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Revista Brasileira de Entomologia

Print version ISSN 0085-5626On-line version ISSN 1806-9665

Rev. Bras. entomol. vol.59 no.4 São Paulo Oct./Dec. 2015

http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rbe.2015.07.008 

Systematics, Morphology and Biogeography

Coleoptera species of forensic importance from Brazil: an updated list

Lúcia Massutti de Almeidaa  * 

Rodrigo César Corrêaa 

Paschoal Coelho Grossib 

aLaboratório de Sistemática e Bioecologia de Coleoptera, Departamento de Zoologia, Universidade Federal do Paraná, Curitiba, PR, Brazil

bUniversidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco, Recife, PE, Brazil

ABSTRACT

A list of the Coleoptera of importance from Brazil, based on published records was compiled. The checklist contains 345 species of 16 families allocated to 16 states of the country. In addition, three species of two families are registered for the first time. The fauna of Coleoptera of forensic importance is still not entirely known and future collection efforts and taxonomic reviews could increase the number of known species considerably in the near future.

Keywords: Beetles; Cleridae; Dermestidae; Forensic entomology; Silphidae

Introduction

The development of forensic entomology in Brazil was well reported by Pujol-Luz et al. (2008). It started in 1908, with the pioneers Roquette-Pinto and Oscar Freire, who noted the high diversity of the native fauna of necrophagous insects and the impossibility of direct application of the methods developed in Europe. Oscar Freire (1914a,b) was the first to present a collection of insects associated with his investigations, mainly obtained from human corpses and small animals in Bahia State. Herman Lüderwaldt (1911) published a list of Coleoptera associated with several kinds of carrion in São Paulo, which is still an important reference on the subject. In 1941, Samuel Pessôa and Frederick Lane published a paper regarding Scarabaeidae of medico-legal importance (Pessôa and Lane, 1941). After this period, the studies and the information regarding forensically important species of Coleoptera from Brazil became disperse and available in books, articles, catalogues, reports and collections or other non-indexed sources (i.e. monographs, dissertations and theses).

Almeida and Mise (2009) published the first list of South American Coleoptera, comprising 15 families and Vasconcelos and Araújo (2012) presented a list of insects collected in northeastern Brazil.

The forensic importance of Coleoptera is often underestimated due to the belief that they occur only at late stages of decomposition. However, more studies about their taxonomy, biology and behaviour are needed before their importance can be fully understood (see Midgley et al., 2010). The diversity of Coleoptera and the lack of taxonomic studies have direct effect in how the beetles can be used in forensic entomology, mostly because unidentified material cannot be used for a postmortem interval estimative.

Coleoptera families with known predatory and necrophagous habit (i.e. carrion feeders) are listed as having potential forensic importance (see Smith, 1986; Byrd and Castner, 2010). The necrophilous habit (i.e. associated with carrion/corpses) is an indicative of the potential forensic importance, but the correct identification is the first step for the better understanding of the role of the species at their environment and guide future studies about its biology and distribution.

The main objective of this study was to present an updated list of Coleoptera species associated with carrion/corpses in Brazil. More specifically, it aimed to provide updated data about the geographical distribution and substratum in which species were collected, as well as to provide a checklist of current valid names.

Material and methods

The list of species of Coleoptera was based on information collected from published literature from 1908 to 2014 with some new data included (Table 1) and consider mostly studies of forensic entomology, ecological succession and fauna surveys performed in Brazil.

Table 1 Compiled list of Coleoptera species of forensic importance from Brazil. 

Family/species Diet/carcass Geographical distribution References
Carabidae
Arthrostictus speciosus (Drury, 1829) Pig Serra Talhada (PE) Mayer and Vasconcelos, 2013
Clivina sp. Pig Serra Talhada (PE) Mayer and Vasconcelos, 2013
Galerita sp. Pig Serra Talhada (PE) Mayer and Vasconcelos, 2013
Taeniolobus crenulatus Chaudoir, 1842 (?) Not specified São Paulo (SP) Luederwaldt, 1911
Carabidae sp. Human Campinas (SP) Carvalho et al., 2000
Carabidae sp. Pig Recife (PE) Cruz and Vasconcelos, 2006
Carabidae sp. 1 Pig Itumbiara (GO) Marchiori et al., 2000
Carabidae sp. 1 Pig Curitiba (PR) Mise et al., 2007
Carabidae sp. 2 Pig Curitiba (PR) Mise et al., 2007
Carabidae sp. 3 Pig Curitiba (PR) Mise et al., 2007
Carabidae sp. 4 Pig Curitiba (PR) Mise et al., 2007
Carabidae sp. 5 Pig Curitiba (PR) Mise et al., 2007
Cleridae
Necrobia ruficollis (Fabricius, 1775) Pig, not specified Campinas (PR), São Paulo (SP), Curitiba (PR) Luederwaldt, 1911; Mise et al., 2007
Necrobia rufipes (De Geer, 1775) Human, pig, rabbit, not specified São Paulo (SP), Campinas (SP), Curitiba (PR), Ribeirão do Pinhal (PR), Uberlândia (MG), Serra Talhada (PE) Luederwaldt, 1911; Souza and Linhares, 1997; Carvalho et al., 2000;Carvalho et al., 2004; Mise et al., 2007; Rosa et al., 2011; Silva and Santos, 2012; Mayer and Vasconcelos, 2013; Mise et al.,2013
Cleridae sp. Pig Recife (PE) Cruz and Vasconcelos, 2006
Dermestidae
Dermestes maculatus (De Geer, 1774) Human, pig, rat, rabbit Campinas (SP), Curitiba (PR), Uberlândia (MG), Serra Talhada (PE) Souza and Linhares, 1997; Carvalho et al., 2000; Carvalho et al.,2004; Mise et al., 2007; Rosa et al., 2011; Mayer and Vasconcelos,2013; Mise et al., 2013
Dermestes peruvianus Laporte, 1840 Pig Campinas (SP) Souza and Linhares, 1997
Dermestes sp. Not specified São Paulo (SP) Luederwaldt, 1911
Dermestidae sp. 1 Pig Itumbiara (GO) Marchiori et al., 2000
Geotrupidae
Bolpapium striatopunctatum (Laporte, 1840) Pig Uberlândia (MG) Rosa et al., 2011
Histeridae
Aeletes nicolasi Leivas, 2012 Rabbit Curitiba (PR) Leivas et al., 2012
Aeletes sp. Rabbit Curitiba (PR) Mise et al., 2013
Atholus sp. Pig Serra Talhada (PE) Mayer and Vasconcelos, 2013
Euspilotus azureus (Sahlberg, 1823)(=Euspilotus “grupo” azureus;Saprinus azureus Sahlberg, 1823);(=Euspilotus nigrita (Blanchard, 1842)) Pig, rabbit Campinas (SP), Curitiba (PR), Manaus (AM), Capão do Leão (RS) Souza and Linhares,1997; Mise et al., 2007; Mise et al., 2010; Souza et al., 2008; Mise et al., 2013
Euspilotus (Hesperosaprinus) sp. Pig Serra Talhada (PE) Mayer and Vasconcelos, 2013
Euspilotus sp. Pig Serra Talhada (PE) Mayer and Vasconcelos, 2013
Euspilotus sp. Pig Manaus (AM) Mise et al., 2010
Euspilotus sp. Pig Campinas (SP) Souza and Linhares, 1997
Euspilotus sp. Pig Campinas (SP) Carvalho et al., 2000
Euspilotus sp. Pig Curitiba (PR) Mise et al., 2007
Euspilotus spp. Pig Uberlândia (MG) Rosa et al., 2011
Hister sp. Pig Manaus (AM) Mise et al., 2010
Hister sp. Pig Cutitiba (PR) Mise et al., 2007
Hololepta sp. Pig Serra Talhada (PE) Mayer and Vasconcelos, 2013
Omalodes (Omalodes)bifoveolatus Marseul, 1853 Pig Manaus (AM) Almeida and Mise, 2009; Mise et al., 2010
Omalodes (Omalodes)foveola Erichson, 1834 Pig Manaus (AM), Serra Talhada (PE) Mise et al., 2010;Mayer and Vasconcelos, 2013
Omalodes (Omalodes)lucidus Erichson, 1834 Pig Manaus (AM) Mise et al., 2010
Omalodes (Omalodes)planifrons Marseul, 1853 Pig Serra Talhada (PE) Mayer and Vasconcelos, 2013
Omalodes sp. Pig Campinas (SP) Carvalho et al., 2000
Omalodes sp. Pig Campinas (SP) Souza and Linhares, 1997
Operclipygus subterraneusCaterino and Tisheckin, 2013(=Operclipygus hospes (Lewis, 1902)) Rabbit Curitiba (PR) Corrêa et al., 2012;Caterino and Tishechkin, 2013
Phelister sanguinipennis Marseul, 1853 Pig Manaus (AM) Mise et al., 2010
Phelister sp. Rabbit Curitiba (PR) Mise et al., 2013
Phelister sp. Pig Curitiba (PR) Mise et al., 2007
Phelister sp. 1 Pig Manaus (AM) Mise et al., 2010
Phelister sp. 2 Pig Manaus (AM) Mise et al., 2010
Phelister sp. 3 Pig Manaus (AM) Mise et al., 2010
Scapomegas auritus Marseul, 1855 Pig Manaus (AM) Mise et al., 2010
Xerosaprinus sp. Pig Serra Talhada (PE) Mayer and Vasconcelos, 2013
Histeridae sp. Rat Campinas (SP) Monteiro-Filho and Penereiro, 1987
Histeridae sp. Pig Recife (PE) Cruz and Vasconcelos, 2006
Histeridae spp. Pig, not specified São Paulo (SP), Campinas (SP), Uberlândia (MG) Luederwaldt,1911; Carvalho et al., 2004; Rosa et al., 2011
Histeridae sp. 1 Pig Itumbiara (GO) Marchiori et al., 2000
Histeridae sp. 2 Pig Itumbiara (GO) Marchiori et al., 2000
Histeridae sp. 3 Pig Itumbiara (GO) Marchiori et al., 2000
Histeridae sp. 4 Pig Itumbiara (GO) Marchiori et al., 2000
Histeridae sp. 5 Pig Itumbiara (GO) Marchiori et al., 2000
Leiodidae (=Cholevidae)
Dissochaetus amazonicus Gnaspini, 1999 Pig Manaus (AM) Mise et al., 2010
Dissochaetus murray Reitter, 1884 Rat, rabbit Curitiba (PR) Moura et al., 1997;Mise et al., 2013
Hydnobius sp. Pig Curitiba (PR) Mise et al., 2007
Monotomidae (=Rhizophagidae)
Rhizophagidae sp. Pig Curitiba (PR) Mise et al., 2007
Nitidulidae
Carpophilus sp. Pig Curitiba (PR) Mise et al., 2007
Stelidota geminata (Say, 1825) Rabbit Curitiba (PR) present study
Stelidota octomaculata (Say, 1825) Rabbit Curitiba (PR) present study
Nitidulidae sp. Rat Campinas (SP) Monteiro-Filho and Penereiro, 1987
Nitidulidae sp. 1 Pig Curitiba (PR) Mise et al., 2007
Nitidulidae sp. 2 Pig Curitiba (PR) Mise et al., 2007
Nitidulidae sp. 3 Pig Curitiba (PR) Mise et al., 2007
Ptiliidae
Ptiliidae sp. Rabbit Curitiba (PR) Mise et al., 2013
Ptiliidae sp. Pig Curitiba (PR) Mise et al., 2007
Scarabaeidae
Anomiopus sp. Pig Itumbiara (GO) Marchiori et al., 2000
Aphengium sordidum Harold, 1868 Not specified (ES) Pessôa and Lane, 1941
Aphodiinae sp.1 Pig Curitiba (PR) Mise et al., 2007
Ataenius aequalis Harold, 1880 Pig Uberlândia (MG) Rosa et al., 2011
Ataenius picinus Harold, 1868 Pig Curitiba (PR) Mise et al., 2007
Ataenius sp. Rabbit Curitiba (PR) Mise et al., 2013
Ataenius sp. Pig Uberlândia (MG) Rosa et al., 2011
Ataenius sp. 1 Pig Itumbiara (GO) Marchiori et al., 2000
Ataenius sp. 2 Pig Itumbiara (GO) Marchiori et al., 2000
Ateuchus apicatus (Harold, 1867) Not specified São Paulo (SP) Luederwaldt, 1911
Ateuchus brevis (Harold, 1868) (=Choeridiumbreve Harold, 1868) Not specified São Paulo (Ipiranga) (SP) Pessôa and Lane, 1941
Ateuchus carbonarium (Harold, 1868)(=Choeridium carbonarium Harold, 1868) Not specified São Paulo (Ipiranga) (SP), Cantareira (SP) Pessôa and Lane, 1941
Ateuchus carbonarius (Harold, 1868) Pig Serra Talhada (PE) Mayer and Vasconcelos, 2013
Ateuchus multilatus (Harold, 1868) (=Choeridiummutilatum Harold, 1867) Not specified Nova Friburgo (RJ), Petrópolis (RJ), Serra da Bocaína (RJ), Serra de Macaé (RJ), Campos do Jordão (SP) Pessôa and Lane, 1941
Ateuchus palperatus (Germar, 1824) (=Choeridiumpauperatum Germar, 1824) Not specified São Paulo (SP), São Paulo (Ipiranga) (SP) Luederwaldt, 1911;Pessôa and Lane, 1941
Ateuchus striatulus (Preudhomme de Borre, 1886)(=Choeridium striatulum Preudhomme de Borre, 1886) Not specified Franca (SP) Pessôa and Lane, 1941
Ateuchus subquadratus (Harold, 1868)(=Choeridium subquadratum Harold, 1868) Not specified São Paulo (Ipiranga) (SP), Campos do Jordão (SP), “without locality” (MT) Pessôa and Lane, 1941
Ateuchus vividus Germar, 1824 Pig Uberlândia (MG) Rosa et al., 2011
Ateuchus vividus Germar, 1824 (=Choeridiumvividum Germar, 1824) Not specified Franca (SP) Pessôa and Lane, 1941
Boucomontius Dendropaemon convexus Harold, 1869(=Tetramereia convexa) Not specified Manicoré (AM), São Paulo (SP), (GO), (MG), (SP) Pessôa and Lane, 1941
Canthidium (Canthidium) aff.depresum (Boucomont, 1928) Pig Manaus (AM) Mise et al., 2010
Canthidium (Canthidium)decoratum Perty, 1830 Not specified São Paulo (SP), São Paulo (Ipiranga) (SP), Jundiaí (SP), Campinas (SP), Leopoldo Bulhões (GO) Luederwaldt, 1911;Pessôa and Lane, 1941
Canthidium (Canthidium)dispar Harold, 1867 (=C. Canthidiumdispar) Not specified São Paulo (Ipiranga) (SP) Luederwaldt, 1911;Pessôa and Lane, 1941
Canthidium (Canthidium)lucidum Harold, 1867 Not specified São Paulo (Ipiranga) (SP) Pessôa and Lane, 1941
Canthidium (Canthidium)manni Arrow, 1913 Pig Serra Talhada (PE) Mayer and Vasconcelos, 2013
Canthidium (Canthidium)splendidum (Preudhomme de Borre, 1886) Not specified São Paulo (SP), São Paulo (Ipiranga) (SP) Luederwaldt, 1911; Pessôa and Lane, 1941
Canthidium (Eucanthidium)breve (Germar, 1824) Not specified São Paulo (Ipiranga) (SP) Luederwaldt, 1911;Pessôa and Lane, 1941
Canthidium politum politum Harold, 1867(=Canthidium (Eucanthidium)trinodosum (Boheman, 1858)) Not specified São Paulo (SP) Luederwaldt, 1911
Canthidium sp. Rat Curitiba (PR) Moura et al., 1997
Canthidium sp. Pig Uberlândia (MG) Rosa et al., 2011
Canthidium spp. Not specified São Paulo (SP) Luederwaldt, 1911
Canthon (Canthon)chalybaeus Harold, 1868 (=Canthonconformis Harold, 1868) Not specified (SP) (SP), (RS), (SC), (SP), (RJ), (MT), (BA), (PA) Luederwaldt, 1911;Pessôa and Lane, 1941
Canthon (Canthon)angularis Harold, 1868 Not specified (RJ), (PR), (SC), (SP) Pessôa and Lane, 1941
Canthon (Canthon)curvipes Harold, 1868 Not specified São Paulo (SP), São Paulo (Ipiranga) (SP) Luederwaldt, 1911;Pessôa and Lane, 1941
Canthon (Canthon)lituratus (Germar, 1813) Not specified (AM), (BA), (PE), (MT), (RJ), (SP). Vila Nova (BA), (SP) (Ipiranga) (SP) Pessôa and Lane, 1941
Canthon (Canthon)mutabilis Lucas, 1859 Not specified Jundiaí (SP), (RS), (SC), (SP), (RJ), (MT) Pessôa and Lane, 1941
Canthon (Canthon)podagricus Harold, 1868 Not specified São Paulo (SP), São Paulo (Ipiranga) (SP) Luederwaldt, 1911;Pessôa and Lane, 1941
Canthon (Canthon)substriatus (Harold, 1868) (=Canthonsubstriatus Harold, 1868) Not specified Barretos (SP) Pessôa and Lane, 1941
Canthon (Francmonrosia)dives Harold, 1868 Not specified São Paulo (SP), (MG), (GO), (MT) Luederwaldt, 1911;Pessôa and Lane, 1941
Canthon (Francmonrosia)rutilans Castelnau, 1840 Rat, not specified São Paulo (SP), (MG), (AM), Campinas (SP) Luederwaldt, 1911; Pessôa and Lane, 1941; Monteiro-Filho and Penereiro, 1987
Canthon (Francmonrosia)tetraodon Blanchard, 1845 Not specified (RS), (SC), (SP), (ES) Pessôa and Lane, 1941
Canthon (Goniocanthon)smaragdulus (Fabricius, 1781) Not specified (ES), (MG), (RJ), (SP), (RS) Pessôa and Lane, 1941
Canthon (Pseudepilissus)muticus Harold, 1867 Not specified São Paulo (Ipiranga) (SP) Pessôa and Lane, 1941
Canthon aff. sordidus (Harold, 1868) Pig Manaus (AM) Mise et al., 2010
Canthon septemmaculatus Latreille, 1811(=Canthon septemmaculaus (Latreille, 1811)) Not specified São Paulo (SP), Manaus (AM), Juazeiro (BA), Vila Nova (BA), Pirapora (MG), São Paulo (Ipiranga) (SP), Campinas (SP), Franca (SP), Alto da Serra (SP) Luederwaldt, 1911;Pessôa and Lane, 1941
Canthon smaragdulus (Fabricius, 1781) (=Canthonspeculifer Castelnau, 1840) Not specified (ES), (RJ), (MT), (RS), (SC), (SP) Pessôa and Lane, 1941
Canthon sp. Pig Campinas (SP), Serra Talhada (PE) Carvalho et al., 2000;Mayer and Vasconcelos, 2013
Canthon triangularis Drury, 1770 Not specified (AM), Manaus (AM) Pessôa and Lane, 1941;Mise et al., 2010
Canthon tristis Harold, 1862 Not specified São Paulo (SP) Luederwaldt, 1911
Canthon unicolor Blanchard, 1845 (=Canthonopacus Lucas, 1857) Not specified (SP), (MG) Pessôa and Lane, 1941
Canthon virens Mannerheim, 1829 Not specified, pig (ES), (RJ), (SP), Jundiaí (SP), Campinas (SP), Franca (SP), Uberlândia (MG) Pessôa and Lane, 1941;Rosa et al., 2011
Chalcocopris hesperus (Olivier, 1789) Not specified (ES), (MG), (RJ), (SP) Pessôa and Lane, 1941
Coprophanaeus (Coprophanaeus)acrisius (MacLeay, 1819)(=Phanaeus (Coprophanaeus)camargoi Pessôa) Not specified P. Murtinho (MS) Pessôa and Lane, 1941
Coprophanaeus (Coprophanaeus)cerberus (Harold, 1869) (=Phanaeus(Coprophanaeus) cerberus Harl.) Not specified (ES), Passa Quatro (MG), Serra da Bocaína (RJ) Pessôa and Lane, 1941
Coprophanaeus (Coprophanaeus)cyanescens (d’Olsoufieff, 1924)(=Phanaeus (Coprophanaeus)cyanescens Olsouf.) Not specified (MT), Bragança (PA), Cuiabá (PA), (SP), Serra Talhada (PE) Pessôa and Lane, 1941;Mayer and Vasconcelos, 2013
Coprophanaeus (Coprophanaeus)dardanus (MacLeay, 1819)(=Phanaeus (Coprophanaeus)arrowi d’Olsoufieff) Not specified Piassaguera (SP) Pessôa and Lane, 1941
Coprophanaeus (Coprophanaeus)jasius (Olivier, 1789) (=Phanaeus(Coprophanaeus) jasius Oliv.) Not specified Vila Nova (BA), Franca (SP), Jundiaí (SP), Campinas (SP), Rio Preto (SP), São Paulo (Ipiranga) (SP), Serra de Comunatí (PE), (GO) Pessôa and Lane, 1941
Coprophanaeus (Coprophanaeus)milon (Blanchard, 1843) (=Phanaeus(Coprophanaeus) milon Blanch.) Not specified Sul do Brasil Pessôa and Lane, 1941
Coprophanaeus (Coprophanaeus)spitzi (Pessôa, 1934) (=Phanaeus(Coprophanaeus) spitzi Pessôa) Not specified Leopoldo Bulhões (GO), Vianopolis (GO) Pessôa and Lane, 1941
Coprophanaeus (Megaphanaeus)bonariensis (Gory, 1844)(=Phanaeus (Megaphanaeus)bonariensis Gory) Not specified São Paulo (SP), Porto Epitácio (SP), S. Grande (SP), Funil (SP), São Paulo (Ipiranga) (SP) Luederwaldt, 1911;Pessôa and Lane, 1941
Coprophanaeus (Megaphanaeus)ensifer (Germar, 1824) (=Phanaeus(Megaphanaeus) ensifer Germ.) Pig, not specified São Paulo (SP), Lusanvira (SP), Norte da Bahia, Sul do Paraná, Campinas (SP), João Pessoa (PB), Uberlândia (MG) Luederwaldt, 1911;Pessôa and Lane, 1941; Carvalho et al., 2000; Endres et al., 2005;Rosa et al., 2011
Coprophanaeus (Megaphanaeus)lancifer (Linnaeus, 1767) Pig Manaus (AM) Ururahy-Rodrigues etal., 2008; Mise et al., 2010
Coprophanaeus (Metallophanaeus)horus (Waterhouse, 1891)(=Phanaeus (Mettalophanaeus)horus Waterh.) Not specified Faz. da Fáia (MT) Pessôa and Lane, 1941
Coprophanaeus (Metallophanaeus)punctatus (d’Olsoufieff, 1924)(=Phanaeus (Coprophanaeus)punctatus Olsuf.) Not specified (MT) (?) Pessôa and Lane, 1941
Coprophanaeus (Metallophanaeus)saphirinus (Sturm, 1828)(=Phanaeus (Mettalophanaeus)saphirinus Sturm) Rat, not specified São Paulo (Ipiranga) (SP), Cantareira (SP), São Paulo (SP), Campos do Jordão (SP), Leme (SP), Jundiaí (SP), Ribeirão Preto (SP), Curitiba (PR) Pessôa and Lane, 1941;Moura et al., 1997
Coprophanaeus (Metallophanaeus)thalalassinus (Perty, 1830)(=Phanaeus (Coprophanaeus)thalassinus Perty) Not specified (SP) Pessôa and Lane, 1941
Coprophanaeus bellicosus (Olivier, 1789)(=Phanaeus (Megaphanaeus)bellicosus (Ol.)) Not specified São Paulo (Ipiranga) (SP), Joinville (SC) Pessôa and Lane, 1941
Coprophanaeus dardanus (MacLeay, 1819)(=Coprophanaeus (Corpophanaeus)dardanus (MacLeay, 1819)) Not specified Joinville (SC), Corupá (SC), Raiz da Serra (SP), Porto Alegre (SP) Pessôa and Lane, 1941
Deltochilum (Aganhyboma)trisignatum Harold, 1881 Not specified (ES), (MG) Pessôa and Lane, 1941
Deltochilum (Calhyboma)carinatum (Westwood, 1837) Not specified Região Amazônica Pessôa and Lane, 1941
Deltochilum (Calhyboma)verruciferum Felsche, 1911 Pig Serra Talhada (PE) Mayer and Vasconcelos, 2013
Deltochilum (Deltochilum)dentipes Eschscholtz, 1822 Not specified (RJ), (SP), (PR), (SC), PontaGrossa (PR) Pessôa and Lane, 1941
Deltochilum (Deltochilum)irroratum (Castelnau, 1840) Not specified (AM), (ES), (RJ), (SC) Pessôa and Lane, 1941
Deltochilum (Deltochilum)orbiculare van Lansberge, 1874 Not specified Bacia Amazônica, (BA), (MT) Pessôa and Lane, 1941
Deltochilum (Deltohyboma) aff.guyanense Paulian, 1933 (=Deltochilumaffguyanense) Pig Manaus (AM) Mise et al., 2010
Deltochilum (Deltohyboma)morbillosum Burmeister, 1848 Not specified São Paulo (SP), Jundiaí (SP), (RJ), (SP), (MG) Luederwaldt, 1911;Pessôa and Lane, 1941
Deltochilum (Deltohyboma)sculpturatum Felsche, 1907 (=Deltochilumsulphuratum Felsche, 1907) Not specified São Paulo (SP) Luederwaldt, 1911
Deltochilum (Deltohyboma) sp. Pig Uberlândia (MG) Rosa et al., 2011
Deltochilum (Euhyboma)brasiliense (Castelnau, 1840) (=Deltochilumbrasiliensis (Castelnau, 1840)) Human, pig, not specified São Paulo (SP), São Paulo (Ipiranga) (SP), (ES), (RJ), (MG), (SP), (SC), Campinas (SP) Luederwaldt,1911; Pessôa and Lane, 1941; Carvalho et al., 2000
Deltochilum (Hybomidium)icarus (Olivier, 1789) Not specified Pirapora (MG), Pouso Alegre (MG), Murtinho (MS), Manaus (AM) Pessôa and Lane, 1941;Mise et al., 2010
Deltochilum (Parahyboma)furcatum (Castelnau, 1840) Not specified (ES), (RJ), Salto Grande (SP) Pessôa and Lane, 1941
Deltochilum (Rubrohyboma)rubripenne (Gory, 1831) Not specified (RJ), (SP), (SC), (RS), São Paulo (SP), São Paulo (Ipiranga) (SP), Jundiaí (SP), Rocinha (SP), Rio de Janeiro (RJ), Maracujá (MT) Pessôa and Lane, 1941
Deltochilum peruanum Paulian, 1938 Pig Manaus (AM) Mise et al., 2010
Dendropaemon (Corpophanaeioides)hirticollis d’Olsoufieff, 1924(=Dendropaemon montei Pessoa and Lane, 1936) Not specified Ouro Preto (MG), Santa Bárbara (MG) Pessôa and Lane, 1941
Dendropaemon (Dendropaemon)amyntas waterhousii d’Olsoufieff, 1924(=Dendropaemon waterhousei Olsoufieff, 1924) Not specified Ribeirão Preto (SP) Pessôa and Lane, 1941
Dendropaemon (Dendropaemon)crenatostriatus Felsche, 1909 Not specified (SP) Pessôa and Lane, 1941
Dendropaemon (Dendropaemon)denticollis Felsche, 1909 Not specified P. Murtinho (MS), Irara (MG), Vianópolis (GO) Pessôa and Lane, 1941
Dendropaemon (Dendropaemon)viridipennis (Laporte, 1831) Not specified São Paulo (Ipiranga) (SP), S. Bernardo (SP), Irara (MG) Pessôa and Lane, 1941
Dendropaemon (Dendropaemon)viridis Perty, 1833 Not specified São Paulo (Ipiranga) (SP) Pessôa and Lane, 1941
Dendropaemon (Paradendropaemon)ganglbaueri Felsche, 1909 Not specified São Paulo (SP) Pessôa and Lane, 1941
Diabroctis mimas (Linnaeus, 1758) (=Taurocoprismimas Linneu) Not specified (GO), (MT), (SP), (AM), (PA), (BA) Pessôa and Lane, 1941
Diabroctis mirabilis (Harold, 1877)(=Taurocopris luederwaldti Pessôa, 1941) Not specified São Paulo (SP) (“probably”) Pessôa and Lane, 1941
Diabroctis mirabilis (Harold, 1877)(=Taurocopris mirabilis Harold, 1877) Not specified Agudos (SP), P. Murtinho (MS), Vianopolis (GO) Pessôa and Lane, 1941
Dichotomius (Dichotomius)agesilaus (Waterhouse, 1891) (=Pinotusagesilaus Waterhouse, 1891) Not specified (PR), (SC) Pessôa and Lane, 1941
Dichotomius (Dichotomius)boreus (Olivier, 1789) Pig Manaus (AM) Mise et al., 2010
Dichotomius (Dichotomius)longiceps (Taschenberg, 1870) (=Pinotuslongiceps Taschenbg., 1870) Not specified (SP), (MT), (GO), Campinas (SP), Serra Negra (SP), Franca (SP), Avanhandava (SP) Pessôa and Lane, 1941
Dichotomius (Dichotomius)semiaeneus (Germar, 1824) (=Pinotussemiaeneus Germar) Not specified São Paulo (SP) Luederwaldt, 1911
Dichotomius (Homocanthonides)smaragdinus (Perty, 1833) (=Pinotussmaragdinus (Perty, 1830)) Not specified (SP), (MT), (GO) Pessôa and Lane, 1941
Dichotomius (Luederwaldtinia)geminatus (Arrow, 1913) Pig Serra Talhada (PE) Mayer and Vasconcelos, 2013
Dichotomius (Luederwaldtinia)nisus (Olivier, 1789) (=Pinotusnisus (Olivier, 1789)) Not specified, pig (PA), (BA), (PE), (MG), (ES), (SP), (RS), Uberlândia (MG), Serra Talhada (PE) Pessôa andLane, 1941; Rosa et al., 2011; Mayer and Vasconcelos,2013
Dichotomius (Luederwaldtinia)opacipennis (Luederwaldt, 1931) Pig Uberlândia (MG) Rosa et al., 2011
Dichotomius (Luederwaldtinia)sericeus (Harold, 1867) Pig Recife (PE) Cruz and Vasconcelos, 2006
Dichotomius (Selenocopris)ascanius (Harold, 1869) (=Pinotusascanius Harold) Not specified São Paulo (SP) Luederwaldt, 1911
Dichotomius (Selenocopris)fissus (Harold, 1867) (=Pinotusfissus Harold, 1867) Not specified (SP), (RJ), (MG), (ES) Pessôa and Lane, 1941
Dichotomius sp. Pig Recife (PE) Cruz and Vasconcelos, 2006
Dichotomius sp. Pig Curitiba (PR) Mise et al., 2007
Dichotomius sp. Pig Itumbiara (GO) Marchiori et al., 2000
Dyscinetus sp. Pig Curitiba (PR) probably accidental Mise et al., 2007
Eurysternus aeneus Génier, 2009 Pig Uberlândia (MG) Rosa et al., 2011
Eurysternus calligrammus Dalman, 1824 Not specified São Paulo (Ipiranga) (SP), Cantareira (SP), Jundiaí (SP), Blumenau (SC), Corupá (=Hansa Humboldt) (SC) Pessôa and Lane, 1941
Eurysternus calligrammus Dalman, 1824(=Eurysternus opacus Lucas, 1857) Not specified Brasil Pessôa and Lane, 1941
Eurysternus calligrammus Dalman, 1824(=Eurysternus scotinoides Castelnau, 1840) Not specified Brasil Pessôa and Lane, 1941
Eurysternus foedus Guérin-Méneville, 1830 Not specified Brasil Pessôa and Lane, 1941
Eurysternus hypocrita Balthasar, 1939 Pig Manaus (AM) Mise et al., 2010
Eurysternus impressicollis Casteunal, 1840 Not specified São Paulo (Ipiranga) (SP) Luederwaldt, 1911;Pessôa and Lane, 1941
Eurysternus parallelus Castelnau, 1840 (=Eurysternus femoralis Lucas, 1857) Human, pig, not specified Campinas (SP) Pessôa and Lane, 1941;Carvalho et al., 2000
Eurysternus sp. (=Eurysthernus sp.) Rat Curitiba (PR) Moura et al., 1997
Eutrichillum hirsutum (Boucomont, 1928)(=Trichillum hirsutum Boucomont) Not specified (SP) Pessôa and Lane, 1941
Gromphas lacordairei Brullé, 1834 Not specified Piracicaba (SP), Anhangabí (SP), Curitiba, Artaga (?) (PR), Joinville (SC), Blumenau (SC), Harmonia (SC), (RS), P. Murtinho (MS) Pessôa and Lane, 1941
Holocephalus eridanus (Olivier, 1789) Not specified (ES), (RJ), (MG) Pessôa and Lane, 1941
Isocopris inhiatus (Germar, 1824) (=Pinotusinhiatus (Germar, 1824)) Not specified (SP), (PR), (MG) Pessôa and Lane, 1941
Labarrus pseudolividus (Balthasar, 1941) Pig Uberlândia (MG) Rosa et al., 2011
Leucothyreus sp. (=Leucotyreus sp.) Pig Curitiba (PR) probably accidental Mise et al., 2007
Malagoniella (Malagoniella)virens (Harold, 1869) (=Megathopavirens Harold, 1869) Not specified Brasil Pessôa and Lane, 1941
Malagoniella (Megathopomima)puncticollis aeneicollis (Waterhouse, 1890)(=Megathopa aenicollis Waterhouse, 1890) Not specified Brasil Pessôa and Lane, 1941
Megathopa sp. Rat Campinas (SP) Monteiro-Filho and Penereiro, 1987
Megathopa sp. Rat Curitiba (PR) Moura et al., 1997
Ontherus (Ontherus)appendiculatus (Mannerheim, 1829) Not specified, pig (SP), (PR), (RS), (MT), (MG), (ES), (BA), (CE), (AM), Uberlândia (MG) Pessôa and Lane, 1941;Rosa et al., 2011
Ontherus (Ontherus)cephalotes Harold, 1869 Not specified São Paulo (Ipiranga) (SP), Cantareira (SP), Blumenau (SC), Joinville (SC), Rio Negrinho (SC), Nova Petrópolis (RS) Pessôa and Lane, 1941
Ontherus (Ontherus)digitatus Harold, 1868 Not specified São Paulo (Ipiranga) (SP), Franca (SP), Pirapora (MG), Juazeiro (BA), (MT) Pessôa and Lane, 1941
Ontherus (Ontherus)sulcator (Fabricius, 1775) (=Ontherusnisus Laporte, 1840) Not specified (AM), (RJ), (SP), (MT), (RS) Pessôa and Lane, 1941
Ontherus sp. São Paulo (SP) Luederwaldt, 1911
Ontherus sp. Pig Curitiba (PR) Mise et al., 2007
Onthophagus (Onthophagus)bidentatus Drapiez, 1819 Not specified São Paulo (SP) Luederwaldt, 1911
Onthophagus (Onthophagus)buculus Mannerheim, 1829 Pig Campinas (SP) Souza and Linhares, 1997
Onthophagus (Onthophagus)hirculus Mannerheim, 1829 Not specified, pig São Paulo (SP), Uberlândia (MG) Luederwaldt, 1911;Rosa et al., 2011
Onthophagus sp. Pig Curitiba (PR) Mise et al., 2007
Oxysternon (Mioxysternon)spiniferum (Castelnau, 1840) (=Oxysternoncurvispinum Olsoufieff, 1824) Not specified Porto Murtinho (MS) Pessôa and Lane, 1941
Oxysternon (Oxysternon)conspicillatum (Weber, 1801) Not specified Serra dos Parecis (MT), Manaus (AM), S. Paulo de Olivença (AM), (GO) Pessôa and Lane, 1941
Oxysternon (Oxysternon)palemo Castelnau, 1840 Not specified (GO), Diamantina (MG), São João del Rei (MG), Avanhandava (SP), Lussanvira (SP) Pessôa and Lane, 1941
Pedaridium hirsutum (Harold, 1859) Not specified Franca (SP) Pessôa and Lane, 1941
Phanaeus (Notiophanaeus)dejeani Harold, 1868 (=Phanaeus(Phanaeus) dejeani Harold) Not specified (PA), São Paulo (Ipiranga) (SP), São Paulo (SP) Pessôa and Lane, 1941
Phanaeus (Notiophanaeus)kirbyi Vigors, 1825 (=Phanaeus(Phanaeus) kirbyi Vigors) Not specified E. da Barra (MG), Diamantina (MG), (MT), Castro (PR) Pessôa and Lane, 1941
Phanaeus (Notiophanaeus)palaeno Blanchard, 1845 (=Phanaeus(Phanaeus) palaeno Blanch.) Not specified Castro (SP), E. da Barra (MG), Serra Diamantina (MG), Agudos (SP) Pessôa and Lane, 1941
Phanaeus (Notiophanaeus)splendidulus (Fabricius, 1781)(=Phanaeus (Phanaeus)floriger Kirby) Not specified Rio de Janeiro (RJ), São Paulo (Ipiranga) (SP), Avanhandava (SP), (ES), (SC) Pessôa and Lane, 1941
Phanaeus (Notiophanaeus)splendidulus Fabricius, 1781(=Phanaeus (Phanaeus)splendidus (Fabricius)) Not specified (SP), Castro (PR), Serra Diamantina (MG), V. Alegre (MG) Pessôa and Lane, 1941
Phyllophaga sp. Pig Itumbiara (GO) probably accidental Marchiori et al., 2000
Pinotus sp. (=Dichotomius sp.) Rat Curitiba (PR) Moura et al., 1997
Scatonomus fasciculatus Erichson, 1835 Not specified São Paulo (SP), Alto da Serra (SP), Serra da Bocaína (SP), (MG), (RS) Pessôa and Lane, 1941
Scatonomus insignis Harold, 1867 Not specified Jundiaí (SP), Franca (SP) Pessôa and Lane, 1941
Scatrichus bicarinatus (Harold 1869) (=Scatimusbicarinatus Harold) Not specified Brasil Pessôa and Lane, 1941
Scybalocanthon nigriceps (Harold, 1868)(=Canthon nigriceps Harold, 1869) Not specified (AM), (MT), (SP), Franca (SP) Pessôa and Lane, 1941
Scybalocanthon sp. Pig Campinas (SP) Carvalho et al., 2000
Sulcophanaeus faunus (Fabricius, 1771)(=Phanaeus (Phanaeus)faunus (Fabricius, 1771)) Not specified (MT) Pessôa and Lane, 1941
Trichillum externepunctatum Preudhomme de Borre, 1880 Not specified, pig São Paulo (SP), Itumbiara (GO), Uberlândia (MG), Serra Talhada (PE) Pessôa and Lane, 1941; Marchiori et al., 2000; Rosa et al., 2011; Mayer andVasconcelos, 2013
Trichillum heydeni Harold, 1868 Not specified São Paulo (SP), Vila Nova (BA) Luederwaldt, 1911;Pessôa and Lane, 1941
Trichillum sp. São Paulo (SP) Luederwaldt, 1911
Scarabaeidae sp. Rat Campinas (SP) Monteiro-Filho and Penereiro, 1987
Scarabaeidae spp. Pig Campinas (SP), Uberlândia (MG) Carvalho et al., 2004;Rosa et al., 2011
Hydrophilidae
Dactylosternum sp. Rabbit Curitiba (PR) Mise et al., 2013
Megasternini sp. Pig Manaus (AM) Mise et al., 2010
Hydrophilidae sp. Pig Manaus (AM) Mise et al., 2010
Hydrophilidae sp. 1 Pig Curitiba (PR) Mise et al., 2007
Hydrophilidae sp. 2 Pig Curitiba (PR) Mise et al., 2007
Hydrophilidae sp. 3 Pig Curitiba (PR) Mise et al., 2007
Hydrophilidae sp. 4 Pig Curitiba (PR) Mise et al., 2007
Hybosoridae
Chaetodus sp. Pig Itumbiara (GO) Marchiori et al., 2000
Chaetodus exaratus Arrow, 1909 Rabbit Curitiba (PR) Corrêa et al., 2014
Silphidae
Oxelytrum cayennense (Stürm, 1826) (=Silphacayennensis Stürm) Pig, human São Paulo (SP)*, Manaus (AM) Luederwaldt, 1911 *;Mise etal., 2010; Ururahy-Rodrigues et al., 2010; Souza et al.,2014
Oxelytrum discicolle (Brullé, 1840) (=Oxyletrundiscicolle sic) Rat, pig Curitiba (PR), Campinas (SP), Uberlândia (MG) Moura et al.,1997; Carvalho et al., 2000; Rosa et al., 2011
Oxelytrum erythrurum (Blanchard, 1840) Pig, rabbit, chicken Curitiba (PR) present study
Oxelytrum spp. Rabbit Curitiba (PR) Mise et al., 2013
Silphidae sp. Rat Campinas (SP) Monteiro-Filho and Penereiro, 1987
Staphylinidae
Aleochara (Aleochara)bonariensis Lynch, 1884 (=Aleocharalateralis Erichson, 1839) Pig São Paulo (SP), Campinas (SP), Ribeirão do Pinhal (PR) Luederwaldt,1911; Souza and Linhares, 1997; Silva and Santos, 2012
Aleochara (Aleochara)pseudochrysorrhoa Caron, Mise and Klimaszewski, 2008 (=Aleochara sp. 1) Pig, rabbit Curitiba (PR) Mise et al.,2007; Caron et al., 2008; Mise et al., 2013
Aleochara (Coprochara)notula Erichson, 1839 (=Aleocharanotula) Not specified São Paulo (SP) Luederwaldt, 1911
Aleochara (Xenochara)taeniata Erichson, 1839 (=Aleocharataeniata) Not specified São Paulo (SP) Luederwaldt, 1911
Aleochara sp. Pig Uberlândia (MG) Rosa et al., 2011
Aleochara sp. Pig Manaus (AM) Mise et al., 2010
Aleochara sp. 2 Pig Curitiba (PR) Mise et al., 2007
Aleochara sp. 3 Pig Curitiba (PR) Mise et al., 2007
Amblyopinodes gahani gahani (Fauvel, 1901)(=Amblyopinus gahani Fauvel) Not specified São Paulo (SP) Luederwaldt, 1911
Anotylus sp. Pig Manaus (AM) Mise et al., 2010
Anotylus sp. Rabbit Curitiba (PR) Mise et al., 2013
Anotylus sp. 1 Pig Curitiba (PR) Mise et al., 2007
Anotylus sp. 2 Pig Curitiba (PR) Mise et al., 2007
Atheta brasiliana Bernhauer, 1908 Not specified São Paulo (SP) Luederwaldt, 1911
Atheta iheringi Bernhauer, 1908(=Ocalea sp. 1) Pig, rabbit Curitiba (PR) Mise et al., 2007;Mise et al., 2013
Atheta mayalis Bernhauer Not specified São Paulo (SP) Luederwaldt, 1911
Atheta sp. Pig Uberlândia (MG) Rosa et al., 2011
Belonuchus sp. Rabbit Curitiba (PR) Mise et al., 2013
Belonuchus sp. Pig Curitiba (PR) Mise et al., 2007
Belonuchus xanthopus Solsky, 1868 Not specified São Paulo (SP) Luederwaldt, 1911
Carpelinus sp. Pig Curitiba (PR) Mise et al., 2007
Cilea sp. Pig Curitiba (PR) Mise et al., 2007
Coproporus sp. Rabbit Curitiba (PR) Mise et al., 2013
Creophilus variegatus Mannerheim, 1830(=Creophilus variegatus (Linnaeus)) Not specified São Paulo (SP) Luederwaldt, 1911
Cryptobium sp. Pig Uberlândia (MG) Rosa et al., 2011
Dybelonetes hibridus (Erichson, 1840) Pig Uberlândia (MG) Rosa et al., 2011
Echiaster sp. Pig Curitiba (PR) Mise et al., 2007
Eulissus chalibaeus Mannerheim, 1830 (=Eulissuschalibaeus (Mannerheim)) Rat, pig Campinas (SP), Uberlândia (MG) Souza and Linhares, 1997; Moretti et al., 2008; Rosa et al., 2011
Eulissus sp. Pig Curitiba (PR) Mise et al., 2007
Falagria (Anaulacaspis)fissula Erichson 1840 (=Falagriafissula (Erichson)) Not specified São Paulo (SP) Luederwaldt, 1911
Heterothops sp. (=Heterotops) Pig Curitiba (PR) Mise et al., 2007
Heterothops spp. Pig Uberlândia (MG) Rosa et al., 2011
Hoplandria aleocharoides Bernhauer, 1908 Not specified São Paulo (SP) Luederwaldt, 1911
Hoplandria sp. Pig Manaus (AM) Mise et al., 2010
Lepitacnus sp. Pig Curitiba (PR) Mise et al., 2007
Lissohypnus sp. Pig Curitiba (PR) Mise et al., 2007
Lithocharis sp. Pig Manaus (AM) Mise et al., 2010
Nacaeus sp. Pig Curitiba (PR) Mise et al., 2007
Neobisnius sp. Pig Manaus (AM) Mise et al., 2010
Neohypnus sp. Pig Manaus (AM) Mise et al., 2010
Neohypnus sp. Pig Curitiba (PR) Mise et al., 2007
Neophyrus sp. Pig Uberlândia (MG) Rosa et al., 2011
Ocalea sp. 2 Pig Curitiba (PR) Mise et al., 2007
Oligotergus sp. 1 Pig Manaus (AM) Mise et al., 2010
Oligotergus sp. 2 Pig Manaus (AM) Mise et al., 2010
Osorius sp. Pig Manaus (AM) Mise et al., 2010
Oxytelus sp. Pig Uberlândia (MG) Rosa et al., 2011
Oxytelus subnitidus Reitter, 1909 (=Oxytelussubnitidus Bernhauer) Not specified São Paulo (SP) Luederwaldt, 1911
Philonthus brasilianus Bernhauer, 1916 Not specified São Paulo (SP) Luederwaldt, 1911
Philonthus feralis Erichson, 1840 (Philonthusferialis Erichson (sic)) Not specified São Paulo (SP) Luederwaldt, 1911
Philonthus flavolimbatus Erichson, 1840 Not specified, pig São Paulo (SP), Uberlândia (MG) Luederwaldt, 1911;Rosa et al., 2011
Philonthus sp. Rabbit Curitiba (PR) Mise et al., 2013
Philonthus sp. Pig Manaus (AM) Mise et al., 2010
Philonthus sp. 1 Pig Campinas (SP) Souza and Linhares, 1997
Philonthus sp. 1 Pig Curitiba (PR) Mise et al., 2007
Philonthus sp. 2 Pig Campinas (SP) Souza and Linhares, 1997
Philonthus sp. 2 Pig Curitiba (PR) Mise et al., 2007
Philonthus sp. 3 Pig Campinas (SP) Souza and Linhares, 1997
Philonthus sp. 3 Pig Curitiba (PR) Mise et al., 2007
Philonthus sp. 4 Pig Curitiba (PR) Mise et al., 2007
Philonthus sp. 5 Pig Curitiba (PR) Mise et al., 2007
Philonthus sp. 6 Pig Curitiba (PR) Mise et al., 2007
Philonthus spp. Pig Uberlândia (MG) Rosa et al., 2011
Platydracus ochropygus (Nordmann, 1837) Pig Manaus (AM) Mise et al., 2010
Platydracus sp. Pig Manaus (AM) Mise et al., 2010
Platydracus sp. Pig Cutitiba (PR) Mise et al., 2007
Plociopterus sp. Pig Manaus (AM) Mise et al., 2010
Quedius sp. Pig Cutitiba (PR) Mise et al., 2007
Stethusa luederwaldti (Bernhauer, 1908)(=Atheta luederwaldti) Not specified São Paulo (SP) Luederwaldt, 1911
Stethusa lurida (Erichson, 1839) (=Atheta lurida) Not specified São Paulo (SP) Luederwaldt, 1911
Stilocharis sp. Pig Manaus (AM) Mise et al., 2010
Thoracophorus sp. Pig Cutitiba (PR) Mise et al., 2007
Xanthopygus bicolor Laporte, 1835 Pig Manaus (AM) Mise et al., 2010
Xanthopygus sp. Pig Manaus (AM) Mise et al., 2010
Xanthopygus sp. Pig Campinas (SP) Souza and Linhares, 1997
Aleocharinae sp. Pig Manaus (AM) Mise et al., 2010
Philonthina sp. Pig Curitiba (PR) Mise et al., 2007
Oxypodini sp. Pig Curitiba (PR) Mise et al., 2007
Staphilininae sp. Pig Cutitiba (PR) Mise et al., 2007
Staphylinidae spp. Pig Campinas (SP), Uberlândia (MG) Carvalho et al., 2000; Carvalho et al., 2004; Rosa et al., 2011
Staphilinidae sp. Rat Campinas (SP) Monteiro-Filho and Penereiro, 1987
Staphilinidae sp. 1 Pig Itumbiara (GO) Marchiori et al., 2000
Staphilinidae sp. 1 Pig Recife (PE) Cruz and Vasconcelos, 2006
Staphilinidae sp. 2 Pig Itumbiara (GO) Marchiori et al., 2000
Staphilinidae sp. 2 Pig Recife (PE) Cruz and Vasconcelos, 2006
Tenebrionidae
Lagria villosa (Fabricius, 1871) Pig Curitiba (PR) Mise et al., 2007
Prostenus periscelis Perty, 1830 Not specified São Paulo (SP) Luederwaldt, 1911
Xystropus femoratus (Germar) Not specified São Paulo (SP) Luederwaldt, 1911
Tenebrionidae sp. (=Alleculidae sp.) Pig Recife (PE) Cruz and Vasconcelos, 2006
Tenebrionidae sp. 1 Pig Cutitiba (PR) Mise et al., 2007
Tenebrionidae sp. 2 Pig Cutitiba (PR) Mise et al., 2007
Tenebrionidae sp. 3 Pig Cutitiba (PR) Mise et al., 2007
Tenebrionidae sp. 4 Pig Cutitiba (PR) Mise et al., 2007
Trogidae
Omorgus (Omorgus)suberosus (Fabricius, 1775) Not specified, pig São Paulo (SP), Itumbiara (GO), Uberlândia (MG), Serra Talhada (PE) Luederwaldt, 1911; Marchiori et al., 2000; Rosa et al., 2011; Mayerand Vasconcelos, 2013
Omorgus sp. Pig Curitiba (PR) Mise et al., 2007
Polynoncus gemmingeri (Harold, 1872) Not specified São Paulo (SP) Luederwaldt, 1911
Polynoncus pilularius (Germar, 1824) Not specified São Paulo (SP) Luederwaldt, 1911
Polynoncus sp. Pig Curitiba (PR) Mise et al., 2007
Trogidae sp. Rat Curitiba (PR) Moura et al., 1997
Trogidae sp. 1 Pig Recife (PE) Cruz and Vasconcelos, 2006
Trogidae sp. 2 Pig Recife (PE) Cruz and Vasconcelos, 2006

Brazilian States cited as abbreviation in parenthesis.

*Distribution restricted to the North of Brazil.

The taxa considered of potential forensic importance followed two criteria: lists of Coleoptera families associated with carrion available in previous studies (e.g. Payne, 1969; Smith, 1986; Mise et al., 2007; Byrd and Castner, 2010); and their feeding habit. Every taxon listed here is described in literature as being necrophagous or predator.

Results and discussion

Our survey listed 345 records of 16 families: Carabidae, Cleridae, Dermestidae, Geotrupidae, Histeridae, Hybosoridae, Hydrophilidae, Leiodidae (=Cholevidae), Nitidulidae, Ptiliidae, Monotomidae (=Rhizophagidae), Scarabaeidae, Silphidae, Staphylinidae, Tenebrionidae and Trogidae, allocated to 16 Brazilian states (Table 1).

In Table 1 we include information about taxa (valid name in the original combination and name as cited in literature), substratum (type of carcass or corpse), distribution (locality and states) and the references where the data was originally cited.

Some taxa have no available information about the substratum and they are refered here as “not specified”. Several species do not have available information beyond family, tribe or genera (refered as “taxa.sp”) and we present the information the way it was published. The apparently repetition of some taxa are due the unknown identification, meaning that it is impossible to say if they are the same species.

Scarabaeidae was the family with the highest number of specimens registered (158), followed by Staphylinidae (84) and Histeridae (36 species).

Three species are recorded for the first time: Stelidota geminata (Say, 1825) and Stelidota octomaculata (Say, 1825) (Nitidulidae) in rabbit carcass and Oxelytrum erythrurum (Blanchard, 1840) (Silphidae) in pig, rabbit and chicken carcasses.

The majority of records collected for Scarabaeidae are from Pessoa and Lane (1941) which performed a review of Scarabaeidae of medico-legal importance in Brazil. Considering the abundance of registers for this family, and their saprophagous habits, Scarabaeidae apparently have a great unexplored potential for forensic entomology. In the same scenario Nitidulidae is a family known of necrophagous species (see Abbott, 1937; Payne, 1969) have been largely underestimated and its value in forensic investigations is still to be stablished (Byrd and Castner, 2010).

As it was stated before, the potential forensic interest of the species is based not only in their records on carcasses but also upon their feeding habit. The knowledge about behaviour and ecological roles in Coleoptera is not as clear as it is in Diptera. Abbott (1937) and Payne (1969) produced an informative review about the behaviour of Coleoptera on carrion, but not much has been done since then. The result is that many taxa with potential importance have been neglected.

The families listed in the present study have documented necrophilous habit, but have not been necessarily found in corpses or used as evidence in actual cases. However, most families have been recorded as associated with human corpses: Cleridae, Dermestidae, Histeridae and Staphylinidae (Turchetto et al., 2001); Silphidae (Souza et al., 2014); Geotrupidae (Nuorteva, 1977); Rhizophagidae and Tenebrionidae (Mégnin, 1894); Hydrophilidae and Leiodidae (Easton and Smith, 1970); Nitidulidae (Adair and Kondratieff, 1996); Carabidae, Ptiliidae and Scarabaeidae (Motter, 1898); Trogidae (Lefebvre and Gaudry, 2009). Even though several taxa listed here belong to families refered as saprophagous (i.e. organic matter feeders – Torre-Bueno, 1989), the presence of those families near or in corpses provides a certain level of certainty to affirm that they are associated with the corpse and have a potential use for forensic entomology.

In forensic entomology studies, Coleoptera is frequently mentioned as an order of great importance alongside Diptera. However, the importance of the order is often neglected due to taxonomic difficulties or other issues regarding the role of those insects in corpses. Several species (Table 1) were reported in carcasses as potential indicators for forensic entomology, but registers from human corpses are rare. The question at this point is the absence of species or the lack of available knowledge (e.g. tools for identification, behavioural and ecological data) that does not allow the use of the group in real cases? As mentioned before, Coleoptera have a great potential for forensic entomology, but is often underestimated especially when Diptera is available.

The reported occurrences (Table 2) are restricted to 16 states and showed a biased pattern towards Southeast (233) and South (133) regions, being São Paulo (SP) (140) and Paraná (PR) (104) the most representative states.

Table 2 Number of records available of Coleoptera of forensic interest per State and Region of Brazil. 

Midwest North Northeast South Southeast
DF GO MS MT AC AM AP PA RO RR TO AL BA CE MA PB PE PI RN SE PR SC RS ES MG RJ SP
0 29 6 21 0 51 0 5 0 0 0 0 10 1 0 2 33 0 0 0 104 16 13 16 57 20 140
56 56 46 133 233

Due its massive territory and biased efforts of collect, not much is known about the Coleoptera of potential importance in Brazil. Future efforts should focus on experiments in different regions and states to increase the database of necrophilous insects. The list of names presented here has the objective to help the dissemination of the correct names of species, often misspelled.

Acknowledgments

We wish to thank Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq) for the fellowships to the authors LMA (306772/2006–0); RCC (151675/2012-0) and PCG (503206/2011-3). This is contribution number 1911 of the Department of Zoology, Universidade Federal do Paraná, Brazil.

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Received: May 21, 2015; Accepted: August 14, 2015

* Corresponding author. E-mail:lalmeida@ufpr.br (L.M. de Almeida).

Conflicts of interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

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