 34 (part of material examined of B. plaumanni). Graciolli & Carvalho, 2001: 44 (diagnosis), fig. 16 (female abdomen, dorsal view redrawn from Maa (1968)). Graciolli, 2001 (part as B. plaumanni): 316 (checklist). Graciolli, 2004: 982 (diagnosis, host and geographic records), figs. 20 (female abdomen, dorsal view redrawn from Maa (1968)), 37 (map of distribution). Prevedello et al., 2005: 197 (biome distribution in Paraná State).

Distribution. Brazil (Paraná, Santa Catarina).

Hosts. Myotis albescens, M. nigricans (Vespertilionidae).

Basilia quadrosae Graciolli & Moura, 2005

Basilia quadrosae Graciolli & Moura, 2005: 34, figs. 1 (female habitus, dorsal view), 2 (female habitus, ventral view, legs omitted), 3 (male habitus, dorsal view, legs omitted), 4 (male habitus, ventral view, legs omitted), 5 (detail of female abdominal connexivum), 6 (hypoproct, adanal plates and anal sclerite), 7 (male genitalia, lateral view). Type locality. Brazil, São Paulo, Cardoso Island. Type host. Eptesicus brasiliensis. Holotype female and paratypes deposited MZSP.

Distribution. Brazil (São Paulo).

Host. Eptesicus brasiliensis (Vespertilionidae).

Basilia rondanii Guimarães & D'Andretta, 1956

Basilia rondanii Guimarães & D'Andretta, 1956: 50, figs. 39 (pustulate setae of female sternite 3), 40 (pustulate setae of female sternite 4), 42 (posterior margin of female mesonotum), 44 (posterior margin of female head, dorsal view), 47 (female abdomen, dorsal view), 48 (female abdomen, ventral view), 49 (male abdomen, dorsal and ventral view), 50 (female abdominal terminal segment, dorsal view), 51 (posterior margin of male sternite 5), 53 (larva), 55 (male genitalia, lateral view), 79 (hypoproct). Type locality. Guatemala, Escuintla, Finca los Arcos. Type host. Myotis nigricans. Holotype female deposited at FMNH. Paratypes deposited at FMNH, MCZ, MZSP.

Peterson, 1960: 31 (female key), 32 (male key), 34 (citation). Peterson, 1963: 94 (host and geographic records). Maa, 1965: 381 (subgenus Basilia). Wenzel, 1965: 922 (catalogue). Theodor, 1967: 267 (diagnosis, host and geographic records), figs. 414 (aedeagus and postgonites, lateral view), 463 (female abdomen, dorsal view), 464 (female terminalia, ventral view). Guimarães, 1968: 3 (catalogue). Peterson, 1971: 7 (host and geographic records). Whitaker, Jr. & Easterla, 1975: 244, 245, 248- 250 (host and geographic records). Webb & Loomis, 1977: 80, 98, 105 (checklist). Watkins, 1977: 3 (citation). Ortega & Castro-Arellano, 2001: 5 (citation). Graciolli, 2001: 316 (checklist). Ritzi et al., 2001: 402 (host and geographic records and parasitological indeces).

Distribution. USA (Texas), Mexico (Armenia, San Blas, Veracruz), Guatemala (Escuintla), Honduras (Lempira), Costa Rica (Alajuela, Guanacaste).

Hosts. +Artibeus jamaicensis Leach, 1821, +Hylonycteris underwoodii Thomas, 1903, +Sturnira lilium (E. Geoffroy, 1810) (Phyllostomidae), Antrozous pallidus, Euderma maculatum, Myotis fortidens Miller & Allen, 1928, M. nigricans, M. volans, M. yumanensis, Pipistrellus hesperus (Vespertilionidae).

Basilia rugosa Schuurmans-Stekhoven, Jr., 1942

Basilia rugosa Schuurmans-Stekhoven, Jr., 1942: 101, figs. 1 (male head and thorax, dorsal view), 1A (male head, ventral view), 2 (male abdomen, dorsal view), 3 (male abdomen, ventral view), 4 (male left leg 1, anterior view), 5 (male right leg 2, posterior view), 6 (male left leg 3, posterior view). Type locality. Peru, Silvia, 520 m. Type host. "Fledermaus" (undetermined bat). Location of Holotype male and paratypes cannot be determined. Depositary Institution did not cited in Schuurmans-Stekhoven, Jr. (1942).

Guimarães & D´Andretta, 1956: 123 (citation). Maa, 1965: 381 (subgenus Basilia). Theodor, 1967: 284 (citation). Guimarães, 1968: 3 (catalogue). Graciolli, 2001: 317 (checklist).

Distribution. Peru (Ayacucho).

Host. Unknown.

Basilia ruiae Graciolli, 2003

Basilia ruiae Graciolli, 2003: 4, figs. 2 (female femur and tibiae, anterior view), 5 (female abdomen, dorsal view), 7 (female abdomen, ventral view), 9 (male genitalia, lateral view). Type locality. Brazil, Rio Grande do Sul, Maquiné, Estação de Pesquisa e Produção de Maquiné da Fundação de Pesquisa Agropecuária da Secretaria do Estado do Rio Grande do Sul (FEPAGRO) (29° 40´ 30" S; 50° 12´ 26" W). Type host. Myotis ruber. Holotype female and paratypes deposited at DZUP.

Graciolli et al., 2002 (as Basilia sp.): 403 (host and geographic records). Graciolli, 2004: 982 (diagnosis, host and geographic records), figs. 4 (female femur 3, anterior view), 8 (female tibiae 2, anterior view), 21 (female abdomen, dorsal view, redrawn for Graciolli (2003)), 33 (female abdomen, ventral view, redrawn for Graciolli (2003)), 38 (map of distribution). Prevedello et al., 2005: 197 (biome distribution in Paraná State).

Distribution. Brazil (Paraná, Rio Grande do Sul, São Paulo).

Host. Myotis ruber (Vespertilionidae).

Basilia silvae (Brèthes, 1913)

Cyclopodia silvae Brèthes, 1913: 297. Type locality. Chile, Santiago de Chile. Type host. Vesperugo velatus I. Geoffroy, 1824 (=Histiotus macrotus or H. montanus). Cotype deposited at MACN.

Basilia silvae, Schuurmans-Stekhoven, Jr., 1931: 207 (synonymyzation in B. bellardi not of Rondani). Curran, 1935: 5 (citation). Schuurmans-Stekhoven, Jr., 1942: 104 (citation). Del Ponte, 1944: 119 (citation). Stuardo-Ortiz, 1946: 188 (catalogue). Schuurmans-Stekhoven, Jr., 1951a: 112 (citation). Guimarães & D´Andretta, 1956: 30 (redescription, host and geographic records), figs. 7 (female abdomen, dorsal view), 8 (female abdomen ventral view), 9 (male abdomen, dorsal and ventral views), 10 (detail of pustulate setae, female abdomen), 11 (female abdominal terminal segment), 12 (prementum and labelum, ventral view), 13 (head apex, dorsal view). Maa, 1965: 381 (subgenus Basilia). Theodor, 1967: 269 (diagnosis, host and geographic records), figs. 420 (aedeagus and postgonite, lateral view), 435 (hypoproct, anal sclerite and adanal plates), 465 (female abdomen, dorsal view), 466 (female terminalia, ventral view). Guimarães, 1968: 3 (catalogue). Graciolli, 2001: 317 (checklist). Muñoz et al., 2001 (host and geographic records).

Basilia mexicana silvae, Guimarães, 1946: 38, figs. 30 (female abdominal tergite 1 and 2), 41 (detail of the lobes of female tergite 2), 42 (posterior margin of female mesonotum), 45 (female abdominal terminal segment, dorsal view).

Distribution. Chile (Coquimbo, Ñuble).

Hosts. Histiotus montanus, Histiotus sp., Myotis chiloensis (Vespertilionidae).

Basilia speiseri (Miranda-Ribeiro, 1907)

Pseudelytromyia speiseri Miranda-Ribeiro, 1907: 233, plate XXIII (male habitus, dorsal view), plate XXIV figs. 2 (left half of male abdomen, ventral view), 3 (female abdomen, dorsal view), 4 (right half of female, ventral view). Type locality. Brazil, Rio de Janeiro, Quinta da Boa Vista. Type host. Atalapha frantzii Peters (=Lasiurus blossevillii). Holotype in undetermined location, type series deposited at MNRJ.

Miranda-Ribeiro, 1955: 394 (cotypes).

Basilia speiseri, Speiser, 1901 (as Nycteribia (Acrocholidia) bellardii): 46, 61. Ferris, 1924: 198. Stiles & Nolan, 1931: 648. Schuurmans-Stekhoven, Jr., 1931: 216. Curran, 1935: 2 (key), 4 (cited). Scott, 1936: 497 (as B. bellardii too) (host and geographic distribution), 501 (taxonomic discussion) Del Ponte, 1944: 118 (citation as B. speiseri and B. bellardii), 124 (key). Guimarães, 1946: 15 (as B. bellardii) (citation), 67 (redescription), figs. 1 (male head, ventral view), 2 (male head, dorsal view), 3 (male head, lateral view), 4 (male antennae, lateral view), 5 (male thorax, dorsal view), 6 (male thorax, ventral view), 7 (male thorax, lateral view, legs omitted), 8 (female abdomen, lateral view), 9 (male abdomen, lateral view), 10 (female genitalia, lateral view), 11 (female genitalia, ventral view), 81 (female habitus, dorsal and ventral views, legs omitted), 82 (male abdomen, dorsal and ventral views), 83 (posterior margin of male sternite 5), 84 (female abdominal terminal segment, dorsal view), 85 (femur and tibia 1, anterior view), 86 (femur and tibia 3, anterior view), 87 (femur and tibia 2, anterior view), 88 (margin anterior of head, dorsal view). Guimarães & D´Andretta, 1956: 70 (citation, geographic and host records), figs. 3 (apex of female abdomen, posterior view), 4 (apex of female abdomen, lateral view), 84 (hypoproct and anal sclerites), 101 (female abdomen, dorsal view), 102 (female abdomen, ventral view), 103 (male abdomen, dorsal and ventral view), 104 (female abdominal terminal segment, dorsal view), 105 (posterior margin of male sternite 5), 126 (posterior margin of female abdominal tergite 1), 127 (pustulate setae of female abdominal sternite 3), 132 (pustulate setae of female abdominal sternite 4), 144 (male genitalia, lateral view). Hurka, 1964: 77 (citation). Maa, 1965: 380 (subgenus Pseudelytromya). Theodor, 1967: 282 (diagnosis, host and geographic records), figs. 427 (aedeagus and postgonites), 440 (hypoproct, anal sclerite and adanal plates), 482 (female abdomen, dorsal view), 483 (female terminalia, ventral view). Guimarães, 1968: 3 (catalogue). Webb & Loomis, 1977: 80, 97, 100, 108 (checklist). Autino & Claps, 2001: 197 (synonymy, distribution and hosts in Argentina). Graciolli, 2001: 317 (checklist). Graciolli et al., 2002: 403 (host and geographic records). Graciolli, 2003: 6 (presence of sensory hairs on male and female femur 2). Graciolli, 2004: 978 (diagnosis, host and geographic records), figs. 15 (female abdomen, dorsal view), 28 (female abdomen, ventral view), 36 (map of distribution). Prevedello et al., 2005: 197 (biome distribution in Paraná State). Graciolli et al., 2006: 42 (host and geographic records, parasitological indeces).

Guimarãesia [sic] speiseri, Schuurmans-Stekhoven, Jr., 1951a: 112.

Distribution. Brazil (Mato Grosso, Paraná, Rio de Janeiro, Santa Catarina, São Paulo), Argentina (Santa Fé), Paraguay (Alto Paraguay, Concepción, Cordillera, Ñeembucú, Paraguarí, Presidente Hayes).

Hosts. +Anoura geoffroyi Gray, 1838, +Carollia perspicillata (L., 1758), Phyllostoma sp. (Phyllostomidae), +Eptesicus brasiliensis, +Lasiurus blossevilli, Myotis albescens, M. nigricans (Vespertilionidae), +Molossus molossus (Molossidae)

Phyllostoma Cuvier, 1800 is a synonymous junior of Phyllostomus Lacépède, 1799. Several species were described in the genus Phyllostoma that are placed in others genera of Phyllostomidae (see Vieira, 1942, Simmons, 2005). Speiser (1901) examined specimen with follow collect data, Phyllostoma sp., Brazil. Therefore it is not possible determine the correct host species.

Basilia tiptoni Guimarães, 1966

Basilia tiptoni Guimarães, 1966: 396, figs. 36A (female abdomen, dorsal view), B (male abdomen, dorsal view), C (cerci and posterior margin of male sternite 5), Type locality. Panama, Boca del Toro, 22 miles south of Changuinola. Type host. Lonchorhina sp. or Tonatia sp.. Holotype female and paratypes deposited at FMNH.

Guimarães, 1968: 3 (catalogue). Guimarães, 1972: 2 (host and geographic records), 8 (key for females). Webb & Loomis, 1977: 80, 108 (checklist). Timm et al., 1989: 45 (host and geographic records). Komeno & Linhares, 1999: 152 (host and geographic records). Graciolli, 2001: 317 (checklist). Miller & Tschakpa, 2001 (host and geographic records), figs. (female habitus, dorsal and ventral view; female abdomen, dorsal view; male habitus, dorsal and ventral view).

Distribution. Costa Rica (La Selva), Panama (Boca del Toro), Venezuela (Apure, Falcon, Trujillo), Brazil (Minas Gerais).

Host. Mimon crenulatum (Phyllostomidae).

Basilia traubi Maa, 1968

Basilia traubi Maa, 1968: 28, figs. 8 (female abdomen, dorsal view), 9 (female abdominal sternite 2 without ctenidium), 10 (female terminalia, ventral view), 11 (anal sclerite), 12 (hypoproct), 13 (female thoracic sternum), 14 (left half of female abdominal sternite 3), 17 (female femur 3, anterior view), 18 (female tibia 3, anterior view), 19 (female tibia 1, anterior view). Type locality. Mexico, Oaxaca, 8 km W de Chiltepee. Type host: Myotis sp. Holotype female deposited at BPBM. Paratypes at BPBM, USNM.

Graciolli, 2001: 318 (checklist).

Distribution. Mexico (Oaxaca).

Host. Myotis sp. (Vespertilionidae).

Basilia travassosi Guimarães, 1938

Basilia travassosi Guimarães, 1938: 183, figs. 1 (antennae, lateral view), 2 (female abdomen, ventral view), 3 (female abdomen, dorsal view). Type locality. Brazil, Pernambuco, Tapera. Type host. Unknown. Holotype female deposited at MZSP. Paratype deposited at LPFM.

Schuurmans-Stekhoven, Jr., 1942: 104 (citation). Del Ponte, 1944: 119 (citation), 124 (key). Guimarães, 1946: 54 (redescription, host and geographic records), figs. 64 (female habitus dorsal and ventral view, legs omitted), 65 (male abdomen, dorsal and ventral views), 66 (posterior margin of male sternite 5), 67 (female abdominal terminal segment, dorsal view), 68 (tibia 1, anterior view), 69 (tibia 2, anterior view), 70 (femur, tibia and tarsus 3, anterior view). Guimarães & D´Andretta, 1956: 88, figs. 88 (hypoproct and adanal plates), 133 (female abdominal tergite 1), 134 (female abdominal tergite 2), 147 (male genitalia, lateral view). Maa, 1965: 380 (subgenus Pseudelytromya). Theodor, 1967: 284 (diagnosis). Guimarães, 1968: 3 (catalogue). Graciolli, 2001: 318 (checklist).

Guimarãesia [sic] travassosi, Schuurmans-Stekhoven, Jr., 1951a: 112.

Distribution. Brazil (Ceará, Pernambuco).

Host. Myotis albescens (Vespertilionidae).

Basilia tuttlei Guimarães, 1972

Basilia tuttlei Guimarães, 1972: 4, fig. 1 (female abdomen, ventral view), 8 (key for females). Type locality. Venezuela, Amazonas, Rio Cunucunuma, Belén (Mouth of Caño Culebra) 150 m elev. Type host. Myotis nigricans. Holotype female deposited at USNM.

Graciolli, 2001: 318 (checklist).

Distribution. Venezuela (Amazonas).

Host. Myotis nigricans (Vespertilionidae).

Basilia typhlops Guimarães, 1972

Basilia typhlops Guimarães, 1972: 5, fig. 2 (female abdomen, dorsal view), 8 (key for females). Type locality. Venezuela, Bolívar, 85 km SSE El Dorado at km 125, 826 m. elev. Type host. Myotis oxyotus (Peters, 1867). Holotype female deposited at USNM. Paratype deposited in location undetermined.

Graciolli, 2001: 318 (checklist).

Distribution. Venezuela (Bolívar).

Host. Myotis oxyotus (Vespertilionidae).

Basilia wenzeli Guimarães & D'Andretta, 1956

Basilia wenzeli Guimarães & D´Andretta, 1956: 42, figs. 25 (female abdomen, dorsal view), 26 (female abdomen, vetral view), 27 (male abdomen, dorsal and ventral view), 28 (detail of female dorsal connexivum abdominal), 29 (female mentum and labelum, ventral view), 30 (margin posterior of male sternite 5), 31 (posterior female head, dorsal view), 32 (anal segment, dorsal view), 33 (margin posterior of female mesonotum), 57 (male genitalia, lateral view), 80 (hypoproct). Type locality. Venezuela, Aragua, Rancho Grande. Type host. Eptesicus fuscus. Holotype female deposited at UCV. Paratypes deposited at DZUP, FMNH, UCV.

Hurka, 1964: 77 (geographic record). Maa, 1965: 381 (subgenus Basilia). Guimarães, 1966: 396 (record). Theodor, 1967: 270 (diagnosis, host and geographic records), figs. 419 (aedeagus and postgonites, lateral view), 467 (female abdomen, dorsal view), 468 (female terminalia, ventral view). Guimarães, 1968: 3 (catalogue). Guimarães, 1972: 2 (host and geographic records), 8 (key for females). Webb & Loomis, 1977: 80, 98, 106 (checklist). Lassieur & Wilson, 1989: 3 (citation). Mies et al., 1996: 4 (citation). Graciolli, 2001: 318 (checklist).

Distribution. Panamá (Armilla, Bocas del Toro, Los Santos, San Blas, Sirube), Colombia (Cundinamarca), Venezuela (Aragua, Distrito Federal, Mérida).

Hosts. +Artibeus jamaicensis, +Lonchorhina aurita Tomes, 1863 (Phyllostomidae), Eptesicus andinus J. A. Allen, 1914, E. fuscus, Histiotus sp. (Vespertilionidae).

Hershkovitzia Guimarães & D´Andretta, 1956

Hershkovitzia Guimarães & D´Andretta, 1956: 127. Maa, 1965: 379 (checklist). Wenzel & Tipton, 1966: 704 (ecological aspects). Machado-Allison, 1967: 370 (citation). Theodor, 1967: 345 (diagnosis). Guimarães, 1968: 4 (catalogue). Radovsky & Furman, 1969: 393 (citation). Peterson & Lacey, 1985: 581 (key for females), 582 (key for males).

Type species. Hershkovitzia primitiva Guimarães & D´Andretta, 1956, by monotypy.

Hershkovitzia cabala Peterson & Lacey, 1985

Hershkovitzia cabala Peterson & Lacey, 1985: 578, figs. 1 (female habitus, right legs omitted, dorsal view), 2 (female thorax and abdomen, ventral view). Type locality. Brazil, Amazonas, Uruá, Parque Nacional da Amazônia, Rio Tapajós, trail to cataracts. Type host. Thyroptera tricolor Spix, 1823. According to Peterson & Lacey (1985), the holotype female was to have been deposited at MZSP, but the specimens cannot be located.

Graciolli, 2001: 319 (checklist). Graciolli & Bernard, 2002: 84 (host).

Distribution. Brazil (Amazônia).

Host. Thyroptera tricolor (Thyropteridae).

Hershkovitzia coeca Theodor, 1967

Hershkovitzia coeca Theodor, 1967: 346, figs. 578 (female thorax, dorsal view), 579 (female thoracic sternum), 580 (female tibia 1 and tarsomeres 1-4, anterior view), 581 (female tibia 2 and tarsomeres 1-4, anterior view), 582 (female tibia 3 and tarsomeres 1-4, anterior view), 583 (female abdomen, dorsal view), 584 (female abdomen, ventral view and genital plate). Type locality. Unknown. Type host. Unknown. Holotype female deposited at BMNH.

Guimarães, 1968: 4 (catalogue). Graciolli, 2001: 319 (checklist).

Distribution. Unknown.

Host. Unknown.

Hershkovitzia inaequalis Theodor, 1967

Hershkovitzia inaequalis Theodor, 1967: 348, figs. 585 (female thorax, dorsal view), 596 (female thoracic sternum), 587 (female tibia 1 and tarsomeres 1-4, anterior view), 588 (female tibia 2 and tarsomeres 1-4, anterior view), 589 (female tibia 3 and tarsomeres 1-4, anterior view), 590 (male abdomen, dorsal view), 591 (male abdomen, ventral view), 592 (male genitalia, lateral view), 593 (female abdomen, dorsal view), 594 (female abdomen, ventral view and hypoproct). Type locality. Peru, Loreto, Maynas. Type host. Thyroptera discifera (possibly Thyroptera lavali Pine, 1993 (Graciolli & Bernard 2002). Holotype female deposited at FMNH. Paratypes deposited FMNH.

Guimarães, 1968: 4 (catalogue). Graciolli, 2001: 319 (checklist). Graciolli & Bernard, 2002: 83 (host and geographic records, type host identity).

Distribution. Brazil (Amazônia), Peru (Loreto).

Host. Thyroptera discifera (or T. lavali) (Thyropteridae).

Hershkovitzia primitiva Guimarães & D´Andretta, 1956

Hershkovitzia primitiva Guimarães & D´Andretta, 1956: 130, figs. 213 (female head, ventral view), 214 (female head, dorsal view), 215 (male maxillary palp, ventral view), 216 (mentum and labelum, ventral view), 217 (male thorax, dorsal view), 218 (male thorax, ventral view), 219 (lateral margin of male esternum), 220 (male leg 1, anterior view), 221 (male leg 2, anterior view), 222 (male leg 3, anterior view), 223 (female abdomen, dorsal view), 224 (female abdomen, ventral view), 225 (hypoproct), 226 (male abdomen, dorsal view), 227 (male abdomen, ventral view), 228 (setae of abdominal ctenidium), 229 (one cercus, ventral view), 230 (hypoproct, paratype), 231 (male genitalia, frontal view), 232 (male genitalia, lateral view). Type locality. Colombia, Departamento de Bolívar, Rio Sinú, Socorré. Type host. Thyroptera discifera (Lichtenstein & Peters, 1855). Holotype female deposited at FMNH. Paratypes deposited at MZSP.

Maa, 1965: 379 (checklist). Theodor, 1967: 345 (diagnosis). Guimarães, 1968: 4 (catalogue). Wilson, 1978: 2 (citation). Graciolli, 2001: 319 (checklist). Miller & Tschakpa, 2001 (host and geographic records), figs. (female habitus, dorsal view; female abdomen, dorsal view; female habitus, ventral view).

Distribution. Costa Rica (La Selva), Colombia (Bolívar).

Host. Thyroptera discifera (Thyropteridae).

Acknowledgements. We thank Cheryl Barr (Essig Museum of Entomology), James O´Hara (Invertebrate Biodiversity Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada), Miguel Angel Delfino (Universidad Nacional de Córdoba), Weiping Xie (Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County), and Dr. Yosef Schlein (Hebrew University) for information about location of type material. Dr. Carl W. Dick (Field Museum of Natural History) for information about type material and for sending us literature unavailable in Brazil and Argentina.

 

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Received 25/10/2006; accepted 15/03/2007