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Revista do Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgiões

Print version ISSN 0100-6991On-line version ISSN 1809-4546

Rev. Col. Bras. Cir. vol.27 no.6 Rio de Janeiro Nov./Dec. 2000

http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0100-69912000000600006 

ARTIGO ORIGINAL

 

Enxerto autógeno de crista ilíaca na reconstrução do processo alveolar em portadores de fissura labiopalatina - estudo de 30 casos

 

Iliac crest autogenous graft in reconstruction of alveolar process in cleft patients - study of 30 cases

 

 

João Luiz CarliniI; André Luís ZétolaII; Ricardo Pires de SouzaI; Odilon Victor Porto DenardinIII; Abrão Rapoport, TCBC-SPIV

IMestres em Cirurgia de Cabeça e Pescoço do Hospital Heliópolis, Hosphel, SP
IIMestrando em Cirurgia de Cabeça e Pescoço do Hospital Heliópolis, Hosphel, SP
IIIDoutor em Medicina pela UNIFESP
IVCoordenador do CPG, Hosphel, SP

Endereço para correspondência

 

 


RESUMO

A reconstrução do processo alveolar em pacientes portadores de fissuras labiopalatais (FLP) é fundamental para erupção de dentes permanentes e para o restabelecimento estético através de implantes osteointegrados. Assim, considerado o alto grau de reabsorção do enxerto de osso autógeno puro e triturado, optou-se no Centro de Atendimento Integral ao Fissurado Labiopalatino, Curitiba, Paraná (1997 a 1999), pelo estabelecimento de dois grupos de 15 pacientes. No primeiro, foi utilizada crista ilíaca triturada e no outro combinada com hidroxiapatita biorreabsorvível. Ao fim de seis meses, os resultados cirúrgicos foram avaliados através de radiografia periapical digital, determinando quatro linhas limites para a reconstrução óssea. A primeira linha foi traçada na região cervical do dente adjacente à fissura que apresentava menor distorção. As outras linhas foram traçadas paralelamente à linha 1, distando 3mm entre cada uma delas. O espaço entre as linhas 1 e 2 foi denominado de A, entre 2 e 3 de B e 3 e 4 de C. Para critérios de avaliação, quando o enxerto permaneceu no espaço A, foi considerado de sucesso, em contraposição aos espaços B e C, quando foram denominados de procedimentos malsucedidos. Como resultados finais, o espaço A foi constatado em 46,7% dos pacientes submetidos ao procedimento controle com crista ilíaca e 80% para o grupo experimental, quando o enxerto ósseo foi empregado conjuntamente com o material aloplástico (hidroxiapatita).

Descritores: Enxerto; Osso; Autógeno.


ABSTRACT

The reconstruction of alveolar process in cleft lip palate patients is mandatory to enable the eruption and movement of permanent teeth through the clefted area by orthodontic procedure, beside the establisment of aesthetics with prostetic procedure by osteointegrated implants. Considering that autogenous bone grafts provide a high reabsortion level determining a reduction of orthodontic movement or making impossible to place implants, to minimize this problem, we developed a protocol by which the bone (anterior iliac crest) is mixed with alloplastic material (hydroxyapatite) to keep the bone matrix framework, reducing the absotion degree at the clefted area. We selected 30 patients at the Centro de Atendimento Integral ao Fissurado Lábio-Palatino (Center of Integral Care of Cleft Lip and Palate Patients), in Curitiba, Paraná (from 1997 to 1999). The patients were divided in two groups: at the first one, we utilized grated autogenous iliac crest and in the last one, the same bone combined with bio-reabsorbable hydroxyapatite. After 6 months, we compared for both procedures, the results through digital periapical X ray, concerning the height of the alveolar bone of the adjacent teeth, and 4 limiting lines for bone reconstruction as follow: line 1 was drawn at the cervical region of the adjacent tooth to the less distorted cleft and lines 2,3 and 4, parallel to line 1, being 3mm apart from each other. It was successfull considered the grafts whose greatest concavity was between lines 1 and 2 (space A) and for grafts between lines 2 and 3 (space B) or 3 and 4 (space C), surgical failure. The control group (grated bone) had 46,7% of the patients in space A while the study group (bone plus alloplastic material) 80% of patients in this space, being the determining factor of sucess the patient age.

Key words: Bone; Graft; Autogenous


 

 

Texto completo disponível apenas em PDF.

Full text available only in PDF format.

 

 

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Endereço para correspondência:
Prof. Dr. Abrão Rapoport
Pça. Amadeu Amaral, 47 – cj. 82 - Paraíso
01327-010 São Paulo – SP
E-mail: cpgcp.hosphel@attglobal.net

Recebido em 21/2/2000
Aceito para publicação em 5/9/2000

 

 

Trabalho realizado no Serviço de Cirurgia de Cabeça e Pescoço do Hospital Heliópolis – Hosphel – São Paulo-SP.

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