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Radiologia Brasileira

versão impressa ISSN 0100-3984versão On-line ISSN 1678-7099

Radiol Bras vol.51 no.2 São Paulo mar./abr. 2018

https://doi.org/10.1590/0100-3984.2016.0205 

LETTERS TO THE EDITOR

Thoracoabdominal impalement with criminal intent

Antonio Gabriel de Jesus Barbosa1 

Gláucia Zanetti1 

Edson Marchiori1 

1Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ), Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil


Dear Editor,

A 58-year-old male was the victim of physical aggression with impalement by a broomstick. He presented mental confusion, poor response to verbal requests, tachypnea, sweating, and chest pain. Physical examination demonstrated anal bleeding. Thoracoabdominal computed tomography (CT) showed a well-delineated, cylindrical, hypodense (−501 HU) structure extending from the pelvis to the left hemithorax, with pulmonary laceration accompanied by hydropneumothorax (Figure 1). The foreign body measured 40 cm in length and 2.5 cm in width. Emergency midline laparotomy and left thoracotomy revealed the foreign body (a broomstick), extraperitoneal perforation of the rectum, and laceration of the left hemidiaphragm with hemopneumothorax. No significant vascular injury was observed. Colostomy, suture of the diaphragmatic injury, and thoracic drainage were performed. The patient was discharged in good condition after 15 days.

Figure 1 Axial CT with mediastinal and lung window settings (A and B, respectively) showing a laceration on the left lower lobe, accompanied by hydropneumothorax. Note also a hypodense (−501 HU) rounded structure within the cavity (in B). Coronal reconstruction (C) and volume-rendered frontal view (D) demonstrating the extent of the impalement, showing the proximal end of the broomstick in the pelvis and the distal end in the left hemithorax. 

Acute abdominal diseases have been the subject of several recent publications in the radiology literature of Brazil(1-6). Many transanal impalement injuries result from the insertion of foreign bodies (solid elongated objects) into the rectum. Transanal injuries include iatrogenic cases and those related to sexual activities and violent actions. They often involve damage to multiple organs, depending mostly on the direction and nature of the penetrating object(7-9). Impalement injuries are often associated with vascular and visceral damage, entailing significant morbidity and mortality. However, some cases involve no major injuries, potentially because the rounded ends of foreign objects act as blunt tunnelers, resulting in displacement, rather than penetration, of the major visceral and vascular structures(8-11). The clinical diagnosis of these injuries can be challenging. In the case reported here, the patient presented mental confusion and the impaling object was not visible on physical examination. The use of CT allowed us to establish the diagnosis and to predict the extent of the various injuries preoperatively.

In conclusion, combined thoracic and abdominal trauma after rectal impalement is a serious medical situation that calls for the involvement of a multidisciplinary surgical team, with the participation of a thoracic surgeon and an abdominal surgeon. CT is a useful tool for the assessment of retained wooden foreign bodies and for the evaluation of the extent of the injuries.

REFERENCES

1 Miranda CLVM, Sousa CSM, Cordão NGNP, et al. Intestinal perforation: an unusual complication of barium enema. Radiol Bras. 2017;50:339-40. [ Links ]

2 Frota Júnior JH, Pereira MAH, Lopes PGM, et al. Intestinal strongyloidiasis: radiological findings that support the diagnosis. Radiol Bras. 2017;50:137-8. [ Links ]

3 Pessôa FMC, Bittencourt LK, Melo ASA. Ogilvie syndrome after use of vincristine: tomographic findings. Radiol Bras. 2017;50:273-4. [ Links ]

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8 Kasapas K, Daskalaki A, Kaimasidis G, et al. Successful management of a combined abdominal and thoracic trauma with rectal impalement: report of a case. Case Rep Surg. 2013;2013:816089. [ Links ]

9 Ho LC, El Shafei H, Barr J, et al. Rectal impalement injury through the pelvis, abdomen and thorax. Ann R Coll Surg Engl. 2012;94:e201-3. [ Links ]

10 Moncure M, Konie JA, Kretzer AB, et al. Survival following rectal impalement through the pelvic, abdominal, and thoracic cavities: a case report. Case Rep Med. 2009;2009:361829. [ Links ]

11 Lupascu C, Fotea V, Sârbu P, et al. Rectal impalement injury: from cruelty to salvage endeavour. Chirurgia (Bucur). 2015;110:60-5. [ Links ]

Mailing address: Dr. Edson Marchiori. Rua Thomaz Cameron, 438, Valparaíso. Petrópolis, RJ, Brazil, 25685-120. E-mail: edmarchiori@gmail.com.

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