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Revista Árvore

versão On-line ISSN 1806-9088

Rev. Árvore vol.40 no.6 Viçosa nov./dez. 2016

http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/0100-67622016000600008 

Articles

SELECTION OF EUCALYPTUS CLONES AND ADJUSTMENT OF POTASSIUM DOSES FOR EXTENDED DROUGHT IN BAHIA SAVANNA

SELEÇÃO DE CLONES DE EUCALIPTO, EM IDADE PRECOCE, E AJUSTE DE DOSES DE POTÁSSIO PARA PERÍODOS PROLONGADOS DE SECA NO CERRADO DA BAHIA

Thalita Fernanda Sampaio2  * 

Tiago Elias Dalcin3 

Julio Cesar Bogiani4 

Edson Seizo Mori5 

Iraê Amaral Guerrini6 

2Universidade Estadual Paulista Júlio de Mesquita Filho, Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciência Florestal, Botucatu, SP - Brasil. E-mail: <thalitafs2003@yahoo.com.br>.

3Faculdade Arnaldo Horácio Ferreira, Graduando em Agronomia, Luís Eduardo Magalhães, BA - Brasil. E-mail: <a-dalcin@uol.com.br>.

4Empresa Brasileira de Pesquisa Agropecuária, Embrapa Algodão, Centro Nacional de Pesquisa de Algodão, Campina Grande, PB - Brasil. E-mail: < julio.bogiani@embrapa.br>.

5Universidade Estadual Paulista Júlio de Mesquita Filho, Departamento de Produção e Melhoramento Vegetal, Botucatu, SP - Brasil. E-mail: <esmori@fca.unesp.br>.

6Universidade Estadual Paulista Júlio de Mesquita Filho, Departamento de Solos e Recursos Ambientais, Botucatu, SP - Brasil. E-mail: <iguerrini@fca.unesp.br>.

ABSTRACT

The use of clones adapted to regions with water deficit caused by well-defined and prolonged dry periods, as happens in the western part Bahia, is a way to overcome water stress. The adjustment of potassium (K) also influences this aspect, because it regulates the opening and closing of stomata, impeding water loss by plants and making them more efficient in water use. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate the performance of eucalyptus clones grown for energy production in response to potassium levels in soil and climate conditions, in the municipality of Luis Eduardo Magalhães, located in western Bahia state. A randomized block with four replications in a split plot was used as experimental design. Six eucalyptus clones (AEC-056, CEA-144, CEA-220, CEA-224, CEA-103 and CEA-1528) and four doses of K2O (0, 30, 60 and 120 kg ha-1) were tested. At two years old, clone 1528 showed greatest productivity, with the tallest height and trunk diameter, while 056 showed the lowest performance. Different K requirements were observed among eucalyptus clones for both growth and productivity.

Keywords: Water deficit; Eucalyptus growth; Potassium fertilization

RESUMO

O uso de clones adaptáveis a regiões com déficit hídrico e épocas bem definidas e prolongadas de seca, como acontece no Oeste da Bahia, é uma forma de superar tal estresse. O manejo do K também interfere neste aspecto, pois regula a abertura e o fechamento dos estômatos, impedindo que a planta perca água desnecessariamente, tornando-a mais eficiente no uso da água. Logo, o objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar o desempenho produtivo de clones de eucalipto e doses de potássio para as condições edafoclimáticas do município de Luis Eduardo Magalhães, localizado no Oeste do estado da Bahia, visando à produção energética. O delineamento experimental foi em blocos ao acaso com quatro repetições, no esquema de parcelas subdivididas. Foram testados seis clones de eucalipto (AEC-056, AEC-144, AEC-220, AEC-224, AEC-103 e AEC-1528), e quatro doses de K2O (0, 30, 60 e 120 kg ha-1). Aos dois anos de idade o clone AEC 1528 foi o que apresentou maior crescimento em altura e diâmetro enquanto o AEC 056 o menor. O clone AEC 1528 apresentou maior produtividade. Notou-se exigência diferenciada de K entre os clones de eucalipto tanto para o crescimento quanto produtividade.

Palavras-Chave: Déficit hídrico; Crescimento de eucalipto; Adubação potássica

1. INTRODUCTION

The use of biomass produced by planted eucalyptus forests has been recognized for its potential to generate renewable energy, reducing the need for fossil fuels (PROTÁSIO et al., 2013). However, areas allocated to planting eucalyptus trees are normally marginal, by having nutrient-poor soils and unfavorable hydrological conditions, since areas with higher potential productivity are typically used to grow annual crops with fast economic return, such as soybeans, corn and cotton.

Water is a primary resource for productivity of any crop. It determines the structure, growth, nutrient uptake and transport and metabolism of plants (MENESES et al., 2006). According to Larcher (2006), the first responses to water deficiency are reduced turgescence, through closing of stomata, and reductions of photosynthesis and cell length.

Potassium (K) is the nutrient that regulates the opening and closing of the stomata, in turn controlling water loss through evapotranspiration. Thus, stomatal closure prevents unnecessary water loss and maintains the osmotic potential of cells (JONES; WILKINS, 1971; LIMA et al., 2003). This nutrient also increases plant resistance to diseases and the transport capacity of the phloem, maintaining more water in the tissues during drought periods (MALAVOLTA et al., 1997; MALAVOLTA, 2006).

Many plants can become acclimated to shortage of water by osmotic adjustment, enabling maintenance of cell turgescence and consequently growth, with low water potentials in the leaves (NOGUEIRA et al., 2001; ARRIEL, 2004).

Research in the area of genetic improvement with eucalyptus clones and hybrids has led to the development of varieties that are more resistant to water deficit, with biomass yield of 40 to 60 m3 ha-1year-1. In Brazil it is even possible to find areas producing as much as 70 m3 ha-1 year-1 (CIB, 2008), as well as plants with age of 6 years reaching average height of around 35 meters and productivity greater than 50 m3 ha-1 year-1 (Baesso, 2010). Additionally, good adjustment of the potassium fertilization also helps the plant to overcome water stress.

The western part of the state of Bahia stands out in Brazil for good potential to produce eucalyptus, but the rainfall regime is very specific, with well-defined rainy and dry periods during the year, where the dry season on average lasts about five months (DOURADO et al., 2013). The municipality of Luis Eduardo Magalhães in western Bahia has climate and soil conditions similar to those elsewhere in Brazil where planted eucalyptus forests are extensive and highly productive. This study presupposes the existence of commercially available clones with sufficient adaptation potential to develop and grow adequately in this region.

Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate the initial growth of six eucalyptus clones supplied with four K rates, to assess the suitability for planting in the edaphoclimatic conditions of western Bahia.

2. MATERIAL AND METHODS

The experiment was conducted on the Palmeiras I farm, located in the municipality of Luis Eduardo Magalhães in western Bahia (geographic coordinates 12º 202 333 South latitude and 45º 562 273 West longitude), at an average altitude of 810 meters. The experiment was established between November 15 and 20, 2011.

The terrain in the area is flat and the soil is classified as red-yellow latosol, with sandy texture (EMBRAPA, 2006). The result of the chemical soil analysis in the topmost layer (0-20 cm) before the start of the experiment showed: pH (CaCl2) of 4,5; 14 g dm-3 of organic matter; 4 mg dm-3 of P (resin); 27.0 - 0.6 - 13.0 and 4.0 mmolc dm-3 of (H + Al) - K+ - Ca2+ and Mg2+, respectively; 0.2 - 0.2 - 64.0 - 0.6 and 1.2 mg dm-3 of B - Cu - Fe - Mn and Zn, respectively, and base saturation of 40%. The analysis of the physical soil characteristics showed 866, 97 and 37 g kg-1 of total sand, clay and silt, respectively.

The temperature during the experimental period varied from 10 to 39 ºC. The data on rainfall and relative humidity in this period are shown in Figure 1. The average annual precipitation in the base period from 1997 to 2010 was 1,438 mm.

Figure 1 Rainfall (mm) and relative humidity observed during the study (December 2011 to February 2014). 

Figura 1 Precipitação pluviométrica e umidade relativa ocorridas na região de estudo durante o período de Dez/2011 a Fev/2014. 

The experiment was conducted in random blocks with 4 repetitions, in a design with subdivided plots, with 4 K doses (plots) and 6 eucalyptus clones (sub-plots), in a total of 16 plots and 96 sub-plots. Each sub-plot consisted of 36 plants (6 rows with 6 plants each), with spacing of 3.0 m between rows and 2.0 m between plants, covering an area of 216 m2 each, for a total area of 2.07 ha. The useful area of each plot was composed of the 16 central plants, with 20 plants on the borders.

The eucalyptus clones used were developed as part of the genetic improvement program of the steel company ArcelorMittal, adapted for climate conditions similar to those in Luis Eduardo Magalhães, called: AEC-056, AEC-144, AEC-220, AEC-224, AEC-103 and AEC-1528. Clone 1528 is a hybrid from controlled pollination of E. grandis x E. urophylla, while the others are spontaneous hybrids of E. urophylla, obtained from different matrixes. The height and stem diameter of the seedlings of each clone were measured before planting.

The K doses were provided by potassium chloride, with quantities of 0, 30, 60 and 120 kg ha-1 K2O. The rate recommended by Gonçalves et al. (1996) is 60 kg ha-1 K2O. The quantities of the other nutrients supplied by fertilization were also calculated as recommended by Gonçalves et al. (1996) and were: 60 kg ha-1 N and P2O5; 1.25 kg ha-1 Mn; 1 kg ha-1 B along with 0.350 t ha-1 of dolomitic limestone. The fertilizer sources were ammonium sulfate (AS), simple superphosphate (SS), manganese sulfate (MS) and boric acid (BA).

The lime was applied by spreading in the entire experimental area. The fertilizers were applied according to the following scheme: for N and K, 1/3 of the recommended dose was applied at the moment of planting, 1/3 three months after planting and 1/3 one year after planting; for P, 180 kg ha-1 SS was spread in the total area before planting, followed by corrective fertilization and 60 kg ha-1 P2O5 (334 Kg SS ha-1) in furrows alongside the rows; Mn and B were diluted in 200 liters of water and sprayed in the soil with a tractor just after planting.

Glyphosate was applied to kill weeds along with manual weeding after the start of the experiment until the shade from the trees reduced the establishment and competition of invasive species. Leaf-cutter ants were controlled with formicide baits (based on sulfonamide) just before and after planting.

The height and trunk diameter were measured at 6, 9, 12 and 24 months after planting, and the volumetric production was determined 24 months after planting (end of the experiment).

The means of the measured data were compared by the Tukey test at 5% confidence, when the F-value from the analysis of variance was significant. The results of the potassium doses were analyzed by regression to choose the model with best fit, when significant at 5% probability.

3. RESULTS

The K2O dose in most cases affected the height of the clones, with distinct behavior for each clone (Figure 2). Six months after the start of the experiment (Figure 2A), clones 056 and 103 presented increased growth starting with rates of 41.5 and 50 kg ha-1, respectively. For clone 144, the maximum dose tested was the only one that promoted height increment (129.3 cm), while for clone 220 the threshold dose was 100.5 kg ha-1. Clone 224 did not respond to increased K2O while clone 1528 showed a linear trend.

Figure 2 Height at 6 (A), 9 (B), 12 (C) and 24 (D) months of age. ** Significant at 1% probability level. * Significant at 5% probability level. LSD = least significant difference. 

Figura 2 Crescimento em altura aos 6 (A), 9 (B), 12 (C) e 24 (D) meses de idade. **Significativo a 1% de probabilidade. * Significativo a 5% de probabilidade. DMS = diferença mínima significativa. 

At 9 months of age (Figure 2B), clone 220 presented greatest height at the dose of 88.5 kg ha-1 K2O. Clone 1528 continued showing linear growth with rising rates and clone 056 also presented the same behavior at 6 months, with increased growth observed starting at a dose of 40 kg ha-1. Clones 103, 144 and 224 did not respond to the different doses at 9 months of age.

At age of 12 months (Figure 2C), clone 224 presented the greatest height at a dose of 72.1 kg ha-1 K2O. At this age, clones 056, 103 and 220, together with clone 1528, showed linear response with increase of the K2O rates tested. Clone 144 was not affected by the doses.

At 24 months of age (Figure 2D), all the clones presented quadratic behavior, indicating the quantity of K2O necessary for maximum height of each clone. The K2O rates that provided greatest growth for clones 056, 103, 144, 220, 224 and 1528 were 80, 52, 61, 65, 120 and 73 kg ha-1, respectively.

The regression equations to estimate the height of the eucalyptus clones under different K2O rates at 3, 6, 9, 12 and 24 months after planting are reported in Table 1.

Table 1 Equations to estimate the height of plants, the diameter (mm) and the volume (V) in m3/tree of six Eucalyptus clones submitted to doses of K2O in Luis Eduardo Magalhães, BA state. 

Tabela 1 Equações para estimar a altura de plantas, o diâmetro(mm) e volume (V) em m3/árvore de seis clones de Eucalyptus submetidas à doses de K2O, em Luis Eduardo Magalhães, BA. 

Clones Equations R2 Equations R2
Height of plants at 6 months Height of plants at 9 months
056 Y=0.0066 x2-0.5473 x + 109.86 0.98** Y=0.0173 x2-1.3743 x + 259.56 0.99**
103 Y=0.0049 x2-0.4852 x + 127.69 0.95* Not significant ——
144 y=-0.001 x2+ 0.2884 x + 109.91 0.57* Not significant ——
220 y=-0.0033 x2+ 0.6641 x + 110.77 0.98** y=-0.0071 x2+ 1.2534 x + 218.26 0.99**
224 Not significant —— Not significant ——
1528 y=0.3137 x + 139.98 0.82** y=0.589 x + 287.380.98**
Height of plants at 12 months Height of plants at 24 months
056 y=0.6014 x + 313.9 0.80** y=-0.0001 x2+ 0.0201 x + 10.272 0.55**
103 y=0.3123 x + 363.28 0.98** y=-8E-05 x2+ 0.0083 x + 11.124 0.49**
144 Not significant —— y=-9E-05 x2+ 0.011 x + 11.341 0.80**
220 y=0.6819 x + 314.2 0.93** y=-0.0006 x2+ 0.0785 x + 10.791 0.96**
224 y=-0.0095 x2+ 1.3702 x + 315.01 0.99** y=-6E-05 x2+ 0.0222 x + 11.106 0.79**
1528 y=0.6748 x + 415.9 0.94** y=-0.0005 x2+ 0.0731 x + 12.295 0.99**
Diameter at 6 months Diameter at 9 months
056 y=0.0006 x2-0.0441 x + 14.765 0.89** y=0.0012 x2-0.0665 x + 27.353 0.99**
103 y=0.02 x + 15.9 0.75** Not significant
144 y = -0.0004 x2+ 0.0662 x + 16.77 0.42** y=-0.0008 x2+ 0.1056 x + 31.206 0.48*
220 y=-0.0007 x2+ 0.1144 x + 15.855 0.97** y=-0.0006 x2+ 0.1627 x + 25.655 0.99**
224 Not significant —— y=-0.0008 x2+ 0.0986 x + 29.486 0.86*
1528 y=0.0473x + 21.44 0.95** y=0.0607 x + 36.54 0.98**
Diameter at 12 months Diameter at 24 months
056 y=0.0162 x2-0.4383 x + 40.125 0.99** Y=-0.0012 x2+ 0.2002 x + 84.367 0.96**
103 Not significant —— y=0.0979 x + 88.36 0.79**
144 y=-0.0075 x2+ 0.389 x + 43.38 0.28* Not significant
220 y=0.2351 x + 38.86 0.87** y=0.0401 x + 94.22 0.30*
224 y=-0.03 x2+ 1.1246 x + 41.747 0.98** y=-0.0015 x2+ 0.1999 x + 95.447 0.65**
1528 y=0.1243 x + 56.10 0.53** y=0.057 x + 93.96 0.48**
Clones Volume (V) in m3/tree R2
056 y=-2.5E-06 x2+ 0.0004 x + 0.0432 0.99**
103 Not significant ——
144 y=2E-05 x + 0.07 0.20*
220 y=-4E-06 x2+ 0.0005 x + 0.0558 0.86**
224 y=-4E-06 x2+ 0.0006 x + 0.0582 0.91**
1528 y=-5E-06 x2+ 0.0007 x + 0.063 0.92**

With regard to trunk diameter (Figure 3), in general the response of the clones in function of the K2O doses was similar to that for height (Figure 2). The regression equations to estimate the diameter of the plants under different K2O doses at 6, 9, 12 and 24 months after planting are shown in Table 1.

Figure 3 Average trunk diameter at 6 (A), 9 (B), 12 (C) and 24 (D) months of age** Significant at 1% probability. * Significant at 5% probability. LSD = least significant difference. 

Figura 3 Médias do crescimento em diâmetro 6 (A), 9 (B), 12 (C) e 24 (D) meses após o plantio. **Significativo a 1% de probabilidade. * Significativo a 5% de probabilidade. DMS = diferença mínima significativa. 

At 6 months of age (Figure 3A), clone 056 presented increased diameter starting at the dose of 36.8 kg ha-1. Clones 103 and 1528 presented linear increase in diameter in function of rising K2O doses. Clones 144 and 220 showed greatest increment in diameter at respective doses of 82.8 and 81.7 kg ha-1 K2O. There was no dose effect for clone 224.

At 9 months of age, clone 056 presented increase in diameter starting at 28 kg ha-1 K2O. Clones 144, 224 and 220 had the largest trunk diameters at doses of 66, 61.5 and 135.5 kg ha-1 K2O ha-1, respectively. Clone 1528 presented linear increase of diameter with rising doses. There was no effect of the doses on clone 103 (Figure 3B).

At age of 12 months, clone 056 presented increased diameter starting at the K2O dose of 13.5 kg ha-1. Clones 144 and 224 showed largest diameters at respective rates of 26 and 19 kg ha-1 K2O. Clone 1528 continued presenting a linear increase in diameter, like the pattern observed at 6 and 9 months. At this age, clone 220 also presented linear diameter increase in function of rising doses applied, but there was no effect of the doses on clone 103 (Figure 3C).

Finally, at 24 months of age (Figure 3D), clones 1528, 103 and 220 showed linear diameter increase with rising doses of K2O ha-1. Clones 056 and 224 presented quadratic behavior, whereby clone 056 had the largest diameter when applying 83.5 kg ha-1 and clone 224 when using 66.6 kg ha-1. At this age, clone 144 was not affected by the different doses tested.

In the analysis of volumetric production at 24 months, the average K2O rate that promoted the largest wood volumes for the clones was around 70 kg ha-1. Individually speaking (Figure 4), the doses that produced the largest wood volumes were 75, 62.5, 75 and 70 kg ha-1 for clones 056, 220, 224 and 1528, respectively. Clone 144 presented linear increment in wood volume in function of rising K2O doses, and there was no effect of the doses on clone 103.

Figure 4 Average volume (m3) of each clone studied at 24 months old. * Significant at 5% probability level. LSD = least significant difference. 

Figura 4 Médias do volume, em m3, de cada clone estudado aos 24 meses após o plantio. * Significativo a 5% de probabilidade. DMS = diferença mínima significativa. 

The regression equations chosen to estimate the wood volume of the eucalyptus clones under different K2O doses and age of 24 months are shown in Table 1.

4. DISCUSSION

The measurements made at 6 months of age corresponded to a period of heavy rains, and at this age all the clones except 224 presented statistically significant height increase, with 144 having the lowest height and 1528 the greatest. At 9 months, the height evaluations were conducted during the dry season and the results showed water stress, with some clones being more affected than others, causing high variability regarding growth. Only clones 056, 220 and 1528 presented significant growth in function of the doses of K2O tested.

Fernandes et al. (2013) assessed the behavior of four clones (VM01, VCC 0865, AEC 144 and AEC 224) under irrigated and non-irrigated regimes in a greenhouse and found that at 8 months of age, water deficiency affected the height and trunk diameter of all the clones, while in the irrigated treatment, clone 144 presented the greatest height and clone 224 the lowest.

Tatagiba et al. (2009) studied six clones of Eucalyptus spp. In response to water availability, and also observed that water deficiency stunted the height and diameter of the plants studied. According to Gonçalves and Passos (2000), water deficiency can directly affect the height and diameter because it reduces cell expansion and cell wall formation, and indirectly affects growth by influencing the availability of carbohydrates and production of growth regulators.

The measurements 12 months after planting corresponded to the maximum drought to which the plants were subjected. Despite the stress suffered, only clone 144 did not present a significant response to the K doses. Clones 056, 103, 220 and 1528 showed linear increase in growth in function of rising K2O doses, while clone 224 presented maximum height at that age with application of 60 kg ha-1 K2O. The measurements at 24 months of age corresponded to the start of the rainy season in the second year of the experiment (Figure 1). The results showed total stability of the growth data, indicating good acclimation of the clones, even those that grew less. The western region of Bahia is noted for prolonged water deficit with high variability, and in the two years of the experiment, the dry season was longer than normal, lasting about seven months (Figure 1).

The first six months after planting corresponded to the rainy season, and the average heights attained by clones 056, 103, 144, 220, 224 and 1528 were 82, 95, 76, 90, 78 and 123 cm, while for diameter the numbers were 11.9, 13.8, 14.2, 15.4, 14.3 and 20.6 mm, respectively. Note that in relative numbers, clone 1528 grew the most in the rainy period.

The measurements at 9 and 12 months allowed evaluating the increase during the critical period of water stress. The average increases in height during these three months for clones 056, 103, 144, 220, 224 and 1528 were 237, 255, 255, 220, 232 and 294 cm, respectively, and the diameter increments were 26, 28, 28, 24, 28 and 35 mm, respectively. Once again, in relative numbers clone 1528 grew more than the others. That finding reveals a possible advantage for development of this clone, because in the dry period it continued growing substantially. The growth behavior of clone 1528 indicates greater wood production than the others for climate conditions similar to those in the municipality of Luís Eduardo Magalhães, BA.

K is a very important nutrient for the osmotic balance in cells, since the cell turgor pressure, production of ATP and photosynthesis rate depend on this cation (MALAVOLTA, 2006). According to that author, under drought conditions, these processes either stop occurring or are greatly reduced, impairing plant growth, both in height and diameter. However, in the case of the clones tested here, both height and diameter continued to increase.

Considering that the objective of this study was to detect the clone best adapted to drought and hence the one that can grow the most during water stress periods, clone 1528 was best able to gain both height and diameter during the first two years. However, future measurements are necessary to confirm this pattern over the entire cycle of planted eucalyptus forests (seven years in Brazil).

With respect to wood volume, the average K2O rate that promoted the maximum productivity was 10 kg ha-1 higher than the value found by Valeri et al. (1991), who in investigating the effect of doses of N, P and K on production of E. grandis planted in quartzous sand, found the maximum production was obtained by applying an estimated dose of 61 kg ha-1 K2O.

Despite the overall linear trend for increase in wood volume with rising doses of K2O until the maximum dose tested, clone 144 showed virtually no increase in wood productivity with rising doses, making it in practice not economically suitable.

Galo (1993) found that the dose to attain 90% of maximum wood production for E. grandis at age of 6.5 years in Cerrado soils in the state of Minas Gerais was 108 kg ha-1 K2O, where the original K content in the soil was 0.59 mmolc dm-3.

Schimidt (1995) reported that to obtain 90% of maximum wood production, it was necessary to supply 60.7 and 50.7 mg kg-1 K to E. camaldulensis and E. grandis, respectively, in studying the growth and uptake of K, Ca and Mg by seedlings of these species in response to application of K in the soil (0, 30, 90, 180 and 270 mg kg-1) and the addition of correctives with different Ca:Mg ratios.

Stape et al. (2004) studied Eucalyptus grandis x E. urophylla hybrids and observed that irrigation increased the trunk biomass productivity by 52%. Gentil (2010) found a 62% biomass increment in irrigated plots containing eucalypts in comparison with non-irrigated plots.

The results of this study show the behavior of the clones up to 2 years of age, during which the plants did not reach their maximum growth or leaf area. Each clone studied has distinct leaf traits of thickness and shape (width and length), so the evaporation rates and consequent water efficiency to overcome dry periods are also different.

It is natural to expect that as plants grow, their water demand will increase, and that in periods of water stress, the behavior of clones can change with age. This is confirmed by Battie Laclau (2013), who assessed the effects of potassium fertilization (0 and 335 kg ha-1 KCl broadcast) on the productive and physiological aspects of Eucalyptus grandis submitted to partial rain exclusion during 36 months and found that the addition of K improved the water relations in the leaves, control of stomatic movements and leaf gas exchanges, but worsened the water status during periods of intense drought, due to the greater growth and thus higher water demand.

In this respect, longer studies in these conditions are necessary to find varieties that are better adapted to extended droughts.

5. CONCLUSIONS

All the clones evaluated (056, 144, 220, 224, 103 and 1528) proved to be adaptable to the region of Luis Eduardo Magalhães in western Bahia, up to 24 months of age, since no plants of any of the clones died during the experimental period.

Clone 1528 was best adapted to the region's conditions, in terms of growth in height and trunk diameter and wood productivity, after all the intervals studied.

The potassium fertilization influenced the growth and productivity of the clones, with the average K2O dose of 70 kg ha-1 providing the best results up to 24 months of age.

Evaluations at older ages are necessary to check the stability of the behavior of the clones over time.

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Received: February 09, 2015; Accepted: October 05, 2016

*Corresponding author.

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