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Revista Brasileira de Entomologia

Print version ISSN 0085-5626

Rev. Bras. entomol. vol.56 no.3 São Paulo July/Sept. 2012  Epub Sep 13, 2012 

Corrections and additions to Catalogue of Neotropical Diptera (Tabanidae) of Coscarón & Papavero (2009)


Correções e adições ao Catálogo de Diptera Neotropical (Tabanidae) de Coscarón & Papavero (2009)



Augusto Loureiro HenriquesI; Tiago Kütter KrolowII; José Albertino RafaelI

ICoordenação de Pesquisas em Entomologia, Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazônia, Caixa Postal 478, 69011-970 Manaus-AM, Brazil.,
IICoordenação de Ciências Biológicas, Universidade Federal do Tocantins, Caixa. Postal 136, 77500-000 Porto Nacional-TO, Brazil.




Some corrections and omitted taxonomic information for the "Catalogue of Neotropical Diptera. Tabanidae" are presented. Fifteen recently described species are listed for the Neotropical region. Presently, the Neotropical region has 1,205 Tabanidae species, besides 35 unrecognized species and 29 nomina nuda.

Key words: Neotropical region, Tabanidae, taxonomic changes.


São apresentadas correções e informações taxonômicas omitidas no "Catalogue of Neotropical Diptera. Tabanidae". Quinze espécies recentemente descritas para a região Neotropical são adicionadas. Atualmente a Região Neotropical possui 1.205 espécies de Tabanidae, além de 35 espécies não reconhecidas e 29 nomina nuda.

Palavras-chave: Mudanças taxonômicas, Região Neotropical, Tabanidae.



Since the publication of the Catalogue of Neotropical Diptera (Tabanidae) of Coscarón & Papavero (2009), active works in Tabanidae has resulted in several recently described species. We catalog these here, and make some corrections of omission and typographical error.

The first part of this article (Part I) is a table with spelling corrections. Part II is an addendum to the Neotropical Catalogue of Tabanidae based on the following references cited by Coscarón & Papavero (2009), but from which some taxonomic information was excluded, without justification: Barros & Gorayeb (1995, cited erroneously as Gorayeb & Barros (1995)); Henriques & Rafael (1995); Burger (1999); Chainey et al. (1999); Limeira-de-Oliveira & Rafael (2005) and Gorayeb & Barros (2006). Part III is an additional list of recently described species. Finally, we summarize the number of species in each taxon (subfamily and tribe).



We addressed errors in the Coscarón & Papavero (2009) catalog and its incompatibilities with the previous catalog by Fairchild & Burger (1994), using the original papers for each case. Additionally, recently described species are cataloged here, and the number of species updated.

The acronyms of depository institutions from the additional type material cited here are: BMNH - The Natural History Museum, London, England; CAS - Department of Entomology, California Academy of Sciences, San Francisco, USA; CPAP - Centro de Pesquisa Agropecuária do Pantanal/EMBRAPA, Corumbá, Brazil; CZMA - Coleção Zoológica da Universidade Estadual do Maranhão, Caxias, Brazil; CZPB - Coleção Zoológica Paulo Bührnheim, Universidade Federal do Amazonas, Manaus, Brazil; FSCA - Florida State Collection of Arthropods, Gainesville, USA; IEMUS - Instituto de Entomologia, Universidade Metropolitana, Santiago, Chile; INPA - Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazônia, Manaus, Brazil; IOC - Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil; MIZA - Museo del Instituto de Zoología Agrícola Francisco Fernández Yépez, Maracay, Aragua, Venezuela; MNHN - Muséum National d´Histoire Naturelle, Paris, France; MNRJ - Museu Nacional do Rio de Janeiro, Brazil; MPEG - Museu Paraense Emílio Goeldi, Belém, Brazil; MZUSP - Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de São Paulo, Brazil. Abbreviations in the text: col. - collection, Distr. - distribution, HT - holotype, PT - paratype, Ref. - reference, rev. - revision.



Part I. Typographical errors and corrections (see Table I).

Part II. Addendum with omission and corrections to taxonomic information.

Here we present nomenclatural corrections and omissions from the catalog. Each name is followed by corrections and references, if applicable.

Acanthocera (A.) lutzi (Enderlein, 1922). Synonymized under Acanthocera (A.) coarctata (Wiedemann, 1828) by Henriques & Rafael (1995), information omitted by Coscarón & Papavero (2009: 56).

Acanthocera (Nothocanthocera) distincta Henriques & Rafael, 1995: 425, figs. 23a-c, 49. Type-locality: Brazil, Amazonas, São Gabriel da Cachoeira, morro dos seis lagos. Distr. - same. HT female [INPA], 4 females PT [INPA, MPEG, MZUSP]. Ref. Henriques, 1995: 67 (col. INPA). This species was omitted by Coscarón & Papavero (2009).

Catachlorops (Psarochlorops) lineatus Burger, 1999: 52 (as C. (Amphichlorops) Burger, 1999, in error). Coscarón & Papavero (2009: 61, 188) keeps the error. Abstract, discussion and figures in Burger (1999: 51, 53 and 67 respectively) treat the species as Catachlorops (Psarochlorops).

Dichelacera (Dichelacera) corumbaensis Barros & Gorayeb, 1995: 483, figs. 1-5. Type-locality: Brazil, Mato Grosso do Sul, Corumbá. Distr. - same. HT female [MPEG], female PT [MPEG]. Was included in the references of Coscarón & Papavero (2009: 161 cited as "Gorayeb, I. de S. & A. T. M. de Barros", in error), but is absent in the text of Dichelacera (pages 81-88).

Dichelacera melanoptera Hine, 1920. Classified as incertae sedis by Henriques & Rafael (1995). Treated as (Nothocanthocera) Fairchild by Coscarón & Papavero (2009: 88).

Dicladocera Lutz, 1913. Presently with no subgeneric division because Nubiloides Coscarón & Philip (1967) was elevated to generic status by González (1999). The subgenus (Dicladocera)cited in error by Coscarón & Papavero (2009: 89).

Mimodynerus Enderlein, 1922 (including Lutziella Enderlein, 1922). Synonymized under Acanthocera (Acanthocera) by Henriques & Rafael (1995). In error, treated as valid subgenus of Acanthocera Macquart by Coscarón & Papavero (2009: 56-57).

Nothocanthocera Fairchild, 1969. Considered a subgenus of Acanthocera by Henriques & Rafael (1995). In error, treated by Coscarón & Papavero (2009: 87-88) as a subgenus of Dichelacera Macquart.

Rhabdotylus Lutz, 1913. Turcatel et al. (2010) followed the classification proposed by Trojan (1998), in which Rhabdotylus Lutz was restored to generic status separate from Stibasoma Schiner. In error, treated by Coscarón & Papavero (2009: 112-113) as a valid subgenus.

Stibasoma bella Limeira-de-Oliveira & Rafael, 2005: 639, figs. 1-6. Type locality: Brazil, Maranhão, Carolina, balneário Urupuxete, 07°23'54"S; 47°15'00"W. Distr. - Maranhão. HT female [INPA]. Ref. Turcatel et al. 2010: 7, figs. 10-12 (rev.). Was included in the references of Coscarón & Papavero (2009: 168), but is absent in the text (pages 113-115).

Tabanus pseudonebulosus Gorayeb & Barros, 2006: 213, figs. 1-14. Type-locality: Brazil, Santana do Araguaia. Distr. - Venezuela, Brazil (Amazonas, Pará, Mato Grosso do Sul). HT female [MPEG], 216 females and 5 males PT [BMNH, CPAP, INPA, IOC, MIZA, MPEG, MZUSP]. Was included in the references of Coscarón & Papavero (2009: 161), but is absent in the text (page 140).

Nomen nudum

Tabanus bibanda cited in Bassi et al. (2000: 108-110) as new species, but not described therein. Considered here a nomen nudum. Absent in Coscarón & Papavero (2009).

Part III. Recently described species

New taxa described after the submission of "Catalogue of Neotropical Diptera. Tabanidae" (Coscarón & Papavero, 2009) for editing in 2007 are listed below, along with their type-locality and museums where types are deposited.



Esenbeckia (Esenbeckia) rafaeli Limeira-de-Oliveira, 2008: 426, figs. 1-6. Type-locality: Brazil, Maranhão, Carolina, rio Itapecuru, 07º23'54"S; 47º15'00"W. Distr.: Brazil (Maranhão). HT female [INPA], 8 females PT [CZMA, INPA, MPEG].



Agelanius chiloensis González, 2009: 13, figs. 1a-h. Type-locality: Chile, Chiloé Province, Isla Surgidero, Archipiélago Guapiquilan. Distr. - same. HT female [IEMUS], 3 females PT [IEMUS].

Catachlorops (Rhamphidommia) dubius Henriques & Krolow, 2009: 02, figs. 1a-d. Type-locality: Brazil, Amazonas, Lábrea, ramal Apaeral, km 09, Sítio São Raimundo, 07°19'10"S; 64°40'07"W. Distr. - Brazil (Amazonas). HT female [INPA], 12 females PT [CAS; FSCA; INPA; MPEG; MZUSP].

Chlorotabanus falsiflagellatus Krolow & Henriques, 2010: 11, figs. 3a-e. Type-locality: Brazil, Amazonas, Barcelos, Serra do Aracá, 1.100m, 0º54'35"N, 63°26'01"W". Distr. - same. HT female [INPA], 12 females PT [BMNH, CAS, INPA, MPEG, MZUSP].

Chlorotabanus flagellatus Krolow & Henriques, 2009: 204, figs. 1-14. Type-locality: Brazil, Amazonas, Manaus. Distr. - Brazil (Amazonas, Pará). HT female [INPA], 39 females and 13 males PT [CAS, CZPB, FSCA, INPA, MPEG, MZUSP]. Ref. Krolow & Henriques, 2010: 12, figs. 4a-i (rev.).

Chlorotabanus leuconotus Krolow & Henriques, 2010: 21, figs. 8a-i. Type locality: Brazil, Amazonas, Manaus. Distr. - Colombia, Guyana, French Guiana, Brazil (Roraima, Amazonas, Pará, Maranhão, Rondônia); Peru (Madre de Dios). HT female [INPA], 35 females PT [BMNH, CZMA, INPA, MNHN, MPEG].

Chlorotabanus microceratus Krolow & Henriques, 2010: 28, figs. 10a-i. Type-Locality: Brazil, Maranhão, Mirador. Distr.- Brazil (Maranhão). HT female [INPA], 35 females PT [BMNH, CAS, CZMA, FSCA, INPA, MPEG].

Dichelacera (Dichelacera) gemmae Limeira-de-Oliveira, Gorayeb & Henriques, 2009: 104, figs. 1-7. Type-locality: Brazil, Maranhão, Carolina, Fazenda Marajá, 07º15'40"S/47º22'48"W. Distr. - Brazil (Maranhão). HT female [MPEG], 27 females PT [CZMA, FSCA, INPA, MNRJ, MPEG, MZUSP].

Philipotabanus (Mimotabanus) henriquesi Limeira-de-Oliveira, Gorayeb & Rafael, 2009: 504, figs. 1-16. Type-locality: Brazil, Maranhão, Carolina, Balneário Urupuxete, 07º2354"S; 47º 15'00"W. Distr. - Brazil (Maranhão). HT female [INPA], 29 females and 2 males PT [CZMA, INPA, MNRJ, MPEG, MZUSP].

Stibasoma manauensis Turcatel, Rafael & Carvalho in Turcatel, Carvalho & Rafael, 2010: 30, figs. 65-68. Type-locality: Brazil, Amazonas, Manaus, Reserva Ducke. Distr. - same. HT female [INPA], female PT [INPA].

Stibasoma ruthae Turcatel, Rafael & Carvalho in Turcatel, Carvalho & Rafael, 2010: 33, figs. 72-77. Type-locality: Brazil, Amazonas, Manaus, Reserva 1501, Km 41, ZF3. Distr. - Brazil (Amazonas). HT female [INPA], male PT [INPA].

Comments. Presently, with the amendments noted here, the total number of nominal species in the Neotropical region is 1,205 (Table II), with 35 unrecognized species, and 29 nomina nuda.





We thank the Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq) for the fellowship to second author, process number 156156/2010-5.



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Received 6/1/2012
Accepted 28/6/2012
Editor: Silvio Shigueo Nihei

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