INTRODUCTION
The reaction with ozone is a well-known reaction in organic chemistry and many unsaturated compounds were participated in ozonolysis reactions.^{1}^{-}^{5} The ozonation mechanism first time were suggested by Criegee^{6} and based on his mechanism, two intermediates with five-member ring structure were presented in ozonolysis reaction with unsaturated compounds. Those intermediate structures were confirmed through ^{17}O-NMR spectroscopy method^{7} (See Figure 1).
Several computational studies of unsaturated compounds ozonolysis reaction have been done to rationalize the ozonolysis reaction mechanism.^{8}^{-}^{10} Additionally, activation enthalpy of cycloaddition reaction between ozone and acetylene was investigated through different calculation methods such as CCSD(T), CASPT2, and B3LYP-DFT with 6-311+G(2d,2p) basis set.^{11} Moreover, thiozone adducts on single-walled carbon nanotubes, fullerene (C_{60}) and graphene sheet and geometry optimization of minima and transition structures have been investigated.^{12}
By quantum-chemical simulations, we are able to reveal the electronic states of heterocyclic systems such as ground and excited states and their coupling. In all of the above experimental and theoretical studies, some important features of the structure and properties of acetylene ozonolysis reaction and their intermediates have been analyzed, but less attention has been paid to the origin of their common features which should be explained through pseudo Jahn-Teller effect (PJTE). The PJTE includes excited states in the vibronic coupling interactions and is the only possible source of the instability of planarity of cyclic systems in nondegenerate states. It is also a powerful tool to rationalize symmetry breaking phenomenon in the compounds with a symmetrical structure.^{13}^{,}^{14} Through folding of rings in heterocyclic compounds, symmetry breaking phenomenon has been reported in many studies and the instability of the ground state in planar configuration of those molecules and their coupling with excited states have been explained via PJTE theorem.^{15}^{-}^{27} Restoring planarity in the systems that are puckered from their planar configurations due to the symmetry breaking phenomenon has been investigated through the PJTE. To do so, their planar configuration restores ether by coordinating two anions, cations, or rings up and down to the nonplanar systems^{28}^{-}^{30} or influences the parameters of the PJTE instability by removing or adding electrons;^{31} they show that symmetry breaking phenomenon is suppressed in the folded systems. In other applications of the PJTE, the origin of puckering in tricyclic compounds to a pseudo Jahn-Teller (PJT) problem has been traced.^{32}^{,}^{33}
Recently, buckling distortion in the hexa-germabenzene and triazine-based graphitic carbon nitride sheets is rationalized based on the PJT distortion.^{34}^{,}^{35} Structural transition from non-planar of silabenzenes structures to planar benzene-like structures,^{36} Chair like puckering investigation, binding energies, HOMO-LUMO gaps and polarizabilities in the silicene clusters toward found the hydrogen storage materials,^{37} and origin instability of cylindrical configuration of [6]cycloparaphenylene have analyzed thorough the PJTE,^{38} are some more application of the PJT theorem in chemistry.
COMPUTATION DETAILS
An imaginary frequency along b_{1} normal coordinate was observed due to optimization and frequency calculations of seven C_{2}Y_{3}Z_{2} (Y= O, S, Se, Te , Z= H, F) derivatives in planar configuration and it confirms that all C_{2}Y_{3} five-member rings in the C_{2}Y_{3}Z_{2} series are unstable in their planar configuration. The Molpro 2010 package^{39} were carried out in these geometrical optimization and vibrational frequency calculations of the series and the state-average complete active space self-consistent field (SA-CASSCF) wavefunctions^{40}^{-}^{42} have been employed to calculate the APES along the Q_{b1} puckering normal coordinates. The B3LYP method level of Density Function Theory^{43} with cc-pVTZ basis set^{44}^{-}^{46} was employed in all steps of optimization, vibrational frequency, and SA-CASSCF calculations (except in C_{2}Te_{3}H_{2} which cc-pVTZ-pp basis set was used).
SYMMETRY BREAKING PHENOMENON IN THE C_{2}Y_{3}Z_{2} SERIES
The optimization and follow-up frequency calculations of C_{2}Y_{3}Z_{2} series illuminated that, the C_{2}Y_{3} ring is folded along b_{1} nuclear displacement in all seven C_{2}Y_{3}Z_{2} under consideration and they are unstable in their C_{2v} high-symmetry planar configuration. Therefore, symmetry breaking phenomenon occurs in the C_{2}Y_{3}Z_{2} series and all systems are puckered to lower C_{s} symmetry with less symmetry elements. Two different side views of unstable planar configuration with C_{2v} symmetry and C_{s} symmetry equilibrium geometry in the C_{2}Y_{3}Z_{2} series illustrates in Figure 2.
Geometrical parameters provided in the form of bonds length, angles, and dihedral angles for similar displacements of atoms in planar and equilibrium configurations, imaginary frequency and normal modes displacements of non-planarity in Cartesian X coordinates together and they are presented in Table 1.
Geometry parameters | Molecules | ||||||||||||||
---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|
C_{2}O_{3}Z_{2} | C_{2}S_{3}Z_{2} | C_{2}Se_{3}Z_{2} | C_{2}Te_{3}Z_{2} | ||||||||||||
Planar (C_{2v}) | Equilibrium (C_{s}) | Planar (C_{2v}) | Equilibrium (C_{s}) | Planar (C_{2v}) | Equilibrium (C_{s}) | Planar (C_{2v}) | Equilibrium (C_{s}) | ||||||||
Z=H | Z=F | Z=H | Z=F | Z=H | Z=F | Z=H | Z=F | Z=H | Z=F | Z=H | Z=F | Z=H | Z=H | ||
Bond length (Å) | Y-Y | 1.43 | 1.43 | 1.44 | 1.44 | 1.72 | 1.68 | 2.06 | 2.15 | 1.80 | 1.80 | 2.30 | 2.40 | 2.02 | 2.70 |
Y-C | 1.39 | 1.40 | 1.38 | 1.37 | 1.52 | 1.52 | 1.71 | 1.78 | 1.74 | 1.75 | 1.84 | 1.90 | 1.78 | 2.03 | |
C=C | 1.34 | 1.35 | 1.36 | 1.32 | 1.35 | 1.36 | 1.39 | 1.33 | 1.36 | 1.37 | 1.40 | 1.39 | 1.37 | 1.40 | |
C-Z | 1.08 | 1.25 | 1.07 | 1.29 | 1.07 | 1.25 | 1.08 | 1.32 | 1.08 | 1.24 | 1.08 | 1.33 | 1.08 | 1.09 | |
Angle (Degree) | Y-Y-Y | 109.9 | 111.8 | 107.0 | 107.8 | 101.4 | 103.2 | 98.9 | 99.6 | 106.9 | 107.3 | 95.4 | 96.9 | 103.0 | 91.0 |
Y-Y-C | 103.7 | 102.8 | 103.1 | 101.1 | 107.0 | 104.4 | 99.5 | 94.6 | 106.9 | 103.7 | 100.2 | 94.6 | 106.1 | 98.4 | |
Y-C=C | 111.2 | 111.3 | 111.6 | 112.2 | 112.3 | 114.0 | 119.6 | 123.8 | 109.7 | 112.6 | 121.6 | 126.7 | 112.4 | 125.8 | |
Z-C=C | 129.5 | 128.3 | 131.7 | 132.3 | 126.8 | 127.3 | 127.1 | 122.1 | 126.5 | 127.9 | 122.4 | 120.9 | 125.9 | 119.5 | |
Dihedral angle (Degree) | Y-Y-Y-C | 0.0 | 0.0 | ±24.5 | ±24.0 | 0.0 | 0.0 | ±13.8 | ±11.2 | 0.0 | 0.0 | ±8.8 | ±6.4 | 0.0 | ±6.8 |
Y-Y-C=C | 0.0 | 0.0 | ±16.0 | ±15.5 | 0.0 | 0.0 | ±9.7 | ±8.7 | 0.0 | 0.0 | ±6.7 | ±5.3 | 0.0 | ±5.6 | |
Y-Y-C-Z | 180 | 180 | ±168 | ±170 | 180 | 180 | ±177 | ±176 | 180 | 180 | ±176 | ±177 | 180 | ±175 | |
Y-C=C-Y | 0.0 | 0.0 | 0.0 | 0.0 | 0.0 | 0.0 | 0.0 | 0.0 | 0.0 | 0.0 | 0.0 | 0.0 | 0.0 | 0.0 | |
Z-C=C-Z | 0.0 | 0.0 | 0.0 | 0.0 | 0.0 | 0.0 | 0.0 | 0.0 | 0.0 | 0.0 | 0.0 | 0.0 | 0.0 | 0.0 | |
Y-C-C-Z | 180 | 180 | ±175 | ±173 | 180 | 180 | ±172 | ±174 | 180 | 180 | ±177 | ±177 | 180 | ±179 | |
Imaginary freq. b_{1}(cm^{-1}) | 135.3 | 201.2 | —— | 304.7 | 150.1 | —— | 179.3 | 74.8 | —— | 148.4 | —— | ||||
Normal modes in Cartesian X | X_{Y-C} | +0.1551 | +0.1704 | —— | +0.0942 | +0.1096 | —— | +0.0483 | +0.0645 | —— | + 0.0300 | —— | |||
X_{C} | -0.1269 | -0.1259 | -0.0861 | -0.0907 | -0.0463 | -0.0544 | -0.0308 | ||||||||
X_{Z} | +0.0571 | +0.0244 | +0.0966 | +0.0426 | +0.1304 | +0.0449 | +0.1480 | ||||||||
X_{Y} | +0.1032 | +0.0188 | +0.0885 | +0.0337 | +0.1834 | +0.0638 | +0.2399 |
From Table 1 illuminate that although the bond lengths and angles in planar and equilibrium configurations for the C_{2}Y_{3}Z_{2} (Z = H, F) were almost similar (except parameter in Y atom contributing) but the variety of dihedral values in their planar and equilibrium configurations were different.
The Y-Y-Y-C and Y-Y-C=C dihedral angles were the most important parameters to show the folding in the C_{2}Y_{3} rings. While the absolute values of Y-Y-Y-C dihedral angle (which is 0.0 in planar configuration) were decreased in the equilibrium configuration from 24.5 degrees in C_{2}O_{3}H_{2} to 13.8 (C_{2}S_{3}H_{2}), 8.8 (C_{2}Se_{3}H_{2}), 6.8 (C_{2}Te_{3}H_{2}) degrees in the C_{2}Y_{3}H_{2} series.
Replacing H ligands in the C_{2}Y_{3}H_{2} series by F ligands were also decreased Y-Y-Y-C, Y-Y-C=C, Y-Y-C-Z and Y-C-C-Z dihedral angle varieties of C_{2}Y_{3}F_{2} in comparison with their values in equilibrium configuration.
ACTIVE SPACE IN SA-CASSCF CALCULATION
Several active spaces have been checked in SA-CASSCF calculations and the result of calculations were compared together. The results revealed that ten electrons and eight active orbitals which was composed the CAS(10,8) active space is appropriate in under considered C_{2}Y_{3}Z_{2} series. Additionally, the CAS(10,8) results comparison to the smaller CAS(4,3), CAS(6,6), and CAS(8,8) and lager CAS(12,12) active spaces that previously have been applied in similar PJTE origin studies;^{22}^{,}^{24}^{,}^{27}^{,}^{31} was proved that CAS(10,8) active space sufficiently is good in present study. From Table 2 is also appeared that the eight orbitals included 2a_{1}, 2b_{1}, 2b_{2}, and 2a_{2} were being contributed to the electron excitations of the C_{2}Y_{3}Z_{2} series. The main electronic configuration calculation for all C_{2}Y_{3}Z_{2} considered compounds (see Table 3) was showed that b_{1}'→a_{1}', electron excitation occurred and it proved that (^{1}A_{1}+^{1}B_{1}) ⊗b_{1} PJTE problems are the reason of the breaking symmetry phenomenon and non-planarity of C_{2}Y_{3} rings in the series.
C_{2}O_{3}H_{2} | C_{2}S_{3}H_{2} | C_{2}Se_{3}H_{2} | C_{2}Te_{3}H_{2} | C_{2}O_{3}F_{2} | C_{2}S_{3}F_{2} | C_{2}Se_{3}F_{2} | ||||||||
---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|
Arrangement of MO’s energy level |
a_{1} | HOMO-3 | a_{1} | HOMO-4 | a_{1} | HOMO-3 | a_{1} | HOMO-3 | a_{1} | HOMO-4 | a_{1} | HOMO-4 | a_{1} | HOMO-3 |
a_{1}' | LUMO+2 | a_{1}' | LUMO+1 | a_{1}' | LUMO+2 | a_{1}' | LUMO+1 | a_{1}' | LUMO+2 | a_{1}' | LUMO+2 | a_{1}' | LUMO+2 | |
a_{2} | HOMO | a_{2} | HOMO-1 | a_{2} | HOMO-4 | a_{2} | HOMO-4 | a_{2} | HOMO | a_{2} | HOMO-1 | a_{2} | HOMO-4 | |
a_{2}' | LUMO | a_{2}' | LUMO+2 | a_{2}' | LUMO | a_{2}' | LUMO+2 | a_{2}' | LUMO+1 | a_{2}' | LUMO | a_{2}' | LUMO | |
b_{1} | HOMO-1 | b_{1} | HOMO | b_{1} | HOMO | b_{1} | HOMO-1 | b_{1} | HOMO-1 | b_{1} | HOMO | b_{1} | HOMO | |
b_{1}' | HOMO-4 | b_{1}' | HOMO-3 | b_{1}' | HOMO-2 | b_{1}' | HOMO-2 | b_{1}' | HOMO-3 | b_{1}' | HOMO-3 | b_{1}' | HOMO-2 | |
b_{2} | HOMO-2 | b_{2} | OMO-2 | b_{2} | HOMO-1 | b_{2} | HOMO | b_{2} | HOMO-2 | b_{2} | HOMO-2 | b_{2} | HOMO-1 | |
b_{2}' | LUMO+1 | b_{2}' | LUMO | b_{2}' | LUMO+1 | b_{2}' | LUMO | b_{2}' | LUMO | b_{2}' | LUMO+1 | b_{2}' | LUMO+1 | |
Electron excitation | b_{1}'® a_{1}' | b_{1}'® a_{1}' | b_{1}'® a_{1}' | b_{1}'® a_{1}' | b_{1}'® a_{1}' | b_{1}'® a_{1}' | b_{1}'® a_{1}' | |||||||
HOMO-4 to LUMO+2 |
HOMO-3 to LUMO+1 |
HOMO-2 to LUMO+2 |
HOMO-2 to LUMO+1 |
HOMO-3 to LUMO+2 |
HOMO-3 to LUMO+2 |
HOMO-2 to LUMO+2 |
State symmetry | Main electronic configuration | Weight Coefficients | ||||||
---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|
C_{2}O_{3}H_{2} | C_{2}S_{3}H_{2} | C_{2}Se_{3}H_{2} | C_{2}Te_{3}H_{2} | C_{2}O_{3}F_{2} | C_{2}S_{3}F_{2} | C_{2}Se_{3}F_{2} | ||
A_{1} | a_{1}^{2} a_{2}^{2} b_{1}^{2} b_{1}' ^{2} b_{2}^{2} | 0.9946 | 0.9930 | 0.9917 | 0.9922 | 0.9935 | 0.9944 | 0.9919 |
a_{1}^{1} a_{1}' ^{-1} a_{2}^{2} b_{1}^{2} b_{2}^{2} b_{2}' ^{2} | -0.0836 | -0.0901 | 0.0899 | -0.0850 | 0.0798 | 0.0935 | 0.0832 | |
a_{1}^{-1} a_{1}' ^{1} a_{2}^{2} b_{1}^{2} b_{2}^{2} b_{2}' ^{2} | 0.0836 | 0.0901 | -0.0899 | 0.0850 | -0.0798 | -0.0935 | -0.0832 | |
a_{1}^{2} a_{2}^{2} b_{1}^{2} b_{1}' ^{2}b_{2}^{1} b_{2}' ^{-1} | 0.0792 | 0.0801 | -0.0820 | 0.0802 | -0.0813 | -0.0788 | -0.0795 | |
a_{1}^{2} a_{2}^{2} b_{1}^{2} b_{1}' ^{2}b_{2}^{-1} b_{2}' ^{1} | -0.0792 | -0.0801 | 0.0820 | -0.0802 | 0.0813 | 0.0788 | 0.0795 | |
a_{1}^{2} a_{2}^{2} a_{2}' ^{2} b_{1}^{2} b_{2}^{2} | -0.1035 | -0.1041 | -0.1080 | -0.1106 | -0.1091 | -0.1033 | -0.1076 | |
B_{1} | a_{1}^{2} a_{1}' ^{1} a_{2}^{2} b_{1}^{2} b_{1}' ^{-1} b_{2}^{2} | -0.7013 | -0.6988 | -0.7019 | -0.7023 | -0.7012 | -0.7009 | -0.7007 |
a_{1}^{2} a_{1}'^{- 1} a_{2}^{2} b_{1}^{2} b_{1}' ^{1} b_{2}^{2} | 0.7013 | 0.6988 | 0.7019 | 0.7023 | 0.7012 | 0.7009 | 0.7007 | |
a_{1}^{2} a_{1}' ^{1} a_{2}^{2} b_{1}^{2} b_{1}' ^{-1} b_{2}^{-1} b_{2}' ^{1} | 0.0628 | 0.0631 | 0.0645 | 0.0622 | 0.0625 | 0.0634 | 0.0601 | |
a_{1}^{2} a_{1}' ^{-1} a_{2}^{2} b_{1}^{2} b_{1}' ^{1} b_{2}^{1} b_{2}'^{- 1} | 0.0628 | 0.0631 | 0.0645 | 0.0622 | 0.0625 | 0.0634 | 0.0601 | |
a_{1}^{2} a_{1}' ^{1} a_{2}^{1} a_{2}' ^{-1} b_{1}^{2} b_{1}' ^{-1} b_{2}^{2} | -0.0611 | -0.0613 | -0.0603 | -0.0614 | -0.0596 | -0.0602 | -0.0606 | |
a_{1}^{2} a_{1}' ^{1} a_{2}^{-1} a_{2}' ^{1} b_{1}^{2} b_{1}' ^{-1} b_{2}^{2} | -0.06211 | -0.0613 | -0.0603 | -0.0614 | -0.0596 | -0.0602 | -0.0606 |
THE PJTE DUE TO PUCKERING
If Γ was supposed as the ground state and first non-degenerate excited state (Γ') was separated with Δ energy gap, |Γ〉 and |Γ'〉 will be denoted as the wave-functions of those mixing states. Based on the PJTE theorem^{13}, the ground state in the nuclear displacements direction (Q) is instable if
where K_{0} and F_{(ΓΓ')} are the primary force constant of the ground state and the vibronic coupling constant. With respect to Hamiltonian, H, and the electron-nucleon interaction operator, V, the K_{0}, K_{0}' (the primary force constant of excited state) and F_{(ΓΓ')} constants indicate by Equations (2) and (3):
From these definitions for 2×2 case of two interacting states, it is revealed that the PJTE substantially involves excited states, specifically the energy gap to them and the strength of their influence of the ground state via the vibronic coupling constant F_{(ΓΓ')}.
The vibronic coupling between the two states reduces and adds the force constant of the ground and excited states by an amount of (F_{(ΓΓ')})^{2}/Δ and making the total constant of the ground and excited states as followed equalities.^{14}
This leads to the condition of instability in Equation (1) at which the curvature K of the adiabatic potential energy surface (APES) for the ^{1}A_{1} ground state in Q_{b1} direction becomes negative but for the effective PJT interaction, the curvature K’ of the APES for the ^{1}B_{1} excited (which is the first one in all of C_{2}Y_{3}Z_{2} compounds in the series) must be positive.
Since an B_{1} excited state contribute to the A_{1} ground state instability in the C_{2}Y_{3}Z_{2} series planar configuration, the PJTE emerges directly from the secular equation for the vibronically coupled the ground and excited state that is formulated by two-level PJTE problem as a 2×2 secular Equation (5) and quadratic Equation (6).
In above Equations, Δ is the energy gap between the ground and excited states and for simplicity, the Q_{b1} and 〖F〗_{(ΓΓ')} are abbreviated to Q and F. The solution of Equation (6) around Q = 0 of the APES for the ground and excited states around the planar configuration bring us the fallowing solutions in Equation (7):
With respect to the ab initio calculation, it was founded that the lowest excited state with ^{1}B_{1} symmetry is interacting with the ground state (in ^{1}A_{1} symmetry). For all under study C_{2}Y_{3}Z_{2} compounds, the condition of the PJTE ground state instability in Eq. (1 (are observable from the APES profiles of C_{2}Y_{3}H_{2} and C_{2}Y_{3}F_{2} (see Figures 3 and 4) and it appears that the ground state in all C_{2}Y_{3}Z_{2} under consideration compounds are unstable in Q = 0 of the APES (planar configuration) along the b_{1} puckering direction. Additionally, In Figures 3 and 4, the numerical fitting of the energies obtained from Equation (7) for C_{2}Y_{3}H_{2} (Y = O, S, Se, Te, Z -= H, F) series were compared with theirs ab initio calculated energy profiles and the first and second A' states in puckered stable geometry with C_{s} symmetry were denoted by A_{I}' and A_{II}', respectively.
As from Figures 3 and 4 were illuminated, instability in planar configuration occurs in all C_{2}Y_{3}Z_{2} (Y= O, S, Se, Te, Z= H, F) compounds and the origin of the PJTE in the series are may explained via solution of the PJTE (^{1}A_{1}+^{1}B_{1}) ⊗b_{1} problem. For explanation of origin of the PJTE in the series, K, K' and Fparameters were estimated by the numerical fitting of Equation (7) with the APES energy profiles along the twisting direction (Qb_{1}) which is revealed in Table 4. Since small values of higher order of Q^{4} parameters in comparison with Q^{2} and Q^{4}, the numerical fitting of the equation was done up to the second term of the series in Equation (7).
Molecules |
K in eV/Å^{2} |
K' in eV/Å^{2} |
F in eV/Å |
D in eV |
---|---|---|---|---|
C_{2}O_{3}H_{2} | 0.82 | 1.47 | 1.03 | 4.35 |
C_{2}S_{3}H_{2} | 3.20 | 1.45 | 2.70 | 2.84 |
C_{2}Se_{3}H_{2} | 1.92 | 1.34 | 2.22 | 2.28 |
C_{2}Te_{3}H_{2} | 3.33 | 1.75 | 2.83 | 1.85 |
C_{2}O_{3}F_{2} | 1.93 | 1.43 | 2.28 | 3.50 |
C_{2}S_{3}F_{2} | 2.02 | 1.50 | 2.34 | 2.30 |
C_{2}Se_{3}F_{2} | 1.89 | 1.38 | 2.43 | 2.15 |
By the estimated parameters and the energy gaps (Δ) in Table 4 and with respect to the PJTE the ground state instability in Equation (1), the PJTE origin and value of instability in the C_{2}Y_{3}Z_{2} series were evaluated. The highest and lowest PJTE coupling constants for the C_{2}Y_{3}H_{2} series are belonged to C_{2}Te_{3}H_{2} and C_{2}O_{3}H_{2} compounds and the F values for the C_{2}Y_{3}F_{2} series were increased from 2.28 ev / Å, in C_{2}O_{3}F_{2} to 2.43 ev / Å, in C_{2}Se_{3}F_{2} compound, respectively.
CONCLUSIONS
An imaginary frequency coordinate in out-of-plane of the molecules was observed through the ab initio DFT optimization and following frequency calculations in planar configuration of C_{2}Y_{3}Z_{2} (Y = O, S, Se, Te, Z = H, F) series. It provides very important information about the symmetry breaking phenomenon in all under consideration compounds in the series. In other hand all those compounds in the C_{2}Y_{3}Z_{2} series do not hold their planarity due to the PJTE and they distort from their unstable planar configuration with C_{2v} symmetry to the stable C_{s} symmetry geometry. The APES cross sections of the series were revealed that the ground state (^{1}A_{1}) and the excited ^{1}B_{1} state along b_{1} nuclear displacements could interact vibronically and the (^{1}A_{1}+^{1}B_{1}) ⊗b_{1} problem is the reason of instability of the C_{2}Y_{3}Z_{2} series in their planar configuration. Estimation of the vibronic coupling constant values, F, in the C_{2}Y_{3}H_{2} series illuminate that the most unstable planar configuration in the series is corresponded to C_{2}Te_{3}H_{2} five-member ring compound. It is also clear that planar stability in the systems rises by decreasing the Y atoms size in the series, except in C_{2}Se_{3}H_{2}. Additionally, the molecules puckering in both C_{2}S_{3}F_{2} and C_{2}Se_{3}F_{2} compounds were decreased by replacing the H atoms with F ligands in the C_{2}Y_{3}H_{2} series, although C_{2}O_{3}F_{2} compound shows opposite behavior in the C_{2}Y_{3}F_{2} under consideration series.