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Summa Phytopathologica

versão impressa ISSN 0100-5405versão On-line ISSN 1980-5454

Summa phytopathol. vol.44 no.1 Botucatu jan./mar. 2018

https://doi.org/10.1590/0100-5405/169644 

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First report of Erysiphe quercicola S. Takam. & U. Braun in Quercus robur Linnaeus in Brazil

Graziela Piveta1 

Giovanna Marcolin1 

Flávio Augusto de Oliveira Garcia1 

1Universidade estadual do centro-oeste, Campus Irati; Departamento de Ciências Florestais/ Defesa Fitossanitária. PR 153 Km 7 - Riozinho - CEP 84500-000 - Irati – PR.


Powdery mildew was observed on Quercus robur Linnaeus plants in the Irati town (State of Paraná, Brazil), in the spring of 2013 and 2016. Neither ascomata nor the formation of cleistothecia was found on the leaves. The distribution of mycelium on the leaves was amphigenetic, epiphytic, thin, white, continuous, septated, and without lobed appressoria. The mycelial growth, conidiophores, and conidia from the leaves were collected for assembly of microscope slides. The conidiophores (Figure 1-C) that were produced had a cylindrical shape, with a basal cell line, followed by one or two cells before the conidium. The conidium was unbranched, and the hyphae were not dilated at the point where the conidiophore emerges — measuring 50–70 µm long and 10–15 µm wide. The conidium was individually formed and was hyaline and ellipsoidal-cylindrical, measuring 30–40 µm in length and 10–15 µm in width (Figure 1-C-D). The germination of conidia were catenulate. Microconidiophores and microconidia were absent, and a single unbranched germination tube had formed, originating from the base of the germinated conidium. DNA was extracted from conidia, conidiophores, and mycelium and used to amplify the ITS (ITS1-5.8s-ITS2) region using the ITS1 and ITS4 primers (2) and its sequence (600 nt) was deposited under Accession No. KT714236 in the GenBank. The pathogen isolated from Quercus robur plants was found to belong to the species Erysiphe quercicola S. Takam. & U. Braun and to the Quercicola clade (Figure 2). Oidium belongs to class Ascomycetes and family Eresiphales. The pathogen under study has already been described in Brazil in the species Delonix regia (Hook) (Dallagnol et al., First report of powdery mildew on flamboyant Tree Caused by E. quercicola in Brazil. Plant Disiese, 96, 4, p.589, 2012). Therefore, this is the first report of E. quercicola on Q. robur in Brazil.

Figura 1 Erysiphe quercicola in Quercus robur: A) Undersurface of the symptomatic Quercus robur leaf; B) Top surface of the Quercus robur leaf colonized by Erysiphe quercicola; C) Conidium and conidiophore; and D) Conidium. 

Figura 2 Phylogenetic tree based on the ITS-rDNA sequences of Erysiphe sp. isolates using the neighbor-joining method along with Bootstrap values, with Erysiphe necator as the outgroup 

REFERÊNCIAS

1 Dallagnol et al., First report of powdery mildew on flamboyant Tree Caused by E. quercicola in Brazil. Plant Disiese, 96, 4, p.589, 2012 [ Links ]

Received: September 22, 2016; Accepted: September 22, 2017

Graziela Piveta (grazipiveta@yahoo.com.br)

Creative Commons License This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.